Singularity container for Abaqus 2017
Abaqus works well under Centos but is much less likely to work well under a bleeding edge distro like Arch, so let's run Abaqus within a Singularity container, setting things up in such a way that we can run Abaqus CAE with hardware-accelerated (NVIDIA) graphics.
Make sure you have Singularity 2.4.2 installed.
.isoinstaller for Abaqus 2017 into a clone of this repository.
Ensure that the license server(s) listed in
licenseServer3in that file) are accessible i.e. if they are only reachable after bringing up a VPN connection, then bring that up now.
/tmpis 'small' (e.g. 'only' 16GB) then Singularity will run out of space when trying to build your Abaqus image, so you may want to create a directory somewhere else for Singularity to write temporary files to:
mkdir -p -m 0700 $HOME/.cache/singularity
Building the image
Right, let's start building our Singularity image. The build process as defined in our
- Unpacks the installer ISO;
- Installs install-time and run-time OS dependencies. The run-time dependencies include VirtualGL and libjpeg-turbo.
- Kicks off the Abaqus installer, using 'UserIntentions' files to automate the install.
sudo SINGULARITY_TMPDIR=$HOME/.cache/singularity singularity build ~/imgs/sing/abaqus-2017-centos-7.img abaqus-2017-centos-7.def
Running the container
To run Abaqus CAE with (NVIDIA) hardware-accelerated graphics:
singularity run --nv ~/imgs/sing/abaqus-2017-centos-7.img
which is equivalent to:
singularity exec --nv ~/imgs/sing/abaqus-2017-centos-7.img vglrun abaqus cae
I need to prefix the above command(s) with
optirun to ensure I use my NVIDIA GPU and not my on-board graphics chip.
Alternatively, to run Abaqus without hardware-accelerated graphics:
singularity exec --nv ~/imgs/sing/abaqus-2017-centos-7.img abaqus cae -mesa
How the 'UserIntentions' files were generated
These were produced by going through the Abaqus install process interactively within a Singularity 'sandbox' (writable directory-based container):
pushd some/dir tar xfp Abaqus2017.iso popd # Build a writable container in a directory called 'centos-7-abaqus-2017-singuarity-sandbox' sudo singularity build --sandbox centos-7-abaqus-2017-singuarity-sandbox docker://centos:7 # Get a shell in that container sudo singularity shell --bind some/dir:/iso-unpacked another/dir:/cfgs centos-7-abaqus-2017-singuarity-sandbox # Within the container... rpm --import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7 yum install -y ksh redhat-lsb-core perl && yum clean all cd /iso-unpacked # Run the Abaqus installer ksh 1/StartTUI.sh # Find the '*UserIntentions* files generated during the install process and save them outside the container