A Ruby wrapper for the GitHub REST API v3.
Supports all the API methods(nearly 200). It's build in a modular way, that is, you can either instantiate the whole api wrapper Github.new or use parts of it e.i. Github::Repos.new if working solely with repositories is your main concern.
Since version 0.5 the way the gem queries the GitHub api underwent important changes. It closely mirros the Github api hierarchy e.i. if you want to create a download resource, lookup the github api spec and issue the request as in
Old style: github.pull_requests.create_request github.pull_requests.pull_requests github.pull_requests.pull_request New style: github.pull_requests.create github.pull_requests.all github.pull_requests.find
Install the gem by issuing
gem install github_api
or put it in your Gemfile and run
Create a new client instance
github = Github.new
At this stage you can also supply various configuration parameters, such as
:basic_auth which are used throughout the API
github = Github.new oauth_token: 'token'
You can authenticate either using OAuth authentication convenience methods(see section OAuth) or through basic authentication by passing your login and password credentials
github = Github.new login:'peter-murach', password:'...'
or use convenience method:
github = Github.new basic_auth: 'login:password'
You can interact with GitHub interface, for example repositories, by issuing following calls that correspond directly to the GitHub API hierarchy
github.repos.commits.all 'user-name', 'repo-name' github.repos.hooks.create 'user-name', 'repo-name', name: "web", active: true github.repos.keys.get 'user-name', 'repo-name'
The code base is modular and allows for you to work specifically with a given part of GitHub API e.g. blobs
blobs = Github::GitData::Blobs.new blobs.create 'peter-murach', 'github', content: 'Blob content'
The response is of type [Hashie::Mash] and allows to traverse all the json response attributes like method calls e.i.
repos = Github::Repos.new :user => 'peter-murach', :repo => 'github' repos.branches do |branch| puts branch.name end
Main API methods are grouped into the following classes that can be instantiated on their own
Github - full API access Github::Gists Github::GitData Github::Repos Github::Orgs Github::Issues Github::Authorizations Github::PullRequests Github::Users Github::Events
Some parts of GitHub API v3 require you to be autheticated, for instance the following are examples of APIs only for the authenticated user
All method calls form ruby like sentences and allow for intuitive api navigation, for instance
github = Github.new :oauth_token => '...' github.users.followers.following 'wycats' # => returns users that 'wycats' is following github.users.followers.following 'wycats' # => returns true if following, otherwise false
For specification on all available methods go to http://developer.github.com/v3/ or read the rdoc, all methods are documented there with examples of usage.
Alternatively, you can find out a specific class supported methods by calling
actions in your
>> Github::Repos.actions --- |--> all |--> branches |--> collaborators |--> commits |--> contribs |--> contributors |--> create |--> downloads |--> edit |--> find |--> forks |--> get |--> hooks ...
or you can call
actions on chained query:
>> github.issues.actions --- |--> all |--> comments |--> create |--> edit |--> events |--> find |--> get |--> labels |--> list |--> list_repo |--> list_repository |--> milestones ---
Some API methods apart from required parameters such as username, repository name or organisation name, allow you to switch the way the data is returned to you, for instance
github = Github.new github.git_data.trees.get 'peter-murach', 'github', 'c18647b75d72f19c1e0cc8af031e5d833b7f12ea' # => gets a tree github.git_data.trees.get 'peter-murach', 'github', 'c18647b75d72f19c1e0cc8af031e5d833b7f12ea', recursive: true # => gets a whole tree recursively
by passing a block you can iterate over the file tree
github.git_data.trees.get 'peter-murach', 'github', 'c18647b75d72f19c1e0cc8af031e5d833b7f12ea', recursive: true do |file| puts file.path end
In order to authenticate the user through OAuth2 on GitHub you need to
visit https://github.com/settings/applications/new and register your app You will need to be logged in to initially register the application.
authorize your credentials https://github.com/login/oauth/authorize You can use convenience methods to help you achieve this that come with this gem:
github = Github.new :client_id => '...', :client_secret => '...' github.authorize_url :redirect_uri => 'http://localhost', :scope => 'repo' # => "https://github.com/login/oauth/authorize?scope=repo&response_type=code&client_id='...'&redirect_uri=http%3A%2F%2Flocalhost"
After you get your authorization code, call to receive your access_token
token = github.get_token( authorization_code )
Once you have your access token, configure your github instance following instructions under Configuration.
Alternatively you can use OAuth Authorizations API. For instance, to create access token through GitHub API do following
github = Github.new basic_auth: 'login:password' github.oauth.create 'scopes' => ['repo']
You can add more than one scope from the
gist or leave the scopes parameter out, in which case, the default read-only access will be assumed(includes public user profile info, public repo info, and gists).
Issues, PullRequests and few other API leverage custom mime types which are :json, :blob, :raw, :text, :html, :full. By default :raw is used.
In order to pass a mime type with your request do
github = Github.new github.pull_requests.list 'peter-murach', 'github', :mime_type => :full
Your header will contain 'Accept: "application/vnd.github-pull.full+json"' which in turn returns raw, text and html representations in response body.
Certain methods require authentication. To get your GitHub OAuth v2 credentials, register an app at https://github.com/settings/applications/ You will need to be logged in to register the application.
Github.configure do |config| config.oauth_token = YOUR_OAUTH_ACCESS_TOKEN config.basic_auth = 'login:password' end or Github.new(:oauth_token => YOUR_OAUTH_TOKEN) Github.new(:basic_auth => 'login:password')
All parameters can be overwirtten as per method call. By passing parameters hash...
Stack(work in progress)
By default the
github_api gem will use the default middleware stack. However, a simple DSL is provided to create a custom stack, for instance:
github = Github.stack do request :filter request :normalizer request :validations response :cache do register :filestore end adapter :net_http end
By default no caching will be performed. In order to set the cache do... If no cache type is provided a default memoization is done.
Any request that returns multiple items will be paginated to 30 items by default. You can specify custom
per_page query parameters to alter default behavior. For instance:
res = Github::Repos.new.repos user: 'wycats', per_page: 10, page: 5
Then you can query pagination information included in the link header by:
res.links.first # Shows the URL of the first page of results. res.links.next # Shows the URL of the immediate next page of results. res.links.prev # Shows the URL of the immediate previous page of results. res.links.last # Shows the URL of the last page of results.
In order to iterate through the entire result set page by page, you can use convenience methods:
res.each_page do |page| page.each do |repo| puts repo.name end end
next_page like in the following:
while res.has_next_page? ... process response ... res.next_page end
One can also navigate straight to specific page by:
res.page 5 # Requests given page if it exists, nil otherwise res.first_page res.prev_page res.next_page res.last_page
Each response comes packaged with methods allowing for inspection of HTTP start line and headers. For example to check for rate limits and status code issue
res = Github::Repos.new.branches 'peter-murach', 'github' res.ratelimit_limit # "5000" res.ratelimit_remainig # "4999" res.status # "200" res.content_type # "application/json; charset=utf-8"
Some api methods require input parameters, these are added simply as a hash properties, for instance
issues = Github::Issues.new user:'peter-murach', repo: 'github-api' issues.milestones.list state: 'open', sort: 'due_date', direction: 'asc'
Other methods may require inputs as an array of strings
users = Github::Users.new oauth_token: 'token' users.emails.add 'email1', 'email2', ..., 'emailn' # => Adds emails to the authenticated user
If a method returns a collection, you can iterator over it by supplying a block parameter,
events = Github::Events.new events.public do |event| puts event.actor.login end
Query requests instead of http responses return boolean values
github = Github.new github.orgs.members.public_member? 'github', 'technoweenie' # => true
A Rails controller that allows a user to authorize their GitHub account and then perform request.
class GithubController < ApplicationController def authorize github = Github.new :client_id => '...', :client_secret => '...' address = github.authorize_url :redirect_uri => 'http://...', :scope => 'repo' redirect_to address end def callback authorization_code = params[:code] token = github.get_token authorization_code access_token = token.token end end
The test suite is split into two groups
live tests are the ones in
features folder and they simply exercise the GitHub API by making live requests and then being cached with VCR in directory named
features\cassettes. For details on how to get setup please navigate to
mock tests are in
spec directory and their primary concern is to test the gem internals without the hindrance of external calls.
Questions or problems? Please post them on the issue tracker. You can contribute changes by forking the project and submitting a pull request. You can ensure the tests are passing by running
Copyright (c) 2011-2012 Piotr Murach. See LICENSE.txt for further details.