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README.md

XProc 3.0 test-suite

The XProc 3.0 Test Suite provides the conformance tests for XProc 3.0.

Quick start

If you just want to write a test, start with this template from examples/passing.xml:

<t:test xmlns:t="http://xproc.org/ns/testsuite/3.0" expected="pass">

<t:info>
  <t:title>YOUR TITLE HERE</t:title>
  <t:revision-history>
    <t:revision>
      <t:date>TODAY’S DATE HERE</t:date>
      <t:author>
        <t:name>YOUR NAME</t:name>
      </t:author>
      <t:description xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
        <p>DESCRIBE THIS REVISION.</p>
      </t:description>
    </t:revision>
  </t:revision-history>
</t:info>

<t:description xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
  <p>DESCRIBE YOUR TEST HERE.</p>
</t:description>

<t:pipeline>
  <!-- YOUR PIPELINE GOES HERE -->
  <p:declare-step xmlns:p="http://www.w3.org/ns/xproc" version="3.0">
    <p:output port="result"/>
    <p:identity>
      <p:with-input>
        <doc/>
      </p:with-input>
    </p:identity>
  </p:declare-step>
</t:pipeline>

<t:schematron>
  <!-- PROVIDE AT LEAST ONE SCHEMATRON TEST FOR VALIDITY -->
  <s:schema xmlns:s="http://purl.oclc.org/dsdl/schematron"
            xmlns:p="http://www.w3.org/ns/xproc"
            xmlns:rng="http://relaxng.org/ns/structure/1.0">
     <s:ns prefix="p" uri="http://www.w3.org/ns/xproc"/>

     <s:pattern>
       <s:rule context="/*">
         <s:assert test="self::doc">The pipeline root is not doc.</s:assert>
       </s:rule>
     </s:pattern>
  </s:schema>
</t:schematron>
</t:test>

All test pipelines must produce a single result document on the result port. (This limitation may complicate some tests, but it reduces the complexity of the test harness greatly.)

You’ll find a slightly longer example demonstrating a few more features in from examples/passing2.xml.

To write a test that’s expected to fail, use this template from examples/fail.xml.

<t:test xmlns:t="http://xproc.org/ns/testsuite/3.0"
        xmlns:err="http://www.w3.org/ns/xproc-error"
        expected="fail" code="err:XD0007">

<t:info>
  <t:title>YOUR TITLE HERE</t:title>
  <t:revision-history>
    <t:revision>
      <t:date>TODAY’S DATE HERE</t:date>
      <t:author>
        <t:name>YOUR NAME</t:name>
      </t:author>
      <t:description xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
        <p>DESCRIBE THIS REVISION.</p>
      </t:description>
    </t:revision>
  </t:revision-history>
</t:info>

<t:description xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
  <p>DESCRIBE YOUR TEST HERE.</p>
</t:description>

<t:pipeline>
  <!-- YOUR PIPELINE GOES HERE -->
  <p:declare-step xmlns:p="http://www.w3.org/ns/xproc" version="3.0">
    <p:output port="result" primary="false"/>
      
    <p:identity>
      <p:with-input port="source">
        <doc/>
      </p:with-input>
    </p:identity>
  </p:declare-step>
</t:pipeline>
<!-- THERE ARE NO SCHEMATRON TESTS FOR FAILED PIPELINES -->
</t:test>

Continuous integration

Build Status

The test suite is published automatically by Travis CI. All submissions are made through pull requests. Pull requests are automatically tested for conformance to the schemas and a few other ad hoc rules (all test titles must be unique, for example).

If you have a modern development system, you should be able to run the tests locally with Gradle. Simply run the gradlew script in the repository’s root directory with an appropriate target.

Some useful targets:

  • validate_all_tests confirms that all the tests conform to the rules.
  • transform_all_tests transforms all of the tests into HTML.
  • test_indexes builds the index pages for the website.
  • website builds the website; this is the default target.

Test format

Scheams for the test XML format can be found in src/main/test-suite.rnc and src/main/test-suite.sch. These may allow you to configure syntax directed editing in your favorite XML editing tool.

Most of the constraints are in the RELAX NG grammar but a few co-constraints are enforced in the Schematron.

The structure of tests

There are two kinds of tests: passing tests and failing tests. A passing test is one where the pipeline is expected to run successfully. A failing test is one where the pipeline is expected to fail (because of errors in the pipeline or the runtime configuration).

Both passing and failing tests begin with a metadata section, t:info:

<t:info>
  <t:title>Test Title</t:title>
  <t:revision-history>
    <t:revision>
      <t:date>2018-02-02T17:42:37+01:00</t:date>
      <t:author>
        <t:name>Author Name</t:name>
        <t:email>you@example.com</t:email>
        <t:uri>https://example.com/</t:uri>
      </t:author>
      <t:description>
        <p>Some description of this revision.</p>
      </t:description>
    </t:revision>
  </t:revision-history>
</t:info>

If there are multiple revisions, place newer revisions above older ones. It isn’t mandatory to provide an email address or URI, but it will make it easier to identify you if there are follow up questions about the test.

(See below for a few syntactic shortcuts for revisions.)

The metadata section is followed by a description of the test:

<t:description xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
  <p>DESCRIBE YOUR TEST HERE.</p>
</t:description>

Descriptions must be provided in HTML. Use <code> to identify errors and element names (e.g. <code>err:XD0007</code> and <code>p:identity</code>).

Ideally, the description provides a brief synopsis of what is being tested. It should not recapitulate the test, but it should focus the reader’s attention to what’s important.

Passing tests

The basic structure of a passing test is:

<t:test xmlns:t="http://xproc.org/ns/testsuite/3.0"
        expected="pass">

A passing test must assert that the expected result is a pass.

Following the metadata and description is the test pipeline:

<t:pipeline>
  <p:declare-step xmlns="http://xproc.org/ns/testsuite/3.0" version="3.0">
    <!---->
  </p:declare-step>
</t:pipeline>

The test ends with at least one Schematron assertion about the output.

<t:schematron>
  <s:schema xmlns:s="http://purl.oclc.org/dsdl/schematron"
            xmlns:p="http://www.w3.org/ns/xproc">
     <s:ns prefix="p" uri="http://www.w3.org/ns/xproc"/>
     <!-- … some patterns -->
  </s:schema>
</t:schematron>

A failing test is much the same, except that it must assert that the expected result is a failure and provide a (list of) error codes that may be reported by a conformant processor.

<t:test xmlns:t="http://xproc.org/ns/testsuite/3.0"
        xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"
        xmlns:err="http://www.w3.org/ns/xproc-error"
        expected="fail"
        code="err:XS0038">

A failing test may not include a schematron schema to validate the test results.

Other test elements

Tests can also include inputs and options:

<t:test xmlns:t='http://xproc.org/ns/testsuite/3.0' expected="pass">
  <t:info>…</t:info>
  <t:description>…</t:description>
  
  <t:input port='source'>…</t:input>
  <t:option name='optname' select='3'/>
  
  <t:pipeline>…</t:pipeline>
  <t:schematron>…</t:schematron>
</test>

The test, input, pipeline, and schematron elements may each either include their content inline or point to it with a src attribute. Test elements may further point to a specific step (if the src URI points to a library, for example) with a step attribute.

In this way, if a complicated pipeline is reused in several tests (perhaps with different options), the pipeline can be authored once and reused:

  <t:pipeline src="../pipelines/a-complex-pipeline.xpl"/>

Revision history shortcuts

Often the same author makes several revisions to a test. In this case, it is somewhat inconvenient to have to repeat the author information over and over again. If the same author is responsible for multiple revisions, a syntactic shortcut is possible:

  1. The first time you add an t:author, specify the author initials.
  2. On a subsequent revision by that author, you can use the initials attribute on t:revision as a shortcut for the author.

For example:

<t:revision-history>

  <t:revision initials="fa">
    <t:date>2018-03-14</t:date>
    <t:description>
      <p>Some description of this revision.</p>
    </t:description>
  </t:revision>

  <t:revision>
    <t:date>2018-02-02</t:date>
    <t:author initials="fa">
      <t:name>First Author</t:name>
      <t:email>fa@example.com</t:email>
    </t:author>
    <t:description>
      <p>Some description of this revision.</p>
    </t:description>
  </t:revision>

</t:revision-history>

Executing tests

The program that runs tests should accept a list of file or directory names and evaluate all of the tests given. For directories, it should recursively evaluate all of the tests in or below the specified directory.

All test files should have the extension .xml. Files that are not tests: pipelines, schemas, ancillary documents, etc. should be stored in other directories. Nevertheless, if a test runner finds a non-test document, it should simply skip it.

Controlling execution of tests

Tests and test suites can identify which features they cover with a features attribute. (We don’t have a vocabulary of feature names yet, but…). It would be reasonable for a test runner to allow the user to specify which features they wanted to test.

In addition, tests and test suites have a when attribute. The when attribute, if present, must contain an XPath expression. If the effective boolean value of that expression is true, then the test or test suite will run. Otherwise, it will be skipped.

The context item for the when expression is undefined. It is an error if the expression refers to the context.

Test results

All tests must produce a single result document on the result port. The correctness of the result is determined by checking it with the supplied Schematron schema.

There’s no direct way to check non-XML results with Schematron, so some XML abstract (properties, counts, base64 or hexBinary encodings, etc.) will have to be produced and tested.

Test report format

Tests should output the JUnit XML test result format.

Repository layout

This repository is organized in the following way:

├── README.md
├── src/main/schema
│            └── …               # Schemas for the test suite itself
├── src/main/resources
│            └── …               # Site index, CSS, etc.
└── test-suite
    ├── documents
    │   └── …                    # Ancillary documents used by tests
    ├── pipelines
    │   └── …                    # Pipeline documents
    ├── schematron
    │   └── …                    # Schematron schemas for checking test results
    └── tests
        └── …                    # Individual tests
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