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Mechanising the Metatheory of SQL with Nulls

This repository contains the Coq development of the project Mechanising the Metatheory of SQL with Nulls, formalising Guagliardo and Libkin's fragment of SQL (nullSQL)

The formalisation provides a fully mechanised semantics of SQL that can be instantiated to both Boolean and three-valued logic (3VL), and includes a verified semantic-preserving translation of queries from three-valued to Boolean logic. This development also addresses subtle behaviours of SQL in name-handling that have been considered only superficially in other formal verification efforts.

The semantics is implemented using an abstract definition of $K$-relations; since $K$-relations lack the special treatment of null values provided by SQL, a special handling of incomplete tuples is needed to bridge the syntactic and the semantic world.

Overview

The development consists of the following Coq scripts:

  • AbstractRelation.v - an abstract definition of K-relations

  • Syntax.v - language definitions of SQL tables, conditions and queries, including well-formedness judgments

  • Tribool.v - datatype with three truth values

  • Semantics.v - semantics of SQL

  • Translation2V.v - verified translation of 3VL-based queries to Boolean-based queries.

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