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dnsfire-ipsetd - firewall daemon for ipset/iptables

dnsfire-cmdd - firewall daemon for any other firewall with CLI
patch for BIND9 to send dnsfire packets
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wupeka committed Apr 15, 2019
0 parents commit d56372e8742a9184235fd2288221c966ff007dee
Showing with 3,637 additions and 0 deletions.
  1. +7 −0 .gitignore
  2. +7 −0 CMakeLists.txt
  3. +75 −0 README.MD
  4. +1,591 −0 bind9-dnsfire.patch
  5. +219 −0 cmdd.c
  6. +83 −0 dnsfire.c
  7. +28 −0 dnsfire.h
  8. +194 −0 ipsetd.c
  9. +1,118 −0 lookup3.c
  10. +6 −0 lookup3.h
  11. +158 −0 siphash24.c
  12. +6 −0 siphash24.h
  13. +109 −0 tht.c
  14. +36 −0 tht.h
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*~
*.o
dnsfire-ipsetd
CMakeFiles
CMakeCache.txt
cmake_install.cmake
Makefile
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cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 2.8.11)

set(CMAKE_C_FLAGS_DEBUG "${CMAKE_C_FLAGS_DEBUG} -Wall -DDEBUG -ggdb -O2")
set(CMAKE_C_FLAGS_RELEASE "${CMAKE_C_FLAGS_RELEASE} -Wall -O3")
add_executable(dnsfire-ipsetd ipsetd.c siphash24.c lookup3.c dnsfire.c tht.c)
add_executable(dnsfire-cmdd cmdd.c siphash24.c lookup3.c dnsfire.c tht.c)

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# Proof-of-concept for a DNS Firewall Enforcer, using BIND9 and ipset (or any other CLI-controllable firewall).


## What is a DNS Firewall Enforcer

### What is a DNS Firewall
DNS Firewall is a solution that prevents users and systems from connecting
to mailicious services by filtering DNS queries - and not returning the IP
addresses of known mailicious services to user.

### The problem
Filtering DNS queries is easy - DNS runs on port 53, it's unencrypted, the
traffic to outside (unfiltered) resolvers can easily be blocked. The same
works with DNS over TLS - it's using a well-known port 953, which can easily
be firewalled.

The problem arises with DNS over HTTPS - from a regular firewall standpoint
the protocol is indistinguishable from regular HTTPS traffic - so it cannot
be properly filtered (unless one strips TLS and does deep packet
inspection).

### The solution
In most cases a client needs to resolve a domain name to IP address to
connect to any service - so a client connecting to an IP address that wasn't
resolved by a local DNS is suspicious. DNSFIRE solves the problem by either
logging or blocking completely connections to IP addresses that were not
resolved using a local, safe, and secure DNS service.

## How does it work
### BIND9
Apply bind9-dnsfire.patch to bind 9.14/9.15 source tree and rebuild it.
Then add:
```
dnsfire <key> <ip> port <port>;
```
somewhere in your options {} section; for example:
```
dnsfire 01234567890123456789012345678901 192.168.1.1 port 15353
```
Key is a 128-bit SipHash-2-4 key used to authenticate requests to the router, just pick a
random 32-character hex string.

### Router running Linux with iptables and ipset
dnsfire-ipsetd is a daemon that adds timeoutable rules to provided ipsets -
one for ipv4, and one for ipv6.

To use it first create two ipsets with timeout support:
```
ipset create table4 hash:ip family inet timeout 0
ipset create table6 hash:ip family inet6 timeout 0
```
Then launch dnsfire-ipsetd:
```
./dnsfire-ipsetd -4 table4 -6 table6 -k 01234567890123456789012345678901 -b 192.168.1.1 -p 15353
```

If everything is configured correctly you should see IPs being added by looking at output of
```
ipset list
```
Currently dnsfire-ipsetd uses command 'ipset' and a system() call to set up
new rules, this will be rewritten to use libipset sometime.

Then you can e.g. add a rule to iptables to log traffic to addresses that were
not resolved using system resolver:
```
iptables -I FORWARD -s 192.168.1.0/24 \! -d 192.168.0.0/16 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -m set \! --match-set table4 dst -j LOG
```

### Any other router
If your router has a CLI command to add and remove allowed IPs use:
```
./dnsfire-cmdd -4 "echo add_ipv4_to_fw ip=%s" -5 "echo del_ipv4_from_fw ip=%s" -6 "echo add_ipv6_to_fw ip=%s" -7 "echo del_ipv6_from_fw ip=%s"
```
"%s" is replaced with IP address to be added/deleted. The rest of command line options are the same as with dnsfire-ipsetd.

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