Provides a unified set of tools for common caching tasks
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README.md

Berny\Cache

This library provides a unified set of tools for common caching tasks.

SensioLabsInsight

Features

Moves from the classic cache interface to a item interface.

Instalation

From composer/packagist

  • Add "berny/cache": "*@dev" to your composer.json file

From github

Storage

You want to store your cached data somewhere, and this is where StorageInterface comes handy.

Its only job is to create Items from keys through the getItem($key) method.

Some implementations of this interface are:

  • FilesystemStorage
  • MemoryStorage
  • DoctrineCacheAdapter

Item

Items allow management of ONE key inside a given Storage. You can:

  • key(): Get the item's key
  • get(): Get its cached value (if not missed the cache)
  • set($value): Set the cached value
  • miss(): Check if it missed the cache
  • remove(): Clear it

Example

function cacheComplexFunction(ItemInterface $item, Closure $complex)
{
    if ($item->miss()) {
        $value = $complex($item->key());
        $item->set($value);
    }
    return $item->get();
}

$storage = new MemoryStorage();
$result = cacheComplexFunction($storage->getItem('key'), complexCalculation);

Cache

The main brain is Cache, a concrete class which receives a StorageInterface (and optionally a StrategyInterface) to proxy all requests through it. It defines:

  • get($key, $default = null): Our plain get by key, returning $default on cache misses.
  • getOrSet($key, $value): Gets cached values by key, storing and returning $value on cache misses.
  • getOrLazySet($key, $callback): Same as getOrSet but with lazy evaluation of $callback on cache misses.
  • set($key, $value): No secrets, a vanilla set by key.
  • remove($key): Remove items only when not missed the cache.
  • getItem($key): Return the ItemInterface created by the underlying StorageInterface.

Example

// Storage is any StorageInterface implementation
$cache = new Cache($storage);

$result = $cache->get('key_1'); // null on cache misses
$result = $cache->get('key_2', 'default'); // 'default' on cache misses
$result = $cache->getOrSet('key_3', 'value'); // 'value' stored on cache misses
$result = $cache->getOrLazySet('key_4', $callback); // $callback called only on cache misses

Strategy

Implement the StrategyInterface to automate generation of concrete keys from any user-domain ones. This allows for automatic cache invalidation.

If injected into Cache, keys go first through this object before calling setItem($key).

Implementations:

  • FilesystemStrategy: Treats keys as path filenames. Returns a key with last modified time to invalidate cache entries on file changes.

Example

$path = __DIR__ . '/to-do/';
$strategy = new FilesystemStrategy();
// Storage is any StorageInterface implementation
$cache = new Cache($storage, $strategy);
// Callback only called the first time and every time the $path content changes
$cache->getOrLazySet($path, $callback);