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Intuitive GraphQL Resolver Example - Application example using RawModel.js as GraphQL rootValue on steroids.
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Intuitive GraphQL Resolver Example - Application example using RawModel.js as GraphQL rootValue on steroids.

GraphQL is a modern replacement for the well known REST API server. This is a pure GraphQL server application - an example API server.


This example uses Node.js v7 and MongoDB.

  • GraphQL rootValue using RawModel.js.
  • Nested schema.
  • Print GraphQL schema from command-line.
  • Execute GraphQL schema from command-line.
  • Input data validation.
  • Context-aware models.
  • Graphql HTTP server.
  • MongoDB connector (an example how to use a database connector).


  • Make sure you are using Node.js v7+.
  • Install and start MongoDB server.

Build Setup

# install dependencies
npm install

# start the server (GraphiQL is started at
npm start

# use nodemon in development to automatically reload the server on changes
npm install -g nodemon
nodemon --exec npm start

# run GraphQL query from command-line
npm run exec '{getUsers {id name}}'

# run tests
npm test


npm start

Starts GraphiQL server at

Query Examples

mutation { # create new user
  createUser(name: "") {
    errors {
      errors {
query { # get users
  getUsers(skip: 0, limit: 5) {


|- /config    - config files
|- /scripts   - scripts that can be executed from CLI (used by `package.json`)
|- /src
  |- /graph`    - GraphQL application
  |- /http      - HTTP server
  |- /lib       - general helpers (e.g. Mongo DB connector)
  |- index.js   - application main file
- /tests        - tests written in [ava]( framework

The application exports two main classes - Graph (GraphQL application - src/http) and HTTP (HTTP server - src/graph). Each class represents a stand-alone application. You could create two separated npm packages from this to further split your code to responsibilities.

The scripts in the ./src/scripts folder use these classes to print GraphQL schema, execute GraphQL query and start the HTTP server from the command-line. These scripts are used by the package.json file thus you can use the npm run {script-name} commands.

Graph application describes your data model and provides a communication layer. HTTP application exposes GraphQL application over HTTP thus users can use the GraphQL application as your API endpoint.

The HTTP server is based on express-graphql which is a bridge to communicate with a GraphQL application via Express HTTP server. You could substitute this with koa-graphql or koa-graphql-next. The express-graphql middleware includes a GraphiQL user interface which is a generic interface for running GraphQL queries and mutations (for use in development).

Graph application exposes the API over the GraphQL schema defined in ./src/graph/schema/index.graphql. It uses the RawModel.js for describing and validating input data. To keep the example simple, we only have two models here where the Root model represents a GraphQL resolver - the rootValue for GraphQL.

GraphQL Clients

Your front-end application will need a GraphQL client to communicate with a GraphQL server. You can also use a raw browser's fetch to post data to the GraphQL server.

Popular GraphQL clients (you can add your own):


Node.js tutorials: Node.js Cheatsheet

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