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Code of Online Biterm Topic Model

The package contains two online algorithms for Biterm Topic Model (BTM): online BTM (oBTM) and incremental BTM (iBTM). oBTM fits an individual BTM in a time slice by using the sufficient statistics as Dirichlet priors; iBTM trains a single model over a biterm stream using incremental Gibbs sampler.

More detail can be referred to the following paper:

Xueqi Cheng, Xiaohui Yan, Yanyan Lan, and Jiafeng Guo. BTM: Topic Modeling over Short Texts. TKDE, 2014.


The code includes a runnable example, you can run it by:

   $ script/

It trains BTM over the documents in sample-data/0.txt, 1.txt, ... and output the topics. The n.txt contains the training documents in time slice (supposed to be day) n, where each line represents one document with words separated by space as:

word1 word2 word3 ....

(Note: the sample data is only used for illustration of the usage of the code. It is not the data set used in the paper.)

You can change the paths of data files and parameters in script/ to run over your own data.

Indeed, the processes the input documents in 4 steps.

1. Index the words in the documents
To simplify the main code, we provide a python script to map each word to a unique ID (starts from 0) in the documents.

$ python script/ <doc_dir> <dwid_dir> <voca_pt>
  doc_dir     input doc dir to be indexed, each file records docs in a day, while each line in a file is a doc with the format "word word ..."
  dwid_dir   output doc dir after indexing, each file records docs in a day, while each line is a doc with the format "wordId wordId ..."
  voca_pt   output vocabulary file, each line is a word with the format "wordId    word"

2. Topic learning

   $ ./src/run obtm <K> <W> <alpha> <beta> <n_iter> <docs_dir> <model_dir>
   $ ./src/run ibtm <K> <W> <alpha> <beta> <n_iter> <docs_dir> <model_dir> <win> <n_rej>
	K	int, number of topics
	W	int, size of vocabulary
	alpha	double, Symmetric Dirichlet prior of P(z), like 1
	beta	double, Symmetric Dirichlet prior of P(w|z), like 0.01
	docs_dir    string, path of training docs
	model_dir	string, path of output directory
    win     int, windows size of incremental Gibbs sampler
    n_rej   int, rejuvenation sequence size of incremental Gibbs sampler

The results will be written into the directory "model_dir":

  • k20.pw_z: a K*M matrix for P(w|z), suppose K=20
  • k20.pz: a K*1 matrix for P(z), suppose K=20

3. Inference topic proportions for documents, i.e., P(z|d)
If you need to analysis the topic proportions of each documents, just run the following common to infer that using the model estimated.

$ ./src/inf <type> <K> <day> <docs_dir> <model_dir>
  K	int, number of topics, like 20
  day   int, the nth day, like 0, 1, ..
  type	 string, 3 choices:sum_w, sum_b, mix. sum_b is used in our paper.
  docs_dir	string, path of training docs
  model_dir	string, output directory

The result will be output to "model_dir":

  • k20.day0.pz_d: a N*K matrix for P(z|d), suppose K=20 and day=0

4. Results display
Finally, we also provide a python script to illustrate the top words of the topics and their proportions in the collection.

   $ python <model_dir> <K> <voca_pt>
     model_dir    the output dir of BTM
     K    the number of topics
     voca_pt    the vocabulary file


  • 2015-01-12, v0.5, improve the usability of the code
  • 2013-09-25, v0.1

If you have any questions, feel free to contact: Xiaohui Yan(


Code for Online Biterm Topic Model (published in TKDE2014)






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