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Dalsoo-Bin-Packing

A java library for 2D irregular shape packing in rectangular sheets. Algorithms are adapted from papers of Abeysooriya 2018 and Dalalah 2014. Bin packing places a given set of polygons in standard single/multiple rectangular sheet(s), to minimize the use of the sheet(s).

This library does not involve other libraries, however, the example uses core.jar (https://processing.org) for a graphical interface. The algorithm is effective when the ratio (number of polygons / number of the types of polygons) is small.

The processing user needs to create “…/libraries/dalsoo/library/dalsoo.jar”, and then write “import pack.*;” to import the library.

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1. Input

a. Only simple polygon: no holes, no self-intersection.

b. Data structure: point - double[]; polygon - double[][]; all polygons - double[][][]. One might use other library to convert other formats (e.g., dxf, obj) of polygon to double[][].

c. It's better to represent a polygon with a moderate number of points. Too many points (e.g. a local detail contains dozens of points) slows down the algorithm. Avoid using too many points for a smooth curve. One might use segment_max_length to let the algorithm create more points on a long straight edge of a polygon, if the polygon has very few points or the edge is very long.

2. Choose an algorithm

a. useAbey=true, Jostle heuristics for the 2D-irregular shapes bin packing problems with free rotation, R. P. Abeysooriya et al. 2018. However, Jostle method is not used.

rotSteps: Each polygon is rotated in the layout. Few steps (say 16) -> run fast & poor result; many steps (say 48) -> run slow & good results

segment_max_length: if (an edge of a polygon > segment_max_length), breaks it into smaller segments. large value -> run fast & poor result; small value -> run slow & good results

segment_max_length is related to translation steps.

b. useAbey=false, Waste minimization in irregular stock cutting, D. Dalalah et al. 2014

the rotation/translation steps depend on the polygons.

3. Output options

a. obtain the transformation of each polygon in the final layout, including:

int[] result_pack_id; // result_pack_id[8]=2 means the 9th polygon is on the 3rd sheet.

double[][] result_cos_sin; // result_cos_sin[8]={0.5, 0.866} means the 9th polygon is rotated 60 degree around (0,0).

double[][] result_position; // result_position[8]={7.4, 9.0} means that the 9th polygon should be translated by (7,4, 9.4) after rotation.

b. obtain the geometry of each polygon in the final layout

Pack pack = packs.get(id); //obtain a sheet (pack) by id.

for (Strip strip : pack.fixs) { // obtain a placed strip (polygon) in a sheet.

strip.inps // the polygon's points, one might use other library to convert double[][] to other formats (e.g., dxf: https://github.com/whitegreen/DXF-Laser) of polygon

}

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Bin packing places a given set of polygons in standard single/multiple rectangular sheet(s), to minimize the use of the sheet(s).

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