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<page>
<title>Hiroshi Hara (architect)</title>
<id>875198</id>
<revision>
<id>305149838</id>
<timestamp>2009-07-30T20:59:38Z</timestamp>
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<username>Mandarax</username>
<id>191757</id>
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<comment>Add 2 categories</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">{{BLPunsourced|date=January 2009}}
{{otherpeople|Hiroshi Hara}}
[[Image:KyotoStation2a.jpg|thumb|Kyoto Station, Kyoto, Japan]]
[[Image:Umeda Sky building.jpg|thumb|Umeda Sky Building, Osaka]]
'''Hiroshi Hara''' (原広司, ''Hara Hiroshi''; (born 1936) is a [[Japanese people|Japanese]] [[architect]] and [[author]] on architecture. His major works, including [[Kyoto Station]], the [[Umeda Sky Building]] in [[Osaka, Osaka|Osaka]], the Yamato International building in [[Tokyo]], the [[Sapporo Dome]] in [[Hokkaidō]], and other important structures in [[Japan]], have earned many awards. With a [[doctorate]] in [[engineering]], he was a [[professor]] at the [[University of Tokyo]] until 1997, and has held an emeritus position since that time.
==Education==
Hiroshi Hara graduated from the [[University of Tokyo]] with a BA in 1959, and subsequently earned an MA in 1961 and a Ph.D. in 1964 also from the University of Tokyo. He became an Associate Professor in the Faculty of Architecture of the University of Tokyo in 1964 and an Associate Professor at the Institute of Industrial Science at the University of Tokyo in 1969. Attended Harvard University's Summer Seminar, 1968. In 1982, he became a Professor at the Institute of Industrial Science at the University of Tokyo, and in 1997, a Professor Emeritus at the University of Tokyo.
==Publications==
Hiroshi Hara is not only known as an architect but also as an author of theoretical essays on architecture and cities, amongst others the essay &quot;Discrete City&quot;&lt;ref&gt;Discrete City: Hiroshi Hara&lt;/ref&gt;.
==Completed==
*Yamato International, [[Ota, Tokyo]], 1987
*Kenju Park 'Forest House', Nakaniida, Miyagi Prefecture, 1987
*Lida City Museum, Lida, Nagano Prefecture, 1988
*[[Umeda Sky Building]], Kita-ku, [[Osaka]], 1993
*Miyagi Prefectural Library, Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture, 1997
*[[Kyoto Station|Kyoto Station Complex]], Shimogyo-ku, [[Kyoto]], 1997
*[[Sapporo Dome]], [[Sapporo]], [[Hokkaidō]], 2001
*[[University of Tokyo]], Komaba Campus II, [[Tokyo]], 2002
*Aizu Gakuho Junior and Senior High School, [[Aizuwakamatsu]], [[Fukushima Prefecture]], 2007
==References==
&lt;references/&gt;
{{Refbegin}}
* Discrete City: Hiroshi Hara, Architects - HARA
* Hiroshi Hara, The Floating World of Architecture, H. Hara, B. Bognar, John Wiley &amp; Sons; 2001
{{Refend}}
[[Category:Japanese architects]]
[[Category:1936 births]]
[[Category:Living people]]
{{Japan-architect-stub}}
[[es:Hiroshi Hara]]
[[ja:原広司]]
[[sv:Hiroshi Hara]]
[[zh:原廣司]]</text>
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<page>
<title>Toyo Ito</title>
<id>1265795</id>
<revision>
<id>310689540</id>
<timestamp>2009-08-29T09:34:16Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Chreod</username>
<id>7335409</id>
</contributor>
<minor/>
<comment>mainly grammatical changes</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">[[Image:Toyo Ito.jpg|thumb|Toyo Ito]]
[[Image:SendaiMediatheque.jpg|thumb|200px|right|Sendai Mediatheque, a building in [[Sendai, Miyagi|Sendai]] designed by Toyo Ito]]
[[Image:Mikimoto Ginza2.JPG|thumb|Mikimoto, [[Ginza]], [[Tokyo]], [[Japan]], 2005]]
'''Toyo Ito''' (伊東豊雄, ''Itō Toyo'o''; 1941-) is a [[Japanese people|Japanese]] [[architect]] known for creating extremely [[conceptual architecture]], in which he seeks to simultaneously express the physical and [[virtual]] &quot;worlds&quot;. He is a leading exponent of architecture that addresses the contemporary notion of a &quot;simulated&quot; city.
considered &quot;one of the world's most innovative and influential architects.&quot; ([[Designboom]]).
==Background and education==
Ito was born in Seoul, South Korea (at the time, Japan had colonized the country). Ito graduated from [[Tokyo University]]'s, [[Department of Architecture, Tokyo University|Department of Architecture]] in 1965.
==Career==
After working for Kiyonori Kikutake Architect and Associates from 1965 to 1969, in 1971 he started his own studio in [[Tokyo, Japan|Tokyo]], named Urbot (&quot;Urban Robot&quot;).
In 1979, the studio name was changed to [[Toyo Ito &amp; Associates, Architects]]. Throughout his early career Ito constructed numerous private house projects that expressed aspects of urban life in Japan. His most remarkable early conceptual contributions were made through projects of this scale. See ''[[White U]]'' (1976) and ''[[Silver Hut]]'' (1984).
With the Pao for the Tokyo Nomad Girl projects in 1985 and 1989, Ito presented a vision of the life of an Urban Nomad, illustrating human life during the [[bubble economy]] period in Japan.
''[[Tower of Winds]]'' (1986) and ''[[Egg of Winds]]'' (1991) are interactive landmarks in public spaces, resulting from a creative confrontation with contemporary technical possibilities.
Toyo Ito is known for helping to raise talented architects in the younger generation. Architects who worked for his office include [[Kazuyo Sejima]] and Ryue Nishizawa ([[SANAA (firm)|SANAA]]), Astrid Klein and Mark Dytham (KDa), Katsuya Fukushima, Makoto Yokomizo, and Akihisa Hirata.
==Critical vision==
[[Image:Tower of Winds2.jpg|thumb|Tower of Winds]]
The work of Toyo Ito is often said to take inspiration from philosophers such as [[Munesuke Mita]] and [[Gilles Deleuze]].
Through small house projects, Ito has defined architecture as &quot;clothing&quot; for urban dwellers, particularly in the contemporary Japanese metropolis. This theme revolves around the equilibrium between the private life and the metropolitan, &quot;public&quot; life of an individual.
The current architecture of Toyo Ito expands on his findings from works during the postmodern period, aggressively exploring the potentials of new forms. In doing so, he seeks to find new spatial conditions that manifest the philosophy of borderless beings.
==Exhibitions==
The work of Toyo Ito has been exhibited widely.
In 1991 Ito used 130 video projectors to simulate the urban environment of Tokyo for the ''Visions of Japan'' exhibition at The [[Victoria and Albert Museum]] in [[London]]. In 2000, the ''Vision and Reality'' at The Louisiana Museum of Modern Art also became a traveling exhibition. Toyo Ito similarly exploited the effect of video projection as a medium with which to exhibit architecture. In the ''Blurring Architecture'' exhibition, initiated at the Suermondt-Ludwig-Museum in Aachen and traveling to four other cities (Tokyo, Antwerp, Auckland, and Wellington between 1999-2001), Toyo Ito attempted to reveal the ''virtual'' presence of architecture in the human mind.
Toyo Ito designed the [[Berlin-Tokyo/Tokyo-Berlin]] Exhibition (2006) at the [[Neue Nationalgalerie]], [[Berlin]]. The design featured a smooth, undulating landscape that occupied almost the entirety of the museum's main exhibition space. This exhibition, in collaboration with the Mori Art Museum, was one of the largest undertakings in the museum's history. A major retrospective of Ito's work was shown at the Tokyo Opera City Art Gallery in 2006 as ''Toyo Ito: The New &quot;Real&quot; in Architecture.''
==List of works==
* 1991 - [[Yatsushiro Municipal Museum]]
* 1994 - Old People's Home in [[Yatsushiro]]
* January 26, 2001 - A &quot;unique multi-purpose public cultural centre&quot; in the city of [[Sendai, Miyagi|Sendai]], [[Sendai Mediatheque]]: this stunning complex accommodates a mixed program of library, art gallery, audio-visual library, film studio and café. It was a competition winning scheme chosen from amongst 235 competing proposals. [http://www.actar.com/index.php?option=com_dbquery&amp;task=ExecuteQuery&amp;qid=2&amp;idllibre=2360&amp;lang=en Sendai Mediatheque (Actar, Barcelona)]
* 2002 - Commissioned to design a temporary pavilion adjacent to the [[Serpentine Gallery]], in [[Hyde Park, London|Hyde Park]], [[London]]
* 2002 - [[Bruges]] pavilion
* 2004 [[Matsumoto Performing Art Center]], Matsumoto
* 2004 TOD's Omotesando Building, Tokyo
* 2006 First Prize &quot;Taichung Opera International Competition&quot; in Taiwan
* 2006 [[VivoCity]] Singapore at HarbourFront
* 2008 [[World Games Stadium]] in [[Kaohsiung]], [[Taiwan]]
* 2008 Villa for Chilean architectural project [[Ochoalcubo]].
* 2009 [http://www.cosasqueverenbarcelona.com/2009/03/edificio-suites-avenue-apartamentos-de.html Suites Avenue Building], [[Barcelona]], [[Spain]]
* 2009 Water Fountain in [[Pescara]][http://www.teknemedia.net/magazine_detail.html?mId=6398]
* 2009 Torre Fira BCN Building, [[Barcelona]], [[Spain]]
&lt;gallery&gt;
Image:Nagaoka Lyric Hall 001.jpg|Nagaoka Lyric Hall (1994, [[Nagaoka, Niigata|Nagaoka]])
Image:SendaiMediatheque.jpg|Sendai Mediatheque (2000, [[Sendai]])
Image:Sendaimediatheque.JPG|Sendai Mediatheque
Image:Serpentine Pavillion 2002.jpg|[[Serpentine Gallery]] (2002, [[London]])
Image:TOD'S.jpg|TOD's Omotesando Building (2004, [[Tokyo]])
Image:Mikimoto Ginza2.JPG|Mikimoto Ginza 2 (2005, Tokyo)
Image:VivoCity 19.JPG|VivoCity (2006, [[Singapore]])
Image:VivoCity 106.JPG|VivoCity
Image:Tama Art University Library.JPG|library of [[Tama Art University]] (2007, Tokyo)
File:WorkdGame2009 Stadium completed.jpg|[[World Games Stadium]]
&lt;/gallery&gt;
==Current projects==
In September 2006, the [[Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive]] at the [[University of California, Berkeley]] announced that Toyo Ito's firm had been selected to design a new facility for the museum and film center. The project will be his first in the United States.
==Awards==
Toyo Ito has won many awards, including:
* the [[Architecture Institute of Japan Award]] for ''Silver Hut'' in 1986
* the 33rd [[Mainichi Art Award]] for ''Yatsushiro Municipal Museum'' in 1992
* the IAA 'interach ‘97' Grand Prix of the Union of Architects in Bulgaria Gold Medal in 1997
* the Education Minister’s Art Encouragement Prize in Japan in 1998,
* the Arnold W. Brunner Memorial Prize in architecture from the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 2000
* the gold prize of the Japanese Good Design Award in 2001
* the [[RIBA]] [[Royal Gold Medal]] in 2005
* the Frederick Kiesler Award for Architecture and the Arts 2008
==Professorship==
Toyo Ito holds a professorship at the Tokyo Women's University. He is also an honorary professor at the [[University of North London]] and has served as guest professor at [[Columbia University]]. He is teaching at [[Tama Art University]] as a Visiting Professor.
==Articles==
*Orlandoni, Alessandra &quot;Interview with Toyo Ito&quot; - [The Plan 016, 2006 -http://www.theplan.it]
* Daniell, Thomas [http://www.dnp.co.jp/artscape/eng/focus/0611_02.html &quot;Toyo Ito: The New 'Real' in Architecture&quot;]
*[[Nicolai Ouroussoff]], [http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/12/arts/design/12ouro.html?em &quot;Inside the Exteriors of Architect Toyo Ito&quot;]. ''[[New York Times]]'', July 8, 2009.
* [http://www.designboom.com/eng/interview/ito.html Interview with Toyo Ito]
==External links==
{{Commonscat|Toyo Ito}}
*[http://www.actar.com/index.php?option=com_dbquery&amp;task=ExecuteQuery&amp;qid=2&amp;idllibre=2360&amp;lang=en Sendai Mediatheque (Actar, Barcelona)]
* [http://www.architectureweek.com/2007/0110/culture_1-1.html Toyo Ito interviewed by C.B.Liddell at Architecture Week]
* [http://www.danda.be/gallery/architect/toyo-ito/ Pavilions by Toyo Ito]
* [http://www.c-channel.com/c00088/index_en.html Biography and works]
* [http://www.geocities.com/medit1976b3/ito.htm Toyo Ito Biography, Articles and Interviews]
* [http://www.cosasqueverenbarcelona.com/2009/03/toyo-ito-arquitectura-japonesa-del-s.html Toyo Ito, Japanese architecture for the 21st century]
{{DEFAULTSORT:Ito, Toyo}}
[[Category:1941 births]]
[[Category:Living people]]
[[Category:Japanese architects]]
[[Category:University of Tokyo alumni]]
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[[th:โตโยโอะ อิโต]]
[[zh:伊東豊雄]]</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Arata Isozaki</title>
<id>1825766</id>
<revision>
<id>294796814</id>
<timestamp>2009-06-06T15:42:29Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Piotrus</username>
<id>59002</id>
</contributor>
<minor/>
<text xml:space="preserve">[[Image:Mito_Art_Tower.JPG|thumb|right|Art Tower in [[Mito, Ibaraki]]]]
[[Image:KyotoConcertHall.jpg|thumb|right| Kyoto Concert Hall]]
'''Arata Isozaki''' (磯崎新, ''Isozaki Arata''; born [[23 July]] [[1931]]) is a [[Japan]]ese architect from [[Ōita, Ōita]]. He won the [[Royal Institute of British Architects|RIBA]] gold medal in 1986. He graduated from the [[University of Tokyo]] in 1954. Isozaki worked under [[Kenzo Tange]] until establishing his own firm in 1963.
==Notable works include==
*[[COSI Columbus]], [[Columbus, Ohio]], [[United States]]
*Kyoto Concert Hall, [[Kyoto, Kyoto]], [[Japan]]
*[[Ōita Prefecture|Ōita]] Prefectural Library, [[Ōita, Ōita]], Japan
*[[Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles|Museum of Contemporary Art]] (MOCA), [[Los Angeles, California]], United States
*Art Tower Mito, 1990
*[[Palau Sant Jordi|Sports Hall]] for the [[1992 Summer Olympics]], [[Barcelona]], [[Spain]]
*[[Team Disney|Team Disney Orlando]], [[Florida]], United States
&lt;!--
*New [[Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building|Tokyo City Hall]], [[Tokyo]], Japan
-- this was only a competition idea, and he lost to Kenzo Tange.
--&gt;
*[[Cornell University#Qatar campus|Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar]], [[Education City, Qatar|Education City]], near [[Doha]]
*[[Torino Palasport Olimpico]], [[Turin]], [[Italy]]
*[[Centre of Japanese Art and Technology]], [[Kraków]], [[Poland]]
*[[Domus Casa Del Hombre 1995]], [[La Coruña]], [[Spain]]
*[[Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar]], opened 2004
*[[Bond University]], [[Gold Coast, Queensland]], [[Australia]]
*[[Isozaki Atea]], [[Bilbao]], Spain
*[[Shenzhen Cultural Center]], [[Shenzhen]], [[China]]
==Current projects include==
*The [[University of Central Asia]]'s three [[campus]]es in [[Tekeli]], [[Kazakhstan]]; [[Naryn]], the [[Kyrgyzstan|Kyrgyz Republic]]; and [[Khorog]], [[Tajikistan]]
*The new Library of [[Maranello]] ([[Italy]]), competition winner
*The renovation of the railway station in [[Bologna]] ([[Italy]]), competition winner
==External links==
* [http://www.isozaki.co.jp/ Arata Isozaki &amp; associates]
* [http://www.arataisozaki.net/ Arata Isozaki &amp; associates España]
*Corkill, Edan. &quot;[http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/fl20080601x1.html Arata Isozaki: Astonishing by design]&quot;. ''Japan Times,'' [[1 June]] [[2008]].
{{Commonscat|Arata Isozaki}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:Isozaki, Arata}}
[[Category:1931 births]]
[[Category:Living people]]
[[Category:Japanese architects]]
[[Category:University of Tokyo alumni]]
[[Category:People from Ōita (city)]]
{{Japan-architect-stub}}
[[ca:Arata Isozaki]]
[[de:Arata Isozaki]]
[[et:Arata Isozaki]]
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[[eu:Arata Isozaki]]
[[fa:آراتا ایسوزاکی]]
[[fr:Arata Isozaki]]
[[it:Arata Isozaki]]
[[ka:ისოძაკი არატა]]
[[hu:Iszodzaki Arata]]
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[[pl:Arata Isozaki]]
[[pt:Arata Isozaki]]
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[[zh:矶崎新]]</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Fumihiko Maki</title>
<id>2233161</id>
<revision>
<id>295875037</id>
<timestamp>2009-06-11T23:12:05Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Alphabravotango</username>
<id>608252</id>
</contributor>
<comment>/* Works */</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">[[Image:Spiral house Tokyo.jpg|thumb|200px|Spiral house in Tokyo]]
'''Fumihiko Maki''' (槇文彦, ''Maki Fumihiko'') (born [[Tokyo]], [[September 6]], [[1928]]) is a Japanese architect and currently teaching at [[Keio University SFC]]. After studying at the [[University of Tokyo]] he moved to the [[Cranbrook Academy of Art]] in [[Bloomfield Hills]], [[Michigan]], and then to [[Harvard Graduate School of Design]]. In 1956, he took a post as assistant professor of architecture at [[Washington University in St. Louis]], where he also was awarded his first commission: the design of Steinberg Hall (an art center) on the university's [[Danforth Campus]]. This building remained his only completed work in the United States&lt;ref&gt;[http://www.pritzkerprize.com/maki2.htm Fumihiko Maki&lt;!-- Bot generated title --&gt;]&lt;/ref&gt; until 2006, when he finished the new home for the [[Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum]] and Walker Hall (both also at Washington University). He worked for Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill in [[New York]] and for Sert Jackson and Associates in [[Cambridge]] and founded Maki and Associates in 1965. In 1960 he returned to Japan to help establish the Metabolism Group. He often uses metal and glass materials.
In 1993 he received the prestigious [[Pritzker Prize]] at the [[Prague]] [[Prague Castle|Castle]]. In 2006, he was invited to join the judging panel for an international design competition for the new [[Gardens by the Bay]] in [[Singapore]].
==Works==
* Steinberg Hall at Washington University (1960s in St. Louis)
* Hillside Terrace (1969- in Tokyo)
*[[St. Mary's International School]] (1971 In Tokyo.)
* Osaka Prefectural Sports Center (1972, [[Takaishi, Osaka]])
*[[Spiral (building)|Spiral]] (1985 In Tokyo.)
*[[Makuhari Messe]] (1989 In Chiba.)
*[[Keio University Shonan Fujisawa Campus]](1990, Kanagawa)
*[[Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium]] (1991 in [[Sendagaya]], Tokyo)
*[[Yerba Buena Center for the Arts]] (1993 in San Francisco)
* Ensemble ''Global Gate'' (2000-2006 in [[Düsseldorf]])
* Office Building ''Solitaire'' (2001 in [[Düsseldorf]])
*[[TV Asahi]] (2003 In Tokyo.)
*[[Republic Polytechnic]] (2006 in Singapore)
*[[Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum]] and Walker Hall at Washington University(2006 in St. Louis)
*[[Delegation of the Ismaili Imamat]] (2008 in [[Ottawa]])
*Building Square 3 at Novartis Campus (2009 in [[Basel, Switzerland]])
==Works in Progress==
*[[Aga Khan Museum]] in [[Toronto]]
*[[United Nations]] new building in [[New York City]]
*Tower 4 ([[150 Greenwich Street]]) of the new [[World Trade Center]] in New York City
*[[MIT Media Lab]] Extension at [[Massachusetts Institute of Technology]] in Cambridge, Massachusetts
*[[Taipei Main Station]] of [[Taoyuan International Airport Access MRT System]] in Taipei
==References==
{{Reflist}}
==External links==
{{commonscat|Fumihiko Maki}}
*[http://www.pritzkerprize.com/maki2.htm Pritzker Prize Official Site - Fumiho Maki]
*[http://www.maki-and-associates.co.jp/ Maki and Associates Official Site]
*[http://www.wtc.com/media/videos/Fumihiko%20Maki Interview with Fumihiko Maki](video)
*[http://www.wtc.com/media/images/tower-4 Images of Tower 4, WTC](photos)
{{Wolf Prize in Arts}}
{{Pritzker Prize Winners 1979-2000}}
__NOTOC__
{{DEFAULTSORT:Maki, Fumihiko}}
[[Category:1928 births]]
[[Category:Living people]]
[[Category:Japanese architects]]
[[Category:Harvard University alumni]]
[[Category:University of Tokyo alumni]]
[[Category:Washington University in St. Louis faculty]]
[[Category:Keio University faculty]]
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[[ru:Маки, Фумихико]]
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[[zh:槙文彥]]</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Yoshida Tetsuro</title>
<id>2386467</id>
<revision>
<id>265677341</id>
<timestamp>2009-01-22T10:49:05Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Fram</username>
<id>390477</id>
</contributor>
<comment>Unsourced</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">{{unsourced|date=January 2009}}
[[Image:Shin-puh-kan-001.jpg|thumb|Old Kyoto Central Telephone Office]]
[[Image:Osaka Central Post Office.jpg|thumb|Osaka Central Post Office (right)]]
'''Yoshida Tetsuro''' (吉田鉄郎, ''Yoshida Tetsurō''; [[May 18]], [[1894]] - [[September 8]], [[1956]]) was a [[Japan]]ese [[architecture|architect]]. He graduated from [[Tokyo University]] and entered the Ministry of Communications in 1919. He designed many [[Japan]]ese [[post office]]s, [[telegraph]] offices, and related buildings in [[Japan]]. He introduced Eastern architecture to the west, while incorporating Western architecture in his own designs, including architecture from [[Scandinavia]], [[Germany]], and the [[United States]].
== Major works==
* Old Kyoto Central Telephone Office, 1926
* Tokyo Central Post Office, 1931
* Osaka Central Post Office, 1939
{{Japan-architect-stub}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:Yoshida, Tetsuro}}
[[Category:1894 births]]
[[Category:1956 deaths]]
[[Category:Japanese architects]]
[[es:Yoshida Tetsurō]]
[[ja:吉田鉄郎]]</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Noriaki Okabe</title>
<id>4512611</id>
<revision>
<id>274783321</id>
<timestamp>2009-03-03T22:29:16Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>SmackBot</username>
<id>433328</id>
</contributor>
<minor/>
<comment>Date maintenance tags and general fixes</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">{{Onesource|date=March 2009}}
{{Advert|date=March 2009}}
{{Notability|people|date=March 2009}}
'''Noriaki Okabe''' (岡部憲明; born [[December 9]], [[1947]]) is a Japanese [[architect]].
He was born in [[Shizuoka City|Shizuoka]], [[Japan]]. He had worked with [[Renzo Piano]] for twenty years in Europe, from the designing construction supervision of the [[Centre Georges Pompidou]] in [[Paris]].
Okabe, then the representative of [[Renzo Piano Building Workshop]] in Japan, won the international competition of [[Kansai International Airport]] Terminal Building in 1988 and was responsible for the design and construction supervision.
After the construction of the Terminal Building, he established Noriaki Okabe Architecture Network in 1995 in Tokyo. Now, he has been expanding the design activity from architecture to industrial design, such as train, [[Odakyu]] [[Romance Car]] [[Odakyū 50000 series VSE|series 50000 VSE]] ([[Odakyu Odawara Line]]).
==Main projects==
*[[Kansai International Airport]] Terminal Building, [[Renzo Piano Building Workshop]] Japan, Osaka
*[[Ushibuka Haiya Bridge]], [[Renzo Piano Building Workshop]] Japan, Nagasaki, Japan
*Housing in Sakura-shinmachi, Tokyo, Japan
*Valeo Unisia Transmissions Atugi (factory), Kanagawa, Japan
*[[Odakyu]] Electric Railway New Express &quot;[[Odakyū 50000 series VSE|series Romance car VSE]]&quot;, Tokyo, Japan
*Odakyu Electric Railway New Express &quot;[[Odakyū 60000 series MSE|series Romance car MSE]]&quot;, Tokyo, Japan
== External links ==
*[http://www.archinet.jp/ Noriaki Okabe Architecture Network, official site]
{{DEFAULTSORT:Okabe, Noriaki}}
[[Category:1947 births]]
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[[Category:Japanese architects]]
[[ja:岡部憲明]]</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Hiroyuki Wakabayashi</title>
<id>860086</id>
<revision>
<id>306700547</id>
<timestamp>2009-08-07T23:59:14Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Erik9bot</username>
<id>8889502</id>
</contributor>
<comment>add [[template:BLP unsourced]] with &quot;bot=yes&quot; parameter ([[Wikipedia:Bots/Requests for approval/Erik9bot 6|task 6]])</comment>
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'''Hiroyuki Wakabayashi''' (若林広幸, ''Wakabayashi Hiroyuki'', 1949-) is a [[Japanese people|Japanese]] [[architect]].
One of his first major notable works was a pickle shop in his native [[Kyoto]] in 1990, followed by Humax Pavilion in Tokyo's [[Shibuya, Tokyo|Shibuya]]. His 1995 design for the [[Rapi:t]] express train that links [[Osaka]]'s [[Namba Station]] with [[Kansai International Airport]] won the Blue Ribbon Prize. He has also designed [[Keihan Electric Railway]]'s [[Uji Station (Keihan)|Uji Station]] (1995) and the [[Mainichi Shimbun]]'s offices in Kyoto (1999).
{{DEFAULTSORT:Wakabayashi, Hiroyuki}}
[[Category:1949 births]]
[[Category:Japanese architects]]
[[Category:Living people]]
[[es:Wakabayashi Hiroyuki]]
[[ko:와카바야시 히로유키]]
[[ja:若林広幸]]</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Kengo Kuma</title>
<id>7998516</id>
<revision>
<id>308121220</id>
<timestamp>2009-08-15T13:44:50Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Michal Nebyla</username>
<id>5746514</id>
</contributor>
<minor/>
<comment>[[WP:AWB/T|Typo fixing]], typos fixed: acheive → achieve using [[Project:AutoWikiBrowser|AWB]]</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">[[Image:Doric.jpg|right|thumb|Doric building, [[Minato, Tokyo|Minato-ku]], [[Tokyo]], [[Japan]]]]
[[Image:Cocon-Karasuma-01.jpg|right|thumb|200px|Building by Kuma in [[Kyoto]]]]
{{nihongo|'''Kengo Kuma'''|隈 研吾|Kuma Kengo|extra=born 1954}} is a [[Japanese people|Japanese]] [[architect]].
== Biography ==
Kuma was born in [[Kanagawa Prefecture|Kanagawa]], Japan, and attended Eiko gakuen junior and senior high schools. After completing a major in architecture at the [[University of Tokyo]] in 1979, he worked for a time at [[Nihon sekkei]] and [[Toda corporation]]. He then moved to [[New York]] for further studies at [[Columbia University]] as a visiting researcher from 1985 to 1986. In 1987, he founded the &quot;Spatial Design&quot; studio. In 1990, &quot;Kengo Kuma &amp; Associates&quot;, his own studio was established. During the 1998-1999 academic year, he was a visiting professor on the faculty of environmental information at [[Keio University]]. In 2008, Kuma earned his [[Ph.D]] from Keio University , and he is currently a professor on the faculty of science and technology there, in the department of system design engineering.
Kuma's stated goal is to &quot;recover the tradition of Japanese buildings&quot; and to reinterpret it for the 21st century. In 1997 he won the prestigious Architectural Institute of Japan Award. Kengo Kuma is still designing architectural buildings with the inspiration of light and nature to achieve his goals such as the LVMH (Louis Vuitton Moet Hennessy) Group's Japan Headquarters as well as one of the largest spas in the Caribbean for [http://delliscay.com/ Mandarin Oriental Dellis Cay].
== Selected works ==
*M2 building (1989-1991)
*Kiro-San observatory (1994)
*Kitakami Canal Museum (1994)
*Great (Bamboo) Wall House, Beijing (2002)
*Plastic House (2002)
*LVMH Group Japan headquarters (2003)
*Suntory's Tokyo office building
*Kodan apartments (2005)
*Water Block House (2007)
== External links ==
{{commons cat|Kengo Kuma}}
*[http://www.kkaa.co.jp/ Kengo Kuma and Associates]
*[http://www.delliscay.com/ Kengo Kuma Spa at Dellis Cay]
*[http://www.architecture-page.com/go/people/profiles/kengo-kuma-associates Online profile of Kengo Kuma]
*[http://www.designboom.com/eng/interview/kuma.html Interview, with photos of work]
{{DEFAULTSORT:Kuma, Kengo}}
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</page>
<page>
<title>Tachū Naitō</title>
<id>8046590</id>
<revision>
<id>287739382</id>
<timestamp>2009-05-03T23:34:36Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>DivineAlpha</username>
<id>9499232</id>
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<comment>Revert to revision 231828179 dated 2008-08-14 03:39:23 by BOTijo using [[:en:Wikipedia:Tools/Navigation_popups|popups]]</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">[[Image:Tokyo Tower 20060211.JPG|thumb|right|Tokyo Tower]]
{{nihongo|'''Tachū Naitō'''|内藤多仲|''Naitō Tachū''|[[12 June]], [[1886]] - [[25 August]], [[1970]]}} was a Japanese architect, engineer, and professor from [[Yamanashi Prefecture]], [[Minami-Alps, Yamanashi]]. He was a father of [[seismic analysis|earthquake-proof design]] and built many [[Radio masts and towers|broadcasting]] and [[Observation tower|observation]] towers, including the [[Tokyo Tower]].
== Biography ==
Tachū Naitō attended the Old System Kofu Middle School (presently Yamanashi Prefectural Kofu First High School), he passed high school, then attended the Tokyo Imperial University (presently the [[University of Tokyo]]). First [[naval architecture]] was his major, then he turned to [[architecture]] due to the [[shipbuilding]] depression after the [[Russo-Japanese War]]. He studied with Kino Toshikata, and graduated in 1910. In 1913 he became a professor at [[Waseda University]].
In 1916 he went to America as an international student, where he devised his seismic theory of the earthquake-proof wall. While on the [[First Transcontinental Railroad]] he made observations about the movements of the luggage depending on the trains acceleration, after noticing the scattered trunks when the train made sudden stops. The lack of partitions in the luggage compartment and the disarray of the trunks led him to the structural idea of the earthquake-proof wall,&lt;ref&gt;Kobe Shimbun, 正平調, 30 August, 2003.[http://www.kobe-np.co.jp/seihei/030830ln13330.html]&lt;/ref&gt; effectively a [[shear wall]].
Using the seismic structural theory that he devised, he engineered the [[Industrial Bank of Japan]]'s main office which was designed by Setsu Watanabe. Three months after the building's completion in 1923 the [[1923 Great Kantō earthquake|Great Kantō earthquake]] happened. This structure withstood the damage and Naitō included this fact in his lectures as the effectiveness of his earthquake-proof design theory had been proven.
Other than the Industrial Bank of Japan, he worked on the [[Kabuki-za]] and the Okuma auditorium. Naitō designed many broadcasting towers, in 1954 the [[Nagoya TV Tower]], in 1956 the [[Tsutenkaku]], in 1957 the [[Sapporo TV Tower]], and the [[Beppu Tower]], and in 1958 the [[Tokyo Tower]].
Tachū Naitō has held many positions and was recognized with many awards throughout his career. In 1938 he became the chairman of the [[welding]] academy, in 1941 the chair of the architectural academy, in 1954 a member of the [[Science Council of Japan]], in 1960 a member of the [[Japan Academy]], in 1962 he was awarded a distinction for cultural merit, and in 1964 he was awarded the second degree [[Order of the Rising Sun]].
On [[August 25]], [[1970]] at 9:05 AM Tachū Naitō died in the National Tokyo First Hospital, now the [[International Medical Center of Japan]], at 84 years of age. His remains were buried in the graveyard of the Naitō family in Tamareien Cemetery. His epitaph is on the right side and a bronze statue and is on the left.
== Gallery ==
&lt;gallery&gt;
Image:Nagoya TV Tower.JPG|Nagoya TV Tower (1954)
Image:Tsutenkaku tower.jpg|Tsutenkaku(1956)
Image:Sapporo TV Tower in the snow.jpg|Sapporo TV Tower (1957)
&lt;/gallery&gt;
== Notes ==
&lt;references/&gt;
== References ==
* 『建築構造学』 ''Architecture Studies'', 1918
* 『架構建築耐震構造論』、早稲田大学出版会. ''Seismic Structural Theory'', Waseda University Publications, 1924
* 『日本の耐震建築とともに』、雪華社. ''Earthquake-proof Architecture of Japan'', Yuki Hana Corporation, 1965
* 『建築と人生』、鹿島出版. ''Architecture and Life'', Kahima Publications, 1966
* 『内藤多仲博士の業績』、鹿島出版会. ''The Achievements of Doctor Tachu Naito'', Kashima Publications, 1967
* 『タワー 内藤多仲と三塔物語』、INAX出版. ''Birth of Towers: Tachu Naito and a Tale of Three Towers'', INAX Publications, 2006
== External links ==
* {{ja icon}} 神戸新聞 正平調(2003年8月30日) [http://www.kobe-np.co.jp/seihei/030830ln13330.html]
* {{ja icon}} 歴史が眠る多磨霊園 内藤多仲 [http://www6.plala.or.jp/guti/cemetery/PERSON/N/naitou_t.html]
* {{ja icon}} タワフル(TOWERFUL) コラム 塔博士 [http://www2.odn.ne.jp/yoko-tower/column/tou-hakase/column-tou-hakase.htm]
* {{ja icon}} Hiro Satoshi Noguchi, Tachu Naito Exhibition in Ginza, [[16 October]] [[2006]] [http://journal.mycom.co.jp/news/2006/10/16/320.html]
* Tokyo Art Beat review of ''Birth of Towers: Tachu Naito and a Tale of Three Towers'' [http://www.tokyoartbeat.com/event/2006/A94B]
&lt;!-- Metadata: see [[Wikipedia:Persondata]] --&gt;
{{Persondata
|NAME=Naito, Tachu
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES=Naito Tachu (Japanese order); 内藤多仲 (kanji)
|SHORT DESCRIPTION=20th century Japanese architect and engineer
|DATE OF BIRTH=[[12 June]], [[1886]] -
|PLACE OF BIRTH=[[Minami-Alps, Yamanashi]]
|DATE OF DEATH=[[25 August]], [[1970]]
|PLACE OF DEATH=[[Tokyo]]
}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:Naito, Tachu}}
[[Category:Japanese architects]]
[[Category:People from Yamanashi Prefecture]]
[[Category:1886 births]]
[[Category:1970 deaths]]
[[ja:内藤多仲]]</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Furuichi Kōi</title>
<id>9872180</id>
<revision>
<id>289413779</id>
<timestamp>2009-05-12T06:56:29Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Johnpacklambert</username>
<id>2308770</id>
</contributor>
<comment>/* Aftermath */</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">{{Cleanup|date=May 2007}}{{Unreferenced|date=May 2007}}
[[Image:!!!!古市公威像0103.JPG|thumb|rigtht|300px|A statue of Furuichi Kohi in [[Tokyo University]]]]
'''Furuichi Kōi''' (古市公威 1854-1934) was a [[civil engineer]], the president of Kōka Daigaku, the present college of engineering of the [[Tokyo University]].
==Biography==
In 1854 he was born as a son of Huruichi Takashi who was Himego clan’s member in Edo. In Meiji 2, he entered Kaisei-jyo, in Meiji 3, he was elected student on scholarship in Himego han, and entered Daigaku Nankō, then studied abroad to [[Ecole Centrale des Arts et Manufactures]] in Paris as the Ministry of Education first student studying abroad. In Meiji 12 (1879), he graduated and got the degree of BE. In the same year he entered the Faculty of Science of [[University of Paris|Université de Paris]], in 1889 graduated, got Bachelor of Science, and went home and took up a post as Naimusho Doboku-kyoku Yatoi. While studying abroad in France, he was advised by an aunt in the boardinghouse to take a day off. Then he answered &quot;Japan delay 1 day when I rested for 1 day &quot;. In 1881, he became the University of Tokyo lecturer and after that, he concurrently held the posts of the university teacher with the bureaucrat technical expert. In 1886, when he was 32 years old, he was installed in Koka Daigaku which was the forerunner of Tokyo Daigaku Kougakubu (the University of Tokyo engineering department) first president, in 1888 was received the degree of the first Kougaku Hakushi (Doctor of Engineering) and in 1894 was installed in the first engineering works Doboku Gikan (Vice-Minister for Engineering Affairs) in Naimusho. He attempted to improve an engineering works public administration and established Doboku Hōki (an engineering works law). His typical services include the construction of Yokohama-ko. He contributed to improve the reputation of the [[Engineering Technology|engineering technology]] in Japan in the world as the first chairman in Nihon Kougakkai (Japan Federation of Engineering Societies).
==Aftermath==
[[Mishima Yukio]]'s real name was ''Hiraoka Kimitake'' and his father namede Kimitake. His grandfather was ''naimu kanryo'' (a domestic affair of state bureaucrat) and was indebted to Furuichi, by such a reason Yukio was named Kimitake.
Furuichi Kōi's statue is on just the left in the front gate in University of Tokyo ''Hongo'' premises entering.
{{National Seven Universities}}
[[Category:Japanese architects]]
[[Category:1854 births]]
[[Category:1934 deaths]]
[[Category:University of Paris alumni]]
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{{Japan-architect-stub}}
[[ja:古市公威]]</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Inokuchi Arika</title>
<id>9892856</id>
<revision>
<id>265676760</id>
<timestamp>2009-01-22T10:43:39Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Fram</username>
<id>390477</id>
</contributor>
<comment>Unsourced</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">{{unsourced|date=January 2009}}
{{Japanese name|Inokuchi}}
[[Image:!!!!井口在屋東京大学総合研究博物館小石川分館0054.JPG|thumb|rigtht|250px|Stature of Inokuchi Arika in [[Tokyo Uni.]]]]
'''Inokuchi Arika''' (井口在屋 1856-1923) was a mechanical technologist and professor. He was born in [[Kanazawa, Ishikawa|Kanazawa]], and graduated from the [[University of Tokyo]] ''Kōgakubu'' (mechanical course). In Meiji 29 (1896), he was installed in the University of Tokyo professor. He invented an Inoguchi shiki turbine pump (Inokuchi type turboalternator). He established Nihon Kikai Gakkai (Japan Institute of Mechanical Engineers)
{{National Seven Universities}}
[[Category:1856 births]]
[[Category:1923 deaths]]
[[Category:Japanese architects]]
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[[Category:people of Teikoku Daigaku]]
{{Japan-architect-stub}}</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Isoya Yoshida</title>
<id>2386719</id>
<revision>
<id>306593125</id>
<timestamp>2009-08-07T12:54:14Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Martarius</username>
<id>4905985</id>
</contributor>
<comment>/* References */ added [[Category:People from Tokyo|hometown c]]ategory</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">{{nihongo|'''Isoya Yoshida'''|吉田 五十八|Yoshida Isoya|[[December 19]], [[1894]], - [[March 24]], [[1974]]}} was a [[Japan]]ese [[architecture|architect]]. He graduated from Tokyo Art School (now [[Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music]]) in 1923. His style, known as ''sukiya'', combines elements of traditional Japanese architecture and [[Modernism|modernist architecture]]. He was born and died in Tokyo.
==References==
*{{cite book |author=J. P. Noffsinger |title=Isoya Yoshida: Modern/Traditional Architect of Japan |publisher=Monticello, IL |year=1980}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:Yoshida, Isoya}}
[[Category:1894 births]]
[[Category:1974 deaths]]
[[Category:Japanese architects]]
[[Category:People from Tokyo]]
{{Japan-architect-stub}}
[[ja:吉田五十八]]</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Shusaku Arakawa</title>
<id>3119943</id>
<revision>
<id>280876804</id>
<timestamp>2009-03-31T15:29:25Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<ip>209.176.198.34</ip>
</contributor>
<text xml:space="preserve">{{Infobox Musical artist
| Img = Replace this image male.svg &lt;!-- only free-content images are allowed for depicting living people - see [[WP:NONFREE]] --&gt;
| Img_size = 150 |
|Name = Arakawa
|Born = {{birth date and age|1936|7|6}}&lt;br /&gt;{{flagicon|Japan}} [[Nagoya]], [[Japan]]
|Occupation(s) = [[Artist]], [[Architect]]
|URL = [http://www.reversibledestiny.org www.reversibledestiny.org]
}}
{{nihongo|'''Arakawa'''|荒川 修作|Arakawa|extra=born July 6, 1936 in [[Nagoya]]}} is a [[Japanese people|Japanese]] [[artist]] and [[architect]]. He studied mathematics and medicine at the [[University of Tokyo]], and art at the [[Musashino Art University]].&lt;ref&gt;[http://www.artnet.com/library/00/0036/T003608.asp artnet.com: Resource Library: Arakawa, Shusaku]&lt;/ref&gt; Initially he worked with [[printmaking]], using abstract and [[dada]] styles. He has lived in [[New York]] since 1961.
Arakawa met his partner [[Madeline Gins]] in 1963. Together, they founded the Architectural Body Research Foundation. They have designed and built residences (Reversible Destiny Houses, Bioscleave House, Shidami Resource Recycling Model House) and parks (Site of Reversible Destiny-Yoro). They have developed an original theory and practice of the relation of the human being to the exterior world, elaborated most extensively in their book, ''Architectural Body''. Arakawa and Gins are, together and separately, the authors of several books and exhibition volumes, most recently ''Making Dying Illegal'' (ISBN 1931824223).
== Books by Arakawa and Gins ==
*''Word Rain'' (Gins, 1969)
*''The Mechanism of Meaning'' (Arakawa &amp; Gins, 1971)
*''Intend'' (Gins, 1973)
*''What the President Will Say and Do'' (Gins, 1984)
*''To Not to Die'' (Gins, 1987)
*''Architecture: Sites of Reversible Destiny'' (Arakawa &amp; Gins, 1994)
*''Hellen Keller or Arakawa'' (Gins, 1994)
*''Reversible Destiny'' (Arakawa &amp; Gins, 1997)
*''Architectural Body'' (Arakawa &amp; Gins, 2002)
*''Making Dying Illegal'' (Arakawa &amp; Gins, 2006)
==References==
{{Reflist}}
==External links==
*[http://www.reversibledestiny.org/abrf.php Architectural Body Research Foundation]
*[http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/03/garden/03destiny.html?_r=2&amp;oref=slogin&amp;oref=slogin A House Not for Mere Mortals]
*[http://www.yoro-park.com/e/rev/ Site of Reversible Destiny - Yoro]
*[http://www.artnet.com/artist/18673/shusaku-arakawa.html Gallery at artnet.com]
*[http://www.askart.com/AskART/artists/search/ArtistKeywords.aspx?searchtype=KEYWORDS&amp;artist=78954 Facts and reference at askart.com]
*[http://www.artfacts.net/index.php/pageType/artistInfo/artist/10549 Reference at artfacts.net]
*[http://www.plazm.com/magazine/features/archive/reversible-destiny The Reversible Destiny: Architecture of Arakawa &amp; Madeline Gins, Plazm magazine article]
{{DEFAULTSORT:Arakawa, Shusaku}}
[[Category:Japanese architects]]
[[Category:Japanese artists]]
[[Category:Japanese printmakers]]
[[Category:Contemporary artists]]
[[Category:Conceptual artists]]
[[Category:1936 births]]
[[Category:Living people]]
[[Category:University of Tokyo alumni]]
[[Category:People from Nagoya]]
{{Japan-architect-stub}}
[[de:Shūsaku Arakawa]]
[[fr:Shusaku Arakawa]]
[[ja:荒川修作]]</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Kunio Maekawa</title>
<id>10611058</id>
<revision>
<id>304031367</id>
<timestamp>2009-07-24T23:36:04Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Chreod</username>
<id>7335409</id>
</contributor>
<text xml:space="preserve">{{Infobox Architect
|name=Kunio Maekawa
|nationality=[[Japan]]
|birth_date= [[14 May]], [[1905]]
|birth_place=[[Niigata, Niigata]]
|death_date=[[26 June]], [[1986]]
|death_place=
|practice_name=
|significant_buildings= The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo
|significant_projects=
|significant_design=
|awards=
|}}
{{nihongo|'''Kunio Maekawa'''|前川 國男|Maekawa Kunio}} was a [[Japan]]ese [[architect]]. He entered [[Hibiya High School|First Tokyo Middle School]] in 1918, and then [[University of Tokyo|Tokyo Imperial University]] in 1925.
== References ==
* {{cite book|title=Maekawa Kunio and the Emergence of Japanese Modernist Architecture|last=Reynolds|first=Jonathan M.|publisher=University of California Press|date=2001|id=ISBN 0520214951}}
==External links==
{{Commonscat|Kunio Maekawa}}
* Daniell, Thomas [http://www.dnp.co.jp/artscape/eng/focus/0605_02.html On Kunio Maekawa]
{{DEFAULTSORT:Maekawa, Kunio}}
[[Category:1905 births]]
[[Category:1986 deaths]]
[[Category:Japanese architects]]
[[Category:Modernist architects]]
[[Category:People from Niigata (city)]]
{{Japan-architect-stub}}
[[de:Kunio Maekawa]]
[[es:Maekawa Kunio]]
[[nl:Kunio Maekawa]]
[[fr:Kunio Maekawa]]
[[ja:前川國男]]
[[it:Kunio Maekawa]]</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Hidetsugu Aneha</title>
<id>3378210</id>
<revision>
<id>288197167</id>
<timestamp>2009-05-06T03:27:59Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<ip>210.234.149.58</ip>
</contributor>
<comment>[[WP:UNDO|Undid]] revision 288196345 by [[Special:Contributions/210.234.149.58|210.234.149.58]] ([[User talk:210.234.149.58|talk]])</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">{{Expand|date=January 2007}}
&lt;!-- Deleted image removed: [[Image:Aneha's arrest.jpg|200px|right|thumbnail|Hidetsugu Aneha shaved his head after his arrest. There was a rumor that he had previously worn a [[wig]].]] --&gt;
{{nihongo|'''Hidetsugu Aneha'''|姉歯秀次|''Aneha Hidetsugu''|extra= born [[June 10]], [[1957]] in [[Osato, Miyagi|Osato]], [[Miyagi Prefecture]]}} is a former [[Japan]]ese [[architect]] and [[builder]] accused of falsifying structural data regarding the [[earthquake]] resistance of various [[condominium]]s and [[hotel]]s.
Aneha was born in [[Osato, Miyagi|Osato]], [[Miyagi Prefecture]] in 1957 and graduated from the construction program at Furukawa Technical High School in 1976. Instead of attending university, he joined an [[Osaka]]-based [[general contractor]] firm. In 1984, Aneha established an architect's office in [[Ichikawa, Chiba|Ichikawa]], [[Chiba Prefecture]]. He was licensed as a first-class architect in 1990.
On [[December 7]], [[2005]], his first-class architect license was revoked by the [[Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (Japan)|Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport]]. [[Witness]]es were summoned by the [[Diet of Japan|Diet]] on [[December 14]], and police inspected Aneha's home on [[December 20]]. On [[April 26]], [[2006]], he and seven people, including [[Moriyoshi Kimura]], [[Akira Shinozuka]] and [[Togo Fujita]] were arrested for violations of the Architect Act and other laws. Aneha's wife reportedly died after she jumped out of a condominium in Chiba in 2006.
On December 26 2006 the Tokyo District Court sentenced the architect to five years in prison plus a fine of 1.8 million yen. On February 19, 2008, the top court upheld his original sentence.
==See also==
*[[Architectural forgery in Japan]]
*[[Huser]]
*[[Susumu Ojima]]
==References==
*[http://asia.news.yahoo.com/061226/kyodo/d8m8d2n00.htm Architect Aneha sentenced to 5 years over building data fabrication]
*[http://www.japantimes.co.jp/weekly/news/nn2005/nn20051126a2.htm Data scam on quake resistance shakes the nation]
*[http://www.japantimes.co.jp/weekly/news/nn2005/nn20051203a2.htm Rogue inspection dragnet widens]
*[http://www.japantimes.co.jp/weekly/ed/ed20051210a1.htm The depths of data fabrication ]
*[http://www.japantimes.co.jp/weekly/news/nn2006/nn20060128a3.htm 'Huser wanted disclosure delayed']
*[http://www.japantimes.co.jp/weekly/news/nn2006/nn20060422a1.htm Aneha to be arrested over quake-resistance data]
*[http://www.japantimes.co.jp/weekly/news/nn2006/nn20060506a1.htm Aneha and seven associates in building fraud arrested]
*[http://www.japantimes.co.jp/weekly/ed/ed20060506a1.htm Trail to the epicenter of faulty math]
*[http://www.japantimes.co.jp/weekly/news/nn2006/nn20060527a3.htm Huser head arrested in building scam]
*[http://www.japantimes.co.jp/weekly/news/nn2006/nn20060715a5.htm EHomes head admits faking papers]
{{DEFAULTSORT:Aneha, Hidetsugu}}
[[Category:1957 births]]
[[Category:Living people]]
[[Category:People from Miyagi Prefecture]]
[[Category:Japanese architects]]
[[Category:Japanese prisoners and detainees]]
[[Category:Prisoners and detainees of Japan]]
[[fr:Hidetsugu Aneha]]</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Takamasa Yoshizaka</title>
<id>4376066</id>
<revision>
<id>265677478</id>
<timestamp>2009-01-22T10:50:28Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Fram</username>
<id>390477</id>
</contributor>
<comment>Unsourced</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">{{unsourced|date=January 2009}}
{{nihongo|'''Takamasa Yoshizaka'''|吉阪 隆正|Yoshizaka Takamasa|extra=[[February 13]], [[1917]]—[[December 17]], [[1980]]}}, family name also romanized as '''Yosizaka''', was a [[Japan]]ese [[architect]] and former president of the [[Architectural Institute of Japan]].
{{Japan-architect-stub}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:Yoshizaka, Takamasa}}
[[Category:1917 births]]
[[Category:1980 deaths]]
[[Category:Japanese architects]]
[[ja:吉阪隆正]]</text>
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</page>
<page>
<title>Shigeru Ban</title>
<id>1749120</id>
<revision>
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<timestamp>2009-08-05T19:07:19Z</timestamp>
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<ip>65.255.58.94</ip>
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<comment>/* External links */</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">[[Image:Takatori Catholic Church.JPG|thumb|right|300px|[[Takatori Catholic Church]] is one of his famous paper tube structures: temporary church building erected in [[Kobe]] after [[Great Hanshin earthquake]] in 1995. It has been donated (deconstructed and moved) to Taiwan in 2005, due to be reconstructed in 2008.]]
[[Image:NomadicMuseumSantaMonica.jpg|thumb|right|300px|Ban designed the [[Nomadic Museum]] with engineers [[Buro Happold]], a temporary structure composed of 156 [[shipping container]]s.]]
'''Shigeru Ban''' (坂茂, ''Ban Shigeru''; born 1957 in [[Tokyo]], [[Japan]]) is an accomplished [[Japan]]ese and international [[architect]], most famous for his innovative work with paper, particularly recycled [[cardboard]] paper tubes used to quickly and efficiently house disaster victims. Shigeru Ban was the winner in 2005 at age 48 of the 40th annual [[Thomas Jefferson Medal in Architecture]] from the [[University of Virginia]] in [[Charlottesville]]. He was profiled by Time Magazine in their projection of 21st century innovators in the field of architecture and design.&lt;ref name=&quot;Belinda Luscombe 2000&quot;&gt;Belinda Luscombe, ''[http://www.time.com/time/innovators/design/profile_ban.html He Builds With a Really Tough Material: Paper.]'' Innovators, Time 100: The Next Wave. July 17, 2000.&lt;/ref&gt;
Shigeru Ban studied at the [[Southern California Institute of Architecture]] and later went on to [[Cooper Union| Cooper Union’s School of Architecture]] where he studied under [[John Hejduk]] and graduated in 1984. Hejduk was a part of the [[The New York Five]]. From Hejduk, Ban learned not only fundamental elements of architecture, but also gained an interest in ‘architectonic poetics’ or the creation of three-dimensional poetry. Hejduk, the most experimentally minded of the New York Five, had a lasting influence on Ban, whose work has continuing explorations into basic geometric elements. Ban’s formal explorations with basic building materials helped to lead him into unique structural solutions.
For Ban, one of the most important themes in his work is the “invisible structure”. That is, he doesn’t overtly express his structural elements, but rather chooses to incorporate it into the design. Ban is not interested in the ‘newest’ materials and techniques, but rather the expression of the concept behind his building. The materials he chooses to use are deliberately chosen for how they aid the building to do so.
Ban entertains several schools of architecture, first he is a Japanese architect and uses many themes and methods found in traditional Japanese architecture (such as [[shōji]]) and the idea of a ‘universal floor’ to allow continuity between all rooms in a house. In his buildings, this translates to a floor without change in elevation. By choosing to study under Hejduk, Ban opted to do something different. Hejduk’s Rationalist views on architecture provided a way of revisiting Western modernism and gaining a richer appreciation than the reductive vision of it as a rationalized version of the traditionalist--yet ultra-modern--Japanese space. With his Western education and influences, Ban has become of the forerunning Japanese architects who embrace the combination of Western and Eastern building forms and methods. Perhaps most influential from Hejduk was the study of the structure of architectural systems. Ban is most-famous now for his innovative work with paper and cardboard tubing as a material for building construction. He was the first architect in Japan to construct a building primarily out of [[paper]], with his paper house and required special approval for his building to pass Japan’s [[building code]]. Ban is attracted to using paper because of its low-cost, its recyclable, low-tech and they’re replaceable. The last aspect of Ban’s influences is his [[humanitarianism]] and his attraction to ecological architecture. Ban’s work with paper and other materials is heavily based on its [[Sustainable|sustanability]] and because it produces very little waste. As a result of this, Ban’s [[DIY]] [[Refugee shelter]]s (used in Japan after the [[Kobe earthquake]], in [[Turkey]], [[Rwanda]] and around the world) are very popular and effective for low-cost disaster relief-housing.
Ban created the Japanese pavilion building at [[Expo 2000]] in Hanover in collaboration with the architect [[Frei Otto]] and structural engineers [[Buro Happold]]. The 72m long [[gridshell]] structure was made with paper tubes. But due to stringent building laws in Germany, the roof had to be reinforced with a substructure. After the exhibition the structure was [[recycling|recycled]] and returned to paper pulp.&lt;ref name=&quot;Belinda Luscombe 2000&quot;/&gt;
Ban fits well into the category of “Ecological Architects” but he also can make solid claims for being modernist, a Japanese experimentalist as well as a rationalist. “I don’t like waste” is an apt quote from Ban, summing up his philosophy, known as “Paper Architecture&quot;.
==Major works==
* Furniture House, a series of prefabricated homes built in Japan, China, and the US
* [[Curtain wall house]] (1995), Tabashi, [[Tokyo]], Japan
* Naked House (2000), Saitama, Kawagoe prefecture, [[Japan]]
* Japanese Pavilion (2000) at Hannover World Exhibition Expo 2000, [[Hannover]], [[Germany]]
* [[Nomadic Museum]] (2005-present), built to house Gregory Colbert's video/photo work &quot;Ashes and Snow&quot;
* [[Takatori Catholic Church]], [[Hyōgo Prefecture]], [[Japan]]. ''(JR Kobe Line, 15 minutes walk from Takatori station)''
* Musée d'art Moderne Georges Pompidou, Metz, France (expected completion date: 2009)
* Luxurious villa designs Maison S und Maison H on an exclusive private island: Mandarin Oriental [http://www.delliscay.com Dellis Cay]
==References==
&lt;references/&gt;
==External links==
* [http://www.shigerubanarchitects.com/ Official site]
* [http://storiesofhouses.blogspot.com/#112937488712509791 The naked house in Kawagoe]
* [http://delliscay.com/ Mandarin Oriental Dellis Cay]
* [http://www.centrepompidou-metz.com/ The Pompidou Center in Metz]
[[Category:1957 births]]
[[Category:Living people]]
[[Category:Japanese architects|Ban, Shigeru]]
[[Category:The Cooper Union alumni|Ban, Shigeru]]
[[Category:Keio University faculty|Ban, Shigeru]]
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[[sv:Shigeru Ban]]</text>
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</page>
<page>
<title>List of Japanese architects</title>
<id>11389280</id>
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<timestamp>2009-04-10T10:28:29Z</timestamp>
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<comment>/* Meiji period */</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">The following is a chronological list of '''[[Japan|Japanese]] [[architect]]s'''. Some of their major architectural works are listed after each name.
&lt;!-- Order of their birthdates --&gt;
== Middle Ages ==
== Meiji period ==
*[[Takeda Ayasaburō]]
*[[Kunio Maekawa]]
*[[Furuichi Kōi]]
*[[Inokuchi Arika]]
*[[Yoshida Tetsuro]]
== Post World War II ==
[[image:MOMAyard.JPG|thumb|right|[[MoMA]], [[New York]]&lt;Br&gt;Designed by [[Yoshio Taniguchi]]]]
[[Image:Church of Light.JPG|thumb|right|[[Church of the Light]], [[Osaka]]&lt;Br&gt;Designed by [[Tadao Ando]]]]
*[[Tadao Ando]]
*[[Hidetsugu Aneha]]
*[[Shusaku Arakawa]]
*[[Shigeru Ban]]
*[[Hiroshi Hara (architect)|Hiroshi Hara]]
*[[Arata Isozaki]]
*[[Toyo Ito]]
*[[Atsushi Kitagawara]]
*[[Kengo Kuma]]
*[[Kisho Kurokawa]]
*[[Fumihiko Maki]]
*[[Tachū Naitō]]
*[[Noriaki Okabe]]
*[[Kazuyo Sejima]]
*[[Hiroshi Takahashi (architect)|Hiroshi Takahashi]]
*[[Kenzo Tange]]
*[[Yoshio Taniguchi]]
*[[Hiroyuki Wakabayashi]]
*[[Isoya Yoshida]]
*[[Takamasa Yoshizaka]]
== See also ==
*[[List of architects]]
*[[Japanese architecture]]
[[Category:Japanese architects|*]]
[[Category:Lists of Japanese people|Architects]]
[[Category:Lists of architects by nationality|Japan]]
[[ja:日本の建築家一覧]]
[[zh:日本建築師列表]]</text>
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</page>
<page>
<title>Kenzo Tange</title>
<id>53427</id>
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<comment>Replaced [[File:2007 05010030.JPG]] by its duplicate on Commons [[File:American Medical Association HQ.JPG]]</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">[[Image:Tokyo Metropolitan Goverment Building no1 Tocho 08 7 December 2003.jpg|thumb|right|[[Tokyo Metropolitan Government Office]], [[Shinjuku]], [[Tokyo]]]]
[[File:Fontana di luce.jpg|thumb|right|[[Centro Direzionale]], business centre, in [[Naples]]]]
[[Image:Palazzo BMW laterale.JPG|thumb|right|[[BMW]] building in [[San Donato Milanese]]]]
{{nihongo|'''Kenzo Tange'''|丹下健三|Tange Kenzō|extra=September 4, 1913 – March 22, 2005}} was a [[Japanese people|Japanese]] [[architect]], and winner of the 1987 [[Pritzker Prize]] for [[architecture]]. He was one of the most significant architects of the 20th century, combining traditional Japanese styles with [[Modern Architecture|modernism]], and designed major buildings on five continents. Kenzo Tange was also an influential protagonist of the movement [[Structuralism (architecture)|structuralism]]. He said: &quot;It was, I believe, around 1959 or at the beginning of the sixties that I began to think about what I was later to call structuralism&quot;, (cited in ''Plan'' 2/1982, Amsterdam).
== Biography ==
Tange was born in [[Sakai, Osaka]] in 1913. He moved to [[Hankou District|Hankou]], then to [[Shanghai]] and later [[England]], with his banker father, back to Japan in 1920. Tange was strongly influenced by [[Le Corbusier]]'s books and thought to be an architect in his secondary school days.
In 1935, Tange attended at the Department of Engineering, the [[University of Tokyo]], where he studied architecture, completed his degree and worked as a professional architect at the studio of [[Kunio Maekawa]]. Tange worked a few years there and left to go back to the University of Tokyo to study postgraduate course in 1941. Tange became an assistant professor and opened Tange [[laboratory]] in 1946. In 1963, he was promoted to professor of the Department of Urban Engineering. As a professor, his students included [[Sachio Otani]], [[Kisho Kurokawa]], [[Arata Isozaki]], and [[Fumihiko Maki]] who have inherited Tange's architectural style and his philosophy.
In 1949, Tange won the architecture competition for design of the [[Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park]], [[Hiroshima|Hiroshima city]], four years after [[Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki|the atomic bombing of Hiroshima]] in 1945. His design for Peace Memorial Park owes much to [[Le Corbusier]] and Tange envisioned it as the city's 'spiritual core'.&lt;ref&gt;From caption, from '''Guardian''' picture gallery at http://arts.guardian.co.uk/pictures/image/0,8543,-10405154681,00.html&lt;/ref&gt; One reason Tange gave for applying for the job was that he had studied in the city as a secondary student.
In 1961, Tange became the principal of the firm Kenzo Tange &amp; Urtec (the present day [[Kenzo Tange &amp; Associates]]),&lt;ref name=aia150&gt;http://www.aia150.org/aw_gm_1966.php&lt;/ref&gt; and then won international fame for his design for the [[Yoyogi National Gymnasium|gymnasium]] for the [[1964 Summer Olympics]] held in [[Tokyo]]. His Pritzker Prize citation described it as &quot;among the most beautiful buildings of the 20th century.&quot;
He was also known for his &quot;Tokyo Plan&quot; of 1960, which proposed a radical redesign of the city. Although not fully implemented, it influenced architects worldwide. In the 1960s he also designed the new master plan for the capital city of the [[Republic of Macedonia]] [[Skopje]], which was heavily damaged by the 1963 earthquake. This plan was also only partially implemented. Tange received [[AIA Gold Medal]] in 1966, the [[Order of Culture]] in 1980, and the [[order of the Sacred Treasures]] in 1994.
In 2005, his funeral was held in one of his works, [[St. Mary's Cathedral, Tokyo|Tokyo Cathedral]].
&lt;!-- Do not remove this line --&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;clear: both;&quot;&gt;&lt;/div&gt;
== Selected projects ==
*2005: [[Hwa Chong Institution Boarding School]], [[Singapore]]
*2003: [[The Linear - Private Apartments]], Singapore
*2000: [[Tokyo Dome]] Hotel
*2000: [[Kagawa Prefectural Government Building]] the main offices, [[Takamatsu, Kagawa]]
*1998: [[WKC Centre For Health Development]], [[Kobe]], [[Hyōgo Prefecture|Hyōgo]]
*1998: [[University of Bahrain]], [[Sakhir]], [[Bahrain]]
*1996: [[Fuji Television]] Building, [[Odaiba]], Tokyo
*1991: [[Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building]], [[Shinjuku, Tokyo|Shinjuku]]
*1987: [[American Medical Association Headquarters Building]], [[Chicago]], [[Illinois]], [[USA]]
*1986: [[Nanyang Technological University]], Singapore
*1982: [[Abuja|Central Area New Federal Capital City of Nigeria]], [[Nigeria]]
*1979: [[Hanae Mori]] Building [[Aoyama, Tokyo]]
*1977: [Sogetsu Kaikan][http://www.sogetsu.or.jp/english/hall/index.html] Aoyama, Tokyo
*1970: Site of [[Expo '70]], [[Suita, Osaka]]
*1966: Master plan for rebuilding of [[Skopje]], [[Republic of Macedonia]], then part of [[Yugoslavia]] after the 1963 earthquake
*1964: [[Yoyogi National Gymnasium]] for the 1964 Summer Olympics, Tokyo
*1960: Kurashiki City Hall, [[Kurashiki]], [[Okayama]]
*1958: [[Kagawa Prefectural Government Building]] the east offices, Takamatsu, Kagawa
*1957: (Former) [[Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building]], [[Yūrakuchō]]
*1955: [[St. Mary's Cathedral, Tokyo|St. Mary's Cathedral (Tokyo Cathedral)]] (Roman Catholic), Tokyo
*1955: [[Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum]], Hiroshima
&lt;gallery&gt;
Image:Heiwa-kinenkan.jpg|'''1955''': [[Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum]] at the [[Peace Memorial Park of Hiroshima]].
Image:Kagawa-Pref-Office-east.jpg|'''1958''': Kagawa Prefectural the Government Building east office
Image:Yoyogi Gymnasium.jpg|'''1964''': [[Yoyogi National Gymnasium]] in Shibuya, Tokyo.
File:St. Mary's Cathedral Tokyo.jpg|'''1964''': [[St. Mary's Cathedral, Tokyo|St. Mary's Cathedral (Tokyo Cathedral)]], [[Tokyo]]
File:American Medical Association HQ.JPG|'''1987''': American Medical Association Headquarters Building, [[Chicago]], [[United States]]
Image:TokyoTocho.jpg|'''1991''': [[Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building]], Shinjuku
Image:FujiTVStudioOdaiba.jpg|'''1996''': The Fuji TV headquarters in Odaiba is known for its eccentric architecture.
Image:Kagawa-Pref-Office-main.jpg|'''2000''': Kagawa Prefectural the Government Building main office
&lt;/gallery&gt;
&lt;br clear=all&gt;
==External links==
{{commonscat|Kenzo Tange}}
*[http://www.ktaweb.com/en_index2.html Official website]
*[http://citymayors.com/cityhalls/tokyo_cityhall.html Profile of Tokyo Metropolitan Buildings]
&lt;br clear=all&gt;
==References==
{{reflist}}
{{Pritzker Prize Winners 1979-2000}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:Tange, Kenzo}}
[[Category:1913 births]]
[[Category:2005 deaths]]
[[Category:Japanese architects]]
[[Category:Pritzker Prize winners]]
[[Category:Recipients of the Pour le Mérite (civil class)]]
[[Category:People from Sakai, Osaka]]
[[Category:University of Tokyo alumni]]
[[ar:كنزو تانغه]]
[[bs:Kenzo Tange]]
[[ca:Kenzō Tange]]
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[[fr:Kenzō Tange]]
[[gl:Kenzo Tange]]
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[[mk:Кензо Танге]]
[[nl:Kenzo Tange]]
[[ja:丹下健三]]
[[pl:Kenzō Tange]]
[[pt:Kenzo Tange]]
[[ru:Тангэ, Кэндзо]]
[[sk:Kenzó Tange]]
[[sr:Кенсо Танге]]
[[sh:Kenso Tange]]
[[fi:Kenzō Tange]]
[[sv:Kenzo Tange]]
[[vi:Tange Kenzo]]
[[zh:丹下健三]]</text>
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<page>
<title>Sachio Otani</title>
<id>13296824</id>
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<text xml:space="preserve">[[Image:Kyoto International Conference Center - exterior.JPG|thumb|right|250px|Kyoto International Conference Center]]
'''Sachio Otani''' 大谷幸夫 (February 20, 1924 - ) is a noted [[Japan]]ese [[architect]].
Otani was born in [[Tokyo]], and in 1946 graduated from the [[University of Tokyo]]. He began his career in [[Kenzo Tange]]'s studio, where he helped design the [[Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum]] (1955). In 1960 he started his own practice, and has subsequently designed a number of memorable buildings including the Tokyo Children's Cultural Center (1964), [[Kyoto International Conference Center]] (1966), the [[Kanazawa Institute of Technology]] (1969), and the Kawaramachi housing project in [[Kawasaki, Kanagawa]] (1970).
== References ==
* &quot;Sachio Otani&quot; in ''The Grove Dictionary of Art'', Macmillan Publishers, 2000.
* [http://www.japan-photo.de/mod-ja41.htm Architectural photographs]
[[Category:Japanese architects|Otani, Sachio]]
[[Category:Living people]]
[[ja:大谷幸夫]]</text>
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<page>
<title>Itsuko Hasegawa</title>
<id>13579485</id>
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<text xml:space="preserve">[[Image:Shonandai bunka center.JPG|thumb|right|250px|Shonandai Bunka Center]]
'''Itsuko Hasegawa''' 長谷川 逸子 (1941 - ) is a noted [[Japan]]ese [[architect]].
Hasegawa was born in [[Shizuoka Prefecture|Shizuoka]], received her degree in architecture from [[Kanto Gakuin University]] (1964), trained with [[Kiyonori Kikutake]]. In 1969, Hasegawa entered Kazuo Shinohara’s lab at the [[Tokyo Institute of Technology]] as a graduate student. After two years, she became his assistant, a far greater honor and responsibility in Japan than the expression suggests in English. In 1979 she formed her own design firm, Itsuko Hasegawa Atelier, which has designed a number of award-winning buildings in Japan and abroad.
Hasegawa is an Honorary Fellow of the [[Royal Institute of British Architects]], and has received the Avon Arts Award, the Building Contractor's Society Prize for the Shonandai Cultural Center, the Cultural Award for Residential Architecture (Fukuoka, Japan), and a Design Prize from the [[Architectural Institute of Japan]].
== Selected buildings ==
* Cardiff Bay Opera House; ''Japan Architect'', 19, 68-71, Autumn 1995
* [[Himi Seaside Botanical Garden]]; ''Japan Architect'', 19, 64-67, Autumn 1995
* Yamanashi Fruit Museum and Garden; ''Japan Architect'', 19, 48-57, Autumn 1995
* Niigata City Performing Arts Centre; 1993-1998. ''Japan Architect'', 19, 44-47, Autumn 1995
* Shonandai Cultural Center, 1986-1990. (Competition awarded 1986. Design, 1986-1988; construction, 1987-1990)
* Sumida Culture Factory, 1994
* Namekawa Housing, 1998
== Selected writings ==
* ''Itsuko Hasegawa'', Academy Editions, 1993. ISBN 1854902024.
* ''Itsuko Hasegawa'', with Stephen Dobney, Images Pub. Group, 1997. ISBN 1875498559.
* ''Island Hopping - Crossover Architecture'', NAi Publishers, 2000. ISBN 9056621866.
== References ==
* Itsuko Hasegawa and Anne Sch-Eou, ''Itsuko Hasegawa: Recent Buildings and Projects'', Birkhauser Verlag AG; Princeton Architectural Press, May 1997. ISBN 3764356057.
* Phoebe Chow, &quot;Museum of Fruit&quot;, ''The Architectural Review'', March, 1996, Volume CXCIX. No 1189.
* [http://www2.arch.uiuc.edu/organizations/wia/archtspotl/hasegawaitsuko.html UIUC Women in Architecture]
* [http://lumiere.lib.vt.edu/iawa_db/view_all.php3?person_pk=935&amp;table=bio&amp; International Archive of Women in Architecture]
* {{archINFORM|arch|928}}
==External links==
* [http://www.ihasegawa.com/ Itsuko Hasegawa Atelier - Official Homepage]
[[Category:Japanese architects|Hasegawa, Itsuko]]
[[de:Itsuko Hasegawa]]
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[[ja:長谷川逸子]]
[[zh:長谷川逸子]]</text>
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<page>
<title>Akira Kuryu</title>
<id>13563895</id>
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<text xml:space="preserve">{{Refimprove|date=October 2007}}
[[Image:Kuryu01.jpg|thumb|Akira Kuryu]]
{{nihongo|'''Akira Kuryu'''|栗生 明|extra=born 1947}} is a Japanese [[architect]] known for designing many [[museum]]s in [[Japan]]. Compared with his comtemporaries, Kuryu started his career later than other famous Japanese architects.
Kuryu graduated from [[Waseda University]] and once worked with Maki, a very famous architect, at Maki &amp; Associates and then became an associate lecturer in [[Maki Research Department]] at the [[University of Tokyo]]. In 1987, he set up Akira Kuryu Architect &amp; Associates. Since then, in such a short period, he has constantly worked out excellent projects, including a series of museum buildings, which are widely noticed by the public such as “Uemura Naomi memorial museum”(1994), [[Nagasaki National Peace Memorial Hall for the Atomic Bomb Victims]] (2003)…He was awarded many prizes of great worth such as The Prize of Architectural Institute of Japan, Award of the Japan Art Academy, Kenneth F. Brown Asia Pacific Culture and Architecture Design Award. With these successful architectural designs, Akira Kuryu has gained a fairy high reputation in the field of architecture in Japan.
==Biography==
1973 Graduated — from Graduate School of Architectural Planning, Waseda University. Joined Maki&amp; Architects.
1979 — Established K Atelier, urban architectural design office Assistant, Department of Architecture, University of Tokyo
1983 — Left University of Tokyo; became president of K Atelier Studied in Europe for a year as international trainee commissioned
by Agency of Cultural Affairs
1987 — Changed the company name to Kuryu&amp;Architects; appointed representative director
1992 — [[Chiba University]]
==Works==
*Carnival Showcase 1988
*Uemura Naomi Memorial Museum 1994
*Patrie+Kiyosato Museum of Photographic Arts (K*MoPA) 1995
*Core Yamakuni (Amenity Town) 1996
*Okazaki Mindscape Museum 1996
*BYODOIN Museum HOSHOKAN: Temple Museum 2001
*Memorial Academium of Toin Gakuen 2001
*Nagasaki National Peace Memorial Hall for the Atomic Bomb Victims 2004
*Shizuoka International Garden and Horticulture Exhibition+Hamanako Garden Park 2004
==Sources==
*http://www.kuryu.com
*http://www.nsknet.or.jp/westhill/designer/kuryu_profile1.htm
*http://www.archi.ta.chiba-u.jp/faculty_kuryu.htm
[[Category:1947 births]]
[[Category:Living people]]
[[Category:Waseda University alumni]]
[[Category:University of Tokyo faculty]]
[[Category:Japanese architects]]
[[Category:Museum architects]]
{{Japan-architect-stub}}
[[ja:栗生明]]</text>
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<page>
<title>Kisho Kurokawa</title>
<id>615202</id>
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[[Image:Nakagin Capsule Tower 02.jpg|thumb|200px|The Nakagin Capsule Tower]]
{{nihongo|'''Kisho Kurokawa'''|黒川 紀章|Kurokawa Kishō}} ([[April 8]], [[1934]] &amp;ndash; [[October 12]], [[2007]]) was a leading [[Art and architecture of Japan|Japanese architect]] and one of the founders of the [[Metabolist Movement]].
== Biography ==
Born in [[Kanie, Aichi]], Kurokawa studied architecture at [[Kyoto University]], graduating with a [[bachelor's degree]] in 1957. He then attended [[University of Tokyo]], under the supervision of [[Kenzo Tange]]. Kurokawa received a [[master's degree]] in 1959. Kurokawa went on to the [[doctor of philosophy]], but subsequently dropped out in 1964.
With colleagues, he cofounded the [[Metabolist Movement]] in 1960, whose members were known as Metabolists. It was a radical Japanese [[avant-garde]] movement pursuing the merging and recycling of architecture styles within an Asian context. The movement was very successful, peaking when its members received praise for the Takara [[Cotillion Beautillion]] at the [[List of world's fairs|Osaka World Expo]] 1970. The group was dismantled shortly thereafter.
[[Image:KurokawaNagoyaCityArtMuseum.jpg|thumb|200px|Entrance to the Nagoya City Art Museum]]
Kurokawa had a daughter, potter Kako Matsuura, and a son, renowned photographer Mikio, from his first marriage to his college classmate. His second marriage was to [[Ayako Wakao]] (若尾 文子 Wakao Ayako), an [[actress]] with some notable films in the 1950s and 1960s and who still appears on stage. Kurokawa's younger brother works in [[industrial design]] but has also cooperated with Kurokawa on some [[architecture]] projects.
Kurokawa was the founder and president of Kisho Kurokawa Architect &amp; Associates, established [[8 April]] [[1962]]. The enterprise's head office is in [[Tokyo]] with branch offices in [[Osaka, Osaka|Osaka]], [[Nagoya]], [[Astana]], [[Kuala Lumpur]], [[Beijing]] and [[Los Angeles]]. The company is registered with the Japanese government as a &quot;First Class Architects Office.&quot;
Although he had practiced the concept of sustainable and eco-minded architecture for four decades, Kisho Kurokawa became more adamant about environmental protection in his latter years. In 2007, he ran for [[Politics of Tokyo|governor of Tokyo]] and then for a seat in the House of Councillors in the [[Japanese House of Councillors election, 2007]]. Although not elected, Kisho Kurokawa successfully established the Green Party to help provide environmental protection. Also in 2007, Kurokawa created the structure of the Anaheim University Kisho Kurokawa Green Institute, which helps to develop environmentally-conscious business practices. Kurokawa was a stakeholder and founding Chair of the Executive Advisory Board of the Anaheim, California-based university since 1998 and his wife Ayako Wakao-Kurokawa serves as Honorary Chairman of the institute.
Kurokawa wrote extensively on philosophy and architecture and lectured widely. He wrote that there are two traditions inherent in any culture: the visible and the invisible. His work, he claimed, carried the invisible tradition of Japan. In 1972, he received a grant from the [[graham foundation|Graham Foundation]] to deliver a lecture at the Museum of Science and Industry in Chicago.
Looking at his architecture—particularly at metabolism—tradition may not appear to be present, but, underneath the hard skin of the surface, his work is indeed Japanese. However, it is difficult to claim that the modern technologies and material he called on was inherited from the Japanese tradition and that the traditional forms of Japanese architecture can be recognized in his contemporary concrete or steel towers. Yet, Kurokawa’s architecture evolved from the Japanese tradition, and there is a Japanese aesthetic in the context of his work. His architecture focused on keeping traditional Japanese concepts invisible, especially materiality, impermanence, receptivity and detail. Kurokawa specifically referred to these four factors in his discussions of new wave Japanese Architecture.
He died of [[heart failure]] on [[October 12]] [[2007]], at age 73.
== Impermanence ==
[[Image:Nac tokyo.jpg|thumb|200px|The National Art Center, Tokyo]]
Kurokawa noted that, with the exception of [[Kyoto]] and [[Kanazawa, Ishikawa|Kanazawa]], most Japanese cities were destroyed during [[World War II]]. When Western cities are destroyed, brick and stone remained as proof of their past existence. Sadly, remarks Kurokawa, Japan’s cities were mostly built of wood and natural elements, so they burnt to ashes and disappeared completely. He also noted that both Edo (now Tokyo) and Kyoto were almost entirely destroyed during several battles of the Warring States period in the 15th and 16th centuries. The shifting of power caused parts of Japan to be destroyed. On the same note, historically speaking, Japan’s cities have almost yearly been hit with natural disasters such as [[earthquake]]s, [[typhoon]]s, floods and [[volcanism|volcanic eruptions]]. This continuous destruction of buildings and cities has given the Japanese population, in Kurokawa's words, “an uncertainty about existence, a lack of faith in the visible, a suspicion of the eternal.”
In addition, the four seasons are very clearly marked in Japan, and the changes through the year are dramatic. Time, then, in Japanese culture is a precious entity that forces every candle, every being, every entity to fade at one point in time. The idea that buildings and cities should seem as natural as possible and that they should be in harmony with the rest of nature, since it is only temporarily there, helped create the tradition of making buildings and cities of “temporary” structure.
This idea of impermanence was reflected in Kurokawa’s work during the [[Metabolism Movement]]. Buildings were built to be removable, interchangeable and adaptable. The concept of impermanence influence his work toward being in open systems, both in time and space.
== Materiality ==
[[Image:The museum of modern art, wakayama02s3200.jpg|thumb|200px|The Museum of Modern Art, Wakayama]]
Kurokawa explains that the Japanese tried to exploit the natural textures and colors of materials used in a building. The traditional tea room was intentionally built of only natural materials such as earth and sand, paper, the stems and leaves of plants, and small trees. Trees from a person's own backyard were preferred for the necessary timbers. All artificial colors were avoided, and the natural colors and texture of materials were shown to their best advantage. This honesty in materials stemed from the idea that nature is already beautiful in itself. The Japanese feel that food tastes better, wood looks better, materials are better when natural. There is a belief that maximum enjoyment comes from the natural state.
This tradition on materiality was alive in Kurokawa’s work which treated iron as iron, aluminum as aluminum, and made the most of the inherent finish of concrete. The tradition of honesty of materiality is present in Kurokawa’s capsule building. In it, he showed technology with “no artificial colors.&quot; The capsule, escalator unit, elevator unit and pipe and ductwork were all exterior and exposed. Kurokawa opened structures and made no attempt to hide the connective elements, believing that beauty was inherent in each of the individual parts. This bold approach created a texture of elements that became the real materiality of the whole.
== Receptivity ==
The notion or receptivity is a crucial Japanese idea—possibly a “tradition.&quot; Kurokawa stated that Japan is a small country. For more than a thousand years, the Japanese had an awareness of neighboring [[China]] and [[Korea]] and, in the modern age, [[Portugal]], [[United Kingdom|Great Britain]] and [[United States|America]], to name a few. The only way for a small country like Japan to avoid being attacked by these empires was to make continuous attempts to absorb foreign cultures to study and, while establishing friendly relations with the larger nations, preserve its own identity. This receptivity is the aspect that allowed Japan to grow from a farming island into an imperial nation, first using Chinese political systems and Chinese advancement, then Western techniques and knowledge. Japan eventually surpassed China and stumbled upon itself during World War II. After the war, Japan, using this same perspective absorbed American culture and technology.
Kurokawa’s architecture follows the string of receptivity but, at one point, tries to diverge and find its own identity. At first, Kurokawa's work followed the Modern Movement that was introduced in Japan by Tange, Isozaki and their peers. Tange showed the world that Japan could build modern buildings. His peers followed and continued the style. Then at one point in the 1960s, Kurokawa and a small group of architects began a new wave of contemporary Japanese architecture, believing that previous solutions and imitations were not satisfactory for the new era: life was not present in Modernism. They labeled their approach “metabolism.&quot; Kurokawa’s work became receptive “to his own philosophy, the Principle of Life.&quot; (He saw architecture and cities as a dynamic process where parts needed to be ready for change. He mostly used steel in open frames and units that were prefabricated and interchangeable.)
== Detail ==
Kurokawa explained that the attention paid to detail in Japanese work derived essentially from the typical attempt to express individuality and expertise. In Japan the execution of details was a process of working not from the whole to the parts but from the parts to the whole. Every wood connection in a house was carefully crafted from the inside out. Japan is a country that moved from a non-industrial country to a fully industrial nation in less than 50 years, during the Meiji revolution. This sharp jump from producing goods by craftsmen to industrially realized production was so rapid that the deep-rooted tradition of fine craftsmanship as a statement of the creator did not disappear. As a result, the Japanese maker continues to be instilled with a fastidious preoccupation for fine details, which can be seen in contemporary architecture, art and industry. The attention to detail, an integral part of Japan's tradition, forms a uniquely indigenous aesthetic.
Similarly, Kurokawa’s architecture features carefully detailed connections and finishes. He confessed: “This attention to detail is also an important key to understand my own architecture. The belief in the importance of details also suggests the new hierarchy.” Kurokawa believed that, while Western architecture and cities have been organized with a hierarchy from the infrastructure to the parts and details, his new approach to contemporary Japanese architecture focused on the autonomy of parts.
== Sustainability ==
In 1958, Kisho Kurokawa predicted a “Transition from the Age of the Machine to the Age of Life,” and has continually utilized such key words of life principles as metabolism (metabolize and recycle), ecology, sustainability, symbiosis, intermediate areas (ambiguity) and Hanasuki (Splendor of Wabi) in order to call for new styles to be implemented by society. For four decades, Kisho Kurokawa created eco-friendly and sustainable architectural projects. In 2003 he was awarded the [[Dedalo Minosse Prize|Dedalo-Minosse International Prize]] (Grand Prix) for his creation of the Kuala Lumpur International Airport in Malaysia and KLIA is the first and only airport in the world to receive the United Nations' Green Globe 21 certification for the airport's commitment to environmental responsibility each year since 2004. In 2008, the [[Anaheim University Kisho Kurokawa Green Institute]] was founded in honor of the eco-minded architect and offers online MBA, diploma and certificate programs in Sustainable Management.
== Projects ==
(organized by the year of completion)
=== 1970s ===
* [[Nakagin Capsule Tower]] ([[Ginza]], [[Tokyo]], 1970-1972)
* [[Sony Tower (Osaka)|Sony Tower]] ([[Osaka]], 1972-1976)
* [[Tateshina Planetarium]] ([[Hiroshima, Hiroshima|Hiroshima]], 1976)
* Headquarters of the Japanese [[Red Cross]] Society ([[Tokyo]], 1975-1977)
* National Museum of Ethnology ([[Osaka, Osaka|Osaka]], 1973-1977)
=== 1980s ===
* [[Saitama Prefectural Museum of Modern Art]] ([[Saitama, Saitama|Saitama]], 1978-1982)
* [[National Bunraku Theater]] ([[Osaka, Osaka|Osaka]], 1979-1983)
* [[Wacoal Kojimachi Building]] ([[Tokyo]], 1982-1984)
* [[Chokaso]] ([[Tokyo]], 1985-1987)
* [[Nagoya City Art Museum]] ([[Nagoya]], 1983-1987)
* [[Japanese-German Center of Berlin]] ([[Berlin]], 1985-1988)
* [[Central Plaza 1]], [[Brisbane]], [[Queensland]], [[Australia]]
* [[Osaka Prefectural Government Offices]] ([[Osaka, Osaka|Osaka]], 1988)
* [[Hiroshima City Museum of Contemporary Art]] ([[Hiroshima, Hiroshima|Hiroshima]], 1988-1989)
=== 1990s ===
* [[Chinese-Japanese Youth Center]] ([[Beijing]], 1987-1990)
* [[Okinawa Prefectural Government Headquarters]] ([[Okinawa]], 1988-1990)
* The Sporting Club at [[Illinois Center]] ([[Chicago]], 1987-1990)
* [[Melbourne Central Shopping Centre|Melbourne Central]] ([[Melbourne]], [[Australia]], 1986-1991)
* [[Miki House New Office Building]] ([[Osaka, Osaka|Osaka]], 1985-1991)
* [[Nara City Museum of Photography]] ([[Nara, Nara|Nara]], 1989-1991)
* [[Louvain-La-Neuve Museum]] ([[Belgium]], 1990-1992)
* [[Pacific Tower]] ([[Paris]], [[France]], 1988-1992)
* [[Lane Crawford Place]] ([[Singapore]], 1990-1993)
* [[Senkantei]] ([[Hyōgo Prefecture|Hyōgo]], 1992-1993)
* [[Ehime Museum of Science]] ([[Ehime]], 1991-1994)
* [[Ishibashi Junior High School]] ([[Tochigi]], 1992-1994)
* [[The Museum of Modern Art Wakayama]]/[[Wakayama Prefectural Museum]] ([[Wakayama]], 1990-1994)
* [[Hotel Kyocera]] ([[Kagoshima]], 1991-1995)
* [[Kibi-cho City Hall]]/[[Kibi Dome]] ([[Wakayama]], 1993-1995)
* [[Republic Plaza]] ([[Singapore]], 1986-1995)
* [[Fukui City Museum of Art]] ([[Fukui, Fukui|Fukui]], 1993-1996)
* [[Softopia Japan]] ([[Gifu]], 1990-1996)
* [[Fujinomiya Golf Club]] ([[Fujinomiya, Shizuoka]], 1994-1997)
* [[Kashima-machi City Hall]] ([[Kumamoto]], 1995-1997)
* [[Shiga Kogen Roman Art Museum]] ([[Yamanouchi]], 1994-1997)
* [[Kuala Lumpur International Airport]] ([[Kuala Lumpur]], [[Malaysia]], 1992-1998)
* New Wing of the [[Van Gogh Museum]] ([[Amsterdam]], [[The Netherlands]], 1990-1998)
* [[Amber Hall]] ([[Kuji, Iwate|Kuji]], 1996-1999)
* [[O Residence]] ([[Tokyo]], 1997-1999)
=== 2000- ===
* [[Fukui Prefectural Dinosaur Museum]] ([[Katsuyama, Fukui|Katsuyama]], 1996-2000)
* [[Osaka International Convention Center]] ([[Osaka, Osaka|Osaka]], 1994-2000)
* [[Oita Stadium]] ([[Ōita, Ōita|Ōita]], 1996-2001, used for the [[Football World Cup 2002]])
* [[Toyota Stadium]] ([[Toyota, Aichi|Toyota City]], 1997-2001)
* [[Astana International Airport]] ([[Astana]], [[Kazakhstan]], 2000-2003)
* [[The National Art Center, Tokyo]] ([[Roppongi]], [[Tokyo]], 2000-2005)
* [[Singapore Flyer]] ([[Singapore]], 2005-2008)
* [[Fusionopolis|Fusionopolis Phrase 1]] ([[Singapore]], 2006 -)
* Design and Master Plan of [[Kazakhstan]]'s New Capital ([[Astana]], [[Kazakhstan]], delayed due to budget problems)
* [[New Zenit Stadium|Zenit Stadium]] ([[St.Petersburg]], 2006-2009)
* [[Trade Center]] ([[Yekaterinburg]], 2007-)
* [[Maggie's Centres|Maggie's Cancer Care Centre]], [[Singleton Hospital]], [[Swansea]] (proposed)&lt;ref&gt;[http://www.maggiescentres.org/maggies/maggiescentres/home/centres/southwestwales/introduction.html Maggie's - Welcome to Maggie's South West Wales]&lt;/ref&gt;
== See also ==
* [[Architect]]
* [[List of architects]]
* [[Architecture]]
* [[Kurokawa District, Miyagi]] is also a district in [[Miyagi Prefecture]], Japan.
== Awards ==
* Gold Medal, Académie d'Architecture, France (1986)
* Richard Neutra Award, California State Polytechnic University (1988)
* 48th Art Academy Award, highest award for artists and architects in Japan (1992)
* Renaming The Art Institute of Chicago to the Kisho Kurokawa Gallery of Architecture (1994)
* Pacific Rim Award, American Institute of Architects, Los Angeles chapter (first awarded, 1997)
* Honorary Fellow, Royal Institute of British Architects, United Kingdom
* Honorary Member, Union of Architects, Bulgaria
* Dedalo-Minosse International Prize (Grand Prix) for Kuala Lumpur International Airport, Malaysia (2003–2004)
* Certification for a sustainable airport, Green Globe 21, United Nations, for Kuala Lumpur International Airport (2003)
* Walpole Medal of Excellence, United Kingdom (2005)
* Shungdu Friendship Award, China (2005)
* International Architecture Award, The Chicago Athenaeum Museum (2006)
==References==
{{reflist}}
*{{cite book | last = Images Publishing Group | first = | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = Architects of the new millennium | publisher = Images Publishing | date = 2000 | location = | pages =130 | url = http://books.google.co.jp/books?id=Cljw5-_zd9EC | doi = | id = | isbn = 1864700793 }}
== External links ==
{{commonscat|Kurokawa Kisho}}
* [http://www.kisho.co.jp/ Kisho Kurokawa architect &amp; associates]
* [http://www.nact.jp/kishokurokawa/en/index.html Exhibition&quot;Kisho Kurokawa&quot; Official Website]
* [http://www.arcspace.com/studio/kurokawa/pages/02.htm Sketches by Kisho Kurokawa]
* [http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/obituaries/article2725285.ece Obituary in ''The Times'', 24 October 2007]
* [http://www.tokyoartbeat.com/tablog/entries.en/2007/08/kisho-kurokawa-on-the-nakagin-capsule-building.html Kisho Kurokawa on the Nakagin Capsule Building (Video)]
* [http://www.tokyoartbeat.com/tablog/entries.en/2007/07/kisho-kurokawa-on-building-the-national-art-center.html Kisho Kurokawa on Building the National Art Center (Video)]
* [http://www.anaheim.edu/index.php?option=com_content&amp;task=view&amp;id=492&amp;Itemid=619/ The Anaheim University Kisho Kurokawa Green Institute]
*{{cite web| url= http://www.architectureweek.com/2007/0502/design_4-1.html | title= Kurokawa Art Center | publisher= C.B.Liddell | date = [[2007-05-02]] }}
{{Persondata
|NAME=Kurokawa Kisho
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES=黒川 紀章, Kishō Kurokawa
|SHORT DESCRIPTION=Japanese architect
|DATE OF BIRTH=[[April 8]], [[1934]]
|PLACE OF BIRTH=[[Nagoya]], [[Aichi]], [[Japan]]
|DATE OF DEATH=[[October 12]], [[2007]]
|PLACE OF DEATH=[[Tokyo]], [[Japan]]
}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:Kurokawa, Kisho}}
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[[Category:2007 deaths]]
[[Category:People from Aichi Prefecture]]
[[Category:Kyoto University alumni]]
[[Category:Japanese architects]]
[[Category:Deaths from cardiovascular disease]]
[[ar:كيشو كوروكاوا]]
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[[pt:Kisho Kurokawa]]
[[ru:Курокава, Кисё]]
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[[vi:Kurokawa Kisho]]</text>
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<page>
<title>Ryue Nishizawa</title>
<id>15500358</id>
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<comment>robot Modifying: [[es:Ryūe Nishizawa]]</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">'''Ryue Nishizawa''' is an award-winning Japanese [[architect]] who works in [[Tokyo]]. He is a graduate of Yokohama National University, and is the chief architect in his firm, The Office of Ryue Nishizawa. He founded the firm [[sanaa (firm)|SANAA]] (Sejima + Nishizawa and Associates) with the architect [[Kazuyo Sejima]].
==Projects by the Office of Ryue Nishizawa==
* Weekend House - 1997 to 1998 - [[Gunma]], [[Japan]]
* Takeo Head Office Store - 1999 to 2000 - [[Tokyo]], [[Japan]]
* House at Kamakura - 1999 to 2001 - [[Kanagawa]], [[Japan]]
* Apartment Building at Ichikawa - 2001 to Present - [[Chiba Prefecture|Chiba]], [[Japan]]
* Eda Apartment Building - 2002 to Present - [[Kanagawa]], [[Japan]]
* Funabashi Apartment Building - 2002 to 2004 - [[Chiba Prefecture|Chiba]], [[Japan]]
* Moriyama House - 2002 to Present - [[Tokyo]], [[Japan]]
* Love Planet Museum - 2003 - [[Okayama]], [[Japan]]
* Video Pavilion - 2003 to Present - [[Kagawa]], [[Japan]]
* House in China - 2003 to Present - [[Tianjin]], [[China]]
* Office Building, Benesse Art Site Naoshima - 2004 - [[Kagawa]], [[Japan]]
* A House - 2004 to Present - [[Tokyo]], [[Japan]]
* Naoshima Museum - 2005 to Present - [[Kagawa]], [[Japan]]
* Towada Museum - 2005 to Present - [[Aomori Prefecture|Aomori]], [[Japan]]
==External links==
* [http://www.sanaa.co.jp SANAA Official Website]
*[http://vernissage.tv/blog/2008/04/03/sanaa-works-1998-2008-new-museum-of-contemporary-art-new-york-city/ SANAA: Works 1998-2008 New Museum of Contemporary Art, New York] Video at VernissageTV.
{{Schock Prize laureates}}
[[Category:Living people]]
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[[ca:Ryue Nishizawa]]
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<page>
<title>Tatsuno Kingo</title>
<id>16029574</id>
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<text xml:space="preserve">[[Image:Tatsuno Kingo.jpg|thumb|Tatsuno Kingo]]
{{Japanese name|Tatsuno}}
{{nihongo|'''Tatsuno Kingo'''|[[:ja:辰野金吾|辰野金吾]]|extra=[[October 13]] [[1854]]&amp;ndash;[[25 March]][[1919]]}} was a [[Japan]]ese [[architect]] born in [[Karatsu, Saga|Karatsu]], [[Saga Prefecture]], Kyushu.
He studied in [[England]] until 1883, and later in Japan where he was one of the first to graduate under British architect [[Josiah Conder (architect)|Josiah Conder]]. He taught at the [[University of Tokyo]]. He created his own firm in 1902.
== Buildings designed==
[[Image:BoJ.jpg|thumb|left|Bank of Japan building (Tokyo)]]
[[File:West Japan Industrial Club.jpg|thumbnail|left|The western style part of the West Japan Industrial Club (Former Matsumoto Residence)]]
* The headquarters for the [[Bank of Japan]] (1896),
* The first school building of [[Kyushu Institute of Technology]] (1909)
* The [[West Japan Industrial Club]], Tobata, Kitakyushu (1911)
* [[Manseibashi Station]] (1912)
* [[Tokyo Station]] (1914)
== References ==
* Louis Frédéric (translated by Käthe Roth), ''Japan Encyclopedia'', 1996 (2002), ISBN 0-674-00770-0
== External links ==
* [http://www.ndl.go.jp/portrait/e/datas/289.html?c=0 Tatsuno, Kingo] | [http://www.ndl.go.jp/portrait/e/index.html Portraits of Modern Japanese Historical Figures] ([[National Diet Library]])
{{Commonscat|Kingo Tatsuno}}
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<page>
<title>Junzō Yoshimura</title>
<id>17092754</id>
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<text xml:space="preserve">{{Japanese name|Yoshimura}}
{{Nihongo|'''Junzō Yoshimura'''|吉村順三|Yoshimura Junzō|extra=[[September 7]], [[1908]] – [[April 11]], [[1997]]}} was a [[Japanese people|Japanese]] [[architect]]. His works include the [[Tokyo Imperial Palace]], the [[Norwegian_Embassy|Royal Norwegian Embassy]] in Tokyo, the [[Tikotin Museum of Japanese Art]] in [[Haifa]], the [[Japan Society (New York)|Japan Society]] in [[New York City]], the [[International House of Japan]]&lt;!-- 国際文化会館 --&gt; in [[Kyoto]], and the East and West Wings of the [[Nara National Museum]].&lt;ref&gt;Tokyo Imperial Palace, [http://www.jnto.go.jp/eng/arrange/attractions/practical/archi_list_01.html Works by Major Architects: Japanese Architects] (accessed [[April 24]], [[2008]]); Norwegian Embassy, [http://www2.norway.or.jp/culture/news/0511yoshimura_j.htm Exhibition of Junzo Yoshimura - the architect for the Norwegian Embassy, Tokyo] (Norway's official site in Japan, accessed [[April 24]], [[2008]]); Tikotin Museum of Japanese Art, [http://www.tour-haifa.co.il/eng/modules/article/view.article.php/c21/113 The Tikotin Museum of Japanese Art] (retrieved [[April 24]], [[2008]]); Japan Society, [http://www.japansociety.org/content.cfm/circle_of_friends Japan Society, New York - Circle of Friends] (retrieved [[April 24]], [[2008]]); International House of Japan, [http://www.i-house.or.jp/en/ihj/garden/index.html About IHJ] (retrieved [[April 24]], [[2008]]; Nara National Museum, [http://www.narahaku.go.jp/shisetu/higashi-shinkan_e.htm East Wing] and [http://www.narahaku.go.jp/shisetu/nishi-shinkan_e.htm West Wing] (both accessed [[April 24]], [[2008]]).&lt;/ref&gt;
With his colleagues, he won the Prize of the [[Architectural Institute of Japan]] for Specific Contribution for the International House of Japan&lt;ref&gt;[http://www.aij.or.jp/scripts/prize/prize.htm 日本建築学会各賞受賞者・受賞業績検索] (姓:吉村;名:吉村)&lt;!-- This is the Search page for prizes at the Architectural Institute of Japan site. Paste 吉村 and 吉村 into the boxes and click the 検索 button. Results pages are dynamic and cannot be linked to. --&gt; Retrieved [[April 24]], [[2008]]&lt;/ref&gt;.
==References==
{{reflist}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:Yoshimura, Junzo}}
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<page>
<title>Hideto Horiike</title>
<id>17134358</id>
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<comment>Stub-sorting. [[Wikipedia:WikiProject Stub sorting|You can help!]]</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">{{Notability|Biographies|date=April 2008}}
{{Orphan|date=April 2008}}
[[Image:Hideto Horiike.jpg|thumb|Hideto Horiike]]
{{nihongo|'''Hideto Horiike'''|堀池 秀人|extra=born 1949 in [[Nagasaki, Nagasaki]]}} is a [[Japan]]ese [[architect]]. He has a Ph.D. from the [[University of Tokyo]]. In 1996, he married the announcer [[Mikiko Minami]], and the couple had a child in the following year.
== References ==
*{{cite web |url=http://www.watanabe-group.com/cc/members/ha_gyo/horiike_hideto.html|title=堀池 秀人 |accessdate=2008-04-26 |language=Japanese}}
== External links ==
*[http://www.hhurtopia.com/ Official website] {{ja icon}}
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<page>
<title>Yoshio Taniguchi</title>
<id>1203290</id>
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<comment>Added DEFAULTSORT to page (used a WikiProject banner's listas parameter on the talk page), removed redundant category sort tags. [[User talk:DefaultsortBot|Did I get it wrong?]]</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">[[image:MOMAyard.JPG|thumb|300px|[[MoMA]], [[New York]].]]
'''Yoshio Taniguchi''' (谷口吉生, ''Taniguchi Yoshio''; born 1937) is a [[Japan]]ese architect best known for his redesign of the [[Museum of Modern Art]] in [[New York]] which was reopened [[November 20]], [[2004]].
Taniguchi is the son of architect [[Yoshirō Taniguchi]] (1904-1979). He studied engineering at [[Keio University]], graduating in 1960, and studied architecture at [[Harvard University]]'s Graduate School of Design, graduating in 1964. He worked briefly for architect [[Walter Gropius]], who became an important influence.
From 1964 to 1972, Taniguchi worked for the studio of architect [[Kenzo Tange]], who was perhaps the most important Japanese modernist architect, at [[Tokyo University]]. While in the Tange office, Taniguchi also worked on projects in Skopje, Yugoslavia and San Francisco, California (Yerba Buena), living on Telegraph Avenue in Berkeley while involved in the latter project. Important later collaborators include [[Isamu Noguchi]], American landscape architect [[Peter Walker (architect)|Peter Walker]], and artist [[Genichiro Inokuma]]. Taniguchi is best known for designing a number of Japanese museums, including the [[Nagano Prefectural Museum]], the [[Marugame Genichiro-Inokuma Museum of Contemporary Art]], the [[Toyota Municipal Museum of Art]], and the Gallery of the [[Hōryū-ji]] Treasures at the [[Tokyo National Museum]].
Taniguchi won a competition in 1997 to redesign the Museum of Modern Art, beating out ten other internationally renowned architects, including [[Rem Koolhaas]], [[Bernard Tschumi]], and [[Herzog &amp; de Meuron|Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron]]. The MoMA commission was Taniguchi's first work outside Japan.
Taniguchi has since won a commission to design the Asia House for the Texas branch of the Asia Society. This $40 million project will be located in Houston's museum district and will be Taniguchi's first free-standing new building in the United States. The Houston firm of Kendall/Heaton will serve as associate architect on the facility, and Geoffrey Brune of GBA Architects/Design will be the project manager.
==Further reading==
*Dana Buntrock. &quot;Yoshio Taniguchi: master of minimalism.&quot; ''Architecture'', October 1996.
==External links==
*[http://www.moma.org/expansion/architect.html Museum of Modern Art biography]
*{{cite web| url= http://www.architectureweek.com/2008/0213/design_5-1.html | title= Talking with Taniguchi | publisher= C.B.Liddell | date = [[2008-02-13]] }}
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[[Category:Keio University alumni]]
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<page>
<title>Tadao Ando</title>
<id>220556</id>
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<comment>/* Completed projects list */</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">{{Infobox Architect
|image =Westin Awaji Island Hotel 06.jpg
|name = Tadao Ando
|nationality = [[Japan]]
|birth_date={{birth date and age|1941|9|13}}
|birth_place = [[Osaka]]
|death_date =
|death_place =
|practice_name = Tadao Ando Architects &amp; Associates
|significant_buildings = &lt;br&gt;
*Row House, Sumiyoshi, 1979
*Church of Light, Osaka, 1989
*Water Temple, Awaji Island, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, 1991
*The Pulitzer Foundation for the Arts, St. Louis, Missouri, 2001
*Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Art, Kobe, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, 2002
*Chichu Art Museum, Naoshima, Kagawa prefecture, Japan, 2004
|significant_projects = &lt;br&gt;
*Rokko Housing I, II, III, Rokko, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, 1983, 1993, 1999
*Piccadilly Gardens, Manchester, UK, 2003
|significant_design =
|awards = &lt;br&gt;
*Annual Architectural Prize, Japan, 1979
*Cultural Design Prize, Japan, 1983
*Alvar Aalto Medal, Finland, 1985
*Gold Medal of Architecture, France, 1989
*Carlsberg Architectural Prize, Denmark, 1992
*Japan Art Academy Prize, Japan, 1993
*[[Pritzker Prize|Pritzker Architecture Prize]], 1995
*Chevalier de l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, France, 1995
*Praemium Imperiale First “FRATE SOLE” Award in Architecture, Japan, 1996
*Officier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, France, 1997
*Royal Gold Medal, Great Britain, 1997
*American Institute of Architects Gold Medal, U.S.A., 2002
*UIA Gold Meda, Turkey, 2005
|}}
{{nihongo|
'''Tadao Ando'''|安藤 忠雄|Andō Tadao|extra=born [[September 13]], [[1941]], in [[Osaka]], [[Japan]]}} is a [[Japanese people|Japanese]] [[architect]] whose approach to [[architecture]] was once categorized as [[critical regionalism]]. Ando has led a storied life, working as a truck driver and boxer prior to settling on the profession of architecture, despite never having taken formal training in the field.
He works primarily in exposed cast-in-place concrete and is renowned for an exemplary craftsmanship which invokes a Japanese sense of materiality, junction and spatial narrative through the pared aesthetics of international modernism.
In 1969, he established the firm Tadao Ando Architects &amp; Associates. In 1995, Ando won the [[Pritzker Prize|Pritzker Architecture Prize]], considered the highest distinction in the field of architecture.&lt;ref&gt;[http://www.pritzkerprize.com/andorel.htm Ando 1995, Prtizker Prize web page.]&lt;/ref&gt; He donated the $100,000 prize money to the orphans of the 1995 [[Great Hanshin earthquake|Kobe earthquake]].&lt;ref&gt;Muschamp, Herbert. (1995). [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=990CE0DF1E39F932A1575AC0A963958260&amp;sec=&amp;spon=&amp;pagewanted=3 &quot;Among the Fountains with Tadao Ando; Concrete Dreams In the Sun King's Court,&quot;] ''New York Times.'' September 21, 1995.&lt;/ref&gt;
==Buildings and works==
Tadao Ando's body of work is known for the creative use of natural light and for architectures that follow the natural forms of the landscape (rather than disturbing the landscape by making it conform to the constructed space of a building). The architect's buildings are often characterized by complex three-dimensional circulation paths. These paths interweave between interior and exterior spaces formed both inside large-scale geometric shapes and in the spaces between them.
[[Image:Rokko Housing Tadao Ando.jpg| thumb|200px| Rokko Housing One and Two]]
[[Image:Hyogo prefectural museum of art08s3200.jpg| thumb|200px|Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Art]]
His &quot;Row House in Sumiyoshi&quot; (Azuma House, 住吉の長屋), a small two-story, cast-in-place [[concrete]] house completed in 1976, is an early work that begins to show elements of his characteristic style. It consists of three equally sized rectangular volumes: two enclosed volumes of interior spaces separated by an open courtyard. By nature of the courtyard's position between the two interior volumes, it becomes an integral part of the house's circulation system.
Ando's housing complex at Rokko, just outside Kobe, is a complex warren of terraces and balconies and atriums and shafts. The designs for Rokko Housing One (1983) and for Rokko Housing Two (1993) illustrate a range of issues in the traditional architectural vocabulary—the interplay of solid and void, the alternatives of open and closed, the contrasts of light and darkness. More significantly, Ando's noteworthy achievement in these clustered buildings is site specific—the structures survived undamaged after the [[Great Hanshin earthquake|Great Hanshin Earthquake]] of 1995.&lt;ref name=&quot;gold95&quot;&gt;Goldberger, Paul. [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=990CE0DF103AF930A15757C0A963958260&amp;sec=&amp;spon=&amp;pagewanted=3 &quot;Architecture View: 'Laureate' in a Land of Zen and Microchips,&quot;] ''The New York Times.'' April 23, 1995.&lt;/ref&gt; ''New York Times'' architectural critic Paul Goldberger argues convincingly that &quot;Ando is right in the Japanese tradition: spareness has always been a part of Japanese architecture, at least since the 16th century; [and] it is not for nothing that Frank Lloyd Wright more freely admitted to the influences of Japanese architecture than of anything American.&quot;&lt;ref name=&quot;gold95&quot;/&gt; Like Ando, Wright's site specific decision-making anticipated seismic activity; and like Ando's several Hyōgo-Awaji buildings, Wright's Imperial Hotel in Tokyo did survive the [[1923 Great Kantō earthquake|Great Kanto Earthquake]] of 1923.&lt;ref&gt;Bassin, Joan. [http://www.nbm.org/blueprints/summer96/page4/page4.htm &quot;Frank Lloyd Wright's Imperial Hotel&quot;], National Building Museum exhibition.&lt;/ref&gt;
===Completed projects gallery, selected===
&lt;gallery&gt;
Image:真言宗本福寺水御堂安藤忠雄建築研究所15.JPG| Honpuku Temple('''Water Temple''')
Image:Azuma house.JPG| Azuma House
Image:Times kyoto tadao ando2.jpg| Times Gallery
Image:Rokko Mount Chapel Tadao Ando.jpg| Mount Rokko Chapel
Image:Galleria akka.JPG| Galleria Akka
Image:Kobe waterfront Plaza.jpg| Kobe Waterfront Plaza built with the Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Art
Image:Pulitzerfoundation.jpg| Pulitzer Foundation for the Arts
File:Sakura Hiroba.jpg
Image:gallerynoda.jpg| Gallery Noda
&lt;/gallery&gt;
===Completed projects list===
{| class=&quot;wikitable sortable&quot;
|+Sortable table
|-
! Building/Project !! Location !! Country !! Date
|-
| Tomishima House || [[Osaka]] || [[Japan]] || 1973
|-
| Uchida House || || Japan || 1974
|-
| Uno House || [[Kyoto]] || Japan || 1974
|-
| Hiraoka House || [[Hyōgo Prefecture]] || Japan || 1974
|-
| Shibata House || [[Ashiya, Hyogo]] Prefecture || Japan || 1974
|-
| Tatsumi House || Osaka || Japan || 1975
|-
| Soseikan-Yamaguchi House || Hyōgo Prefecture || Japan || 1975
|-
| Takahashi House || Ashiya, Hyōgo Prefecture || Japan || 1975
|-
| Matsumura House || [[Kobe]] || Japan || 1975
|-
| '''Row House (Azuma House)''' || Sumiyoshi, Osaka || Japan || 1976
|-
| Hirabayashi House || [[Osaka Prefecture]] || Japan || 1976
|-
| Bansho House || [[Aichi Prefecture]] || Japan || 1976
|-
| '''Tezukayama Tower Plaza''' || Sumiyoshi, Osaka || Japan || 1976
|-
| Tezukayama House-Manabe House || Osaka || Japan || 1977
|-
| Wall House (Matsumoto House) || Ashiya, Hyōgo Prefecture || Japan || 1977
|-
| Glass Block House (Ishihara House) || Osaka || Japan || 1978
|-
| Okusu House || [[Setagaya]], [[Tokyo]] || Japan || 1978
|-
| Glass Block Wall (Horiuchi House) || Sumiyoshi, Osaka || Japan || 1979
|-
| Katayama Building || Nishinomiya, Hyōgo Prefecture || Japan || 1979
|-
| Onishi House || Sumiyoshi, Osaka || Japan || 1979
|-
| Matsutani House || Kyoto || Japan || 1979
|-
| Ueda House || [[Okayama Prefecture]] || Japan || 1979
|-
| '''STEP''' || [[Takamatsu]], [[Kagawa Prefecture]] || Japan || 1980
|-
| '''Matsumoto House''' || [[Wakayama]], [[Wakayama Prefecture]] || Japan || 1980
|-
| '''Fuku House''' || Wakayama, Wakayama Prefecture || Japan || 1980
|-
| Bansho House Addition || Aichi Prefecture || Japan || 1981
|-
| '''Koshino House''' || Ashiya, Hyōgo Prefecture || Japan || 1981
|-
| Kojima Housing (Sato House) || Okayama Prefecture || Japan || 1981
|-
| '''Atelier in Oyodo''' || Osaka || Japan || 1981
|-
| Tea House for Soseikan-Yamaguchi House || Hyōgo Prefecture || Japan || 1982
|-
| Ishii House || [[Shizuoka Prefecture]] || Japan || 1982
|-
| Akabane House || Setagaya, Tokyo || Japan || 1982
|-
| Kujo Townhouse (Izutsu House) || Osaka || Japan || 1982
|-
| '''Rokko Housing One''' ({{coord|34.725613|135.227564|region:JP_type:landmark_scale:2000_source:wikimapia}})|| Rokko, [[Hyōgo Prefecture]] || Japan || 1983
&lt;ref&gt;[http://wikimapia.org/#y=34725613&amp;x=135227564&amp;z=17&amp;l=21&amp;m=a map]&lt;/ref&gt;
|-
| BIGI Atelier || [[Shibuya, Tokyo|Shibuya]], Tokyo || Japan || 1983
|-
| Umemiya House || Kobe || Japan || 1983
|-
| Kaneko House || Shibuya, Tokyo || Japan || 1983
|-
| '''Festival''' || [[Naha]], [[Okinawa prefecture]] || Japan || 1984
|-
| '''TIME'S''' || Kyoto || Japan || 1984
|-
| '''Koshino House Addition''' || Ashiya, Hyōgo Prefecture || Japan || 1984
|-
| MELROSE, [[Meguro]] || Tokyo || Japan || 1984
|-
| Uejo House || Osaka Prefecture || Japan || 1984
|-
| Ota House || Okayama Prefecture || Japan || 1984
|-
| Moteki House || Kobe || Japan || 1984
|-
| [[Shinsaibashi TO Building]] || [[Osaka Prefecture]] || Japan || 1984 &lt;ref&gt;[http://whatwedoissecret.org/madebyblog/2006/10/an-encounter/ WHAT WE DO IS SECRET » An Encounter&lt;!-- Bot generated title --&gt;]&lt;/ref&gt;
|-
| Iwasa House || Ashiya, Hyōgo Prefecture || Japan || 1984
|-
| Hata House || [[Nishinomiya]], Hyōgo Prefecture || Japan || 1984
|-
| Atelier Yoshie Inaba || Shibuya, Tokyo || Japan || 1985
|-
| JUN Port Island Building || Kobe || Japan || 1985
|-
| Mon-petit-chou || Kyoto || Japan || 1985
|-
| Guest House for Hattori House || Osaka || Japan || 1985
|-
| Taiyō Cement Headquarters Building || Osaka || Japan || 1986
|-
| TS Building || Osaka || Japan || 1986
|-
| '''Chapel on [[Mount Rokko]]''' || Kobe || Japan || 1986
|-
| OLD/NEW Rokkov || Kobe || Japan || 1986
|-
| '''Kidosaki House''' || Setagaya, Tokyo || Japan || 1986
|-
| Fukuhara Clinic || Setagaya, Tokyo || Japan || 1986
|-
| Sasaki House || [[Minato, Tokyo]] || Japan || 1986
|-
| Main Pavilion for Tennoji Fair || Osaka || Japan || 1987
|-
| Karaza Theater || || || 1987
|-
| Ueda House Addition || Okayama Prefecture || Japan || 1987
|-
| '''Church on the Water''' || Tomamu, [[Hokkaidō prefecture]] || Japan || 1988
|-
| '''GALLERIA akka''' || [[Osaka]] || Japan || 1988
|-
| Children's Museum || [[Himeji, Hyōgo|Himeji]] [[Hyōgo Prefecture]] || Japan || 1989
|-
| '''[[Church of Light]]''' ({{coord|34.818763|135.37201|region:IN_type:landmark_scale:2000_source:wikimapia}})|| [[Ibaraki, Osaka|Ibaraki]] [[Osaka Prefecture]] || Japan || 1989 &lt;ref&gt;[http://architecture.mit.edu/~barandon/4.203/overview_page.htm]&lt;/ref&gt; &lt;ref&gt;[http://www.arch.mcgill.ca/prof/mellin/arch671/winter2000/mchan/precedents/ando.html Church of the Light - Tadao Ando&lt;!-- Bot generated title --&gt;]&lt;/ref&gt; &lt;ref&gt;[http://wikimapia.org/#y=34818763&amp;x=135537201&amp;z=18&amp;l=21&amp;m=a map]&lt;/ref&gt;
|-
| '''COLLEZIONE''' || Minato, Tokyo || Japan || 1989
|-
| Morozoff P&amp;P Studio || Kobe || Japan || 1989
|-
| RAIKA Headquarters || Osaka || Japan || 1989
|-
| Natsukawa Memorial Hall || [[Hikone]], [[Shiga Prefecture]] || Japan || 1989
|-
| Yao Clinic, [[Neyagawa]] || Osaka Prefecture || Japan || 1989
|-
| Matsutani House Addition || Kyoto || Japan || 1990
|-
| Ito House, Setagaya || Tokyo || Japan || 1990
|-
| Iwasa House Addition || Ashiya, Hyōgo Prefecture || Japan || 1990
|-
| Garden of Fine Arts || Osaka || Japan || 1990
|-
| S Building || Osaka || Japan || 1990
|-
| '''Water Temple''' ({{coord|34.546406|134.98813|region:JP_type:landmark_scale:2000_source:wikimapia}})|| [[Awaji Island]], Hyōgo Prefecture || Japan || 1991&lt;ref&gt;[http://www.floornature.com/worldaround/articolo.php/art34/3/en/arch Floornature - architectural news, design and information resource for ceramic tile and stone&lt;!-- Bot generated title --&gt;]&lt;/ref&gt; &lt;ref&gt;[http://wikimapia.org/#y=34546406&amp;x=134988813&amp;z=18&amp;l=21&amp;m=a map]&lt;/ref&gt;
|-
| '''Atelier in Oyodo II''' || Osaka || Japan || 1991
|-
| TIME'S II || Kyoto || Japan || 1991
|-
| Museum of Literature || [[Himeji, Hyōgo|Himeji]], [[Hyōgo Prefecture]] || Japan || 1991
|-
| '''Sayoh Housing''' || Hyōgo Prefecture || Japan || 1991
|-
| Minolta Seminar House || Kobe || Japan || 1991
|-
| Naoshima Contemporary Art Museum || [[Naoshima, Kagawa|Naoshima]], [[Kagawa prefecture]] || Japan || 1995[http://www.naoshima-is.co.jp/english/] [http://www.architectureweek.com/2001/0314/design_2-2.html]
|-
| '''Japanese Pavilion for Expo 92''' || [[Seville]] || [[Spain]] || 1992
|-
| Otemae Art Center || Nishinomiya, Hyōgo Prefecture || Japan || 1992
|-
| Forest of Tombs Museum || [[Kumamoto Prefecture]] || Japan || 1992
|-
| '''Rokko Housing Two''' || Rokko, Kobe || Japan || 1993
|-
| Vitra Seminar House || [[Weil am Rhein]] || [[Germany]] || 1993
|-
| Gallery Noda || Kobe || Japan || 1993
|-
| YKK Seminar House || [[Chiba Prefecture]] || Japan || 1993
|-
| '''Suntory Museum''' || Osaka || Japan || 1994
|-
| MAXRAY Headquarters Building || Osaka || Japan || 1994
|-
| Chikatsu-Asuka Historical Museum || Osaka Prefecture || Japan || 1994
|-
| Kiyo Bank, Sakai Building || [[Sakai, Osaka]] Prefecture || Japan || 1994
|-
| Garden of Fine Art || Kyoto || Japan || 1994
|-
| Museum of wood culture || Kami, Hyōgo Prefecture || Japan || 1994
|-
| Inamori Auditorium || [[Kagoshima]] || Japan || 1994
|-
| Nariwa Museum || Okayama Prefecture || Japan || 1994
|-
| Atelier in Oyodo Annex || Osaka || Japan || 1995
|-
| '''[[Nagaragawa Convention Center]]''' || [[Gifu, Gifu|Gifu]] || Japan || 1995
|-
| Naoshima Contemporary Art Museum Annex || Naoshima, Kagawa Prefecture || Japan || 1995
|-
| Meditation Space, UNESCO || [[Paris]] || [[France]] || 1995
|-
| Shanghai Pusan Ferry Terminal || Osaka || Japan || 1996
|-
| Museum of Literature II, Himeji || Hyōgo Prefecture || Japan || 1996
|-
| Gallery Chiisaime (Sawada House) || Nishinomiya, Hyōgo Prefecture || Japan || 1996
|-
| Museum of Gojo Culture &amp; Annex || Gojo, Nara Prefecture || Japan || 1997
|-
| TOTO Seminar House || Hyōgo Prefecture || Japan || 1997
|-
| Yokogurayama Natural Forest Museum || [[Kochi Prefecture]] || Japan || 1997
|-
| Harima Kogen Higashi Primary School &amp; Junior High School || Hyōgo Prefecture || Japan || 1997
|-
| Koumi Kogen Museum || [[Nagano Prefecture]] || Japan || 1997
|-
| Eychaner/Lee House || [[Chicago]], [[Illinois]] || [[United States]] || 1997
|-
| Daikoku Denki Headquarters Building || Aichi Prefecture || Japan || 1998
|-
| Daylight Museum || Shiga Prefecture || Japan || 1998
|-
| Junichi Watanabe Memorial Hall || Sapporo || Japan || 1998
|-
| [[Asahi Shimbun]] Okayama Bureau || Okayama || Japan || 1998
|-
| Siddhartha Children and Women Hospital || Butwal || [[Nepal]] || 1998
|-
| Church of the Light Sunday School || Ibaraki, Osaka Prefecture || Japan || 1999
|-
| '''Rokko Housing III''' || Kobe || Japan || 1999
|-
| Shell Museum, Nishinomiya || Hyōgo Prefecture || Japan || 1999
|-
| '''FABRICA (Benetton Communication Research Center)''' || [[Treviso]] || [[Italy]] || 2000
|-
| Awaji-Yumebutai ({{coord|34.560983|135.008144|region:JP_type:landmark_scale:2000_source:wikimapia}}&lt;ref&gt;[http://wikimapia.org/#y=34560983&amp;x=135008144&amp;z=16&amp;l=21&amp;m=a map]&lt;/ref&gt;) || Hyōgo Prefecture || Japan || 2000
|-
| Rockfield Shizuoka Factory || Shizuoka || Japan || 2000
|-
| [[The Pulitzer Foundation for the Arts]] || [[St. Louis, Missouri]] || United States || 2001 [http://www.pulitzerarts.org/architecture-commissioned-art/]
|-
| Komyo-ji (shrine) || [[Saijo]], [[Ehime prefecture]] || Japan || 2001
|-
| [[Ryotaro Shiba]] Memorial Museum || [[Higashiosaka, Osaka]] prefecture || Japan || 2001
|-
| Teatro Armani-Armani World Headquarters || Milan || Italy || 2001
|-
| [[Sakanouenokumo Museum]] || [[Matsuyama]], [[Ehime]] || Japan || 2006
|-
| [[Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Art]] || Kobe, Hyōgo Prefecture || Japan || 2002 [http://www.artm.pref.hyogo.jp/opening.html link]
|-
| '''[[Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth]]''' || [[Fort Worth]], [[Texas]] || United States || 2002 [http://www.themodern.org/newando.html link]
|-
| [[Piccadilly Gardens]] || [[Manchester]] || United Kingdom || 2003
|-
| [[4x4 house]] || [[Chiyoda, Tokyo]] || Japan || 2003
|-
| [[Invisible House]] || [[Treviso]] || Italy || 2004
|-
| Chichu Art Museum || [[Naoshima, Kagawa|Naoshima]], [[Kagawa prefecture]] || Japan || 2004 [http://www.chichu.jp/ link]
|-
| [[Langen Foundation / Hombroich Museum]] || [[Neuss]] || Germany || 2004 [http://www.langenfoundation.de/ link]
|-
| [[Gunma Insect World]] Insect Observation Hall || [[Kiryū]] || Japan || 2005
|-
| Morimoto (restaurant) || [[Chelsea Market]], [[Manhattan]] || United States || 2005&lt;ref&gt;[[Meatpacking District, Manhattan|Meatpacking district]]—Ando's first project in [[Manhattan]], opened January 2006.&lt;/ref&gt;
|-
| [[Omotesando Hills]], Jingumae 4-Chome || [[Tokyo]] || Japan || 2006
|-
| [[House in Shiga]] || [[Ōtsu, Shiga]] || Japan || 2006
|-
| [[Benesse House]] || [[Naoshima, Kagawa]] || Japan || 2006
|-
| [[21 21 Design Sight]] || [[Minato, Tokyo]] || Japan || 2007
|-
| [http://www.clarkart.edu/make_a_visit/content.cfm?ID=305 Stone Hill Center], expansion for the [[Clark Art Institute]] || [[Williamstown, Massachusetts]] || United States || 2008 [http://http://www.andotadao.org/clark/ link]
|}
===Projects in progress===
{| class=&quot;wikitable&quot;
|+
! Building/Project || Location || Country || Date
|-
| House, stable, and mausoleum for former fashion designer [[Tom Ford]] || near [[Santa Fe, New Mexico]] || United States || 2009
|-
| Rebuilding the Kobe Kaisei Hospital || Nada Ward, Kobe || Japan || 2009
|-
| [[New Tokyo Tower]] [http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2006/11/24/asia/AS_GEN_Japan_Tallest_Tower.php] || Toyko || Japan || 2009
|-
| [[Capella Niseko]] [http://nisekoproperty.net/content/view/32/lang,en/] || || ||
|-
|[[Gate of Creation]], [[Universidad de Monterrey]] || [[Monterrey]] || [[México]] || 2009
|-
|Interior design of Ybl villa|| [[Budapest]] || [[Hungary]] || n.a.
|}
==Awards==
{| class=&quot;wikitable&quot;
|+
! Award || Organization/Location || Country || Date
|-
| Annual Prize (Row House, Sumiyoshi) || [[Architectural Institute of Japan]] || Japan || 1979
|-
| Cultural Design Prize (Rokko Housing One and Two) || Tokyo|| Japan || 1983
|-
| [[Alvar Aalto Medal]] || [[Finnish Association of Architects]] || [[Finland]] || 1985
|-
| Gold Medal of Architecture || [[French Academy of Architecture]] || France || 1989
|-
| Carlsberg Architectural Prize (International) || Copenhagen || [[Denmark]] || 1992
|-
| [http://www.culturalprofiles.net/japan/Units/3015.html Japan Art Academy Prize] || Toyko || Japan || 1993
|-
| [[Pritzker Prize|Pritzker Architecture Prize]] (International) || Chicago || United States || 1995
|-
| Chevalier de l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres || Paris || France || 1995
|-
| Praemium Imperiale First “FRATE SOLE” Award in Architecture || Japan Art Association || Japan || 1996
|-
| Officier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres || Paris || France || 1997
|-
| Royal Gold Medal || [[Royal Institute of British Architects]] || Great Britain || 1997
|-
| [[AIA Gold Medal]] || [[American Institute of Architects]] || United States || 2002
|-
| Gold Medal&lt;ref&gt;[http://www.uia-architectes.org/texte/england/Menu-5/6-session2005.html Tadao Ando, UIA 2005 Gold Medalist]&lt;/ref&gt; || [[International Union of Architects]], Paris || France || 2005
|}
==References==
{{reflist}}
*Francesco Dal Co. ''Tadao Ando: Complete Works''. Phaidon Press, 1997. ISBN 0-7148-3717-2
*Kenneth Frampton. ''Tadao Ando: Buildings, Projects, Writings''. Rizzoli International Publications, 1984. ISBN 0-8478-0547-6
*Randall J. Van Vynckt. ''International Dictionary of Architects and Architecture''. St. James Press, 1993. ISBN 1-55862-087-7
==External links==
{{commonscat|Tadao Ando}}
*[http://www.tadao-ando.com/ Tadao Ando official website]
*[http://www.andotadao.org Tadao Ando unofficial website created and maintained by fans]
*[http://www.myspace.com/tadao_ando Tadao Ando MySpace profile created and maintained by fans]
*[http://www.greatbuildings.com/architects/Tadao_Ando.html Tadao Ando page at greatbuildingsonline.com]
*[http://archrecord.construction.com/people/interviews/archives/0205Ando.asp Architectural Record Magazine | Interviews | Tadao Ando]
*[http://blog.miragestudio7.com/2005/11/tadao-ando-official-website Read About Tadao Ando Cyber-Squatting Domain Names]
*[http://www.nou-sera.com/architect/ando.html#Anchor-33537 Tadao Ando]
*[http://www.tadaoando.net Tadao Ando unofficial website(cyber-squatting)]
*[http://www.archiquotes.info Caricature of Tadao Ando at ArchiQuotes.info]
*[http://www.kmpfurniture.com/index.php?page=news&amp;id=77 Tadao Ando his Great architecture]
*[http://www.greatbuildings.com/architects/Tadao_Ando.html Tadao Ando page at greatbuildings.com]
*{{archINFORM|arch|474}}
*[http://www.sevillasigloxx.com/2008/01/desaparecidos-el-pabelln-de-japn.html Tadao Japanese Pavillion in 1992 Expo]
{{Pritzker Prize Winners 1979-2000}}
&lt;!-- Metadata: see [[Wikipedia:Persondata]] --&gt;
{{Persondata
|NAME = Ando, Tadao
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
|SHORT DESCRIPTION = Japanese architect
|DATE OF BIRTH = [[September 13]], [[1941]]
|PLACE OF BIRTH = [[Osaka]], [[Japan]]
|DATE OF DEATH =
|PLACE OF DEATH =
}}
{{Lifetime|1941|LIVING|Ando, Tadao}}
[[Category:Japanese architects]]
[[Category:Pritzker Prize winners]]
[[Category:People from Osaka (city)]]
[[Category:Osaka University of Arts alumni]]
[[ar:تاداو أندو]]
[[cs:Tadao Andó]]
[[da:Tadao Ando]]
[[de:Tadao Andō]]
[[es:Tadao Ando]]
[[eu:Tadao Ando]]
[[fa:تادائو آندو]]
[[fr:Tadao Andō]]
[[gl:Tadao Ando]]
[[ko:안도 다다오]]
[[id:Tadao Ando]]
[[it:Tadao Ando]]
[[he:טדאו אנדו]]
[[ka:ანდო ტადაო]]
[[nl:Tadao Ando]]
[[ja:安藤忠雄]]
[[pl:Tadao Ando]]
[[pt:Tadao Ando]]
[[ru:Андо, Тадао]]
[[sk:Tadao Andó]]
[[sr:Tadao Ando]]
[[fi:Tadao Andō]]
[[sv:Tadao Ando]]
[[th:ทะดะโอะ อันโด]]
[[vi:Ando Tadao]]
[[tr:Tadao Ando]]
[[zh:安藤忠雄]]</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Takeda Ayasaburō</title>
<id>5804950</id>
<revision>
<id>267305214</id>
<timestamp>2009-01-30T00:25:02Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>TXiKiBoT</username>
<id>3171782</id>
</contributor>
<minor/>
<comment>robot Adding: [[fr:Ayasaburō Takeda]]</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">{{unsourced|date=January 2009}}
[[Image:TakedaHayasaburo.jpg|thumb|200px|Takeda Ayasabur&amp;#333;]]
{{nihongo|'''Takeda Ayasaburō'''|武田斐三郎||1827-1880}}, was a [[Japanese people|Japanese]] [[Rangaku]] scholar, and the architect of the fortress of [[Goryokaku]] in [[Hokkaidō]].
He was born in the [[Ōzu Domain]] (modern-day [[Ōzu, Ehime]]) in 1827. He studied medicine, Western sciences (rangaku), navigation, military architecture. He was a student of [[Ogata Kōan]] and [[Sakuma Shozan]]. In 1854 he was ordered to the island of [[Hokkaidō]] to reinforce the military infrastructure.
He built the fortresses of [[Goryokaku]] and [[Benten Daiba]] between 1854 and 1866, using Dutch books on military architecture describing the fortification of [[Vauban]], and also established a school. He also practiced sailing with the ''Hakodate Maru'', one of Japan's first Western-style sailing ship, together with his students. He sailed to Russia with the ship, and engaged in some exchanges.
{{DEFAULTSORT:Takeda Ayasaburo}}
[[Category:1827 births]]
[[Category:1880 deaths]]
[[Category:Japanese architects]]
[[Category:People from Ehime Prefecture]]
{{Japan-architect-stub}}
[[fr:Ayasaburō Takeda]]
[[ja:武田斐三郎]]</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Atsushi Kitagawara</title>
<id>20288417</id>
<revision>
<id>301331662</id>
<timestamp>2009-07-10T07:40:58Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<ip>124.110.116.11</ip>
</contributor>
<comment>/* Works */</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">
'''Atsushi Kitagawara''' (born [[1951]]) is a Japanese architect.
==Bibliography==
Atsushi Kitagawara was born in [[Nagano Prefecture]], Japan. While studying for a BA in architecture at [[Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music]] he won first prize in the ''Japan Architect'' International Design Competition. He graduated in 1974 and proceeded to a Masters degree at the same institution, participating in an urban design project while attending graduate school. He began working as an architect in 1975, and in 1982 founded his own firm [http://www.kitagawara.co.jp/ Atsushi Kitagawara Architects], Inc. He was in 2005 appointed Professor at the [[Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music]].
Since beginning work in his twenties Kitagawara has undertaken architectural projects, urban planning, landscape design, furniture and stage design (including &quot;One of a Kind&quot; for [[Jiri Kylian]], choreographer and artistic director of the [[Netherlands Dance Theatre]]). His concepts and methods draw on fields including poetry, music and contemporary arts. He has won a number of awards, including the Architectural Institute of Japan Award in 2002, the first prize in the Innovative Architecture International Award (Italy) in 2006, the Grand-Prix in the Kenneth Brown Architecture Design Award in 2007, the Murano Togo Prize, and the [[AIA]] Japan Professional Honor Award in 2008.
As of 2008 he works extensively outside Japan, including from his [[atelier]] in Europe. He also teaches at the [[Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music]] and practices along with associates at Atsushi Kitagawara Architects.
==Awards==
First Prize of &quot;The Japan Architect&quot; International Design Competition, Yoshioka Award /1973
Newcomer Prize, [[Japan Institute of Architects]] /1991(Metroça)
Tokyo Architectural Award /1994 (Higashi Nihonbashi Police Box)
Gold Medal, [[Good Design Award]] /1995(ARIA)
Japan Society for Finishing Technology Award /1997(ARIA)
Premium Award, Architectural Institute of Japan /1997(ARIA)
Kumamoto Landscape Award /1999(Uki Shiranuhi Library and Art Museum)
Japan Federation of Architects and Building Engineers Associations Award /2000(Ueda Municipal County Culture House)
[[Bessie Award]] (New York Dance and Performance Award) /2000
Architectural Institute of Japan Award /2000(Big Palette Fukushima)
Library Architecture Award of J.L.A. (Japan Library Association) /2001(Uki Shiranuhi Library and Art Museum)
Premium Award, [[Architectural Institute of Japan]] /2002(Uki Shiranuhi Library and Art Museum)
Canada Green Design Award /2002(Gifu Academy of Forest Science and Culture)
Building Contractors Society Award /2002 (Gifu Academy of Forest Science and Culture)
Architectural Institute of Japan Award /2002 (Gifu Academy of Forest Science and Culture)
Eco-Build Award /2002(Gifu Academy of Forest Science and Culture)
Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Award / 2003 (Kino-kuni Site Sight Information Pavilion)
Gold Medal, Arcasia Award /2003(Gifu Academy of Forest Science and Culture)
First Prize, Innovative Architecture International Award, Italy /2006 (Kaisho Forest View tube) (Kino-kuni Site Sight Information Pavilion)(Hida Beef Cattle Memorial Museum)
Special Prize, Public Architectural Award /2006(Gifu Academy of Forest Science and Culture)
Grand-Prix, Kenneth Brown Architecture Design Award / 2007(Gifu Academy of Forest Science and Culture)
Architectural Culture Award of Yamanashi-pref / 2007(Nakamura Keith Haring Collection Art Museum)
Togo Murano Award / 2008 (Nakamura Keith Haring Collection Art Museum)
AIA Japan Professional Honor Award / 2008 (Nakamura Keith Haring Collection Art Museum)
Toshima Streetscape Award Grand Prix / 2009 (Toshima Gakuin High School)
Top Prize of [[JIA]] Grand Prix / 2009 (Nakamura Keith Haring Collection Art Museum)
==Works==
[[Image:Keith.gif|right|200px|thumb|Nakamura Keith Haring Collection Art Museum]]
[[Image:Lyon.gif|right|200px|thumb|NDT One of a kind]]
[[Image:BIG PALLET.gif|right|200px|thumb|Big Palette Fukushima]]
[[Image:Fog-forest.gif|right|200px|thumb|“Fog Forest” Showa Emperor’s National Memorial Park」]]
[[Image:Kaisho.gif|right|200px|thumb|Kaisho Forest View tube]]
1985 Kaita MURAYAMA Memorial Art Museum
1985 “Rise” Cinema Theater
1986 Miaon-Kaku
1986 395
1988 Mesa
1988 Cloudy Spoon
1989 Metrotour / Awajicho Building
1989 Metroça
1989 Vasara
1990 Saint-Loco
1991 Metrotristan
1992 Higashi Nihonbashi Police Box
1992 “Fog Forest” Showa Emperor’s National Memorial Park
1993 Chuken, tea ceremony space
1994 Annex of Ikegami Industry Inc.
1994 Iwaki New Town Center
1997 Santaria Church
1997 Ueda Municipal County Culture House
1997 Sendenkaigi Headquarters
1998 Big Palette Fukushima
1998・1999・2000 One of a kind(NDT)
1998 Tsuyama Region Center
1998 Hakone Public Rest House of Minato-ku
1999 Toshima Gakuin High School, phase1
1999 Uki Shiranui Library and Art Museum
2001 Kino-Kuni Site Sight Information Pavilion
2001 Gifu Academy of Forest Science and Culture
2002 Daigaku-Megane Laboratory Corp. Building
2002 [http://www.a-s-o.jp/gallery/ ARS GAllery]
2002 Hida Beef Cattle Memorial Museum
2002 Japan P.E.N. Club Headquarters
2003 Toshima Gakuin High School, phase2
2003 Sasebo Shinminato Liner Terminal
2003 Imperial Palace Outer Garden Rest House
2004 Showa Tetsudo High School
2004 ARIA
2004 [http://www.esterio.com/ Villa Esterio]
2005 [http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E3%83%95%E3%82%A1%E3%82%A4%E3%83%AB:Kaisho.gif Kaisho Forest View tube]
2005 C’BON Headquarters
2006 Midori Headquarters
2007 [http://www.japan-architect.co.jp/japanese/2maga/sk/magazine/sk2009/sk04/works/01.html Inariyama Special Education School]
2007 [http://www.nakamura-haring.com/ Nakamura Keith Haring Collection Art Museum]
2008 One of a kind(NDT, Opera )
2009 [http://www.ritz-well.co.jp/ ARCA]
==Books==
Modern Architecture / Space and method 7 - Atsushi Kitagawara, Doho-sya, 1986
Atsushi Kitagawara, JA vol.8: The Japan Architect, Shinkennchiku-sha, 1992
Atsushi Kitagawara and Koichi Inakoshi Archigraph 2: photographic monologue, TOTO Publications, 1993
==External links==
* [http://www.geidai.ac.jp/labs/kitagawara/ Kitagawara Studio, Graduate-school, Architecture Department,Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music]
* [http://www.kitagawara.co.jp/ Atsushi Kitagawara Architects]
* [http://www.nakamura-haring.com/ Nakamura Keith Haring Collection Art Museum]
* [http://www.esterio.com/ VILLA ESTERIO]
* [http://www.a-s-o.jp/gallery/ ars gallery]
[[Category:Japanese architects]]
[[ja:北川原温]]</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Hiroshi Takahashi (architect)</title>
<id>20346440</id>
<revision>
<id>271189449</id>
<timestamp>2009-02-16T20:46:15Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Bejnar</username>
<id>728889</id>
</contributor>
<comment>link universities where he teaches, remove orphan template</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">'''Hiroshi Takahashi''' (高橋ヒロシ) (b. 1953) is a [[Japan|Japanese]] [[architect]].
Takahashi was born in [[Toyko]] and received his graduate degree in architecture from the [[Tokyo Institute of Technology]] in 1978. In 1985, he joined the faculty at the Tokyo Institute of Technology. In 1988, he and [[Akiko Takahashi]] founded the firm ''Workstation'' in [[Yokohama]]. In 1991, Hiroshi Takahashi joined the faculty at [[Kanto Gakuin University]], [[Nihon University]] and [[Hosei University]].&lt;ref&gt;[http://www.architecture-trend-press.net/Data/_archi/Print.php?time=1096649867&amp;year=2001 &quot;Hiroshi + Akiko Takahashi/Workstation&quot; Architecture Trend Press (2001)]&lt;/ref&gt;
==Workstation==
The first project that Akiko Takahashi and Hiroshi Takahashi pursued together was the [[Kōchi, Kōchi#Tourism|Sakamoto Ryoma Memorial Museum]] in [[Kōchi, Kōchi|Kochi]].&lt;ref name=&quot;ArchTeam&quot;&gt;[http://yokohamatriennale.jp/2005/en/architect.html &quot;Architect Team&quot; ''International Triennale of Contemporary Art Yokohama 2005'']&lt;/ref&gt; Other works that ''Workstation'' has completed include the Nakamachidai Community Center in Yokohama, the Sakuraza Town Hall&lt;ref&gt;[http://www.nagata.co.jp/news/news9804-e.htm Yokose, Suzuyo (1998) &quot;Sakawa Township Opens Its Sakuraza Hall&quot; ''Nagata Acoustics News'' 98-4(No.124):]&lt;/ref&gt; in [[Sakawa, Kōchi|Sakawa]], and the Playground &amp; Rest House&lt;ref&gt;[http://tokyoq.com/weekly_updates/arch/arch-0404.html Hammond, Jeff Michael (2004) &quot;Architecture&quot; ''Tokyo: Life in the Megalopolis'' (26 April 2004)]&lt;/ref&gt; at the [[Nogeyama Zoo]].&lt;ref name=&quot;ArchTeam&quot;/&gt;
==Notes==
&lt;references /&gt;
{{Persondata
|NAME = Takahashi, Hiroshi
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES = 高橋ヒロシ
|SHORT DESCRIPTION = Japanese architect
|DATE OF BIRTH = [[1953]]
|PLACE OF BIRTH = [[Tokyo]], [[Japan]]
|DATE OF DEATH =
|PLACE OF DEATH =
}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:Takahashi, Hiroshi}}
[[Category: Japanese architects]]
[[Category:1953 births]]
[[Category:Living people]]
[[Category:People from Tokyo]]</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Shin Takamatsu</title>
<id>20933469</id>
<revision>
<id>304028422</id>
<timestamp>2009-07-24T23:14:57Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Chreod</username>
<id>7335409</id>
</contributor>
<text xml:space="preserve">'''Shin Takamatsu''' (born August 5, 1948) is a leading Japanese architect and professor at Kyoto University. Takamatsu's futuristic looking buildings often use anthropomorphic or mechanical imagery.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite book|title=A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture|author=Curl, James Stevens|publisher=Oxford University Press|isbn=978-0198606789|page=760}}&lt;/ref&gt;
==Notable projects==
[[image:Kirin Plaza.JPG|thumb|Kirin Plaza, [[Osaka]]]]
* Origin I, II, III, [[Kyoto]], 1980-1986
* Ark (dental clinic), [[Kyoto]], 1983
* Pharaoh (dental clinic), [[Kyoto]], 1984
* Kirin Plaza, [[Osaka]], 1987 (demolished)
* Solaris, [[Amagasaki]], 1990
* Syntax, [[Kyoto]], 1990 (demolished)
* Zeus, Nima Sand Museum, [[Nima, Shimane]], 1990
* Kunibiki Messe Hall, [[Shimane]], 1991-1993
* Kirin Headquarters, [[Chūō, Tokyo]], 1990-1995
* [[Shoji Ueda Museum of Photography]], [[Hōki, Tottori]], 1993-1995
* Quasar Building, [[Berlin]], 1994
* Shikatsu Community Center, [[Shikatsu, Aichi]], 2000
* [[National Theater Okinawa]], [[Urasoe]], [[Okinawa]], 2003
[[image:Shoji Ueda Museum of Photography02n4592.jpg|thumb|right|[[Shoji Ueda Museum of Phtography]], [[Hōki, Tottori]]]]
[[File:National Theater Okinawa.jpg|thumb|National Theater, [[Okinawa]]]]
==References==
&lt;references/&gt;
== External links ==
* [http://www.takamatsu.co.jp/ Shin Takamatsu Architect &amp; Associates Co, Ltd.]
** [http://www.takamatsu.co.jp/en/project.php List of projects]
* [http://www.classic.archined.nl/news/0202/shin_eng.html Article from Archined News]
* [http://www.jya.com/takamatsu.htm Translation of &quot;The Architectural Machines of Shin Takamatsu&quot; by Felix Guattari]
{{DEFAULTSORT:Takamatsu, Shin}}
{{Japan-architect-stub}}
[[Category:1948 births]]
[[Category:Japanese architects]]
[[Category:Living people]]
[[ja:高松伸]]</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Kazuyo Sejima</title>
<id>3774480</id>
<revision>
<id>304028164</id>
<timestamp>2009-07-24T23:12:56Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Chreod</username>
<id>7335409</id>
</contributor>
<minor/>
<comment>small errors fixed</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">[[File:Kazuyo Sejima mg 4973-small.jpg|thumb|upright|]]
'''Kazuyo Sejima''' (born 1956, Ibaraki prefecture, Japan) is an architect. After studying at [[Japan Women's University]] and working in the office of [[Toyo Ito]], in 1987 Kazuyo Sejima founded Kazuyo Sejima and Associates. In 1995 she founded the [[Tokyo]] based firm [[sanaa (firm)|SANAA]] (Sejima and Nishizawa and Associates) together with [[Ryue Nishizawa]].
==Projects by Kazuyo Sejima &amp; Associates==
* Platform I Vacation House - 1987 to 1988 - [[Chiba Prefecture|Chiba]], [[Japan]]
* Platform II Studio - 1988 to 1990 - [[Yamanachi]], [[Japan]]
* Platform III House (Not Built/Project Only) - 1989 to 1990 - [[Tokyo]], [[Japan]]
* Castelbajac Sports Store - 1990 to 1991 - [[Kanagawa]], [[Japan]]
* Saishunkan Seiyaku Women's Dormitory - 1990 to 1991 - [[Kumamoto]], [[Japan]]
* N House - 1990 to 1992 - [[Kumamoto]], [[Japan]]
* An Apartment Building (Not Built/Project Only) - 1991 - [[Osaka]], [[Japan]]
* Nasumoahara Harmony Hall (Not Built/Project Only) - 1991 - [[Tochigi]], [[Japan]]
* Pachinko Parlor I - 1991 to 1993 - [[Ibaraki]], [[Japan]]
* Villa in the Forest - 1992 to 1994 - [[Nagano]], [[Japan]]
* Pachinko Parlor II - 1993 - [[Ibaraki]], [[Japan]]
* Y House - 1993 to 1994 - [[Chiba Prefecture|Chiba]], [[Japan]]
* Police Office in Choju Station - 1993 to 1994 - [[Tokyo]], [[Japan]]
* Service Center at the Tokyo Expo 96 (Not Built/Project Only) - 1994 to 1995 - [[Tokyo]], [[Japan]]
* Yokohama International Port Terminal (Not Built/Project Only) - 1994 - [[Kanagawa]], [[Japan]]
* Gifu Kitagata Apartment Building - 1994 to 2000 - [[Gifu]], [[Japan]]
* Pachinko Parlor III - 1995 to 1996 - [[Ibaraki]], [[Japan]]
* U Office Building - 1996 to 1998 - [[Ibaraki]], [[Japan]]
* Small House - 1999 to 2000 - [[Tokyo]], [[Japan]]
* Kozankaku Student Residence - 1999 to 2000 - [[Ibaraki]], [[Japan]]
* hhstyle.com Store - 1999 to 2000 - [[Tokyo]], [[Japan]]
* Asahi Shimbun Yamagata Office Building - 2000 to 2002 - [[Yamagata]], [[Japan]]
* House in a Plum Grove - 2001 to 2003 - [[Tokyo]], [[Japan]]
* Onishi Civic Center - 2003 to 2005 - [[Gunma]], [[Japan]]
== Professorship ==
Sejima teaches as a Visiting Professor both at [[Tama Art University]] and [[Keio University]] in Tokyo and with Nishizawa, holds the Jean Labatut Professorship at the School of Architecture at [[Princeton University]], USA, where she has served on the advisory council for several years.{{Fact|date=May 2007}}
== References ==
{{Reflist}}
== External links ==
{{Commonscat|Kazuyo Sejima}}
* [http://storiesofhouses.blogspot.com/#116674844567584659 House in a plum grove (Tokyo), by Kazuyo Sejima]
* [http://www.sanaa.co.jp SANAA Official Website]
* [http://www.geocities.com/medit1976b4/sanaa.htm SANAA] Biography, Articles and Interviews
*[http://vernissage.tv/blog/2008/04/03/sanaa-works-1998-2008-new-museum-of-contemporary-art-new-york-city/ SANAA: Works 1998-2008 New Museum of Contemporary Art, New York] Video at VernissageTV.
{{Schock Prize laureates}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:Sejima, Kazuyo}}
[[Category:1956 births]]
[[Category:Living people]]
[[Category:Japanese architects]]
[[Category:Rolf Schock Prize laureates]]
[[Category:Women architects]]
[[de:Kazuyo Sejima]]
[[ca:Kazuyo Sejima]]
[[es:Kazuyo Sejima]]
[[fr:Kazuyo Sejima]]
[[gl:Kazuyo Sejima]]
[[ja:妹島和世]]
[[zh:妹島和世]]</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Kisho Kurakawa</title>
<id>23920405</id>
<revision>
<id>308863023</id>
<timestamp>2009-08-19T11:34:33Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Nja247</username>
<id>888512</id>
</contributor>
<comment>minus redlinks</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">{{orphan|date=August 2009}}
{{unreferencedBLP|date=August 2009}}
'''Kisho Kurakawa''' is a [[Japan]]ese [[architect]] who has worked on many significant Japanese and international buildings. He is attributed to being one of the founders of the Metabolism architecture movement.
==Work==
His major works in Japan are:
*the National Ethnological Museum
*the National Bunraku Theater
*Nagoya City Art Museum
*[[Hiroshima City Museum of Contemporary Art]]
*the [[Museum of Modern Art]]
*the [[National Art Center]], Tokyo
His major works abroad are:
*Japanese-German Centre of Berlin in [[Germany]]
*[[Kuala Lumpur International Airport]], [[Malaysia]]
*New Wing of the [[Van Gogh Museum]], [[Amsterdam]]
[[Category:Japanese architects]]
[[Category:Living people]]
[[Category:Year of birth missing (living people)]]
{{Japan-bio-stub}}</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Yoshikazu Uchida</title>
<id>21697909</id>
<revision>
<id>307530434</id>
<timestamp>2009-08-12T09:51:51Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>ClueBot</username>
<id>4928500</id>
</contributor>
<minor/>
<comment>Reverting possible vandalism by [[Special:Contributions/219.105.45.244|219.105.45.244]] to version by Ebyabe. False positive? [[User:ClueBot/FalsePositives|Report it]]. Thanks, [[User:ClueBot|ClueBot]]. (753621) (Bot)</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">[[image:Uchida_Yoshikazu_Portrait.jpg|thumb|150px|Yoshikazu Uchida]]
{{japanese name|Uchida}}
{{nihongo|'''Yoshikazu Uchida'''|内田 祥三|Uchida Yoshikazu|February 23,1885&amp;ndash;December 14,1972}} was a Japanese [[architect]] and [[structural engineer]]. He designed many buildings on the campus of the [[University of Tokyo]], and served as the 14th president of the university.
==Career==
Uchida was one of five 1907 graduates from the Department of Architecture of Tokyo Imperial University. For the next four years he worked as an architect in the real estate division of the [[Mitsubishi]] group. In 1910, he returned to Tokyo Imperial University for graduate studies under [[Toshikata Sano]], the country's leading structural engineer and a pioneer in the study of earthquake resistant architecture.
From 1911, Uchida lectured at the university on structural engineering. As Sano's successor, he did pioneering work in the study of steel frame and reinforced concrete construction. He also made important contributions in the fields of fire prevention, urban planning, and the restoration of cultural monuments. His interests were wide-ranging, and he influenced nearly every aspect of architectural engineering in Japan. &lt;ref name=Watanabe&gt; {{cite book
|chapter=Auditorium, Tokyo University
|title=The Architecture of Tokyo
|year=2001
|last=Watanabe |first=Hiroshi
|publisher=Edition Axel Menges
|isbn=978-3930698936
}}&lt;/ref&gt;
Uchida also had a lasting influence on the University of Tokyo. In 1923,
after much of the campus was destroyed in the [[1923 Great Kantō earthquake|great Kantō earthquake]], Uchida oversaw the reconstruction effort and devised the master plan that shaped the campus as it exists today. In 1943, he was appointed president of the university. As president he successfully resisted demands from both the Japanese military and the American occupation forces that he allow the university to be used as a military headquarters.
==Architecture==
Uchida is best remembered for the buildings he designed on the campus of the University of Tokyo.
With the assistance of younger colleagues and students in the Department of Architecture, he designed some 30 buildings in a distinctive style known as &quot;Uchida Gothic&quot;. The massing, towers, and pointed arches of this style recall the [[Gothic Revival architecture|Gothic revival]] architecture of universities in the United States and Europe. But its overall abstract quality also suggests an [[Expressionist architecture|Expressionist]] influence, especially in works in which Uchida collaborated with his colleague [[Hideto Kishida]].&lt;ref name=Watanabe/&gt;
A well-known example is Yasuda Auditorium. Completed in 1925, it is a symbol of higher education and one of the most famous buildings in Japan.
== Chronology ==
[[Image:Yasuda Auditorium.jpg|thumb|Yasuda Auditorium, with Faculty of Science Building No. 1 visible in the background.]]
* 1885: Born in Fukagawa (currently [[Kōtō, Tokyo|Kōtō ward]]), [[Tokyo]]. His father died 4 years later.
* 1901: Enters the First Higher School, a preparatory high school.
* 1904: Enters the Department of Architecture, School of Engineering, at [[University of Tokyo|Tokyo Imperial University]].
* 1907: Graduates from Department of Architecture and enters the real estate division of the [[Mitsubishi]] group, (currently [[Mitsubishi Estate Co.]]). Works on the design of office buildings.
* 1910: Enters graduate school at Tokyo Imperial University, studies structural engineering under Toshikata Sano.
* 1911: Lecturer at Tokyo Imperial University and Japanese army school of accounting.
* 1916: Assistant professor at Tokyo Imperial University.
* 1918: Awarded doctorate in engineering for thesis on structural engineering in architecture.
* 1921: Professor at Tokyo Imperial University.
* 1923: Director of buildings department of Tokyo Imperial University.
* 1924: Director of Dōjunkai Foundation (designs Nakanogō Apartments, the first modern apartment buildings in Japan).
* 1935: President of [[Architectural Institute of Japan]].
* 1943: Appointed 14th president of Tokyo Imperial University (until December, 1945).
* 1972: [[Order of Culture]] award.
== Works ==
====University of Tokyo====
[[Image:総合図書館.jpg|thumb|General Library]]
[[Image:The_Institute_of_Medical_Science_Tokyo_Japan_First_Building_0080-2.jpg|thumb|The Institute of Medical Science First Building]]
* Hongō Campus:
** Yasuda Auditorium
** [[The University of Tokyo Library|General Library]]
** University Hospital: East Clinical Research Building, First Research Building, Internal Medicine Building, Administration and Research Building
** Faculty of Arts and Letters Building Nos. 1, 2
** Faculty of Law Building No. 3
** Faculty of Medicine Building Nos. 1, 2
** Faculty of Engineering Building Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, 6
** Faculty of Science Building No. 2
** Faculty of Agriculture Building Nos. 1, 2, 3 &lt;ref name=MetroBldg&gt;{{cite web
|url=http://www.metro.tokyo.jp/ENGLISH/TOPICS/2004/fte4u301.htm
|title=Selected Historical Buildings
|publisher=Tokyo Metropolitan Government
|date=2004
|accessdate=2009-02-24}}&lt;/ref&gt;
** Tatsuoka Gate &lt;ref name=MetroBldg/&gt;
** Shichitoku Hall (marital arts, designated historical building)&lt;ref name=MetroBldg/&gt;
** Other
* Komaba I Campus: College of Arts and Sciences Building No. 1, Komaba Museum, other
* Komaba II Campus: Institute of Industrial Science Building Nos. 1, 13, 22, other
* Shirokanedai Campus: [[The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo|Institute of Medical Science]], First Building
* Botanical Gardens, Graduate School of Science
====Other====
* [[Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology]], Faculty of Agriculture
* [[Takushoku University]] International Education Hall ([[Bunkyō, Tokyo]])
* Tenri High School ([[Tenri, Nara]])
* Yokufūkai Main Building ([[Suginami, Tokyo]], designated historic building)
* Own house ([[Minato, Tokyo]], since demolished)
* [[National Institute of Public Health of Japan|Institute of Public Health]]
* Shanghai Institute of Science (currently Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Main Building)
==References==
{{reflist}}
==External links==
{{Translation/Ref|ja|内田祥三|oldid=24202028}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:Uchida}}
[[Category:Japanese architects]]
[[Category:Gothic Revival architects]]
{{Lifetime|1885|1972}}
[[ja:内田祥三]]
[[zh:內田祥三]]</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Kenji Imai</title>
<id>22497106</id>
<revision>
<id>308147263</id>
<timestamp>2009-08-15T16:51:11Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Clubmarx</username>
<id>139945</id>
</contributor>
<minor/>
<comment>Removed category [[:Category:Japanese architecture|Japanese architecture]]; Quick-adding category [[:Category:Japanese architects|Japanese architects]] (using [[WP:HOTCAT|HotCat]])</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">'''Kenji Imai''' (b [[Tokyo]], 11 Jan [[1895]]; d [[Tokyo]], 20 May [[1987]]) was a [[Japanese people|Japanese]] [[architect]] and [[professor]].
==Life==
Kenji Imai went to [[Waseda University]] in Tokyo and graduated with a degree in [[Architecture]]. He travelled to the [[USSR]], [[Scandinavia]], [[Italy]] and [[Spain]] in 1926. He met [[Walter Gropius]], [[Le Corbusier]], [[Ernst May]] and others, which asserted an influence on his way of thinking and his architectural style. Like [[Togo Murano]] and [[Takamasa Yoshizaka]] who also trained at [[Waseda University]], Imai had a style which can be categorized as [[Expressionist]]. Impressed with the works of [[Antoni Gaudi]], he proceeded to promote him in [[Japan]] and elsewhere. He also introduced the work of the Austrian mystic, [[Rudolf Steiner]] to Japan. In 1948 his wife Maria Shimko died and he converted to Catholicism. &lt;ref&gt;http://www.gaudiclub.com Gaudi Club, Accesseed: 2009-04-20&lt;/ref&gt;&lt;ref&gt;http://www.gaudidesigner.com/uk/sagrada-familia-japanese-were-the-first-in-the-world-to-show-interest-in-gaudis-works_350.html Gaudi Designer, Accessed: 2009-04-20&lt;/ref&gt;
==Works==
* Library at Waseda University (1925)
*[[Twenty-Six Martyrs Museum and Monument]] (1962)
*Tokado Imperial Palace (1966)
==Gallery==
&lt;gallery&gt;
Image:Tsubouchi Memorial Theatre Museum.jpg
Image:Wasedalib1.jpg
Image:Wasedalib2.jpg
Image:26_martyrs_museum.jpg
&lt;/gallery&gt;
==References==
{{Reflist}}
{{Japan-architect-stub}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:Imai, Kenji}}
[[Category:1895 births]]
[[Category:1987 deaths]]
[[Category:Lists of Japanese people]]
[[Category:Japanese artists]]
[[Category:Japanese architects]]
[[es:Kenji Imai]]
[[ja:今井兼次]]</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Ito</title>
<id>22497106</id>
<revision>
<id>308147263</id>
<timestamp>2009-08-15T16:51:11Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Clubmarx</username>
<id>139945</id>
</contributor>
<minor/>
<comment></comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">#redirect[[Toyo Ito]]</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Ando</title>
<id>22497106</id>
<revision>
<id>308147263</id>
<timestamp>2009-08-15T16:51:11Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Clubmarx</username>
<id>139945</id>
</contributor>
<minor/>
<comment></comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">#redirect[[Tadao Ando]]</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Ando Tadao</title>
<id>22497106</id>
<revision>
<id>308147263</id>
<timestamp>2009-08-15T16:51:11Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Clubmarx</username>
<id>139945</id>
</contributor>
<minor/>
<comment></comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">#redirect[[Ando]]</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Template:Ambox</title>
<id>13179742</id>
<revision>
<id>300432756</id>
<timestamp>2009-07-05T16:47:36Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Happy-melon</username>
<id>994084</id>
</contributor>
<comment>remove category sortkey which is now the default after [[bugzilla:16552]]</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">{{#switch:{{{small|}}}
| left =
{{ambox/core
| small = left
| type = {{{type|}}}
| image = {{#if:{{{smallimage|}}}
| {{{smallimage}}}
| {{{image|}}}
}}
| imageright = {{#if:{{{smallimageright|}}}
| {{{smallimageright}}}
| {{{imageright|}}}
}}
| style = {{{style|}}}
| textstyle = {{{textstyle|}}}
| text = {{#if:{{{smalltext|}}}
| {{{smalltext}}}
| {{{text}}}
}}
}}
| #default =
{{ambox/core
| type = {{{type|}}}
| image = {{{image|}}}
| imageright = {{{imageright|}}}
| style = {{{style|}}}
| textstyle = {{{textstyle|}}}
| text = {{{text}}}
}}
}}&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;includeonly&gt;{{#ifeq:{{BASEPAGENAME}}|{{SUBPAGENAME}}|{{#ifeq:{{NAMESPACE}}|Template|[[Category:Article message boxes]]}}}}&lt;/includeonly&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;noinclude&gt;
{{pp-template}}
{{documentation}}
&lt;!-- Add categories and interwikis to the /doc subpage, not here! --&gt;
&lt;/noinclude&gt;</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Template:Ambox/core</title>
<id>21903186</id>
<revision>
<id>300455283</id>
<timestamp>2009-07-05T19:15:33Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>TheDJ</username>
<id>244887</id>
</contributor>
<comment>hardcoded mbox-empty-cell no longer needed.</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">&lt;table class=&quot;metadata plainlinks ambox {{#switch:{{{small|}}}
| left = mbox-small-left
}} {{#switch:{{{type|}}}
| speedy = ambox-speedy
| delete = ambox-delete
| content = ambox-content
| style = ambox-style
| move = ambox-move
| protection = ambox-protection
| notice &lt;!-- notice = default --&gt;
| #default = ambox-notice
}}&quot; style=&quot;{{{style|}}}&quot;&gt;
&lt;tr&gt;
{{#switch:{{{image|}}}
| blank &lt;!-- Fall back to &quot;none&quot;, since deprecated. --&gt;
| none = &lt;td class=&quot;mbox-empty-cell&quot;&gt;&lt;/td&gt; &lt;!-- No image. Cell with some width or padding necessary for text cell to have 100% width. --&gt;
| #default =
&lt;td class=&quot;mbox-image&quot;&gt;{{
#switch:{{{small|}}}
| left = &lt;!-- Don't use the DIV --&gt;
| #default = &lt;div style=&quot;width: 52px;&quot;&gt;
}}
{{#if:{{{image|}}}
| {{{image}}}
| [[Image:{{#switch:{{{type|}}}
| speedy = Ambox speedy deletion.png
| delete = Ambox deletion.png
| content = Ambox content.png
| style = Ambox style.png
| move = Ambox move.png
| protection = Ambox protection.png
| notice &lt;!-- notice = default --&gt;
| #default = Ambox notice.png
}} | {{#switch:{{{small|}}}
| left = 20x20px
| #default = 40x40px
}} ]]
}}{{#switch:{{{small|}}}
| left = &lt;!-- Don't use the /DIV --&gt;
| #default = &lt;/div&gt;
}}&lt;/td&gt;
}}
&lt;td class=&quot;mbox-text&quot; style=&quot;{{{textstyle|}}}&quot;&gt; {{{text}}} &lt;/td&gt;
{{#if:{{{imageright|}}}
| {{#ifeq:{{{imageright|}}}|none
| &lt;!-- No image. --&gt;
| &lt;td class=&quot;mbox-imageright&quot;&gt;{{#switch:{{{small|}}}
| left = {{{imageright}}}
| #default = &lt;div style=&quot;width: 52px;&quot;&gt; {{{imageright}}} &lt;/div&gt;
}}&lt;/td&gt;
}}
}}
&lt;/tr&gt;
&lt;/table&gt;&lt;!--
Detect and report usage with faulty &quot;type&quot; parameter:
--&gt;{{#switch:{{{type|}}}
| &lt;!-- No type fed, is also valid input --&gt;
| speedy
| delete
| content
| style
| move
| protection
| notice = &lt;!-- Do nothing, valid &quot;type&quot; --&gt;
| #default = &lt;div style=&quot;text-align: center;&quot;&gt;This message box is using an invalid &quot;type={{{type|}}}&quot; parameter and needs fixing.&lt;/div&gt;[[Category:Wikipedia message box parameter needs fixing|{{main other|Main:}}{{FULLPAGENAME}}]]&lt;!-- Sort on namespace --&gt;
}}&lt;!--
Detect and report usage of deprecated &quot;image=blank&quot;:
--&gt;{{#switch:{{{image|}}}
| blank = [[Category:Wikipedia message box parameter needs fixing|{{main other|Main:}}{{FULLPAGENAME}}]]&lt;!-- Sort on namespace --&gt;
}}&lt;noinclude&gt;
{{pp-template}}
{{documentation}}
&lt;!-- Add categories and interwikis to the /doc subpage, not here! --&gt;
&lt;/noinclude&gt;</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Template:Asbox</title>
<id>13431031</id>
<revision>
<id>310005676</id>
<timestamp>2009-08-25T17:27:37Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>MSGJ</username>
<id>42630</id>
</contributor>
<minor/>
<comment>forgot one, pass {{{article}}}</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">&lt;table class=&quot;metadata plainlinks stub&quot; style=&quot;background: transparent;&quot;&gt;&lt;tr&gt;
{{#if:{{{icon|}}}{{{image|}}}
|&lt;td&gt;{{#if:{{{icon|}}}
|{{{icon}}}
|[[File:{{{image}}}|{{#if:{{{pix|}}}|{{{pix}}}|40x30}}px|alt={{{imagealt|Stub icon}}}]]
}}&lt;/td&gt;
}}
&lt;td&gt;''This {{{subject|}}} {{{article|article}}} {{{qualifier|}}} is a [[Wikipedia:stub|stub]]. You can help Wikipedia by [{{fullurl:{{FULLPAGENAME}}|action=edit}} expanding it].''{{#if:{{{note|}}}|&lt;br /&gt;&lt;span style=&quot;font-style: normal; font-size: smaller;&quot;&gt;{{{note|}}} }}&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;&lt;/table&gt;&lt;includeonly&gt;&lt;!--
*** Stub article category sorted by DEFAULTSORT or PAGENAME. ***
--&gt;{{#ifeq:{{NAMESPACE}}||[[Category:{{{category}}}]]}}&lt;!--
*** Template category - sorted by &quot; tempsort&quot;. ***
--&gt;{{#ifeq:{{NAMESPACE}}|Template|{{#ifeq:{{{tempsort|}}}|no||[[Category:{{{category}}}| {{{tempsort|{{PAGENAME}}}}}]]}}|}}&lt;!--
*** Is there a second stub category? ***
--&gt;{{#if:{{{category1|}}}|&lt;!--
*** Stub article second category sorted by DEFAULTSORT or PAGENAME. ***
--&gt;{{#ifeq:{{NAMESPACE}}||[[Category:{{{category1}}}]]}}&lt;!--
*** Template second category - sorted by &quot; tempsort1&quot;. ***
--&gt;{{#ifeq:{{NAMESPACE}}|Template|[[Category:{{{category1}}}| {{{tempsort1|{{PAGENAME}}}}}]]|}}&lt;!--
--&gt;}}&lt;!--
*** Is there a third stub category? ***
--&gt;{{#if:{{{category2|}}}|&lt;!--
*** Stub article third category sorted by DEFAULTSORT or PAGENAME. ***
--&gt;{{#ifeq:{{NAMESPACE}}||[[Category:{{{category2}}}]]}}&lt;!--
*** Template third category - sorted by &quot; tempsort2&quot;. ***
--&gt;{{#ifeq:{{NAMESPACE}}|Template|[[Category:{{{category2}}}| {{{tempsort2|{{PAGENAME}}}}}]]|}}&lt;!--
--&gt;}}&lt;!--
*** exclude in print category ***
--&gt;{{#ifeq:{{NAMESPACE}}|Template|[[Category:Exclude in print]]|}}&lt;!--
*** check for valid name parameter and transclude /templatepage on template page ***
--&gt;{{#switch:{{FULLPAGENAME:{{{name|}}}}}
|{{FULLPAGENAME}}={{Asbox/templatepage
|image = {{{image|}}}
|pix = {{{pix|}}}
|imagealt = {{{imagealt|}}}
|icon = {{{icon|}}}
|subject = {{{subject|}}}
|article = {{{article|}}}
|qualifier = {{{qualifier|}}}
|category = {{{category|}}}
|tempsort = {{{tempsort|}}}
|category1 = {{{category1|}}}
|tempsort1 = {{{tempsort1|}}}
|category2 = {{{category2|}}}
|tempsort2 = {{{tempsort2|}}}
|note = {{{note|}}}
|name = {{{name|}}}
}}
|{{#titleparts:{{FULLPAGENAME}}|1}}=&lt;!--Is a subtemplate, e.g. a sandbox version. Don't display documentation.--&gt;
|#default={{#ifeq:{{NAMESPACE}}|Template
|&lt;!--{{ombox
|type=content
|text=It appears that the ''name'' parameter of this template is undefined or incorrect. If this is the stub template, please set {{para|name|{{FULLPAGENAME}}}}
}}--&gt;[[Category:Stub message boxes needing attention|{{#if:{{{name|}}}|E|W}}{{PAGENAME}}]]
}}
}}&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;/includeonly&gt;&lt;noinclude&gt;&lt;!--
*** Documentation ***
--&gt;{{documentation}}
&lt;!-- Add categories and inter-wikis to the /doc subpage, not here! --&gt;
&lt;/noinclude&gt;</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Template:BLP unsourced</title>
<id>20275223</id>
<revision>
<id>304680829</id>
<timestamp>2009-07-28T14:04:18Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>PhilKnight</username>
<id>1812441</id>
</contributor>
<comment>exclude books published by the Icon Group</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">&lt;!-- {{BLPunsourced|date={{{date}}}}} start--&gt;{{ambox
| type = content
| text = '''This [[Wikipedia:Biographies of living persons|biography of a living person]] does not [[Wikipedia:Citing sources|cite]] any [[Wikipedia:Verifiability|references or sources]].''' Please help by adding [[Wikipedia:Reliable sources|reliable sources]]. Contentious material about living persons that is unsourced or poorly sourced '''must be removed immediately''', especially if potentially [[defamation|libelous]] or harmful.&lt;small&gt; {{#if:{{{bot|}}}|This was added by an [[Wikipedia:Bots|automated process]]. If this tag was placed in error, it may be removed. If this tag was placed correctly, the &quot;&lt;code&gt;bot=yes&lt;/code&gt;&quot; may be removed to hide this message.}} {{#if:{{{date|}}}|''({{{date}}})''}} ''Find sources:'' (&lt;span class=&quot;plainlinks&quot;&gt;[http://www.google.com/search?&amp;as_eq=wikipedia&amp;as_epq={{urlencode:{{SUBPAGENAME}}}} {{SUBPAGENAME}}]&lt;/span&gt; – &lt;span class=&quot;plainlinks&quot;&gt;[http://news.google.com/archivesearch?&amp;as_src=-newswire+-wire+-presswire+-PR+-press+-release&amp;as_epq={{urlencode:{{SUBPAGENAME}}}} news], [http://books.google.com/books?&amp;as_brr=0&amp;as_pub=-icon&amp;as_epq={{urlencode:{{SUBPAGENAME}}}} books], [http://scholar.google.com/scholar?as_epq={{urlencode:{{SUBPAGENAME}}}} scholar]&lt;/span&gt;)&lt;/small&gt;}}&lt;!--Transcluded categories begin here--&gt;{{#switch:{{NAMESPACE}}||Talk={{{category|[[Category:Unreferenced BLPs {{#if:{{{date|}}}|from {{{date}}}|}}]]}}}{{{category|[[Category:All unreferenced BLPs]]}}}&lt;includeonly&gt;{{#ifeq:{{{missing|no}}}|yes|[[Category:Possibly living people]]|[[Category:Living people]]}}&lt;/includeonly&gt;{{#if:{{{date|}}}|{{#ifexist:Category:Unreferenced BLPs from {{{date}}}||{{{category|[[Category:Articles with invalid date parameter in template]]}}}}}|}}|}}&lt;!-- {{BLPunsourced}} end--&gt;&lt;noinclude&gt;
{{documentation}}
&lt;/noinclude&gt;</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Template:BLPunsourced</title>
<id>21239142</id>
<redirect />
<revision>
<id>286048425</id>
<timestamp>2009-04-25T14:44:21Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Cenarium</username>
<id>5711305</id>
</contributor>
<minor/>
<comment>Protected Template:BLPunsourced: high risk redirect to a [[WP:HRT|high risk]] template ([edit=sysop] (indefinite) [move=sysop] (indefinite))</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">#REDIRECT [[Template:BLP unsourced]]</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Template:Dablink</title>
<id>945764</id>
<restrictions>move=sysop:edit=sysop</restrictions>
<revision>
<id>161709751</id>
<timestamp>2007-10-02T02:43:39Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Pathoschild</username>
<id>240994</id>
</contributor>
<minor/>
<comment>{{documentation}}</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">&lt;div class=&quot;dablink&quot;&gt;{{{1}}}&lt;/div&gt;&lt;noinclude&gt;
{{pp-template|small=yes}}
{{documentation}}
&lt;/noinclude&gt;</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Template:Japan-architect-stub</title>
<id>21179502</id>
<revision>
<id>308895556</id>
<timestamp>2009-08-19T15:41:16Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Borgarde</username>
<id>1686535</id>
</contributor>
<comment>cat</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">{{asbox
| image = Flag of Japan.svg
| pix = 25
| subject =
| qualifier = about a [[Japan]]ese [[architect]]
| category = Japanese artist stubs
| tempsort = Architect
| category1 = Architect stubs
| tempsort1 = Japan
| name = Template:Japan-architect-stub
}}</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Template:Otherpeople</title>
<id>1815443</id>
<redirect />
<restrictions>edit=sysop:move=sysop</restrictions>
<revision>
<id>97706252</id>
<timestamp>2007-01-01T11:21:45Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Ligulem</username>
<id>216352</id>
</contributor>
<minor/>
<comment>Protected Template:Otherpeople: matching protection of target [edit=sysop:move=sysop]</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">#redirect [[Template:Otherpersons]]</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Template:Otherpersons</title>
<id>1459772</id>
<restrictions>edit=sysop:move=sysop</restrictions>
<revision>
<id>206472602</id>
<timestamp>2008-04-18T11:53:38Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Davidgothberg</username>
<id>109101</id>
</contributor>
<comment>Added {{pp-template|small=yes}}.</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">{{dablink|For other persons named {{{1|{{PAGENAME}}}}}, see [[{{{2|{{{1|{{PAGENAME}}}}} (disambiguation)}}}]].}}&lt;noinclude&gt;
{{pp-template|small=yes}}
{{Documentation}}
&lt;!-- Add categories and interwikis to the /doc subpage, not here! --&gt;
&lt;/noinclude&gt;</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Template:Refbegin</title>
<id>9391283</id>
<revision>
<id>310713271</id>
<timestamp>2009-08-29T13:48:17Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>RockMFR</username>
<id>2362410</id>
</contributor>
<comment>use references-small per talk request</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">&lt;includeonly&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;references-small&quot; style=&quot;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{colwidth|}}}| -moz-column-width:{{{colwidth}}}; -webkit-column-width:{{{colwidth}}}; column-width:{{{colwidth}}};}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{1|}}}| -moz-column-count:{{{1}}}; -webkit-column-count:{{{1}}}; column-count:{{{1}}};}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{indent|}}}| text-indent:-{{{indentsize|3.5}}}em; padding-left: 0; margin-left: {{{indentsize|3.5}}}em; list-style-position: inside; |&lt;!--
--&gt; margin-left:1.5em;&lt;!--
--&gt;}}&quot;&gt;&lt;/includeonly&gt;&lt;noinclude&gt;
{{pp-template}}
{{Documentation}}
&lt;/noinclude&gt;</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Template:Refend</title>
<id>10023179</id>
<revision>
<id>280711601</id>
<timestamp>2009-03-30T19:42:56Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Amalthea</username>
<id>429625</id>
</contributor>
<minor/>
<comment>get documentation directly from {{[[Template:refbegin/doc|refbegin/doc]]}}, instead of through the redirect, to make the edit work.</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">&lt;includeonly&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/includeonly&gt;&lt;noinclude&gt;{{template doc|Template:refbegin/doc}}&lt;/noinclude&gt;</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Template:Commons</title>
<id>1142901</id>
<revision>
<id>270731796</id>
<timestamp>2009-02-14T20:51:46Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Davidgothberg</username>
<id>109101</id>
</contributor>
<comment>Adding &quot;| position = {{{position|}}}&quot; per editprotected request on talk page.</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">{{sister
| position = {{{position|}}}
| project = commons
| text =
[[Wikimedia Commons]] has media related to: '''''[[Commons:{{{1|Special:Search/{{PAGENAME}}}}}|{{{2|{{{1|{{PAGENAME}}}}}}}}]]'''''
}}&lt;noinclude&gt;
{{pp-template|small=yes}}
{{documentation}}
&lt;!-- Add categories and interwikis to the /doc subpage, not here! --&gt;
&lt;/noinclude&gt;</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Template:Commons category</title>
<id>1275099</id>
<revision>
<id>302203218</id>
<timestamp>2009-07-15T10:38:41Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Rich Farmbrough</username>
<id>82835</id>
</contributor>
<minor/>
<comment>moved [[Template:Commons cat]] to [[Template:Commons category]]: Readability</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">{{commons
| position = {{{position|}}}
| :Category:{{{1|{{PAGENAME}}}}}|{{{2|{{{1|{{PAGENAME}}}}}}}}
}}&lt;noinclude&gt;
{{pp-template|small=yes}}
{{documentation}}
&lt;!-- Add categories and interwikis to the /doc subpage, not here! --&gt;
&lt;/noinclude&gt;</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Template:Commonscat</title>
<id>16909074</id>
<redirect />
<revision>
<id>302203131</id>
<timestamp>2009-07-15T10:37:49Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Rich Farmbrough</username>
<id>82835</id>
</contributor>
<comment>[[WP:AES|←]]Redirected page to [[Template:Commons category]]</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">#REDIRECT [[Template:Commons category]]</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Template:Side box</title>
<id>20504849</id>
<revision>
<id>285704038</id>
<timestamp>2009-04-23T19:04:01Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Happy-melon</username>
<id>994084</id>
</contributor>
<comment>mbox-small-left has decached</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">&lt;table class=&quot;metadata plainlinks mbox-small{{#ifeq:{{lc:{{{position|}}}}}|left|-left}}&quot; style=&quot;border:1px solid #aaa; background-color:#f9f9f9; {{{style|}}}&quot;&gt;
&lt;tr&gt;
{{#switch:{{{image|}}}
|&lt;!--BLANK--&gt;|none={{td}}
|#default=&lt;td class=&quot;mbox-image&quot;&gt;{{{image}}}&lt;/td&gt;
}}
&lt;td class=&quot;mbox-text&quot; style=&quot;{{{textstyle|}}}&quot;&gt; {{{text}}} &lt;/td&gt;
{{#if:{{{imageright|}}}
| &lt;td class=&quot;mbox-imageright&quot;&gt;{{{imageright}}}&lt;/td&gt;
}}
&lt;/tr&gt;
{{#if:{{{below|}}}
| &lt;tr&gt;&lt;td colspan={{#if:{{{imageright|}}}|3|2}} class=&quot;mbox-text&quot; style=&quot;{{{textstyle|}}}&quot;&gt; {{{below}}} &lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;
}}
&lt;/table&gt;&lt;noinclude&gt;
{{pp-template|small=yes}}
{{Documentation}}
&lt;!-- Add categories and interwikis to the /doc subpage, not here! --&gt;
&lt;/noinclude&gt;</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Template:Sister</title>
<id>20505184</id>
<revision>
<id>301188941</id>
<timestamp>2009-07-09T13:53:57Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Happy-melon</username>
<id>994084</id>
</contributor>
<comment>update per editprotected</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">{{side box
|position = {{{position|}}}
|image = &lt;!--
--&gt;{{#switch:{{{image|}}}
|none=
|=[[Image:{{#switch:{{lc:{{{project|}}}}}
|commons = Commons-logo.svg
|meta|metawiki|m = Wikimedia Community Logo.svg
|wikibooks|wbk|wb|b = Wikibooks-logo-en-noslogan.svg
|wikiquote|quote|wqt|q = Wikiquote-logo-en.svg
|wikisource|source|ws|s = Wikisource-logo.svg
|wiktionary|wkt|wdy|d = Wiktionary-logo-en.svg
|wikinews|news|wnw|n = Wikinews-logo.svg
|wikispecies|species = Wikispecies-logo.svg
|wikiversity|wvy|v = Wikiversity-logo.svg
|mediawiki|mw = Mediawiki.png
|#default = Wikimedia-logo.svg
}}|40px|link={{#switch:{{lc:{{{project}}}}}
|commons = commons
|meta|metawiki|m = meta
|wikibooks|wbk|wb|b = b
|wikiquote|quote|wqt|q = q
|wikisource|source|ws|s = s
|wiktionary|wkt|wdy|d = wikt
|wikinews|news|wnw|n = n
|wikispecies|species = species
|wikiversity|wvy|v = v
|mediawiki|mw = mw
|#default =
}}:{{{1|Special:Search/{{PAGENAME}}}}}|Search {{#switch:{{lc:{{{project}}}}}
|commons = Wikimedia Commons
|meta|metawiki|m = Meta
|wikibooks|wbk|wb|b = Wikibooks
|wikiquote|quote|wqt|q = Wikiquote
|wikisource|source|ws|s = Wikisource
|wiktionary|wkt|wdy|d = Wiktionary
|wikinews|news|wnw|n = Wikinews
|wikispecies|species = Wikispecies
|wikiversity|wvy|v = Wikiversity
|mediawiki|mw = MediaWiki
|#default = sister project
}}]]
|{{{image}}}
}}&lt;!--
--&gt;
|text = {{{text}}}
|below = {{{below|}}}
|imageright = {{{imageright|}}}
}}&lt;noinclude&gt;
{{pp-template|small=yes}}
{{documentation}}
&lt;/noinclude&gt;</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Template:Navbar</title>
<id>5277509</id>
<restrictions>edit=sysop:move=sysop</restrictions>
<revision>
<id>298552649</id>
<timestamp>2009-06-25T13:01:04Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>MSGJ</username>
<id>42630</id>
</contributor>
<minor/>
<comment>reword for consistency with other span titles</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">&lt;includeonly&gt;{{#if:{{{nodiv|}}}|&amp;nbsp;&lt;span|&lt;div}} class=&quot;noprint plainlinks navbar&quot; style=&quot;background:none; padding:0; font-weight:normal;{{{fontstyle|}}}; font-size:xx-small; {{{style|}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{mini|}}}{{{plain|}}}|&lt;!--nothing--&gt;|&lt;!--else:
--&gt;This box:&amp;#32;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{brackets|}}}|&amp;#91;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;[[{{transclude|{{{1}}}}}|&lt;span title=&quot;View this template&quot; style=&quot;{{{fontstyle|}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{mini|}}}|v|view}}&lt;/span&gt;]]&lt;!--
--&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;span style=&quot;font-size:80%;&quot;&gt;&lt;/span&gt;&amp;nbsp;[[{{TALKPAGENAME:{{transclude|{{{1}}}}}}}|&lt;span title=&quot;Discuss this template&quot; style=&quot;{{{fontstyle|}}}&quot;&gt;{{#if:{{{mini|}}}|d|talk}}&lt;/span&gt;]]&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{noedit|}}}|&lt;!--nothing--&gt;|&lt;!--else:
--&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;span style=&quot;font-size:80%;&quot;&gt;&lt;/span&gt;&amp;nbsp;[{{fullurl:{{transclude|{{{1}}}}}|action=edit}}&lt;span title=&quot;Edit this template&quot; style=&quot;{{{fontstyle|}}};&quot;&gt;{{#if:{{{mini|}}}|e|edit}}&lt;/span&gt;]&lt;!--
--&gt;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{brackets|}}}|]}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{nodiv|}}}|&lt;!--then:
--&gt;&lt;/span&gt;&amp;nbsp;|&lt;!--else:
--&gt;&lt;/div&gt;}}&lt;/includeonly&gt;&lt;noinclude&gt;
{{pp-template|small=yes}}
{{documentation}}
&lt;/noinclude&gt;</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Template:Navbox</title>
<id>995954</id>
<revision>
<id>305046752</id>
<timestamp>2009-07-30T09:51:54Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>MSGJ</username>
<id>42630</id>
</contributor>
<minor/>
<comment>add titleclass and bodyclass parameters, per request on talk page</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">&lt;!--
Please do not edit without discussion first as this is a VERY complex template.
--&gt;{{#switch:{{{border|{{{1|}}}}}}|subgroup|child=&lt;/div&gt;|none=|#default=&lt;table class=&quot;navbox {{{bodyclass|}}}&quot; cellspacing=&quot;0&quot; &lt;!--
--&gt;style=&quot;{{{bodystyle|}}};{{{style|}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;tr&gt;&lt;td style=&quot;padding:2px;&quot;&gt;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;table cellspacing=&quot;0&quot; class=&quot;nowraplinks {{#if:{{{title|}}}|{{#switch:{{{state|}}}|plain|off=|&lt;!--
--&gt;#default=collapsible {{#if:{{{state|}}}|{{{state}}}|autocollapse}}}}}} {{#switch:{{{border|{{{1|}}}}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;subgroup|child|none=navbox-subgroup&quot; style=&quot;width:100%;{{{bodystyle|}}};{{{style|}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;#default=&quot; style=&quot;width:100%;background:transparent;color:inherit}};{{{innerstyle|}}};&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
---Title and Navbar---
--&gt;{{#if:{{{title|}}}|&lt;tr&gt;{{#if:{{{titlegroup|}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;td class=&quot;navbox-group&quot; style=&quot;{{{basestyle|}}};{{{groupstyle|}}};{{{titlegroupstyle|}}}&quot;&gt;{{{titlegroup|}}}&lt;/td&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;th style=&quot;border-left:2px solid #fdfdfd;width:100%;|&lt;th style=&quot;}}{{{basestyle|}}};{{{titlestyle|}}}&quot; &lt;!--
--&gt;colspan={{#expr:2{{#if:{{{imageleft|}}}|+1}}{{#if:{{{image|}}}|+1}}{{#if:{{{titlegroup|}}}|-1}}}} &lt;!--
--&gt;class=&quot;navbox-title&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{#switch:{{{navbar|}}}|plain|off=1}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{name|}}}||{{#switch:{{{border|{{{1|}}}}}}|subgroup|child|none=1}}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#ifeq:{{{navbar|}}}|off|{{#ifeq:{{{state|}}}|plain|&lt;div style=&quot;float:right;width:6em;&quot;&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;/div&gt;}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#ifeq:{{{state|}}}|plain||&lt;div style=&quot;float:left; width:6em;text-align:left;&quot;&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;/div&gt;}}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;float:left; width:6em;text-align:left;&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{Navbar|{{{name}}}|fontstyle={{{basestyle|}}};{{{titlestyle|}}};border:none;|mini=1}}&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;/div&gt;{{#ifeq:{{{state|}}}|plain|&lt;div style=&quot;float:right;width:6em;&quot;&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;/div&gt;}}}}&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;span class=&quot;{{{titleclass|}}}&quot; style=&quot;font-size:{{#switch:{{{border|{{{1|}}}}}}|subgroup|child|none=100|#default=110}}%;&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{{title}}}&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/th&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;!--
---Above---
--&gt;{{#if:{{{above|}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{title|}}}|&lt;tr style=&quot;height:2px;&quot;&gt;&lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;tr&gt;&lt;td class=&quot;navbox-abovebelow&quot; style=&quot;{{{basestyle|}}};{{{abovestyle|}}}&quot; &lt;!--
--&gt;colspan=&quot;{{#expr:2{{#if:{{{imageleft|}}}|+1}}{{#if:{{{image|}}}|+1}}}}&quot;&gt;{{{above}}}&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;!--
---Body---
---First group/list and images---
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list1|}}}|{{#if:{{{title|}}}{{{above|}}}|&lt;tr style=&quot;height:2px;&quot;&gt;&lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;tr&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{imageleft|}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;td style=&quot;width:0%;padding:0px 2px 0px 0px;{{{imageleftstyle|}}}&quot; &lt;!--
--&gt;rowspan={{#expr:1{{#if:{{{list2|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list3|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list4|}}}|+2}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list5|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list6|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list7|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list8|}}}|+2}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list9|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list10|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list11|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list12|}}}|+2}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list13|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list14|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list15|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list16|}}}|+2}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list17|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list18|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list19|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list20|}}}|+2}}}}&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{{imageleft}}}&lt;/td&gt;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{group1|}}}|&lt;td class=&quot;navbox-group&quot; style=&quot;{{{basestyle|}}};{{{groupstyle|}}};{{{group1style|}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{{group1}}}&lt;/td&gt;&lt;td style=&quot;text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;|&lt;td colspan=2 style=&quot;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;width:100%;padding:0px;{{{liststyle|}}};{{{oddstyle|}}};{{{list1style|}}}&quot; &lt;!--
--&gt;class=&quot;navbox-list navbox-{{#ifeq:{{{evenodd|}}}|swap|even|{{{evenodd|odd}}}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;padding:{{{list1padding|{{{listpadding|0em 0.25em}}}}}}&quot;&gt;{{{list1}}}&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{image|}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;td style=&quot;width:0%;padding:0px 0px 0px 2px;{{{imagestyle|}}}&quot; &lt;!--
--&gt;rowspan={{#expr:1{{#if:{{{list2|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list3|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list4|}}}|+2}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list5|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list6|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list7|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list8|}}}|+2}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list9|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list10|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list11|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list12|}}}|+2}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list13|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list14|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list15|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list16|}}}|+2}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list17|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list18|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list19|}}}|+2}}{{#if:{{{list20|}}}|+2}}}}&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{{image}}}&lt;/td&gt;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;!--
---Remaining groups/lists---
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list2|}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{title|}}}{{{above|}}}{{{list1|}}}|&lt;tr style=&quot;height:2px&quot;&gt;&lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;tr&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{group2|}}}|&lt;td class=&quot;navbox-group&quot; style=&quot;{{{basestyle|}}};{{{groupstyle|}}};{{{group2style|}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{{group2}}}&lt;/td&gt;&lt;td style=&quot;text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;|&lt;td colspan=2 style=&quot;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;width:100%;padding:0px;{{{liststyle|}}};{{{evenstyle|}}};{{{list2style|}}}&quot; &lt;!--
--&gt;class=&quot;navbox-list navbox-{{#ifeq:{{{evenodd|}}}|swap|odd|{{{evenodd|even}}}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;padding:{{{listpadding|0em 0.25em}}}&quot;&gt;{{{list2}}}&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list3|}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{title|}}}{{{above|}}}{{{list1|}}}{{{list2|}}}|&lt;tr style=&quot;height:2px&quot;&gt;&lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;tr&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{group3|}}}|&lt;td class=&quot;navbox-group&quot; style=&quot;{{{basestyle|}}};{{{groupstyle|}}};{{{group3style|}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{{group3}}}&lt;/td&gt;&lt;td style=&quot;text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;|&lt;td colspan=2 style=&quot;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;width:100%;padding:0px;{{{liststyle|}}};{{{oddstyle|}}};{{{list3style|}}}&quot; &lt;!--
--&gt;class=&quot;navbox-list navbox-{{#ifeq:{{{evenodd|}}}|swap|even|{{{evenodd|odd}}}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;padding:{{{listpadding|0em 0.25em}}}&quot;&gt;{{{list3}}}&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list4|}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;tr style=&quot;height:2px&quot;&gt;&lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;&lt;tr&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{group4|}}}|&lt;td class=&quot;navbox-group&quot; style=&quot;{{{basestyle|}}};{{{groupstyle|}}};{{{group4style|}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{{group4}}}&lt;/td&gt;&lt;td style=&quot;text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;|&lt;td colspan=2 style=&quot;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;width:100%;padding:0px;{{{liststyle|}}};{{{evenstyle|}}};{{{list4style|}}}&quot; &lt;!--
--&gt;class=&quot;navbox-list navbox-{{#ifeq:{{{evenodd|}}}|swap|odd|{{{evenodd|even}}}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;padding:{{{listpadding|0em 0.25em}}}&quot;&gt;{{{list4}}}&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list5|}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;tr style=&quot;height:2px&quot;&gt;&lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;&lt;tr&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{group5|}}}|&lt;td class=&quot;navbox-group&quot; style=&quot;{{{basestyle|}}};{{{groupstyle|}}};{{{group5style|}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{{group5}}}&lt;/td&gt;&lt;td style=&quot;text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;|&lt;td colspan=2 style=&quot;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;width:100%;padding:0px;{{{liststyle|}}};{{{oddstyle|}}};{{{list5style|}}}&quot; &lt;!--
--&gt;class=&quot;navbox-list navbox-{{#ifeq:{{{evenodd|}}}|swap|even|{{{evenodd|odd}}}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;padding:{{{listpadding|0em 0.25em}}}&quot;&gt;{{{list5}}}&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list6|}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;tr style=&quot;height:2px&quot;&gt;&lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;&lt;tr&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{group6|}}}|&lt;td class=&quot;navbox-group&quot; style=&quot;{{{basestyle|}}};{{{groupstyle|}}};{{{group6style|}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{{group6}}}&lt;/td&gt;&lt;td style=&quot;text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;|&lt;td colspan=2 style=&quot;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;width:100%;padding:0px;{{{liststyle|}}};{{{evenstyle|}}};{{{list6style|}}}&quot; &lt;!--
--&gt;class=&quot;navbox-list navbox-{{#ifeq:{{{evenodd|}}}|swap|odd|{{{evenodd|even}}}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;padding:{{{listpadding|0em 0.25em}}}&quot;&gt;{{{list6}}}&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list7|}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;tr style=&quot;height:2px&quot;&gt;&lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;&lt;tr&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{group7|}}}|&lt;td class=&quot;navbox-group&quot; style=&quot;{{{basestyle|}}};{{{groupstyle|}}};{{{group7style|}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{{group7}}}&lt;/td&gt;&lt;td style=&quot;text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;|&lt;td colspan=2 style=&quot;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;width:100%;padding:0px;{{{liststyle|}}};{{{oddstyle|}}};{{{list7style|}}}&quot; &lt;!--
--&gt;class=&quot;navbox-list navbox-{{#ifeq:{{{evenodd|}}}|swap|even|{{{evenodd|odd}}}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;padding:{{{listpadding|0em 0.25em}}}&quot;&gt;{{{list7}}}&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list8|}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;tr style=&quot;height:2px&quot;&gt;&lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;&lt;tr&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{group8|}}}|&lt;td class=&quot;navbox-group&quot; style=&quot;{{{basestyle|}}};{{{groupstyle|}}};{{{group8style|}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{{group8}}}&lt;/td&gt;&lt;td style=&quot;text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;|&lt;td colspan=2 style=&quot;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;width:100%;padding:0px;{{{liststyle|}}};{{{evenstyle|}}};{{{list8style|}}}&quot; &lt;!--
--&gt;class=&quot;navbox-list navbox-{{#ifeq:{{{evenodd|}}}|swap|odd|{{{evenodd|even}}}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;padding:{{{listpadding|0em 0.25em}}}&quot;&gt;{{{list8}}}&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list9|}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;tr style=&quot;height:2px&quot;&gt;&lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;&lt;tr&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{group9|}}}|&lt;td class=&quot;navbox-group&quot; style=&quot;{{{basestyle|}}};{{{groupstyle|}}};{{{group9style|}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{{group9}}}&lt;/td&gt;&lt;td style=&quot;text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;|&lt;td colspan=2 style=&quot;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;width:100%;padding:0px;{{{liststyle|}}};{{{oddstyle|}}};{{{list9style|}}}&quot; &lt;!--
--&gt;class=&quot;navbox-list navbox-{{#ifeq:{{{evenodd|}}}|swap|even|{{{evenodd|odd}}}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;padding:{{{listpadding|0em 0.25em}}}&quot;&gt;{{{list9}}}&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list10|}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;tr style=&quot;height:2px&quot;&gt;&lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;&lt;tr&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{group10|}}}|&lt;td class=&quot;navbox-group&quot; style=&quot;{{{basestyle|}}};{{{groupstyle|}}};{{{group10style|}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{{group10}}}&lt;/td&gt;&lt;td style=&quot;text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;|&lt;td colspan=2 style=&quot;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;width:100%;padding:0px;{{{liststyle|}}};{{{evenstyle|}}};{{{list10style|}}}&quot; &lt;!--
--&gt;class=&quot;navbox-list navbox-{{#ifeq:{{{evenodd|}}}|swap|odd|{{{evenodd|even}}}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;padding:{{{listpadding|0em 0.25em}}}&quot;&gt;{{{list10}}}&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list11|}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;tr style=&quot;height:2px&quot;&gt;&lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;&lt;tr&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{group11|}}}|&lt;td class=&quot;navbox-group&quot; style=&quot;{{{basestyle|}}};{{{groupstyle|}}};{{{group11style|}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{{group11}}}&lt;/td&gt;&lt;td style=&quot;text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;|&lt;td colspan=2 style=&quot;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;width:100%;padding:0px;{{{liststyle|}}};{{{oddstyle|}}};{{{list11style|}}}&quot; &lt;!--
--&gt;class=&quot;navbox-list navbox-{{#ifeq:{{{evenodd|}}}|swap|even|{{{evenodd|odd}}}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;padding:{{{listpadding|0em 0.25em}}}&quot;&gt;{{{list11}}}&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list12|}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;tr style=&quot;height:2px&quot;&gt;&lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;&lt;tr&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{group12|}}}|&lt;td class=&quot;navbox-group&quot; style=&quot;{{{basestyle|}}};{{{groupstyle|}}};{{{group12style|}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{{group12}}}&lt;/td&gt;&lt;td style=&quot;text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;|&lt;td colspan=2 style=&quot;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;width:100%;padding:0px;{{{liststyle|}}};{{{evenstyle|}}};{{{list12style|}}}&quot; &lt;!--
--&gt;class=&quot;navbox-list navbox-{{#ifeq:{{{evenodd|}}}|swap|odd|{{{evenodd|even}}}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;padding:{{{listpadding|0em 0.25em}}}&quot;&gt;{{{list12}}}&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list13|}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;tr style=&quot;height:2px&quot;&gt;&lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;&lt;tr&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{group13|}}}|&lt;td class=&quot;navbox-group&quot; style=&quot;{{{basestyle|}}};{{{groupstyle|}}};{{{group13style|}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{{group13}}}&lt;/td&gt;&lt;td style=&quot;text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;|&lt;td colspan=2 style=&quot;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;width:100%;padding:0px;{{{liststyle|}}};{{{oddstyle|}}};{{{list13style|}}}&quot; &lt;!--
--&gt;class=&quot;navbox-list navbox-{{#ifeq:{{{evenodd|}}}|swap|even|{{{evenodd|odd}}}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;padding:{{{listpadding|0em 0.25em}}}&quot;&gt;{{{list13}}}&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list14|}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;tr style=&quot;height:2px&quot;&gt;&lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;&lt;tr&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{group14|}}}|&lt;td class=&quot;navbox-group&quot; style=&quot;{{{basestyle|}}};{{{groupstyle|}}};{{{group14style|}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{{group14}}}&lt;/td&gt;&lt;td style=&quot;text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;|&lt;td colspan=2 style=&quot;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;width:100%;padding:0px;{{{liststyle|}}};{{{evenstyle|}}};{{{list14style|}}}&quot; &lt;!--
--&gt;class=&quot;navbox-list navbox-{{#ifeq:{{{evenodd|}}}|swap|odd|{{{evenodd|even}}}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;padding:{{{listpadding|0em 0.25em}}}&quot;&gt;{{{list14}}}&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list15|}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;tr style=&quot;height:2px&quot;&gt;&lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;&lt;tr&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{group15|}}}|&lt;td class=&quot;navbox-group&quot; style=&quot;{{{basestyle|}}};{{{groupstyle|}}};{{{group15style|}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{{group15}}}&lt;/td&gt;&lt;td style=&quot;text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;|&lt;td colspan=2 style=&quot;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;width:100%;padding:0px;{{{liststyle|}}};{{{oddstyle|}}};{{{list15style|}}}&quot; &lt;!--
--&gt;class=&quot;navbox-list navbox-{{#ifeq:{{{evenodd|}}}|swap|even|{{{evenodd|odd}}}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;padding:{{{listpadding|0em 0.25em}}}&quot;&gt;{{{list15}}}&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list16|}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;tr style=&quot;height:2px&quot;&gt;&lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;&lt;tr&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{group16|}}}|&lt;td class=&quot;navbox-group&quot; style=&quot;{{{basestyle|}}};{{{groupstyle|}}};{{{group16style|}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{{group16}}}&lt;/td&gt;&lt;td style=&quot;text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;|&lt;td colspan=2 style=&quot;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;width:100%;padding:0px;{{{liststyle|}}};{{{evenstyle|}}};{{{list16style|}}}&quot; &lt;!--
--&gt;class=&quot;navbox-list navbox-{{#ifeq:{{{evenodd|}}}|swap|odd|{{{evenodd|even}}}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;padding:{{{listpadding|0em 0.25em}}}&quot;&gt;{{{list16}}}&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list17|}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;tr style=&quot;height:2px&quot;&gt;&lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;&lt;tr&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{group17|}}}|&lt;td class=&quot;navbox-group&quot; style=&quot;{{{basestyle|}}};{{{groupstyle|}}};{{{group17style|}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{{group17}}}&lt;/td&gt;&lt;td style=&quot;text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;|&lt;td colspan=2 style=&quot;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;width:100%;padding:0px;{{{liststyle|}}};{{{oddstyle|}}};{{{list17style|}}}&quot; &lt;!--
--&gt;class=&quot;navbox-list navbox-{{#ifeq:{{{evenodd|}}}|swap|even|{{{evenodd|odd}}}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;padding:{{{listpadding|0em 0.25em}}}&quot;&gt;{{{list17}}}&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list18|}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;tr style=&quot;height:2px&quot;&gt;&lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;&lt;tr&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{group18|}}}|&lt;td class=&quot;navbox-group&quot; style=&quot;{{{basestyle|}}};{{{groupstyle|}}};{{{group18style|}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{{group18}}}&lt;/td&gt;&lt;td style=&quot;text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;|&lt;td colspan=2 style=&quot;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;width:100%;padding:0px;{{{liststyle|}}};{{{evenstyle|}}};{{{list18style|}}}&quot; &lt;!--
--&gt;class=&quot;navbox-list navbox-{{#ifeq:{{{evenodd|}}}|swap|odd|{{{evenodd|even}}}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;padding:{{{listpadding|0em 0.25em}}}&quot;&gt;{{{list18}}}&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list19|}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;tr style=&quot;height:2px&quot;&gt;&lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;&lt;tr&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{group19|}}}|&lt;td class=&quot;navbox-group&quot; style=&quot;{{{basestyle|}}};{{{groupstyle|}}};{{{group19style|}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{{group19}}}&lt;/td&gt;&lt;td style=&quot;text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;|&lt;td colspan=2 style=&quot;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;width:100%;padding:0px;{{{liststyle|}}};{{{oddstyle|}}};{{{list19style|}}}&quot; &lt;!--
--&gt;class=&quot;navbox-list navbox-{{#ifeq:{{{evenodd|}}}|swap|even|{{{evenodd|odd}}}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;padding:{{{listpadding|0em 0.25em}}}&quot;&gt;{{{list19}}}&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{list20|}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;tr style=&quot;height:2px&quot;&gt;&lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;&lt;tr&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{group20|}}}|&lt;td class=&quot;navbox-group&quot; style=&quot;{{{basestyle|}}};{{{groupstyle|}}};{{{group20style|}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;{{{group20}}}&lt;/td&gt;&lt;td style=&quot;text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;|&lt;td colspan=2 style=&quot;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;width:100%;padding:0px;{{{liststyle|}}};{{{evenstyle|}}};{{{list20style|}}}&quot; &lt;!--
--&gt;class=&quot;navbox-list navbox-{{#ifeq:{{{evenodd|}}}|swap|odd|{{{evenodd|even}}}}}&quot;&gt;&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;padding:{{{listpadding|0em 0.25em}}}&quot;&gt;{{{list20}}}&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;!--
---Below---
--&gt;{{#if:{{{below|}}}|&lt;!--
--&gt;{{#if:{{{title|}}}{{{above|}}}{{{list1|}}}{{{list2|}}}{{{list3|}}}|&lt;tr style=&quot;height:2px;&quot;&gt;&lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;tr&gt;&lt;td class=&quot;navbox-abovebelow&quot; style=&quot;{{{basestyle|}}};{{{belowstyle|}}}&quot; &lt;!--
--&gt;colspan=&quot;{{#expr:2{{#if:{{{imageleft|}}}|+1}}{{#if:{{{image|}}}|+1}}}}&quot;&gt;{{{below}}}&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;/table&gt;{{#switch:{{{border|{{{1|}}}}}}|subgroup|child=&lt;div&gt;|none=|#default=&lt;/td&gt;&lt;/tr&gt;&lt;/table&gt;}}&lt;!--
--&gt;&lt;noinclude&gt;
{{pp-template|small=yes}}
{{documentation}}
&lt;!-- Add categories and interwikis to the /doc subpage, not here! --&gt;
&lt;/noinclude&gt;</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Template:Nowrap</title>
<id>1627975</id>
<restrictions>edit=sysop:move=sysop</restrictions>
<revision>
<id>217157546</id>
<timestamp>2008-06-04T21:13:26Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Nihiltres</username>
<id>236191</id>
</contributor>
<minor/>
<comment>closing colon</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">&lt;span style=&quot;white-space:nowrap;&quot;&gt;{{{1}}}&lt;/span&gt;&lt;noinclude&gt;{{documentation}}&lt;!--interwikis/categories go inside doc--&gt;&lt;/noinclude&gt;</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Template:Pritzker Prize Winners 1979-2000</title>
<id>5269556</id>
<redirect />
<revision>
<id>193239795</id>
<timestamp>2008-02-22T09:47:45Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Alexbot</username>
<id>5517884</id>
</contributor>
<minor/>
<comment>Robot: Fixing double redirect</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">#REDIRECT [[Template:Pritzker Prize laureates]]</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Template:Pritzker Prize laureates</title>
<id>5029176</id>
<revision>
<id>303702953</id>
<timestamp>2009-07-23T09:17:46Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Cydebot</username>
<id>1215485</id>
</contributor>
<minor/>
<comment>Robot - Speedily moving category Technology award templates to Technology awards templates per [[WP:CFD|CFD]].</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">{{Navbox
|name = Pritzker Prize laureates
|title = [[Pritzker Prize]] [[laureate]]s
|titlestyle = background:#d3d3d3;
|summary = A list of the winners of the Pritzker Architecture Prize
|list1 = &lt;div&gt;
[[Philip Johnson]] (1979){{·w}}
[[Luis Barragán]] (1980){{·w}}
[[James Stirling (architect)|James Stirling]] (1981){{·w}}
[[Kevin Roche]] (1982){{·w}}
[[I. M. Pei]] (1983){{·w}}
[[Richard Meier]] (1984){{·w}}
[[Hans Hollein]] (1985){{·w}}
[[Gottfried Böhm]] (1986){{·w}}
[[Kenzo Tange]] (1987){{·w}}
[[Gordon Bunshaft]] / [[Oscar Niemeyer]] (1988){{·w}}
[[Frank Gehry]] (1989){{·w}}
[[Aldo Rossi]] (1990){{·w}}
[[Robert Venturi]] (1991){{·w}}
[[Álvaro Siza Vieira]] (1992){{·w}}
[[Fumihiko Maki]] (1993){{·w}}
[[Christian de Portzamparc]] (1994){{·w}}
[[Tadao Ando]] (1995){{·w}}
[[Rafael Moneo]] (1996){{·w}}
[[Sverre Fehn]] (1997){{·w}}
[[Renzo Piano]] (1998){{·w}}
[[Norman Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank|Norman Foster]] (1999){{·w}}
[[Rem Koolhaas]] (2000){{·w}}
[[Herzog &amp; de Meuron]] (2001){{·w}}
[[Glenn Murcutt]] (2002){{·w}}
[[Jørn Utzon]] (2003){{·w}}
[[Zaha Hadid]] (2004){{·w}}
[[Thom Mayne]] (2005){{·w}}
[[Paulo Mendes da Rocha]] (2006){{·w}}
[[Richard Rogers]] (2007){{·w}}
[[Jean Nouvel]] (2008){{·w}}
[[Peter Zumthor]] (2009)
&lt;/div&gt;
}}&lt;noinclude&gt;
[[Category:Technology awards templates|{{PAGENAME}}]]
[[fa:الگو:جایزه پریتزکر]]
[[fr:Modèle:Lauréat du prix Pritzker]]
[[mk:Шаблон:Прицкерови лауреати]]
[[ja:Template:プリツカー賞受賞者]]
[[ro:Format:Pritzker Prize laureates]]
[[sk:Šablóna:Pritzkerova cena]]
[[pl:Laureaci Nagrody Pritzkera]]
&lt;/noinclude&gt;</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Template:Reflist</title>
<id>7585648</id>
<revision>
<id>246409010</id>
<timestamp>2008-10-20T01:28:44Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Nihiltres</username>
<id>236191</id>
</contributor>
<comment>Adding div classes per editprotected on talk by [[User:Anomie|Anomie]] using change from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=User:Anomie/Sandbox3&amp;diff=244821255&amp;oldid=244820528</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">&lt;div class=&quot;references-small {{#if: {{{colwidth|}}} | references-column-width | {{#iferror: {{#ifexpr: {{{1|1}}}&gt;1 | references-column-count references-column-count-{{{1}}} }} }} }}&quot; {{#if: {{{colwidth|}}}| style=&quot;-moz-column-width:{{{colwidth}}}; column-width:{{{colwidth}}};&quot; | {{#if: {{{1|}}}| style=&quot;-moz-column-count:{{{1}}}; column-count:{{{1}}};&quot; }} }}&gt;
{{#tag:references||group={{{group|}}}}}&lt;/div&gt;&lt;noinclude&gt;{{pp-template|small=yes}}{{documentation}}&lt;/noinclude&gt;</text>
</revision>
</page>
<page>
<title>Template:Transclude</title>
<id>21843384</id>
<revision>
<id>275377931</id>
<timestamp>2009-03-06T12:09:04Z</timestamp>
<contributor>
<username>Happy-melon</username>
<id>994084</id>
</contributor>
<minor/>
<comment>Protected Template:Transclude: [[WP:HRT|Highly visible template]] ([edit=sysop] (indefinite) [move=sysop] (indefinite))</comment>
<text xml:space="preserve">{{#switch: {{NAMESPACE: {{{1}}} }}
|#default = {{FULLPAGENAME: {{{1}}} }} &lt;!-- eg &quot;User:Foo&quot; --&gt;
|{{ns:0}} =
{{#ifeq: {{NAMESPACE: {{{1}}} }} | {{NAMESPACE: Template{{{1}}} }}
| Template:{{{1}}} &lt;!-- no leading colon, eg &quot;Foo&quot; --&gt;
| {{PAGENAME: {{{1}}} }} &lt;!-- leading colon, eg &quot;:Foo&quot;, so we want the article --&gt;
}}
}}&lt;noinclude&gt;