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Editorial: give URL syntax components their own terms

Rather avoiding collision with URL records in a rather dubious way,
actually give each potential string segment of a URL string its own
unique term.

Fixes #157.
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annevk committed Oct 31, 2016
1 parent 3e880f2 commit 451696e4297c4c676fae21dbc926aeafb2477e6c
Showing with 144 additions and 169 deletions.
  1. +71 −83 url.bs
  2. +73 −86 url.html
154 url.bs
@@ -921,7 +921,7 @@ non-null.
<p>A <a for=/>URL</a> can be designated as <dfn id=concept-base-url>base URL</dfn>.
<p class="note no-backref">A <a>base URL</a> is useful for the <a>URL parser</a> when the
input might be a <a for=urlsyntax>relative URL</a>.
input might be a <a>relative-URL string</a>.
<hr>
@@ -936,102 +936,93 @@ if any.
<!-- http://tantek.com/2011/238/b1/many-ways-slice-url-name-pieces -->
<p>A <dfn export for=urlsyntax id=syntax-url lt="URL|URL string">URL</dfn> must be either
a <a>relative URL with fragment</a> or an <a>absolute URL with fragment</a>. To
disambiguate from a <a for=/>URL record</a> it can also be referred to as a <a>URL string</a>.
<p>A <dfn export id=syntax-url>URL string</dfn> must be either a
<a>relative-URL-with-fragment string</a> or an <a>absolute-URL-with-fragment string</a>.
<p>An
<dfn export for=urlsyntax id=syntax-url-absolute-with-fragment>absolute URL with fragment</dfn>
must be an <a for=urlsyntax>absolute URL</a>, optionally followed by "<code>#</code>" and a
<a for=urlsyntax>fragment</a>.
<dfn export id=syntax-url-absolute-with-fragment>absolute-URL-with-fragment string</dfn> must be an
<a>absolute-URL string</a>, optionally followed by "<code>#</code>" and a
<a>URL-fragment string</a>.
<p>An <dfn export for=urlsyntax id=syntax-url-absolute>absolute URL</dfn> must be one of
the following
<p>An <dfn export id=syntax-url-absolute>absolute-URL string</dfn> must be one of the following
<ul class=brief>
<li><p>a <a for=urlsyntax>scheme</a> that is an <a spec=dom>ASCII case-insensitive</a>
match for a <a>special scheme</a> and not an <a spec=dom>ASCII case-insensitive</a> match
for "<code>file</code>", followed by "<code>:</code>" and a <a>scheme-relative URL</a>
<li><p>a <a for=urlsyntax>scheme</a> that is <em>not</em> an
<a spec=dom>ASCII case-insensitive</a> match for a <a>special scheme</a>, followed by
"<code>:</code>" and a <a for=urlsyntax>relative URL</a>
<li><p>a <a for=urlsyntax>scheme</a> that is an <a spec=dom>ASCII case-insensitive</a>
<li><p>a <a>URL-scheme string</a> that is an <a spec=dom>ASCII case-insensitive</a> match for a
<a>special scheme</a> and not an <a spec=dom>ASCII case-insensitive</a> match for
"<code>file</code>", followed by "<code>:</code>" and a <a>scheme-relative-URL string</a>
<li><p>a <a>URL-scheme string</a> that is <em>not</em> an <a spec=dom>ASCII case-insensitive</a>
match for a <a>special scheme</a>, followed by "<code>:</code>" and a <a>relative-URL string</a>
<li><p>a <a>URL-scheme string</a> that is an <a spec=dom>ASCII case-insensitive</a>
match for "<code>file</code>", followed by "<code>:</code>" and a
<a>scheme-relative file URL</a>
<a>scheme-relative-file-URL string</a>
</ul>
<p>any optionally followed by "<code>?</code>" and a <a for=urlsyntax>query</a>.
<p>any optionally followed by "<code>?</code>" and a <a>URL-query string</a>.
<p>A <dfn export for=urlsyntax id=syntax-url-scheme>scheme</dfn> must be one
<a>ASCII alpha</a>, followed by zero or more of <a>ASCII alphanumeric</a>,
"<code>+</code>", "<code>-</code>", and "<code>.</code>". <a for=urlsyntax>Schemes</a>
should be registered in the <cite>IANA URI [sic] Schemes</cite> registry.
<p>A <dfn export id=syntax-url-scheme>URL-scheme string</dfn> must be one <a>ASCII alpha</a>,
followed by zero or more of <a>ASCII alphanumeric</a>, "<code>+</code>", "<code>-</code>", and
"<code>.</code>". <a lt="URL-scheme string">Schemes</a> should be registered in the
<cite>IANA URI [sic] Schemes</cite> registry.
[[!IANA-URI-SCHEMES]]
[[RFC7595]]
<p>A
<dfn export for=urlsyntax id=syntax-url-relative-with-fragment>relative URL with fragment</dfn>
must be a <a for=urlsyntax>relative URL</a>, optionally followed by "<code>#</code>" and a
<a for=urlsyntax>fragment</a>.
<p>A <dfn export id=syntax-url-relative-with-fragment>relative-URL-with-fragment string</dfn>
must be a <a>relative-URL string</a>, optionally followed by "<code>#</code>" and a
<a>URL-fragment string</a>.
<p>A <dfn export for=urlsyntax id=syntax-url-relative>relative URL</dfn> must be one of
the following, switching on <a>base URL</a>'s <a for=url>scheme</a>:
<p>A <dfn export id=syntax-url-relative>relative-URL string</dfn> must be one of the following,
switching on <a>base URL</a>'s <a for=url>scheme</a>:
<dl class=switch>
<dt>Not "<code>file</code>"
<dd><p>a <a>scheme-relative URL</a>
<dd><p>a <a>path-absolute URL</a>
<dd><p>a <a>path-relative scheme-less URL</a>
<dd><p>a <a>scheme-relative-URL string</a>
<dd><p>a <a>path-absolute-URL string</a>
<dd><p>a <a>path-relative-scheme-less-URL string</a>
<dt>"<code>file</code>"
<dd><p>a <a>scheme-relative file URL</a>
<dd><p>a <a>path-absolute URL</a> if <a>base URL</a>'s <a for=url>host</a> is null
<dd><p>a <a>path-absolute non-Windows-file URL</a> if <a>base URL</a>'s
<a for=url>host</a> is non-null
<dd><p>a <a>path-relative scheme-less URL</a>
<dd><p>a <a>scheme-relative-file-URL string</a>
<dd><p>a <a>path-absolute-URL string</a> if <a>base URL</a>'s <a for=url>host</a> is null
<dd><p>a <a>path-absolute-non-Windows-file-URL string</a> if <a>base URL</a>'s <a for=url>host</a>
is non-null
<dd><p>a <a>path-relative-scheme-less-URL string</a>
</dl>
<p>any optionally followed by "<code>?</code>" and a <a for=urlsyntax>query</a>.
<p>any optionally followed by "<code>?</code>" and a <a>URL-query string</a>.
<p class="note no-backref">A non-null <a>base URL</a> is necessary when
<a lt="URL parser">parsing</a> a <a for=urlsyntax>relative URL</a>.
<a lt="URL parser">parsing</a> a <a>relative-URL string</a>.
<p>A <dfn export for=urlsyntax id=syntax-url-scheme-relative>scheme-relative URL</dfn>
must be "<code>//</code>", followed by a <a for=hostsyntax>host</a>, optionally followed
by "<code>:</code>" and a <a for=urlsyntax>port</a>, optionally followed by a
<a>path-absolute URL</a>.
<p>A <dfn export id=syntax-url-scheme-relative>scheme-relative-URL string</dfn> must be
"<code>//</code>", followed by a <a for=hostsyntax>host</a>, optionally followed by "<code>:</code>"
and a <a>URL-port string</a>, optionally followed by a <a>path-absolute-URL string</a>.
<p>A <dfn export for=urlsyntax id=syntax-url-port>port</dfn> must be zero or more
<a>ASCII digits</a>.
<p>A <dfn export id=syntax-url-port>URL-port string</dfn> must be zero or more <a>ASCII digits</a>.
<p>A
<dfn export for=urlsyntax id=syntax-url-file-scheme-relative>scheme-relative file URL</dfn>
must be "<code>//</code>", followed by one of the following
<p>A <dfn export id=syntax-url-file-scheme-relative>scheme-relative-file-URL string</dfn> must be
"<code>//</code>", followed by one of the following
<ul class=brief>
<li><p>a <a for=hostsyntax>host</a>, optionally followed by a
<a>path-absolute non-Windows-file URL</a>
<li><p>a <a>path-absolute URL</a>.
<a>path-absolute-non-Windows-file-URL string</a>
<li><p>a <a>path-absolute-URL string</a>.
</ul>
<p>A <dfn export for=urlsyntax id=syntax-url-path-absolute>path-absolute URL</dfn> must be
"<code>/</code>" followed by a <a>path-relative URL</a>.
<p>A <dfn export id=syntax-url-path-absolute>path-absolute-URL string</dfn> must be "<code>/</code>"
followed by a <a>path-relative-URL string</a>.
<p>A
<dfn export for=urlsyntax id=syntax-url-file-path-absolute>path-absolute non-Windows-file URL</dfn>
must be a <a>path-absolute URL</a> that does not start with "<code>/</code>", followed by
<p>A <dfn export id=syntax-url-file-path-absolute>path-absolute-non-Windows-file-URL string</dfn>
must be a <a>path-absolute-URL string</a> that does not start with "<code>/</code>", followed by
a <a>Windows drive letter</a>, followed by "<code>/</code>".
<p>A <dfn export for=urlsyntax id=syntax-url-path-relative>path-relative URL</dfn> must be
zero or more <a for=urlsyntax>path segments</a>, separated from each other by "<code>/</code>", and
not start with "<code>/</code>".
<p>A <dfn export id=syntax-url-path-relative>path-relative-URL string</dfn> must be zero or more
<a lt="URL-path-segment string">path segments</a>, separated from each other by "<code>/</code>",
and not start with "<code>/</code>".
<p>A
<dfn export for=urlsyntax id=syntax-url-path-relative-scheme-less>path-relative scheme-less URL</dfn>
must be a <a>path-relative URL</a> that does not start with a <a for=urlsyntax>scheme</a>
and "<code>:</code>".
<p>A <dfn export id=syntax-url-path-relative-scheme-less>path-relative-scheme-less-URL string</dfn>
must be a <a>path-relative-URL string</a> that does not start with a <a>URL-scheme string</a> and
"<code>:</code>".
<p>A <dfn export for=urlsyntax id=syntax-url-path-segment>path segment</dfn> must be one
of the following
<p>A <dfn export id=syntax-url-path-segment>URL-path-segment string</dfn> must be one of the
following
<ul class=brief>
<li><p>zero or more <a>URL units</a>, excluding "<code>/</code>" and "<code>?</code>",
@@ -1041,20 +1032,16 @@ of the following
<li><p>a <a>double-dot path segment</a>.
</ul>
<p>A
<dfn export for=urlsyntax id=syntax-url-path-segment-dot>single-dot path segment</dfn>
must be "<code>.</code>" or an <a spec=dom>ASCII case-insensitive</a> match for
"<code>%2e</code>".
<p>A <dfn export id=syntax-url-path-segment-dot>single-dot path segment</dfn> must be
"<code>.</code>" or an <a spec=dom>ASCII case-insensitive</a> match for "<code>%2e</code>".
<p>A
<dfn export for=urlsyntax id=syntax-url-path-segment-dotdot>double-dot path segment</dfn>
must be "<code>..</code>" or an <a spec=dom>ASCII case-insensitive</a> match for
"<code>.%2e</code>", "<code>%2e.</code>", or "<code>%2e%2e</code>".
<p>A <dfn export id=syntax-url-path-segment-dotdot>double-dot path segment</dfn> must be
"<code>..</code>" or an <a spec=dom>ASCII case-insensitive</a> match for "<code>.%2e</code>",
"<code>%2e.</code>", or "<code>%2e%2e</code>".
<p>A <dfn export for=urlsyntax id=syntax-url-query>query</dfn> must be zero or more
<a>URL units</a>.
<p>A <dfn export id=syntax-url-query>URL-query string</dfn> must be zero or more <a>URL units</a>.
<p>A <dfn export for=urlsyntax id=syntax-url-fragment>fragment</dfn> must be zero or more
<p>A <dfn export id=syntax-url-fragment>URL-fragment string</dfn> must be zero or more
<a>URL units</a>.
<p>The <dfn>URL code points</dfn> are <a>ASCII alphanumeric</a>,
@@ -1101,10 +1088,10 @@ U+100000 to U+10FFFD.
<p class=note>Code points higher than U+007F will be converted to
<a lt="percent-encoded byte">percent-encoded bytes</a> by the <a>URL parser</a>, except for code
points appearing in <a for=url lt=fragment>fragments</a>.
points appearing in <a lt="URL-fragment string">fragments</a>.
<p class=note>In HTML, when the document encoding is a legacy encoding, code points in the
<a for=urlsyntax>query</a> that are higher than U+007F will be converted to
<a>URL-query string</a> that are higher than U+007F will be converted to
<a lt="percent-encoded byte">percent-encoded bytes</a> <em>using the document's encoding</em>. This
can cause problems if a URL that works in one document is copied to another document that uses a
different document encoding. Using the <a>UTF-8</a> encoding everywhere solves this problem.
@@ -1134,7 +1121,7 @@ different document encoding. Using the <a>UTF-8</a> encoding everywhere solves t
<p class="note no-backref">There is no conforming way to express a
<a for=url>username</a> or <a for=url>password</a> of a <a for=/>URL record</a> within a
<a for=urlsyntax>URL string</a>.
<a>URL string</a>.
<h3 id=url-parsing>URL parsing</h3>
@@ -2172,7 +2159,7 @@ form, with these modifications:
<li><p>A <a for=/>URL</a>'s <a for=url>host</a> should be rendered using
<a>domain to Unicode</a>.
<li><p>Other parts of the <a for=urlsyntax>URL</a> should have their sequences of
<li><p>Other parts of the <a for=/>URL</a> should have their sequences of
<a>percent-encoded bytes</a> replaced with code points resulting from
<a>percent decoding</a> those sequences converted to bytes, unless that renders those
sequences invisible.
@@ -2482,7 +2469,7 @@ var input = "https://example.org/💩",
url = new URL(input)
url.pathname // "/%F0%9F%92%A9"</pre>
<p>This throws an exception if the input is not an <a for=urlsyntax>absolute URL</a>:
<p>This throws an exception if the input is not an <a>absolute-URL string</a>:
<pre>
try {
@@ -2491,7 +2478,7 @@ try {
// that happened
}</pre>
<p>A <a>base URL</a> is necessary if the input is a <a for=urlsyntax>relative URL</a>:
<p>A <a>base URL</a> is necessary if the input is a <a>relative-URL string</a>:
<pre>
var input = "/🍣🍺",
@@ -2604,9 +2591,10 @@ compatibility with HTML's <code>MessageEvent</code> feature. [[!HTML]]
</ol>
<p class="note no-backref">If the given value for the <code><a attribute for=URL>host</a></code>
attribute's setter lacks a <a for=urlsyntax>port</a>, <a>context object</a>'s <a for=URL>url</a>'s
<a for=url>port</a> will not change. This can be unexpected as <code>host</code> attribute's getter
does return a <a for=urlsyntax>port</a> so one might have assumed the setter to always "reset" both.
attribute's setter lacks a <a lt="URL-port string">port</a>, <a>context object</a>'s
<a for=URL>url</a>'s <a for=url>port</a> will not change. This can be unexpected as
<code>host</code> attribute's getter does return a <a>URL-port string</a> so one might have assumed
the setter to always "reset" both.
<p>The <dfn attribute for=URL><code>hostname</code></dfn> attribute's getter must run these steps:
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