A sbt plugin for creating distributable Scala packages.
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sbt-pack plugin Build Status Maven Central

A sbt plugin for creating distributable Scala packages that include dependent jars and launch scripts.


  • sbt pack creates a distributable package in target/pack folder.
    • All dependent jars including scala-library.jar are collected in target/pack/lib folder. This process is much faster than creating a single-jar as in sbt-assembly or proguard plugins.
    • Supporting multi-module projects.
  • sbt pack-archive generates tar.gz archive that is ready to distribute.
    • The archive name is target/{project name}-{version}.tar.gz
  • sbt pack generates program launch scripts target/pack/bin/{program name}
    • To run the program no need exists to install Scala, since it is included in the lib folder. Only java command needs to be found in the system.
    • It also generates .bat launch scripts for Windows users.
  • Generates a Makefile for program installation.
    • Do cd target/pack; make install. Then you can run your program with ~/local/bin/{program name}
  • You can install multiple versions of your program in the system.
    • The above Makefile script uses a separate folder for each version (e.g., ~/local/{project name}/{project version}).
    • The latest version is linked from ~/local/{project name}/current
  • You can add other resources in src/pack folder.
    • All resources in this folder will be copied to target/pack.
  • Check duplicated classes in dependencies.

  • Release Notes


Add sbt-pack plugin to your sbt configuration:


addSbtPlugin("org.xerial.sbt" % "sbt-pack" % "0.8.2")  // for sbt-0.13.x or higher

addSbtPlugin("org.xerial.sbt" % "sbt-pack" % "0.2.5")  // for sbt-0.12.x (New features will not be supported in this version.)

Repository URL: http://repo1.maven.org/maven2/org/xerial/sbt/

Minimum configuration


// Automatically find def main(args:Array[String]) methods from classpath


// If you need to specify main classes manually, use packSettings and packMain

// [Optional] Creating `hello` command that calls org.mydomain.Hello#main(Array[String]) 
packMain := Map("hello" -> "org.mydomain.Hello")

Now you can use sbt pack command in your project.

Full build configuration

Import xerial.sbt.Pack.packAutoSettings into your project settings (Since version 0.6.2). sbt-pack finds main classes in your code and generates programs for them accordingly. The main classes must be Scala objects that define def main(args:Array[]) method. The program names are the main classes names, hyphenized. (For example, main class myprog.ExampleProg gives program name example-prog.)

Alternatively, import xerial.sbt.Pack.packSettings instead of xerial.sbt.Pack.packAutoSettings. The main classes in your program will then not be guessed. Manually set the packMain variable, a mapping from your program names to their corresponding main classes (for example packMain := Map("hello" -> "myprog.Hello")).


import sbt._
import sbt.Keys._
import xerial.sbt.Pack._

object Build extends sbt.Build {

  lazy val root = Project(
    id = "myprog",
    base = file("."),
    settings = Defaults.defaultSettings 
      ++ packAutoSettings // This settings add pack and pack-archive commands to sbt
      ++ Seq(
        // [Optional] If you used packSettings instead of packAutoSettings, 
        //  specify mappings from program name -> Main class (full package path)
        // packMain := Map("hello" -> "myprog.Hello"),
        // Add custom settings here
        // [Optional] JVM options of scripts (program name -> Seq(JVM option, ...))
        packJvmOpts := Map("hello" -> Seq("-Xmx512m")),
        // [Optional] Extra class paths to look when launching a program. You can use ${PROG_HOME} to specify the base directory
        packExtraClasspath := Map("hello" -> Seq("${PROG_HOME}/etc")), 
        // [Optional] (Generate .bat files for Windows. The default value is true)
        packGenerateWindowsBatFile := true,
        // [Optional] jar file name format in pack/lib folder
        //   "default"   (project name)-(version).jar 
        //   "full"      (organization name).(project name)-(version).jar
        //   "no-version" (organization name).(project name).jar
        //   "original"  (Preserve original jar file names)
        packJarNameConvention := "default",
        // [Optional] Patterns of jar file names to exclude in pack
        packExcludeJars := Seq("scala-.*\\.jar"),
        // [Optional] List full class paths in the launch scripts (default is false) (since 0.5.1)
        packExpandedClasspath := false,
        // [Optional] Resource directory mapping to be copied within target/pack. Default is Map("{projectRoot}/src/pack" -> "") 
        packResourceDir += (baseDirectory.value / "web" -> "web-content")
    // To publish tar.gz, zip archives to the repository, add the following line
    // ++ publishPackArchive
    // Publish tar.gz archive. To publish another type of archive, use publishPackArchive(xxx) instead
    // ++ publishPackArchiveTgz


package myprog

object Hello {
  def main(args:Array[String]) = {
    println("Hello World!!")

Command Examples

Create a package

$ sbt pack

Your program package will be generated in target/pack folder.

Launch a command

$ target/pack/bin/hello
Hello World!!

Install the command

Install the command to $(HOME)/local/bin:

$ sbt packInstall


$ cd target/pack; make install

To launch the command:

    $ ~/local/bin/hello
    Hello World!

Add the following configuration to your .bash_profile, .zsh_profile, etc. for the usability:

export PATH=$(HOME)/local/bin:$PATH

Install the command to the system

$ cd target/pack
$ sudo make install PREFIX="/usr/local"
$ /usr/local/bin/hello
Hello World!

Create a tar.gz archive of your Scala program package

$ sbt packArchive

Copy dependencies

The packCopyDependencies task copies all the dependencies to the folder specified through the packCopyDependenciesTarget setting.

By default, a symbolic link will be created. By setting packCopyDependenciesUseSymbolicLinks to false, the files will be copied instead of symlinking. A symbolic link is faster and uses less disk space.

It can be used e.g. for copying dependencies of a webapp to WEB-INF/lib

See an example project.

Example projects

See also examples folder in the source code. It contains several Scala project examples using sbt-pack.

Use case

For developers

To test sbt-pack plugin, run

$ ./sbt scripted

Run a single test project, e.g., src/sbt-test/sbt-pack/multi-module:

$ ./sbt "scripted sbt-pack/multi-module"