Update (20/05/15): This approach worked for my purposes, but a few people have raised concerns that using artificial data is not the best way to train a classifier . As such, I would recommend approaching this method with a fair amount of skepticism.
Mergevec.py is used to merge .vec files for use in training a cascade classifier with openCV's opencv_traincascade. This code was made as replacement for mergevec.cpp (created by Naotoshi Seo. See: http://note.sonots.com/SciSoftware/haartraining/mergevec.cpp.html) in order to avoid recompiling opencv with mergevec.cpp.
#To use mergevec.py:
(1) Place all .vec files to be merged in a single directory ("vec_directory"). (2) Download mergevec.py (3) Navigate to mergevec.py in your CLI (terminal or cmd) and enter "python mergevec.py -v your_vec_directory -o your_output_filename.vec".
#To test the output of mergevec.py:
(1) Install openCV. (2) Navigate to the output file in your CLI (terminal or cmd). (3) Type "opencv_createsamples -w img_width -h img_height -vec your_output_filename.vec". This should show the .vec files in sequence.
The aggregate .vec output from mergevec.py has successfully been used to train a cascade. See the below for resources on training cascade classifiers. #opencv_traincascade Resources
 Counterargument: http://answers.opencv.org/question/55879/opencv-mergevec-haartraining-issues/
 Naotoshi Seo: http://note.sonots.com/SciSoftware/haartraining.html
 StackOverflow: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/16058080/how-to-train-cascade-properly