A log4j network appender for Scribe
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debian
idl/thrift
src
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LICENSE
README.md
build.xml
pom.xml

README.md

Log4j Scribe Appender

A Scribe appender for Log4j allowing log events to be sent to a local or remote Scribe instance. This is probably best used with an AsyncAppender wrapped around it (if you are performance crazy). You should definitely also set an error handling appender for errors from the Scribe appender and messages that are dropped, so you can recover them later through some other means (if you are super paranoid about losing messages).

History

Alex Loddengaard

  • original author

Chris Goffinet

  • cleaned up code to work in non-Hadoop environments
  • added support to reconnect if it loses a connection or if Scribe goes away

Josh Devins

  • reorganized and refactored
  • removed checked in libs and provided basic Maven pom
  • regenerated Thrift classes (just in case)
  • added better error reporting through log4j
  • added test cases
  • added Tomcat log4j access log valve

Andrew Otto

  • Added build.xml and debian/ packaging.
  • .debs are built and available at scribe-debian
  • Using tab as whitespace separate in manual inclusion of hostname in log string.

Building

You will need the following libraries installed in your Maven repository since they don't exist in the central repo:

Configuration

log4j.rootLogger=INFO, stdout, scribe

# stdout/console appender
log4j.appender.stdout=org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender
log4j.appender.stdout.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.stdout.layout.ConversionPattern=%5p [%t] (%F:%L) - %m%n

# Scribe appender
log4j.appender.scribe=org.apache.log4j.net.ScribeAppender

# error handling appender - all errors and dropped messages are sent to this appender
log4j.appender.scribe.ErrorHandler.appender-ref=stdout

# do NOT use a trailing %n unless you want a newline to be transmitted to Scribe after every message
# of course, this depends on your Scribe configuration as well, if you are having it append newline or not
log4j.appender.scribe.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.scribe.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{ISO8601} %m%n

# optional properties
# canonical hostname will be looked up if not provided in localHostname
log4j.appender.scribe.category=application.appender.category
log4j.appender.scribe.remoteHost=127.0.0.1
log4j.appender.scribe.remotePort=1463
log4j.appender.scribe.localHostname=app01.host.com
log4j.appender.scribe.stackTraceDepth=1

Tomcat Logging

Logging to log4j in Tomcat requires a few changes. Please read the guide provided on the Tomcat site. What this does not cover however, is how to get Tomcat to send access logging to log4j. By default, Tomcat ships with the AccessLogValve which manages logging, file rolling, etc. internally without the use of a logging framework. To use log4j and in turn Scribe for access logging, you will need to ensure that you have followed a few steps:

  • Tomcat's log4j guide, putting all the jars in the right places
  • Include the following additional jars in Tomcat's lib directory (most of these are also defined in the Maven pom):
    • thrift-0.6.0.jar
    • slf4j-log4j12-1.6.1.jar
    • slf4j-api-1.6.1.jar
    • log4j-scribe-appender-N.jar (that is, this source after it has been compiled and packaged)
  • Configure your Tomcat's server.xml to use the Log4JAccessLogValve
  • Configure your Tomcat's log4j.properties for the access logging (to file and/or Scribe)

The following is a sample conf/settings.xml configuration:

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<Server port="8005" shutdown="SHUTDOWN">

  <Service name="Catalina">
    <Connector port="8080" protocol="HTTP/1.1" connectionTimeout="20000" redirectPort="8443" />

    <Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost">

      <Host name="localhost"  appBase="webapps"
            unpackWARs="true" autoDeploy="true"
            xmlValidation="false" xmlNamespaceAware="false">

        <!-- use log4j for access logging -->
        <!-- set the logger name to access, this will need to match the logger name in log4j.properties in lib -->
        <!-- use the Apache common log format -->
        <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.Log4JAccessLogValve"
               loggerName="access" pattern="common" resolveHosts="false" />
      </Host>
    </Engine>
  </Service>
</Server>

The following is a sample, corresponding lib/log4j.properties configuration:

# appenders
log4j.appender.CATALINA=org.apache.log4j.DailyRollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.CATALINA.file=${catalina.base}/logs/catalina
log4j.appender.CATALINA.encoding=UTF-8
log4j.appender.CATALINA.append=true
log4j.appender.CATALINA.DatePattern='.'yyyy-MM-dd'.log'
log4j.appender.CATALINA.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.CATALINA.layout.ConversionPattern=%d [%t] %-5p %c- %m%n

log4j.appender.LOCALHOST=org.apache.log4j.DailyRollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.LOCALHOST.file=${catalina.base}/logs/localhost
log4j.appender.LOCALHOST.encoding=UTF-8
log4j.appender.LOCALHOST.append=true
log4j.appender.LOCALHOST.DatePattern='.'yyyy-MM-dd'.log'
log4j.appender.LOCALHOST.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.LOCALHOST.layout.ConversionPattern=%d [%t] %-5p %c- %m%n

log4j.appender.ACCESS=org.apache.log4j.DailyRollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.ACCESS.file=${catalina.base}/logs/access
log4j.appender.ACCESS.encoding=UTF-8
log4j.appender.ACCESS.append=true
log4j.appender.ACCESS.DatePattern='.'yyyy-MM-dd'.log'
log4j.appender.ACCESS.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.ACCESS.layout.ConversionPattern=%m%n

log4j.appender.SCRIBE_ACCESS=org.apache.log4j.net.ScribeAppender
log4j.appender.SCRIBE_ACCESS.ErrorHandler.appender-ref=CATALINA
log4j.appender.SCRIBE_ACCESS.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.SCRIBE_ACCESS.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{ISO8601} %m
log4j.appender.SCRIBE_ACCESS.category=tomcat.access

log4j.appender.CONSOLE=org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender
log4j.appender.CONSOLE.encoding=UTF-8
log4j.appender.CONSOLE.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.CONSOLE.layout.ConversionPattern=%d [%t] %-5p %c- %m%n

# loggers -> appenders
log4j.rootLogger=INFO, CATALINA

log4j.logger.org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.[Catalina].[localhost]=INFO, LOCALHOST
log4j.additivity.org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.[Catalina].[localhost]=false

log4j.logger.access=INFO, ACCESS, SCRIBE_ACCESS
log4j.additivity.access=false