Summary of known issues for w11a CPU and systems
General issues are listed on a separate document README_known_issues.md.
This file descibes issues of the w11 CPU.
###Table of content
SPLinstruction in the 11/70 always fetched the next instruction regardless of pending device or even console interrupts. This is known as the infamous spl bug, see
In the w11a the
SPLhas 11/70 semantics in kernel mode, thus next no traps or interrupts, but in supervisor and user mode
SPLreally acts as
NOOP, so traps and interrupts are taken as for all other instructions.
--> The w11a isn't bug compatible with the 11/70.
A 'red stack violation' looses PSW, a 0 is pushed in stack.
The 'instruction complete flag' in
SSR0is not implemented, it is permanently '0',
SSR2will not record vector addresses in case of a vector fetch fault. Recovery of vector fetch faults is therefore not possible, but only 11/45 and 11/70 supported this, no OS used that, and it's even unclear whether it can be practically used.
the 11/70 maps the 18 bit UNIBUS address space into the upper part of the 22bit extended mode address space. With UNIBUS mapping enabled, this allowed to access via 17000000:17757777 the memory exactly as a UNIBUS device would see it. The w11a doesn't implement this remapping, an access in the range 17000000:17757777 causes a NXM fault.
All four points relate to very 11/70 specific behaviour, no operating system depends on them, therefore they are considered acceptable implementation differences.
- some programs use timing loops based on the execution speed of the
original processors. This can lead to spurious timeouts, especially
in old test programs.
--> a 'CPU throttle mechanism' will be added in a future version to circumvent this for some old test codes.
- the emulated I/O can lead to apparently slow device reaction times,
especially when the server runs as normal user process. This can lead
to timeout, again mostly in test programs.
--> a 'watch dog' mechanism will be added in a future version which suspends the CPU when the server doesn't respond fast enough.
TCK-038 pri=H: DL11: output chars lost
Part of the output can be lost when
eqkce1is run on FPGA, also some kernel messages during the 211BSD boot sequence. Most likely cause is that device ready polls timeout before the rlink interface can serve the interrupt.
TCK-036 pri=L: RK11: hardware poll not working
The RK11/RK05 hardware poll logic is probably not reflecting the behaviour of the real drive.
TCK-035 pri=L: RK11: no proper
NXMcheck in 18bit systems
NXMerror is generated when a RK11 read or write reaches the top of memory in 18 bit addressing. Crash dump routines use this to detect end-of-memory.
TCK-032 pri=M: RK11: polling on
RKDSgoes 1->0 immediately with
RKCSwhen a function is started. In a real RK05 drive
DRYwent to 0 after a short delay. Some basic hardware tests are sensitive to this.
TCK-030 pri=L: CPU:
SSR0trap bit set when access aborted
The 'trap bit' (bit 12: 10000) is set even when the access is aborted.
TCK-029 pri=L: CPU:
Abit set for all accesses
The MMU trap condition isn't properly decoded
TCK-028 pri=H: CPU: interrupt and trap precedence
In case of multiple trap, fault, or interrupt conditions the precedence isn't implemented correctly.
TCK-026 pri=L: CPU: src+dst delta added in
SSR1when same register
SSR1content after a fault is logically correct in w11a, but different from 11/70.
TCK-025 pri=L: CPU: no mmu trap when bit9 clearing instruction traps
In the 11/70 the instruction which affects mmu trap can cause a trap already, in w11a only the next instruction will trap.
TCK-014 pri=M: RK11: write protect action too slow
Some simple RK11 drivers, especially in tests, don't poll for completion of a write protect command. Due to the emulated I/O this can cause errors.
The last four issues are caused by an incorrect implementation of the trap logic, which leads to a different precendence when multiple trap, fault, or interrupt occur
- TCK-007 pri=H: CPU: no trap-4 after emt on odd stack
- TCK-006 pri=H: CPU: no yel-stack trap after
- TCK-004 pri=H: CPU: yel-stack by interrupt causes loop-up
- TCK-003 pri=H: CPU: yel-stack by
IOTpushes two stack frames