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# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""Directory stack and associated utilities for the xonsh shell."""
import os
import glob
import argparse
import builtins
import subprocess
from xonsh.lazyasd import lazyobject
from xonsh.tools import get_sep
from xonsh.events import events
from xonsh.platform import ON_WINDOWS
DIRSTACK = []
"""A list containing the currently remembered directories."""
_unc_tempDrives = {}
""" drive: sharePath for temp drive letters we create for UNC mapping"""
def _unc_check_enabled() -> bool:
r"""Check whether CMD.EXE is enforcing no-UNC-as-working-directory check.
Check can be disabled by setting {HKCU, HKLM}/SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Command Processor\DisableUNCCheck:REG_DWORD=1
Returns:
True if `CMD.EXE` is enforcing the check (default Windows situation)
False if check is explicitly disabled.
"""
if not ON_WINDOWS:
return
import winreg
wval = None
try:
key = winreg.OpenKey(
winreg.HKEY_CURRENT_USER, r"software\microsoft\command processor"
)
wval, wtype = winreg.QueryValueEx(key, "DisableUNCCheck")
winreg.CloseKey(key)
except OSError:
pass
if wval is None:
try:
key2 = winreg.OpenKey(
winreg.HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE, r"software\microsoft\command processor"
)
wval, wtype = winreg.QueryValueEx(key2, "DisableUNCCheck")
winreg.CloseKey(key2)
except OSError as e: # NOQA
pass
return False if wval else True
def _is_unc_path(some_path) -> bool:
"""True if path starts with 2 backward (or forward, due to python path hacking) slashes."""
return (
len(some_path) > 1
and some_path[0] == some_path[1]
and some_path[0] in (os.sep, os.altsep)
)
def _unc_map_temp_drive(unc_path) -> str:
r"""Map a new temporary drive letter for each distinct share,
unless `CMD.EXE` is not insisting on non-UNC working directory.
Emulating behavior of `CMD.EXE` `pushd`, create a new mapped drive (starting from Z: towards A:, skipping existing
drive letters) for each new UNC path user selects.
Args:
unc_path: the path specified by user. Assumed to be a UNC path of form \\<server>\share...
Returns:
a replacement for `unc_path` to be used as the actual new working directory.
Note that the drive letter may be a the same as one already mapped if the server and share portion of `unc_path`
is the same as one still active on the stack.
"""
global _unc_tempDrives
assert unc_path[1] in (os.sep, os.altsep), "unc_path is UNC form of path"
if not _unc_check_enabled():
return unc_path
else:
unc_share, rem_path = os.path.splitdrive(unc_path)
unc_share = unc_share.casefold()
for d in _unc_tempDrives:
if _unc_tempDrives[d] == unc_share:
return os.path.join(d, rem_path)
for dord in range(ord("z"), ord("a"), -1):
d = chr(dord) + ":"
if not os.path.isdir(d): # find unused drive letter starting from z:
subprocess.check_output(
["NET", "USE", d, unc_share], universal_newlines=True
)
_unc_tempDrives[d] = unc_share
return os.path.join(d, rem_path)
def _unc_unmap_temp_drive(left_drive, cwd):
"""Unmap a temporary drive letter if it is no longer needed.
Called after popping `DIRSTACK` and changing to new working directory, so we need stack *and*
new current working directory to be sure drive letter no longer needed.
Args:
left_drive: driveletter (and colon) of working directory we just left
cwd: full path of new current working directory
"""
global _unc_tempDrives
if left_drive not in _unc_tempDrives: # if not one we've mapped, don't unmap it
return
for p in DIRSTACK + [cwd]: # if still in use , don't unmap it.
if p.casefold().startswith(left_drive):
return
_unc_tempDrives.pop(left_drive)
subprocess.check_output(
["NET", "USE", left_drive, "/delete"], universal_newlines=True
)
events.doc(
"on_chdir",
"""
on_chdir(olddir: str, newdir: str) -> None
Fires when the current directory is changed for any reason.
""",
)
def _get_cwd():
try:
return os.getcwd()
except (OSError, FileNotFoundError):
return None
def _change_working_directory(newdir, follow_symlinks=False):
env = builtins.__xonsh__.env
old = env["PWD"]
new = os.path.join(old, newdir)
absnew = os.path.abspath(new)
if follow_symlinks:
absnew = os.path.realpath(absnew)
try:
os.chdir(absnew)
except (OSError, FileNotFoundError):
if new.endswith(get_sep()):
new = new[:-1]
if os.path.basename(new) == "..":
env["PWD"] = new
else:
if old is not None:
env["OLDPWD"] = old
if new is not None:
env["PWD"] = absnew
# Fire event if the path actually changed
if old != env["PWD"]:
events.on_chdir.fire(olddir=old, newdir=env["PWD"])
def _try_cdpath(apath):
# NOTE: this CDPATH implementation differs from the bash one.
# In bash if a CDPATH is set, an unqualified local folder
# is considered after all CDPATHs, example:
# CDPATH=$HOME/src (with src/xonsh/ inside)
# $ cd xonsh -> src/xonsh (with xonsh/xonsh)
# a second $ cd xonsh has no effects, to move in the nested xonsh
# in bash a full $ cd ./xonsh is needed.
# In xonsh a relative folder is always preferred.
env = builtins.__xonsh__.env
cdpaths = env.get("CDPATH")
for cdp in cdpaths:
globber = builtins.__xonsh__.expand_path(os.path.join(cdp, apath))
for cdpath_prefixed_path in glob.iglob(globber):
return cdpath_prefixed_path
return apath
def cd(args, stdin=None):
"""Changes the directory.
If no directory is specified (i.e. if `args` is None) then this
changes to the current user's home directory.
"""
env = builtins.__xonsh__.env
oldpwd = env.get("OLDPWD", None)
cwd = env["PWD"]
follow_symlinks = False
if len(args) > 0 and args[0] == "-P":
follow_symlinks = True
del args[0]
if len(args) == 0:
d = os.path.expanduser("~")
elif len(args) == 1:
d = os.path.expanduser(args[0])
if not os.path.isdir(d):
if d == "-":
if oldpwd is not None:
d = oldpwd
else:
return "", "cd: no previous directory stored\n", 1
elif d.startswith("-"):
try:
num = int(d[1:])
except ValueError:
return "", "cd: Invalid destination: {0}\n".format(d), 1
if num == 0:
return None, None, 0
elif num < 0:
return "", "cd: Invalid destination: {0}\n".format(d), 1
elif num > len(DIRSTACK):
e = "cd: Too few elements in dirstack ({0} elements)\n"
return "", e.format(len(DIRSTACK)), 1
else:
d = DIRSTACK[num - 1]
else:
d = _try_cdpath(d)
else:
return (
"",
(
"cd takes 0 or 1 arguments, not {0}. An additional `-P` "
"flag can be passed in first position to follow symlinks."
"\n".format(len(args))
),
1,
)
if not os.path.exists(d):
return "", "cd: no such file or directory: {0}\n".format(d), 1
if not os.path.isdir(d):
return "", "cd: {0} is not a directory\n".format(d), 1
if not os.access(d, os.X_OK):
return "", "cd: permission denied: {0}\n".format(d), 1
if (
ON_WINDOWS
and _is_unc_path(d)
and _unc_check_enabled()
and (not env.get("AUTO_PUSHD"))
):
return (
"",
"cd: can't cd to UNC path on Windows, unless $AUTO_PUSHD set or reg entry "
+ r"HKCU\SOFTWARE\MICROSOFT\Command Processor\DisableUNCCheck:DWORD = 1"
+ "\n",
1,
)
# now, push the directory onto the dirstack if AUTO_PUSHD is set
if cwd is not None and env.get("AUTO_PUSHD"):
pushd(["-n", "-q", cwd])
if ON_WINDOWS and _is_unc_path(d):
d = _unc_map_temp_drive(d)
_change_working_directory(d, follow_symlinks)
return None, None, 0
@lazyobject
def pushd_parser():
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(prog="pushd")
parser.add_argument("dir", nargs="?")
parser.add_argument(
"-n",
dest="cd",
help="Suppresses the normal change of directory when"
" adding directories to the stack, so that only the"
" stack is manipulated.",
action="store_false",
)
parser.add_argument(
"-q",
dest="quiet",
help="Do not call dirs, regardless of $PUSHD_SILENT",
action="store_true",
)
return parser
def pushd(args, stdin=None):
r"""xonsh command: pushd
Adds a directory to the top of the directory stack, or rotates the stack,
making the new top of the stack the current working directory.
On Windows, if the path is a UNC path (begins with `\\<server>\<share>`) and if the `DisableUNCCheck` registry
value is not enabled, creates a temporary mapped drive letter and sets the working directory there, emulating
behavior of `PUSHD` in `CMD.EXE`
"""
global DIRSTACK
try:
args = pushd_parser.parse_args(args)
except SystemExit:
return None, None, 1
env = builtins.__xonsh__.env
pwd = env["PWD"]
if env.get("PUSHD_MINUS", False):
BACKWARD = "-"
FORWARD = "+"
else:
BACKWARD = "+"
FORWARD = "-"
if args.dir is None:
try:
new_pwd = DIRSTACK.pop(0)
except IndexError:
e = "pushd: Directory stack is empty\n"
return None, e, 1
elif os.path.isdir(args.dir):
new_pwd = args.dir
else:
try:
num = int(args.dir[1:])
except ValueError:
e = "Invalid argument to pushd: {0}\n"
return None, e.format(args.dir), 1
if num < 0:
e = "Invalid argument to pushd: {0}\n"
return None, e.format(args.dir), 1
if num > len(DIRSTACK):
e = "Too few elements in dirstack ({0} elements)\n"
return None, e.format(len(DIRSTACK)), 1
elif args.dir.startswith(FORWARD):
if num == len(DIRSTACK):
new_pwd = None
else:
new_pwd = DIRSTACK.pop(len(DIRSTACK) - 1 - num)
elif args.dir.startswith(BACKWARD):
if num == 0:
new_pwd = None
else:
new_pwd = DIRSTACK.pop(num - 1)
else:
e = "Invalid argument to pushd: {0}\n"
return None, e.format(args.dir), 1
if new_pwd is not None:
if ON_WINDOWS and _is_unc_path(new_pwd):
new_pwd = _unc_map_temp_drive(new_pwd)
if args.cd:
DIRSTACK.insert(0, os.path.expanduser(pwd))
_change_working_directory(new_pwd)
else:
DIRSTACK.insert(0, os.path.expanduser(new_pwd))
maxsize = env.get("DIRSTACK_SIZE")
if len(DIRSTACK) > maxsize:
DIRSTACK = DIRSTACK[:maxsize]
if not args.quiet and not env.get("PUSHD_SILENT"):
return dirs([], None)
return None, None, 0
@lazyobject
def popd_parser():
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(prog="popd")
parser.add_argument("dir", nargs="?")
parser.add_argument(
"-n",
dest="cd",
help="Suppresses the normal change of directory when"
" adding directories to the stack, so that only the"
" stack is manipulated.",
action="store_false",
)
parser.add_argument(
"-q",
dest="quiet",
help="Do not call dirs, regardless of $PUSHD_SILENT",
action="store_true",
)
return parser
def popd(args, stdin=None):
"""
xonsh command: popd
Removes entries from the directory stack.
"""
global DIRSTACK
try:
args = pushd_parser.parse_args(args)
except SystemExit:
return None, None, 1
env = builtins.__xonsh__.env
if env.get("PUSHD_MINUS"):
BACKWARD = "-"
FORWARD = "+"
else:
BACKWARD = "-"
FORWARD = "+"
if args.dir is None:
try:
new_pwd = DIRSTACK.pop(0)
except IndexError:
e = "popd: Directory stack is empty\n"
return None, e, 1
else:
try:
num = int(args.dir[1:])
except ValueError:
e = "Invalid argument to popd: {0}\n"
return None, e.format(args.dir), 1
if num < 0:
e = "Invalid argument to popd: {0}\n"
return None, e.format(args.dir), 1
if num > len(DIRSTACK):
e = "Too few elements in dirstack ({0} elements)\n"
return None, e.format(len(DIRSTACK)), 1
elif args.dir.startswith(FORWARD):
if num == len(DIRSTACK):
new_pwd = DIRSTACK.pop(0)
else:
new_pwd = None
DIRSTACK.pop(len(DIRSTACK) - 1 - num)
elif args.dir.startswith(BACKWARD):
if num == 0:
new_pwd = DIRSTACK.pop(0)
else:
new_pwd = None
DIRSTACK.pop(num - 1)
else:
e = "Invalid argument to popd: {0}\n"
return None, e.format(args.dir), 1
if new_pwd is not None:
e = None
if args.cd:
env = builtins.__xonsh__.env
pwd = env["PWD"]
_change_working_directory(new_pwd)
if ON_WINDOWS:
drive, rem_path = os.path.splitdrive(pwd)
_unc_unmap_temp_drive(drive.casefold(), new_pwd)
if not args.quiet and not env.get("PUSHD_SILENT"):
return dirs([], None)
return None, None, 0
@lazyobject
def dirs_parser():
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(prog="dirs")
parser.add_argument("N", nargs="?")
parser.add_argument(
"-c",
dest="clear",
help="Clears the directory stack by deleting all of" " the entries.",
action="store_true",
)
parser.add_argument(
"-p",
dest="print_long",
help="Print the directory stack with one entry per" " line.",
action="store_true",
)
parser.add_argument(
"-v",
dest="verbose",
help="Print the directory stack with one entry per"
" line, prefixing each entry with its index in the"
" stack.",
action="store_true",
)
parser.add_argument(
"-l",
dest="long",
help="Produces a longer listing; the default listing"
" format uses a tilde to denote the home directory.",
action="store_true",
)
return parser
def dirs(args, stdin=None):
"""xonsh command: dirs
Displays the list of currently remembered directories. Can also be used
to clear the directory stack.
"""
global DIRSTACK
try:
args = dirs_parser.parse_args(args)
except SystemExit:
return None, None
env = builtins.__xonsh__.env
dirstack = [os.path.expanduser(env["PWD"])] + DIRSTACK
if env.get("PUSHD_MINUS"):
BACKWARD = "-"
FORWARD = "+"
else:
BACKWARD = "-"
FORWARD = "+"
if args.clear:
DIRSTACK = []
return None, None, 0
if args.long:
o = dirstack
else:
d = os.path.expanduser("~")
o = [i.replace(d, "~") for i in dirstack]
if args.verbose:
out = ""
pad = len(str(len(o) - 1))
for (ix, e) in enumerate(o):
blanks = " " * (pad - len(str(ix)))
out += "\n{0}{1} {2}".format(blanks, ix, e)
out = out[1:]
elif args.print_long:
out = "\n".join(o)
else:
out = " ".join(o)
N = args.N
if N is not None:
try:
num = int(N[1:])
except ValueError:
e = "Invalid argument to dirs: {0}\n"
return None, e.format(N), 1
if num < 0:
e = "Invalid argument to dirs: {0}\n"
return None, e.format(len(o)), 1
if num >= len(o):
e = "Too few elements in dirstack ({0} elements)\n"
return None, e.format(len(o)), 1
if N.startswith(BACKWARD):
idx = num
elif N.startswith(FORWARD):
idx = len(o) - 1 - num
else:
e = "Invalid argument to dirs: {0}\n"
return None, e.format(N), 1
out = o[idx]
return out + "\n", None, 0
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