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jaxrs-jwt: JAX-RS secured using JSON Web Tokens (JWTs)

The jaxrs-jwt quickstart demonstrates a JAX-RS secured application using JSON Web Tokens (JWT) with Elytron.

What is it?

This quickstart demonstrates how to secure a JAX-RS service with JWTs using the Elytron subsystem.

There are 4 resource endpoints, plus another one for generating JWTs.

  • /rest/public - Requires no authentication.

  • /rest/customer - Can be accessed by users with customer role authority.

  • /rest/admin - Can be accessed by users with admin role authority.

  • /rest/claims - Can be accessed by any authenticated user and demonstrates how to extract token claims.

  • /rest/token - POST endpoint for generating tokens from provided credentials.

Note
This quickstart asserts only few JWT claims for demonstration purposes. In your application, you should use all claims required by the specification you are using.

Generate an RS256 Key Pair

Elytron uses RS256 (SHA256withRSA), RS384 (SHA384withRSA), and RS512 (SHA512withRSA) asymmetric keys for signing JWTs. The keys must be in PKCS#8 format.

You can generate your own RS256 key pair using java keytool.

  1. Open a terminal and navigate to the {productName} server configuration directory:

    For Linux:   standalone/configuration
    For Windows: standalone\configuration
  2. Create a keystore for your server using the following command:

    $>keytool -genkey -alias alias -keyalg RSA -keysize 2048 -keystore jwt.keystore -storepass secret -keypass secret
    
    What is your first and last name?
       [Unknown]:  localhost
    What is the name of your organizational unit?
       [Unknown]:  wildfly
    What is the name of your organization?
       [Unknown]:  jboss
    What is the name of your City or Locality?
       [Unknown]:  Raleigh
    What is the name of your State or Province?
       [Unknown]:  Carolina
    What is the two-letter country code for this unit?
       [Unknown]:  US
    Is CN=localhost, OU=wildfly, O=jboss, L=Raleigh, ST=Carolina, C=US correct?
       [no]:  yes

Configure the Server

You configure the security domain by running JBoss CLI commands. For your convenience, this quickstart batches the commands into a configure-elytron.cli script provided in the root directory of this quickstart.

  1. Before you begin, make sure you do the following:

  2. Review the configure-elytron.cli file in the root of this quickstart directory. This script adds the configuration that enables Elytron security for the quickstart deployment. Comments in the script describe the purpose of each block of commands.

    Important
    This script contains placeholder PEM public key to make the deployment of this quickstart easy. DO not use this key for anything but testing purposes! You must generate your own key pair for your own application.
  3. Open a new terminal, navigate to the root directory of this quickstart, and run the following command, replacing {jbossHomeName} with the path to your server:

    $ {jbossHomeName}/bin/jboss-cli.sh --connect --file=configure-elytron.cli
    Note
    For Windows, use the {jbossHomeName}\bin\jboss-cli.bat script.
  4. Because this example quickstart demonstrates security, system exceptions are thrown when secured EJB access is attempted by an invalid user. If you want to review the security exceptions in the server log, you can skip this step. If you want to suppress these exceptions in the server log, run the following command, replacing {jbossHomeName} with the path to your server:

    $ {jbossHomeName}/bin/jboss-cli.sh --connect --file=configure-system-exception.cli
    Note
    For Windows,use the {jbossHomeName}\bin\jboss-cli.bat script.

    You should see the following result when you run the script:

    The batch executed successfully
  5. Stop the {productName} server.

Review the Modified Server Configuration

After stopping the server, open the {jbossHomeName}/standalone/configuration/standalone.xml file and review the changes.

  1. The following token-realm was added to the security-realms element in the elytron subsystem.

    <token-realm name="jwt-realm" principal-claim="sub">
        <jwt issuer="quickstart-jwt-issuer" audience="jwt-audience" key-store="jwt-key-store" certificate="alias"/>
    </token-realm>
  2. The following security-domain was added, which uses the jwt-realm.

    <security-domain name="jwt-domain" default-realm="jwt-realm" permission-mapper="default-permission-mapper">
        <realm name="jwt-realm" role-decoder="groups-to-roles"/>
    </security-domain>
  3. The following HTTP authentication factory was added, which uses BEARER_TOKEN and the jwt-realm.

    <http-authentication-factory name="jwt-http-authentication" http-server-mechanism-factory="global" security-domain="jwt-domain">
        <mechanism-configuration>
            <mechanism mechanism-name="BEARER_TOKEN">
                <mechanism-realm realm-name="jwt-realm"/>
            </mechanism>
        </mechanism-configuration>
    </http-authentication-factory>
  4. Finally, the application security domain is configured in Undertow to use the new HTTP authentication factory.

    <application-security-domains>
        <application-security-domain name="other" http-authentication-factory="jwt-http-authentication"/>
    </application-security-domains>

Access the Application

Before you run the client, make sure you have already successfully deployed the REST to the server in the previous step and that your terminal is still in the same folder.

Type the following command to execute the client.

$ mvn exec:java

Investigate the Console Output

When you run the mvn exec:java command, you see the following output.

------------------------------
Testing admin
------------------------------
Obtaining JWT...
Accessing /protected...
Status: 200
{"path":"protected","result":"Hello admin!"}

Accessing /public...
Status: 200
{"path":"public","result":"Hello admin!"}

Accessing /customer...
Status: 403

Accessing /claims...
Status: 200
{"sub":"admin","aud":["jwt-audience"],"iss":"quickstart-jwt-issuer","groups":["admin"],"exp":1519336360000}

------------------------------
Testing customer
------------------------------
Obtaining JWT...
Accessing /protected...
Status: 403

Accessing /public...
Status: 200
{"path":"public","result":"Hello customer!"}

Accessing /customer...
Status: 200
{"path":"customer","result":"Hello customer!"}

Accessing /claims...
Status: 200
{"sub":"customer","aud":["jwt-audience"],"iss":"quickstart-jwt-issuer","groups":["customer"],"exp":1519336360000}

------------------------------
Testing without token
------------------------------
Accessing /protected...
Status: 401

Accessing /public...
Status: 200
{"path":"public","result":"Hello anonymous!"}

Accessing /customer...
Status: 401

Accessing /claims...
Status: 204

The client tries to test service functionality using 3 identities.

  1. admin - this user belongs to group admin, which gives him rights to access /rest/protected

  2. customer - this user belongs to group customer, which gives him rights to access /rest/customer

  3. no credentials provided - the client tries to access all endpoints, but can only access unprotected /rest/public

The endpoint /rest/claims demonstrates a way, how you could extract token claims for further manipulation.

This script reverts the changes made to the undertow and elytron subsystem.You should see the following result when you run the script.

The batch executed successfully
process-state: reload-required
You can’t perform that action at this time.