+22 field case class formatter and more for play-json
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Latest commit 984d9d4 Mar 23, 2016 @cvogt cvogt Merge pull request #24 from pedrofurla/patch-1
Update README.md

README.md

NOTE: groupId and package changed from org.cvogt to ai.x. Adjust your imports and dependencies.

Play-Json extensions

requires play-json >= 2.4 (but tested with and by default depends on 2.5.x)

Sbt

libraryDependencies += "ai.x" %% "play-json-extensions" % "0.8.0"

// current version is for play-json 2.5.x, however 2.4.x and 2.5.x seem very compatible
// last version for play-json 2.4 was 0.6.1
// last version for play-json 2.3 was 0.2
// if you were using formatAdt or InvariantFormat you may want to upgrade to 0.4.0 first and then to 0.6.0

De-/Serialize case classes of arbitrary size (23+ fields allowed)

case class Foo(
  _1:Int,_2:Int,_3:Int,_4:Int,_5:Int,
  _21:Int,_22:Int,_23:Int,_24:Int,_25:Int,
  _31:Int,_32:Int,_33:Int,_34:Int,_35:Int,
  _41:Int,_42:Int,_43:Int,_44:Int,_45:Int,
  _51:Int,_52:Int,_53:Int,_54:Int,_55:Int
)

val foo = Foo(1,2,3,4,5,1,2,3,4,5,1,2,3,4,5,1,2,3,4,5,1,2,3,4,5)

Create explicit formatter

import org.cvogt.play.json.Jsonx
implicit lazy val jsonFormat = Jsonx.formatCaseClass[Foo]

// if your case class uses Option make sure you import
// one of the below implicit Option Reads to avoid
// "could not find implicit value for parameter helper: org.cvogt.play.json.OptionValidationDispatcher"

// note: formatCaseClass catches IllegalArgumentException and turns them into JsError enclosing the stack trace as the message
// this allows using require(...) in class constructors and still get JsErrors out of serialization

Then use ordinary play-json

val json = Json.toJson( foo )
assert(foo == json.as[Foo])

deserialization uses default values

case class Bar(s: String, i: Int = 6)
implicit lazy val format = Jsonx.formatCaseClassUseDefaults[Bar]
assert(Bar("asd",6) == Json.parse("""{"s":"asd"}""").validate[Bar].get)

De-/Serialize tuples

import org.cvogt.play.json.tuples._
val json = Json.parse("""[1,1.0,"Test"]""")
val res = Json.fromJson[(Int,Double,String)](json)
assert(JsSuccess((1,1.0,"Test")) === res)

De-/Serialize single value classes

case class Foo(i: Int)
val json = Json.parse("1")
val res = Json.fromJson[Foo](json)
assert(JsSuccess(Foo(1)) === res)

Option for play-json 2.4

implicit Option Reads

import org.cvogt.play.json.implicits.optionWithNull // play 2.4 suggested behavior
// or
import org.cvogt.play.json.implicits.optionNoError // play 2.3 behavior

automatic option validation: validateAuto

val json = (Json.parse("""{}""") \ "s")
json.validateAuto[Option[String]] == JsResult(None) // works as expected correctly

// play-json built-ins
json.validate[Option[String]] // JsError: "'s' is undefined on object: {}"
json.validateOpt[String] == JsResult(None) // manual alternative (provided here, built-into play-json >= 2.4.2)

automatic formatting of sealed traits, delegating to formatters of the subclasses

formatSealed uses orElse of subclass Reads in random order, careful in case of ambiguities of field-class correspondances

sealed trait SomeAdt
case object A extends SomeAdt
final case class X(i: Int, s: String) extends SomeAdt
object X{
  implicit lazy val jsonFormat: Format[X] = Jsonx.formatCaseClass[X]
}
object SomeAdt{
  import org.cvogt.play.json.SingletonEncoder.simpleName  // required for formatSingleton
  import org.cvogt.play.json.implicits.formatSingleton    // required if trait has object children
  implicit lazy val jsonFormat: Format[SomeAdt] = Jsonx.formatSealed[SomeAdt]
}

Json.parse("""A""").as[SomeAdt] == A
Json.parse("""{"i": 5, "s":"foo", "type": "X"}""").as[SomeAdt] == X(5,"foo")

formatSealedWithFallback[A,B <: A] is like formatSealed but provides a fallback for unknown cases.

It makes sure the class B is tried last, which allows it to be permissive enough for a fallback.

This allows graceful schema evolution without breaking old readers. Example:

sealed trait SomeAdt
final case class X(i: Int, s: String) extends SomeAdt
final case class Unknown(json: JsValue) extends SomeAdt
object SomeAdt{
  implicit lazy val jsonFormat: Format[SomeAdt] = {
    implicit lazy val XFormat: Format[X] = Jsonx.formatCaseClass[X]
    implicit lazy val UnknownFormat: Format[Unknown] = Jsonx.formatInline[Unknown]
    Jsonx.formatSealedWithFallback[SomeAdt]
  }
}

Json.parse("""{"i": 5, "s":"foo", "type": "X"}""").as[SomeAdt] == X(5,"foo")
val unknownJson = Json.parse("""{"x":"y"}""")
unknownJson.as[Unknown] == Unknown(unknownJson)

experimental features (will change)

Serialization nirvana - formatAuto FULLY automatic de-serializer (note: needs more optimized internal implementation)

sealed trait SomeAdt
case object A extends SomeAdt
final case class X(i: Int, s: String) extends SomeAdt
object Baz
case class Bar(a: Int, b:Float, foo: Baz.type, o: Option[Int])
case class Foo(_1:Bar,_11:SomeAdt, _2:String,_3:Int,_4:Int,_5:Int,_21:Int,_22:Int,_23:Int,_24:Int,_25:Int,_31:Int,_32:Int,_33:Int,_34:Int,_35:Int,_41:Int,_42:Int,_43:Int,_44:Int,_45:Int,_51:Int,_52:Int,_53:Int,_54:Int,_55:Int)
val foo = Foo(Bar(5,1.0f, Baz, Some(4): Option[Int]),A,"sdf",3,4,5,1,2,3,4,5,1,2,3,4,5,1,2,3,4,5,1,2,3,4,5)
val foo2 = Foo(Bar(5,1.0f, Baz, None: Option[Int]),X(5,"x"),"sdf",3,4,5,1,2,3,4,5,1,2,3,4,5,1,2,3,4,5,1,2,3,4,5)

import org.cvogt.play.json.implicits.optionWithNull
val fmt2: Format[Foo] = Jsonx.formatAuto[Foo] // not implicit to avoid infinite recursion

{
  implicit lazy val fmt3: Format[Foo] = fmt2    
  val json = Json.toJson( foo )
  assert(foo === json.as[Foo])
  val json2 = Json.toJson( foo2 )
  assert(foo2 === json2.as[Foo])
}