Unlocking the potential of the WP REST API at the command line
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Latest commit 466a9eb Nov 6, 2016 @danielbachhuber danielbachhuber committed on GitHub Merge pull request #89 from szepeviktor/patch-1
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README.md

wp-cli/restful

Unlock the potential of the WP REST API at the command line.

Warning: This project is at a very early stage. Treat it as an experiment, and understand that breaking changes will be made without warning. The sky may also fall on your head. Using RESTful WP-CLI requires the latest nightly build of WP-CLI, which you can install with wp cli update --nightly.

Project backed by Pressed, Chris Lema, Human Made, Pagely, Pantheon and many others. Learn more →

Build Status

Quick links: Using | Installing | Contributing

Using

RESTful WP-CLI makes WP REST API endpoints available as WP-CLI commands.

As WordPress becomes more of an application framework embedded into the web, RESTful WP-CLI enables WP-CLI users to interact with a given WordPress install through the higher-level, self-expressed abstraction of how WordPress understands itself. For instance, on an eCommerce website, instead of having to know data is stored as wp post list --post_type=edd_product, RESTful WP-CLI exposes the properly-modeled data at wp rest product list.

Here's an overview of how RESTful WP-CLI works, in two parts.

1. Auto-discovers WP REST API endpoints from any WordPress site running WordPress 4.4 or higher

Target a specific WordPress install with --path=<path>, --ssh=<host>, or --http=<domain>:

# The `--path=<path>` global parameter tells WP-CLI to interact with a WordPress install at a given path.
# Because this is a stock WordPress install, you see the posts, pages, and other resources you'd expect to see.
$ wp --path=/srv/www/wordpress-develop.dev/src rest
usage: wp rest attachment <command>
   or: wp rest category <command>
   or: wp rest comment <command>
   or: wp rest page <command>
   or: wp rest page-revision <command>
   or: wp rest post <command>
   or: wp rest post-revision <command>
   or: wp rest status <command>
   or: wp rest tag <command>
   or: wp rest taxonomy <command>
   or: wp rest type <command>
   or: wp rest user <command>

# The `--http=<domain>` global parameter tells WP-CLI to auto-discover endpoints over HTTP.
# Because Wired has some custom post types, they're automatically registered as WP-CLI commands.
$ wp --http=www.wired.com rest
usage: wp rest attachment <command>
   or: wp rest category <command>
   or: wp rest comment <command>
   or: wp rest liveblog <command>
   or: wp rest liveblog-revision <command>
   or: wp rest page <command>
   or: wp rest page-revision <command>
   or: wp rest podcast <command>
   or: wp rest post <command>
   or: wp rest post-revision <command>
   or: wp rest series <command>
   or: wp rest slack-channel <command>
   or: wp rest status <command>
   or: wp rest tag <command>
   or: wp rest taxonomy <command>
   or: wp rest type <command>
   or: wp rest user <command>
   or: wp rest video <command>

# The `--ssh=<host>` global parameter proxies command execution to a remote WordPress install.
# Because runcommand has a completely custom data model, you can only interact with commands, excerpts, and sparks.
$ wp --ssh=runcommand.io rest
usage: wp rest command <command>
   or: wp rest excerpt <command>
   or: wp rest spark <command>

2. Registers WP-CLI commands for the resource endpoints it understands, in the wp rest namespace.

In addition to the standard list, get, create, update and delete commands, RESTful WP-CLI also registers commands for higher-level operations like edit, generate and diff.

# In this example, `@wpdev` is a WP-CLI alias to `--path=/srv/www/wordpress-develop.dev/src`.
$ wp @wpdev rest user
usage: wp rest user create --username=<username> [--name=<name>] [--first_name=<first_name>] [--last_name=<last_name>] --email=<email> [--url=<url>] [--description=<description>] [--nickname=<nickname>] [--slug=<slug>] [--roles=<roles>] --password=<password> [--capabilities=<capabilities>] [--porcelain]
   or: wp rest user delete <id> [--force=<force>] [--reassign=<reassign>] [--porcelain]
   or: wp rest user diff <alias> [<resource>] [--fields=<fields>]
   or: wp rest user edit <id>
   or: wp rest user generate [--count=<count>] [--format=<format>] --username=<username> [--name=<name>] [--first_name=<first_name>] [--last_name=<last_name>] --email=<email> [--url=<url>] [--description=<description>] [--nickname=<nickname>] [--slug=<slug>] [--roles=<roles>] --password=<password> [--capabilities=<capabilities>] [--porcelain]
   or: wp rest user get <id> [--context=<context>] [--fields=<fields>] [--field=<field>] [--format=<format>]
   or: wp rest user list [--context=<context>] [--page=<page>] [--per_page=<per_page>] [--search=<search>] [--exclude=<exclude>] [--include=<include>] [--offset=<offset>] [--order=<order>] [--orderby=<orderby>] [--slug=<slug>] [--roles=<roles>] [--fields=<fields>] [--field=<field>] [--format=<format>]
   or: wp rest user update <id> [--username=<username>] [--name=<name>] [--first_name=<first_name>] [--last_name=<last_name>] [--email=<email>] [--url=<url>] [--description=<description>] [--nickname=<nickname>] [--slug=<slug>] [--roles=<roles>] [--password=<password>] [--capabilities=<capabilities>] [--porcelain]

# Use `wp rest * edit` to open an existing item in the editor.
$ wp rest category edit 1 --user=daniel
---
description:
name: Uncategorized
slug: uncategorized
parent: 0

# Use `wp rest * generate` to generate dummy content.
$ wp @wpdev rest post generate --count=50 --title="Test Post" --user=daniel
Generating items  100% [==============================================] 0:01 / 0:02

# Use `wp rest * diff` to diff a resource or collection of resources between environments.
$ wp @dev-rest rest command diff @prod-rest find-unused-themes --fields=title
(-) http://runcommand.dev/api/ (+) https://runcommand.io/api/
  command:
  + title: find-unused-themes

If WP-CLI is operating directly against a WordPress install, you can use the --debug flag to track the number of queries and total execution time. This can be useful for measuring and profiling API requests.

$ wp rest category list --debug
Debug (rest): REST command executed 3 queries in 0.000311 seconds. Use --debug=rest to see all queries. (1.118s)
+---------------+
| name          |
+---------------+
| Test Category |
| Uncategorized |
+---------------+

There are many things RESTful WP-CLI can't yet do. Please review the issue backlog, and open a new issue if you can't find an exising issue for your topic.

Installing

Installing this package requires WP-CLI 0.24.0-alpha or greater. Update to the latest nightly release with wp cli update --nightly.

Once you've done so, you can install this package with wp package install wp-cli/restful.

Contributing

We appreciate you taking the initiative to contribute to this project.

Contributing isn’t limited to just code. We encourage you to contribute in the way that best fits your abilities, by writing tutorials, giving a demo at your local meetup, helping other users with their support questions, or revising our documentation.

Reporting a bug

Think you’ve found a bug? We’d love for you to help us get it fixed.

Before you create a new issue, you should search existing issues to see if there’s an existing resolution to it, or if it’s already been fixed in a newer version.

Once you’ve done a bit of searching and discovered there isn’t an open or fixed issue for your bug, please create a new issue with the following:

  1. What you were doing (e.g. "When I run wp post list").
  2. What you saw (e.g. "I see a fatal about a class being undefined.").
  3. What you expected to see (e.g. "I expected to see the list of posts.")

Include as much detail as you can, and clear steps to reproduce if possible.

Creating a pull request

Want to contribute a new feature? Please first open a new issue to discuss whether the feature is a good fit for the project.

Once you've decided to commit the time to seeing your pull request through, please follow our guidelines for creating a pull request to make sure it's a pleasant experience:

  1. Create a feature branch for each contribution.
  2. Submit your pull request early for feedback.
  3. Include functional tests with your changes. Read the WP-CLI documentation for an introduction.
  4. Follow the WordPress Coding Standards.

This README.md is generated dynamically from the project's codebase using wp scaffold package-readme (doc). To suggest changes, please submit a pull request against the corresponding part of the codebase.