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(SP)^3: A Simple, Practical, and Safe Packet Spoofing Protocol


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(SP)^3: A Simple Practical & Safe Packet Spoofing Protocol

Install an SP^3 Server: go get

SP3 provides a mechanism through which a server which has the capability to spoof packets can offer that capability in a limited capacity. In particular, the protocol supports spoofing packets as long as the destination client consents in advance to receive those communications.


There are several uses of SP^3 we've thought of, and we're sure there are many more.

  • NAT hole-punching facilitation. Currently, NAT holepunching only works for UDP, partially because even when the clients are controlled, it generally requires root permissions to send packets with a specific sequence number. Having a source of packet injection can provide a mechanism to synchronize sequence numbers and create TCP connections between two NAT'ed machines.

  • Firewall characterization. It's often difficult to test how your network will respond to packets sent from black-holed or unadvertised prefixes. A source of packets can allow you to validate firewall rules and routing policy.

  • Circumvention. The ability to send packets from arbitrary sources can help to mask traffic by adding a layer of cover trafic and IP diversity that makes surveilance much more difficult.


There are three participants in SP3: the server, client, and sender. The server is the host which can send spoofed packets. It acts as a relay, accepting encapsulated IP packets from the sender and sending them to the client, even when their source address is spoofed. The client is the destination that receives the packets. The sender is the host that generates the packets.

One issue with packet spoofing is the number of attack vectors it opens. In order to provide a service that makes a reasonable trade-off between enabling valid use cases while not opening itself up to abuse and attacks, the server enforces a policy on packets it is willing to send. The primary property the server attempts to guarantee is that the client consents to receiving spoofed packets.

The server provides a number of mechanisms by which the client can provide this consent. The simplest is that the client establishes a connection to the server, and directly tells the server it is wiling to receive traffic. This is done with a web-socket based connection, and supports a client running in a web browser. When the client cannot or is unwilling to establish a direct connection to the server, it can generate a proof-of-ownership for the sender to prove its location and intent without direct communication to the server.



apt-get install libpcapdev
cd server
go build


sudo ./server [--port 8080]



A web based client is included in the client directory.


(SP)^3: A Simple, Practical, and Safe Packet Spoofing Protocol








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