Skip to content
This repository has been archived by the owner on May 22, 2022. It is now read-only.


Repository files navigation


Multiple Sequence Alignment Viewer - the MSAViewer - a BioJS component.

          .         .
         ,8.       ,8.            d888888o.           .8.
        ,888.     ,888.         .`8888:' `88.        .888.
       .`8888.   .`8888.        8.`8888.   Y8       :88888.
      ,8.`8888. ,8.`8888.       `8.`8888.          . `88888.
     ,8'8.`8888,8^8.`8888.       `8.`8888.        .8. `88888.
    ,8' `8.`8888' `8.`8888.       `8.`8888.      .8`8. `88888.
   ,8'   `8.`88'   `8.`8888.       `8.`8888.    .8' `8. `88888.
  ,8'     `8.`'     `8.`8888.  8b   `8.`8888.  .8'   `8. `88888.
 ,8'       `8        `8.`8888. `8b.  ;8.`8888 .888888888. `88888.
,8'         `         `8.`8888. `Y8888P ,88P'.8'       `8. `88888.

Build Status NPM version Join the chat at Code Climate NPM downloads

This project is unmaintained. Please consider switching to plotly/react-msa-viewer.

If you still need to use MSAViewer, download and locally host See #257 for further details.


Use it

Full screen mode.


These examples show how you could embed the MSAViewer into your page.

JSBin clustal JSBin large

Current sniper with different examples

display an MSA

basic MSA


  • runs purely in the Browser
  • import files in format like FASTA, Clustal, ...
  • be interactive and receive Events
  • filter, sort, hide the sequences
  • display sequence features
  • extendable Views for your integration
  • customizable viewport
  • simplicity as design rule
  • export to fASTAb
  • generate the consenus seq
  • more to come ...

Use the MSAViewer

The following examples assume that the msa() constructor is available.

If you have loaded msa as a script in your web page with something like...

<script src="path/to/msa.min.gz.js"></script>

... then congratulations! You are ready to go.

If you are using npm and are adding msa as a dependency, then you can use the following:

var msa = require("msa");

Import seqs

a) Directly import a url

var opts = {
  el: rootDiv,
  importURL: "./data/fer1.clustal",
var m = msa(opts);

-> JSBin example

b) Import your own sequences from a string

// your fasta file (advice: save it in a DOM node)
var fasta = ">seq1\n\

// parsed array of the sequences
var seqs =;

var m = msa({
     el: rootDiv,
     seqs: seqs

-> JSBin Example

c) Asynchronously import seqs

var m = msa({
	el: rootDiv,
});"", function(err, seqs){

-> JSBin example

d) Import your sequences from the DOM

var fasta = document.getElementById("fasta-file").innerText;
var seqs =;

var m = msa({
    el: rootDiv,
    seqs: seqs

with the following data stored in your HTML page:

<pre style="display: none" id="fasta-file">

-> JSBin Example

Basic config parameters

  • bootstrapMenu: automagically show a menu
  • el: the root DOM element
  • importURL: when you want to import a file automagically
  • seqs: if you prefer to pass sequences as object

There also many other option - grouped into these categories. See below for more details.

  • column: hide columns
  • colorscheme: everything about a colorscheme
  • conf: basic configuration
  • vis: visual elements
  • visorder: ordering of the visual elements
  • zoomer: everything that is pixel-based

Getting help

Please open an issue or ping us on Gitter

MSAViewer in Action

Are you using the MSAViewer? Don't hesistate to make a PR and let us know!

Change the colorscheme

Checkout this live example or edit.

var opts = {
  el: rootDiv,
  importURL: "./data/fer1.clustal",
  colorscheme: {"scheme": "hydro"}
var m = msa(opts);

Own colorscheme

var opts = {
  el: rootDiv,
  importURL: "./data/fer1.clustal",
  colorscheme: {"scheme": "hydro"}
var m = msa(opts);
m.g.colorscheme.addStaticScheme("own",{A: "orange", C: "red", G: "green", T: "blue"});
m.g.colorscheme.set("scheme", "own");

Have a look at the doc for more info.

Add features

Checkout this live example or edit.

var xhr = require("xhr");
var gffParser = require("biojs-io-gff");
var m = msa({el: rootDiv, importURL: "");

// add features
xhr("./data/fer1.gff3", function(err, request, body) {
  var features = gffParser.parseSeqs(body);

// or even more
xhr("./data/fer1.gff_jalview", function(err, request, body) {
  var features = gffParser.parseSeqs(body);

Update seqs"hidden", true) // hides the first seq"seq") // get raw seq"seqId") // get seqid"seq", "AAAA") // sets seq
m.seqs.add({seq: "AAA"});  // we add a new seq at the end
m.seqs.unshift({seq: "AAA"});  // we add a new seq at the beginning
m.seqs.pop() // remove and return last seq
m.seqs.shift() // remove and return first seq
m.seqs.length // nr
m.seqs.pluck("seqId") // ["id1", "id2", ..]
m.seqs.remove( // remove seq2
m.seqs.getMaxLength() // 200
m.seqs.setRef( // sets the second seq as reference (default: first)
m.seqs.comparator = "seqId" // sort after seqId
m.seqs.sort() // apply our new comparator
m.seqs.comparator =  function(a,b){ return - a.get("seq").localeCompare(b.get("seq"))} // sort after the seq itself in descending order

Even more is possible.

Update selection

m.g.selcol.add(new msa.selection.rowsel({seqId: "f1"})); // row-based
m.g.selcol.add(new msa.selection.columnsel({xStart: 10, xEnd: 12})); // column-wise
m.g.selcol.add(new msa.selection.possel({xStart: 10, xEnd: 12, seqId: "f1"})); // union of row and column
m.g.selcol.reset([new msa.selection.rowsel({seqId: "f1"})]); // reset
m.g.selcol.getBlocksForRow() // array of all selected residues for a row
m.g.selcol.getAllColumnBlocks() // array with all selected columns
m.g.selcol.invertRow(@model.pluck "id")
m.g.selcol.reset() // remove the entire selection
m.g.user.set("searchText", search) // search

Jump to a column

m.g.zoomer.setLeftOffset(10) // jumps to column 10

Export and save

m.utils.export.saveAsFile(m, "all.fasta") // export seqs
m.utils.export.saveSelection(m, "selection.fasta")
m.utils.export.saveAnnots(m, "features.gff3")

// share the seqs with the public = get a public link
m.utils.export.shareLink(m, function(link){, '_blank')

// share via jalview
var url =  m.g.config.get('url')
if url.indexOf("localhost") || url === "dragimport"
    m.utils.export.publishWeb(m, function(link){
    	m.utils.export.openInJalview(link, m.g.colorscheme.get("scheme"))
    m.utils.export.openInJalview(url, m.g.colorscheme.get("scheme"))

Update attributes

msa.g.vis.set("marker", false); // hides the markers
msa.g.zoomer.set("alignmentHeight", 500) // modifies the default height

Listen to attribute events

All classes

m.g.selcol.on("change", function(prev, new){


You can also listen to more specific events

m.g.vis.on("change:alignmentWidth", function(prev, new){


Listen to user interactions

msa.g.on("residue:click", function(data){ ... }):
msa.g.on("residue:mousein", function(data){ ... }):
msa.g.on("residue:mouseout", function(data){ ... }):

If you want to listen to mouse events, you need to set the flag: conf.registerMouseHover. There is a plethora of events that you can listen to

msa.g.on("row:click", function(data){ ... }):
msa.g.on("column:click", function(data){ ... }):
msa.g.on("meta:click", function(data){ ... }):

Config parameters in g

conf: {
    registerMouseHover: false,
    registerMouseClicks: true,
    importProxy: "",
    eventBus: true,
    alphabetSize: 20,
    dropImport: false,
    debug: false,
    hasRef: false // hasReference,
    manualRendering: false // manually control the render (not recommened)
colorscheme: {
    scheme: "taylor", // name of your color scheme
    colorBackground: true, // otherwise only the text will be colored
    showLowerCase: true, // used to hide and show lowercase chars in the overviewbox
    opacity: 0.6 //opacity for the residues
columns: {
	hidden: [] // hidden columns
vis: {
    sequences: true,
    markers: true,
    metacell: false,
    conserv: false,
    overviewbox: false,
    seqlogo: false,
    gapHeader: false,
    leftHeader: true,

    // about the labels
    labels: true,
    labelName: true,
    labelId: true,
    labelPartition: false,
    labelCheckbox: false,

    // meta stuff
    metaGaps: true,
    metaIdentity: true,
    metaLinks: true
zoomer: {
    // general
    alignmentWidth: "auto",
    alignmentHeight: 225,
    columnWidth: 15,
    rowHeight: 15,
    autoResize: true, // only for the width

    // labels
    textVisible: true,
    labelIdLength: 30,
    labelNameLength: 100,
    labelPartLength: 15,
    labelCheckLength: 15,
    labelFontsize: 13,
    labelLineHeight: "13px",

    // marker
    markerFontsize: "10px",
    stepSize: 1,
    markerStepSize: 2,
    markerHeight: 20,

    // canvas
    residueFont: "13", //in px
    canvasEventScale: 1,

    // overview box
    boxRectHeight: 2,
    boxRectWidth: 2,
    overviewboxPaddingTop: 10,

    // meta cell
    metaGapWidth: 35,
    metaIdentWidth: 40,
    metaLinksWidth: 25

The menu has its own small set of properties that can be modified. It's the menu property for both the defaultmenu as using the menu bootstrapping.

menu: {
    menuFontsize: "14px",
    menuItemFontsize: "14px",
    menuItemLineHeight: "14px",
    menuMarginLeft: "3px",
    menuPadding: "3px 4px 3px 4px",

Sequence model

  name: "",
  id: "",
  seq: "",
  height: 1,
  ref: false // reference: the sequence used in BLAST or the consensus seq


Q: How can I define my own color scheme?

play in JSBinread the documentation


  • KISS -> avoid komplexity
  • keep it modular
  • avoid boiler-plate code
  • avoid more than two args for public methods -> accepting a dictionary is more flexible
  • max. 200 lines per file (-> better organization)

Step 1) Setting up

git clone
cd msa
npm install
  • npm: You will need the npm package manager (and node) for this. On most distributions there is a package, look here

Step 2) Developing

In the root dir execute:


You can browse the snippets at localhost:9090/snippets.

Compiling for the browser

For most cases downloading the archived release builds is the best way to go. If you need to make some changes to the MSA, you can get a minified bundle in the folder dist with:

gulp build

Package list

Package list

Project structure

  • browser.js main file for browserify - defines the global namespace in the browser
  • css stylesheet folder (previously used for SASS)
  • gulpfile.js task definition file (for gulp
  • package.json npm config
  • examples short coding snippets that are run by sniper
  • src the main source code

Want to learn more?

Continue at the wiki.

Getting involved

Just pick a open issue on the issue tracker and help to make the MSAViewer better.

The best way to get your feature request is to send us a pull request. Don't worry about simple implementations, we will help you to make it better.

For more questions, ping us on the issue tracker or Gitter.


Without the help of these awesome people the MSAViewer project wouldn't have been possible:

Sebastian Wilzbach (Technical University of Munich; TUM), Ian Sillitoe (University College London), Benedikt Rauscher (TUM), Robert Sheridan (Harvard Medical School), James Procter (University of Dundee), Suzanna Lewis (Berkeley), Burkhard Rost (TUM), Tatyana Goldberg(TUM) and Guy Yachdav (TUM).

Do you want to be part of the team? Just grab an issue and send us a PR! Ask us on Gitter if you need help to get started.


New MSA versions are released following semantic versioning. Starting from 1.0.3 git tags match the versions deployed on npm.


This project is licensed under the Boost Software License 1.0.

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person or organization obtaining a copy of the software and accompanying documentation covered by this license (the "Software") to use, reproduce, display, distribute, execute, and transmit the Software, and to prepare derivative works of the Software, and to permit third-parties to whom the Software is furnished to do so, all subject to the following:

If you use the MSAViewer on your website, it solely requires you to link to us.

Citing the MSAViewer

The MSAViewer has been published 🎉

Please cite this paper, when you use the MSAViewer in your project.

Guy Yachdav and Sebastian Wilzbach and Benedikt Rauscher and Robert Sheridan and Ian Sillitoe and James Procter and Suzanna Lewis and Burkhard Rost and Tatyana Goldberg. "MSAViewer: interactive JavaScript visualization of multiple sequence alignments." Bioinformatics (2016)

As Bibtex:

   Author = {Guy Yachdav and Sebastian Wilzbach and Benedikt Rauscher and Robert Sheridan and Ian Sillitoe and James Procter and Suzanna Lewis and Burkhard Rost and Tatyana Goldberg},
   Title="{{M}{S}{A}{V}iewer: interactive {J}ava{S}cript visualization of multiple sequence alignments}",
   Pages=" ",
   Doi = {10.1093/bioinformatics/btw474},
   Url = {}