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wsba-coordinator-completion-simple: Example of a WS-BA Enabled JAX-WS Web Service

The wsba-coordinator-completion-simple quickstart deploys a WS-BA (WS Business Activity) enabled JAX-WS Web service WAR (CoordinatorCompletion protocol).

What is it?

The wsba-coordinator-completion-simple quickstart demonstrates the deployment of a WS-BA (WS Business Activity) enabled JAX-WS Web service bundled in a WAR archive (Participant Completion protocol) for deployment to {productNameFull}.

The Web service exposes a simple set collection as a service. The Service allows items to be added to the set within a Business Activity.

This example demonstrates the basics of implementing a WS-BA enabled Web service. It is beyond the scope of this quick start to demonstrate more advanced features. In particular:

  • The Service does not implement the required hooks to support recovery in the presence of failures.

  • It also does not utilize a transactional back-end resource.

  • Only one web service participates in the protocol. As WS-BA is a coordination protocol, it is best suited to multi-participant scenarios.

For a more complete example, please see the XTS demonstrator application that ships with the Narayana project: http://narayana.io.

It is also assumed that you have an understanding of WS-BusinessActivity. For more details, read the XTS documentation that ships with the Narayana project: http://narayana.io/docs/product

The application consists of a single JAX-WS web service that is deployed within a WAR archive. It is tested with a JBoss Arquillian enabled JUnit test.

When running the org.jboss.as.quickstarts.wsba.coordinatorcompletion.simple.ClientTest#testSuccess() method, the following steps occur:

  1. A new Business Activity is created by the client.

  2. Multiple operations on a WS-BA enabled Web service is invoked by the client.

  3. The JaxWSHeaderContextProcessor in the WS Client handler chain inserts the BA context into the outgoing SOAP messages.

  4. When the service receives a SOAP request, the JaxWSHeaderContextProcessor in its handler chain inspects the BA context and associates the request with this BA.

  5. The Web service operation is invoked.

  6. For the first request, in this BA, A participant is enlisted in this BA. This allows the Web Service logic to respond to protocol events, such as compensate and close.

  7. The service invokes the business logic. In this case, a String value is added to the set.

  8. The client can then make additional calls to the SetService. As the SetService participates as a CoordinatorCompletion protocol, it will continue to accept calls to addValueToSet until it is told to complete by the coordinator.

  9. The client can then decide to complete or cancel the BA.

    • If the client decides to complete, all participants will be told to complete. Providing all participants successfully complete, the coordinator will then tell all participants to close, otherwise the completed participants will be told to compensate.

    • If the participant decides to cancel, all participants will be told to compensate.

There is another test that shows how the client can cancel a BA.

Start the {productName} Standalone Server

You must start {productName} with the XTS subsystem enabled.

  1. Open a terminal and navigate to the root of the {productName} directory.

  2. Start the {productName} server with XTS subsystem enabled by typing the following command.

    $ {jbossHomeName}/bin/standalone.sh --server-config=../../docs/examples/configs/standalone-xts.xml | egrep "started|stdout"
    Note
    For Windows, use the {jbossHomeName}\bin\standalone.bat script.

The pipe to egrep, | egrep "started|stdout", is useful to show when the server has started and the output from these tests. For normal operation, this pipe can be removed.

Investigate the Console Output

When you run the Arquillian tests, Maven prints summary of the performed tests to the console. You should see the following results.

Results :

Tests run: 2, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0
Note

You see the following warning when you run the Arquillian tests in remote mode.

WARNING: Configuration contain properties not supported by the backing object org.jboss.as.arquillian.container.remote.RemoteContainerConfiguration
Unused property entries: {serverConfig=../../docs/examples/configs/standalone-xts.xml}
Supported property names: [managementAddress, password, managementPort, managementProtocol, username]

This is because, in remote mode, you are responsible for starting the server with the XTS subsystem enabled. When you run the Arquillian tests in managed mode, the container uses the serverConfig property defined in the arquillian.xml file to start the server with the XTS subsystem enabled.

Investigate the Server Log

The following messages should appear in the server log. Note there may be other log messages interlaced between these. The messages trace the steps taken by the tests.

Test success:

INFO  [stdout] (management-handler-threads - 10) Starting 'testSuccess'. This test invokes a WS twice within a BA. The BA is later closes, which causes these WS calls to complete successfully.
INFO  [stdout] (management-handler-threads - 10) [CLIENT] Creating a new Business Activity
INFO  [stdout] (management-handler-threads - 10) [CLIENT] Beginning Business Activity (All calls to Web services that support WS-BA wil be included in this activity)
INFO  [stdout] (management-handler-threads - 10) [CLIENT] invoking addValueToSet(1) on WS
INFO  [stdout] (http-localhost-127.0.0.1-8080-2) [SERVICE] invoked addValueToSet('1')
INFO  [stdout] (http-localhost-127.0.0.1-8080-2) [SERVICE] Enlisting a participant into the BA
INFO  [stdout] (http-localhost-127.0.0.1-8080-2) [SERVICE] Invoking the back-end business logic
INFO  [stdout] (management-handler-threads - 10) [CLIENT] invoking addValueToSet(2) on WS
INFO  [stdout] (http-localhost-127.0.0.1-8080-2) [SERVICE] invoked addValueToSet('2')
INFO  [stdout] (http-localhost-127.0.0.1-8080-2) [SERVICE] Re-using the existing participant, already registered for this BA
INFO  [stdout] (http-localhost-127.0.0.1-8080-2) [SERVICE] Invoking the back-end business logic
INFO  [stdout] (management-handler-threads - 10) [CLIENT] Closing Business Activity (This will cause the BA to complete successfully)
INFO  [stdout] (TaskWorker-3) [SERVICE] Participant.complete (This tells the participant that the BA completed, but may be compensated later)
INFO  [stdout] (TaskWorker-3) [SERVICE] Participant.confirmCompleted('true') (This tells the participant that compensation information has been logged and that it is safe to commit any changes.)
INFO  [stdout] (TaskWorker-3) [SERVICE] Commit the backend resource (e.g. commit any changes to databases so that they are visible to others)
INFO  [stdout] (TaskWorker-1) [SERVICE] Participant.close (The participant knows that this BA is now finished and can throw away any temporary state)

Test cancel:

INFO  [stdout] (management-handler-threads - 10) Starting 'testCancel'. This test invokes a WS twice within a BA. The BA is later cancelled, which causes these WS calls to be compensated.
INFO  [stdout] (management-handler-threads - 10) [CLIENT] Creating a new Business Activity
INFO  [stdout] (management-handler-threads - 10) [CLIENT] Beginning Business Activity (All calls to Web services that support WS-BA will be included in this activity)
INFO  [stdout] (management-handler-threads - 10) [CLIENT] invoking addValueToSet(1) on WS
INFO  [stdout] (http-localhost-127.0.0.1-8080-2) [SERVICE] invoked addValueToSet('1')
INFO  [stdout] (http-localhost-127.0.0.1-8080-2) [SERVICE] Enlisting a participant into the BA
INFO  [stdout] (http-localhost-127.0.0.1-8080-2) [SERVICE] Invoking the back-end business logic
INFO  [stdout] (management-handler-threads - 10) [CLIENT] invoking addValueToSet(2) on WS
INFO  [stdout] (http-localhost-127.0.0.1-8080-2) [SERVICE] invoked addValueToSet('2')
INFO  [stdout] (http-localhost-127.0.0.1-8080-2) [SERVICE] Re-using the existing participant, already registered for this BA
INFO  [stdout] (http-localhost-127.0.0.1-8080-2) [SERVICE] Invoking the back-end business logic
INFO  [stdout] (management-handler-threads - 10) [CLIENT] Cancelling Business Activity (This will cause the work to be compensated)
INFO  [stdout] (TaskWorker-3) [SERVICE] Participant.cancel (The participant should compensate any work done within this BA)
INFO  [stdout] (TaskWorker-3) [SERVICE] SetParticipantBA: Carrying out compensation action
INFO  [stdout] (TaskWorker-3) [SERVICE] Compensate the backend resource by removing '1' from the set (e.g. undo any changes to databases that were previously made visible to others)
INFO  [stdout] (TaskWorker-3) [SERVICE] Compensate the backend resource by removing '2' from the set (e.g. undo any changes to databases that were previously made visible to others)

This quickstart is more complex than the others. It requires that you configure the {productName} server to use the standalone-xts.xml configuration file, which is located in an external configuration directory.

  1. Make sure you import the quickstart into {JBDSProductName}.

  2. If you have not already done so, you must configure a new {productName} server to use the XTS configuration.

    • In the Servers tab, right-click and choose NewServer.

    • Under Select the server type:, expand Red Hat JBoss Middleware and choose {jbdsEapServerName}.

    • For the Server name, enter {productName} XTS Configuration and click Next.

    • In the Create a new Server Adapter dialog, choose Create a new runtime (next page) from the drop-down menu and click Next.

    • In the JBoss Runtime dialog, enter the following information and then click Finish.

      Name: {productName} XTS Runtime
      Home Directory: Browse to the {jbossHomeName} directory and select it.
      Runtime JRE: Choose an alternate JRE if not correct.
      Server base directory: This should already point to your standalone server configuration directory,_
      Configuration file: ../../docs/examples/configs/standalone-xts.xml
  3. Start the new {productName} XTS Configuration server.

  4. Right-click on the {artifactId} project, choose Run AsMaven build, enter clean verify -Parq-remote for the Goals, and click Run to run the Arquillian tests. The test results appear in the console.