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simple-proxy

The purpose for this simple-proxy is to keep it running on a residential server so that we can access servers blocking known cloud IPs (like AWS).

This has been running on an old Raspberry Pi model B for a while, find the deployment instructions to do so below.

Surprisingly, 256 MB in RAM have been enough to maintain the app running for months until now.

Why

When scrapping websites, you may find that everything just works until you deploy your scrapper to the cloud, a common reason is that some websites tend to have bot-detectors which usually blacklist any IP belonging to common cloud providers (like AWS, DigitalOcean, etc).

This project is a simple workaround to allow your scrapping server to scrape the problematic websites.

There is a dedicated post with more details.

Run

To run locally, sbt is required, once installed, just run sbt run, and start sending requests to localhost:9000, for example:

curl -X POST \
  -H "Content-Type: application/json" \
  -d '{"url": "https://wiringbits.net", "headers": { "DNT": "1" }}' \
   http://localhost:9000

This request asks the proxy to issue a GET request to https://wiringbits.net, by sending the custom header DNT: 1.

Deploy

Deploying the app requires three steps:

  • Install the dependencies (Java 8).
  • The actual app.
  • A ssh tunnel to expose the app to the remote server where you will actually use it.

The simplified step list is:

  • Build the app: sbt dist
  • Copy the app to the residential server: scp target/universal/simple-proxy-0.1.0-SNAPSHOT.zip pi@raspberrypi.local:~/
  • ssh into the server, then, run unzip simple-proxy-0.1.0-SNAPSHOT.zip and cd simple-proxy-0.1.0-SNAPSHOT/ && ./bin/simple-proxy
  • ssh into the server, then, tunnel to our real server: ssh -nNT -R 9999:localhost:9000 ubuntu@cazadescuentos.net

Deploy with systemd

simple-proxy

On the server, save it as /etc/systemd/system/simple-proxy.service:

[Unit]
Description=The simple-proxy
After=network.target

[Service]
ExecStart=/home/pi/simple-proxy-0.1.0-SNAPSHOT/bin/simple-proxy -Dhttp.port=9000 -Dpidfile.path=/dev/null
WorkingDirectory=/home/pi/simple-proxy-0.1.0-SNAPSHOT
StandardOutput=inherit
StandardError=inherit
RestartSec=1
StartLimitIntervalSec=0
Restart=always
User=pi

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Then:

  • Try it with sudo service simple-proxy start
  • Enable it to run on the server startup: sudo systemctl enable simple-proxy.service

simple-proxy-tunnel

On the server, save it as /etc/systemd/system/simple-proxy-tunnel.service:

[Unit]
Description=The simple-proxy-tunnel
After=network.target

[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/bin/ssh -nNT -R 9999:localhost:9000 -o ConnectTimeout=10 -o ExitOnForwardFailure=yes -o ServerAliveInterval=180 ubuntu@cazadescuentos.net
WorkingDirectory=/home/pi
StandardOutput=inherit
StandardError=inherit
RestartSec=1
StartLimitIntervalSec=0
Restart=always
User=pi

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Then:

  • Try it with sudo service simple-proxy-tunnel start
  • Enable it to run on the server startup: sudo systemctl enable simple-proxy-tunnel.service

About

A very simple http proxy that runs on a Raspberry Pi

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