Vim has long been my favorite text editor and combined with Exuberant
Ctags it has the potential to provide most of what I expect
from an integrated development environment. Exuberant Ctags is the
latest incarnation of a family of computer programs that scan
source code files to create an index of identifiers (tags) and where they are
defined. Vim uses this index (a so-called tags file) to enable you to jump to
the definition of any identifier using the
When you're familiar with integrated development environments you may recognize this feature as "Go-to definition". One advantage of the combination of Vim and Exuberant Ctags over integrated development environments is that Vim supports syntax highlighting for over 500 file types (!) and Exuberant Ctags can generate tags for over 40 file types as well...
There's just one problem: You have to manually keep your tags files up-to-date
and this turns about to be a royal pain in the ass! So I set out to write a Vim
plug-in that would do this boring work for me. When I finished the plug-in's
basic functionality (one automatic command and a call to
system()) I became
interested in dynamic syntax highlighting, so I added that as well to see if it
would work -- surprisingly well I'm happy to report!
Unzip the most recent ZIP archive file inside your Vim profile
directory (usually this is
~/.vim on UNIX and
Windows), restart Vim and try it out: Edit any file type supported by Exuberant
Ctags and within ten seconds the plug-in should create/update your tags file
~/.vimtags on UNIX,
~/_vimtags on Windows) with the tags defined in the
file you just edited! This means that whatever file you're editing in Vim (as
long as its on the local file system), tags will always be available by the
time you need them!
Additionally if the file you just opened is a C, Lua, PHP, Python or Vim source file you should also notice that the function and type names defined in the file have been syntax highlighted.
If the plug-in warns you that
ctags isn't installed you can download it from
its homepage, or if you're running Debian/Ubuntu you can
install it by executing the following shell command:
sudo apt-get install exuberant-ctags
The plug-in is intended to work without configuration but can be customized by changing the following options:
As mentioned above the plug-in will store your tags in
~/.vimtags on UNIX and
~/_vimtags on Windows. To change the location of this file, set the global
:let g:easytags_file = '~/.vim/tags'
~ in the
easytags_file variable is expanded to your current home
$HOME on UNIX,
%USERPROFILE% on Windows).
By default the plug-in automatically generates and highlights tags when you stop typing for a few seconds. This means that when you edit a file, the dynamic highlighting won't appear until you pause for a moment. If you don't want this you can configure the plug-in to always enable dynamic highlighting:
:let g:easytags_always_enabled = 1
Be warned that after setting this option you'll probably notice why it's disabled by default: Every time you edit a file in Vim, the plug-in will first run Exuberant Ctags and then highlight the tags, which slows Vim down quite a lot. I have some ideas on how to improve this latency by executing Exuberant Ctags in the background, so stay tuned!
Note: If you change this option it won't apply until you restart Vim, so you'll
have to set this option in your
~/.vimrc script (
~/_vimrc on Windows).
As I explained above the plug-in by default doesn't update or highlight your tags until you stop typing for a moment. The plug-in tries hard to do the least amount of work possible in this break but it might still interrupt your workflow. If it does you can disable the periodic update:
:let g:easytags_on_cursorhold = 0
Note: Like the
easytags_always_enabled option, if you change this option it
won't apply until you restart Vim, so you'll have to set this option in your
~/.vimrc script (
~/_vimrc on Windows).
UNIX has symbolic links and hard links, both of which conflict with the concept of having one unique location for every identifier. With regards to hard links there's not much anyone can do, but because I use symbolic links quite a lot I've added this option. It's disabled by default since it has a small performance impact and might not do what unknowing users expect it to: When you enable this option the plug-in will resolve symbolic links in pathnames, which means your tags file will only contain entries with canonical pathnames. To enable this option (which I strongly suggest doing when you run UNIX and use symbolic links) execute the following Vim command:
:let easytags_resolve_links = 1
Once or twice now in several years I've experienced Exuberant Ctags getting
into an infinite loop when given garbage input. In my case this happened by
accident a few days ago :-|. Because my plug-in executes
ctags in the
foreground this will block Vim indefinitely! If this happens you might be
able to kill
ctags by pressing
Ctrl-C but if that doesn't work you can also
kill it without stopping Vim using a task manager or the
pkill -KILL ctags
If Vim seems very slow and you suspect this plug-in might be the one to blame, increase Vim's verbosity level:
Every time the plug-in executes it will time how long the execution takes and
add the results to Vim's message history, which you can view by executing the
If you have questions, bug reports, suggestions, etc. the author can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org. The latest version is available at http://peterodding.com/code/vim/easytags and http://github.com/xolox/vim-easytags. If you like this plug-in please vote for it on www.vim.org.