MediaWiki-Vagrant is a portable MediaWiki development environment. It consists of a set of configuration scripts that automate the creation of a virtual machine that runs MediaWiki.
The virtual machine that MediaWiki-Vagrant creates makes it easy to learn about, modify, and improve MediaWiki's code: useful debugging information is displayed by default, and various developer tools are set up specifically for inspecting and interacting with MediaWiki code, including a powerful debugger and an interactive interpreter. Best of all, because the configuration is automated and contained in a virtual environment, mistakes are easy to undo.
See https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/MediaWiki-Vagrant for more information.
You'll need to install recent versions of Vagrant and VirtualBox.
(Note that experimental support for Parallels, LXC, libvirt
(KVM/QEMU), VMWare Fusion, and Microsoft Hyper-V providers exists.
support/README-parallels.md for details on the former three.)
Vagrant: https://www.vagrantup.com/downloads-archive.html (the version must be 1.7.0 or higher).
To check your Vagrant version, run
in a directory without a Vagrantfile (for example in your home directory).
You must have a 64-bit processor (although your host OS can be 32-bit).
Hardware virtualization extensions must be enabled in your host computer BIOS. The BIOS setting is usually in the "Chipset", "Processor", "CPU", or "Security Settings" menu and may be labeled as "VT-x", "Intel Virtualization Technology", "Virtualization Extensions", "Vanderpool" "AMD-V" or various other names depending on the OEM and system BIOS.
(Optional) For better performance on non-Windows hosts, install NFS. For Debian-based systems (including Ubuntu), run:
sudo apt-get install nfs-kernel-server portmap
You can optionally configure sudo not to prompt you for the password when doing operations related to this NFS service. See https://www.vagrantup.com/docs/synced-folders/nfs.html#root-privilege-requirement
Next, you'll need a copy of the mediawiki-vagrant project files.
- zip: https://github.com/wikimedia/mediawiki-vagrant/archive/master.zip
- tar.gz: https://github.com/wikimedia/mediawiki-vagrant/archive/master.tar.gz
git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/mediawiki/vagrant
If you've downloaded the zip file or tarball, you will need to extract it to a directory of your choice. Once you do that, open up a terminal or a command-prompt, and change your working directory to the location of the extracted (or git-cloned) files.
If you have cloned the git repository you will also need to clone the submodules with:
git submodule update --init --recursive
You can combine cloning the base repo and its submodules with:
git clone --recursive https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/mediawiki/vagrant
Run the appropriate setup script for your platform. For Windows, run
setup.bat. For Linux and OS X, run
setup.sh. Some extra Vagrant plugins,
including the bundled mediawiki-vagrant plugin, will be installed.
From there, run
vagrant up to provision and boot the virtual machine.
You'll now have to wait a bit, as Vagrant needs to retrieve the base image from Canonical, retrieve some additional packages, and install and configure each of them in turn.
If it all worked, you should be able to browse to http://dev.wiki.local.wmftest.net:8080/ and see the main page of your MediaWiki instance.
To access a command shell on your virtual environment, run
vagrant ssh from
the root mediawiki-vagrant directory or any of its subdirectories.
From there, run
mwrepl to interactively evaluate PHP code in a MediaWiki
mysql to get an authenticated SQL shell on your wiki's database.
If you have multiple wikis enabled, you can run
mwrepl <dbname> where
<dbname> is the database name for that wiki (for example
The default MediaWiki admin account has the username
admin and password
When the vagrant Virtual Machine is running, it will periodically run Puppet (an open source configuration management tool) to update its configuration, which keeps various software packages up to date. To avoid clobbering any changes you may have made to MediaWiki's source code, Puppet will not update MediaWiki.
To pick up other changes to the install, on the host computer in the directory
with the vagrant files run
git pull --rebase and then
The latter will restart the VM.
If you see a “no wiki found” error afterwards, try running
sudo systemctl restart apache2 in the VM (i. e. inside a
vagrant ssh shell).
You can add roles to MediaWiki-Vagrant! A 'role' represents a set of software
configurations required for giving this machine some special function.
Mediawiki-Vagrant has several commands to manage enabled roles.
vagrant roles -h for help on usage.
If you'd like to use the Mediawiki-Vagrant codebase to describe a development environment that you could then share with other developers, you should do so by adding a role file to puppet/modules/role/manifests/ and submitting it as a patch to the Mediawiki-Vagrant project.
For information about settings, see settings.d/README.
(sudo) gem install bundler bundle install
Run linter, test and doc generation commands:
bundle exec rake
Stuck? Here's where to get help.
Please report any bugs on Wikimedia's Phabricator:
Patches and contributions are welcome! See https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/How_to_become_a_MediaWiki_hacker for details.