A CHIP GPIO library
NOTE: Now requires the custom DTC to install the library
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install git build-essential python-dev python-pip flex bison -y git clone https://github.com/atenart/dtc cd dtc make sudo make install PREFIX=/usr cd .. git clone git://github.com/xtacocorex/CHIP_IO.git cd CHIP_IO sudo python setup.py install cd .. sudo rm -rf CHIP_IO
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install git build-essential python3-dev python3-pip flex bison -y git clone https://github.com/atenart/dtc cd dtc make sudo make install PREFIX=/usr cd .. git clone git://github.com/xtacocorex/CHIP_IO.git cd CHIP_IO sudo python3 setup.py install cd .. sudo rm -rf CHIP_IO
Using the library is very similar to the excellent RPi.GPIO library used on the Raspberry Pi. Below are some examples.
All scripts that require GPIO, PWM (HW and/or SW), and Overlay Manager need to be run with super user permissions!
Allowable Pin Names for the Library
The following "table" is the allowable pin names that are able to be used by the library. The Name column is the normal name used on the CHIP Headers, the Alt Name column is the value used by the PocketCHIP header (if it's broken out), and the Key is the Header and Pin Number the the Pin is physically located. Either of these 3 means is able to specify a pin in CHIP_IO.
CHIP (Name) PocketCHIP (Alt Name) Key TWI1-SDA KPD-I2C-SDA U13_9 TWI1-SCK KPD-I2C-SCL U13_11 LCD-D2 LCD-D2 U13_17 PWM0 PWM0 U13_18 LCD-D4 LCD-D4 U13_19 LCD-D3 LCD-D3 U13_20 LCD-D6 LCD-D6 U13_21 LCD-D5 LCD-D5 U13_22 LCD-D10 LCD-D10 U13_23 LCD-D7 LCD-D7 U13_24 LCD-D12 LCD-D12 U13_25 LCD-D11 LCD-D11 U13_26 LCD-D14 LCD-D14 U13_27 LCD-D13 LCD-D13 U13_28 LCD-D18 LCD-D18 U13_29 LCD-D15 LCD-D15 U13_30 LCD-D20 LCD-D20 U13_31 LCD-D19 LCD-D19 U13_32 LCD-D22 LCD-D22 U13_33 LCD-D21 LCD-D21 U13_34 LCD-CLK LCD-CLK U13_35 LCD-D23 LCD-D23 U13_36 LCD-VSYNC LCD-VSYNC U13_37 LCD-HSYNC LCD-HSYNC U13_38 LCD-DE LCD-DE U13_40 UART1-TX UART-TX U14_3 UART1-RX UART-RX U14_5 LRADC ADC U14_11 XIO-P0 XIO-P0 U14_13 XIO-P1 XIO-P1 U14_14 XIO-P2 GPIO1 U14_15 XIO-P3 GPIO2 U14_16 XIO-P4 GPIO3 U14_17 XIO-P5 GPIO4 U14_18 XIO-P6 GPIO5 U14_19 XIO-P7 GPIO6 U14_20 AP-EINT1 KPD-INT U14_23 AP-EINT3 AP-INT3 U14_24 TWI2-SDA I2C-SDA U14_25 TWI2-SCK I2C-SCL U14_26 CSIPCK SPI-SEL U14_27 CSICK SPI-CLK U14_28 CSIHSYNC SPI-MOSI U14_29 CSIVSYNC SPI-MISO U14_30 CSID0 CSID0 U14_31 CSID1 CSID1 U14_32 CSID2 CSID2 U14_33 CSID3 CSID3 U14_34 CSID4 CSID4 U14_35 CSID5 CSID5 U14_36 CSID6 CSID6 U14_37 CSID7 CSID7 U14_38
Import the library, and setup as GPIO.OUT or GPIO.IN:
import CHIP_IO.GPIO as GPIO GPIO.setup("CSID0", GPIO.OUT)
You can also refer to the pin number:
You can also refer to the bin based upon its alternate name:
Setup the pin for output, and write GPIO.HIGH or GPIO.LOW. Or you can use 1 or 0.:
import CHIP_IO.GPIO as GPIO GPIO.setup("CSID0", GPIO.OUT) GPIO.output("CSID0", GPIO.HIGH)
Inputs work similarly to outputs.:
import CHIP_IO.GPIO as GPIO GPIO.setup("CSID0", GPIO.IN)
if GPIO.input("CSID0"): print("HIGH") else: print("LOW")
The edge detection code below only works for the AP-EINT1, AP-EINT3, and XPO Pins on the CHIP.
Waiting for an edge (GPIO.RISING, GPIO.FALLING, or GPIO.BOTH:
GPIO.setup("XIO-P0", GPIO.IN) GPIO.add_event_detect("XIO-P0", GPIO.FALLING) #your amazing code here #detect wherever: if GPIO.event_detected("XIO-P0"): print "event detected!"
CHIP_IO can also handle adding callback functions on any pin that supports edge detection.:
def mycallback(channel): print("we hit the edge we want") GPIO.setup("GPIO3", GPIO.IN) # Add Callback: Falling Edge GPIO.add_event_callback("GPIO3", GPIO.FALLING, mycallback) # Add Callback: Rising Edge GPIO.add_event_callback("GPIO3", GPIO.RISING, mycallback) # Add Callback: Both Edges GPIO.add_event_callback("GPIO3", GPIO.BOTH, mycallback) # Remove callback GPIO.remove_event_detect("GPIO3")
To clean up the GPIO when done, do the following:
# Clean up every exported GPIO Pin GPIO.cleanup() # Clean up a single pin (keeping everything else intact) GPIO.cleanup("XIO-P0")
Hardware PWM requires a DTB Overlay loaded on the CHIP to allow the kernel to know there is a PWM device available to use.
import CHIP_IO.PWM as PWM #PWM.start(channel, duty, freq=2000, polarity=0) #duty values are valid 0 (off) to 100 (on) PWM.start("PWM0", 50) PWM.set_duty_cycle("PWM0", 25.5) PWM.set_frequency("PWM0", 10) # To stop PWM PWM.stop("PWM0") PWM.cleanup() #For specific polarity: this example sets polarity to 1 on start: PWM.start("PWM0", 50, 2000, 1)
import CHIP_IO.SOFTPWM as SPWM #SPWM.start(channel, duty, freq=2000, polarity=0) #duty values are valid 0 (off) to 100 (on) #you can choose any pin SPWM.start("XIO-P7", 50) SPWM.set_duty_cycle("XIO-P7", 25.5) SPWM.set_frequency("XIO-P7", 10) # To Stop SPWM SPWM.stop("XIO-P7") # Cleanup can have no argument to clean up all SoftPWM outputs SPWM.cleanup() # Or you can specify a single SoftPWM output to cleanup (keeping the rest intact) SPWM.cleanup("XIO-P7") #For specific polarity: this example sets polarity to 1 on start: SPWM.start("XIO-P7", 50, 2000, 1)
Use SOFTPWM at low speeds (hundreds of Hz) for the best results. Do not use for anything that needs high precision or reliability.
If using SOFTPWM and PWM at the same time, import CHIP_IO.SOFTPWM as SPWM or something different than PWM as to not confuse the library.
The LRADC was enabled in the 4.4.13-ntc-mlc. This is a 6 bit ADC that is 2 Volt tolerant. Sample code below details how to talk to the LRADC.:
import CHIP_IO.LRADC as ADC # Enable Debug ADC.enable_debug() # Check to see if the LRADC Device exists # Returns True/False ADC.get_device_exists() # Setup the LRADC # Specify a sampling rate if needed ADC.setup(rate) # Get the Scale Factor factor = ADC.get_scale_factor() # Get the allowable Sampling Rates sampleratestuple = ADC.get_allowable_sample_rates() # Set the sampling rate ADC.set_sample_rate(rate) # Get the current sampling rate currentrate = ADC.get_sample_rate() # Get the Raw Channel 0 or 1 data raw = ADC.get_chan0_raw() raw = ADC.get_chan1_raw() # Get the factored ADC Channel data fulldata = ADC.get_chan0() fulldata = ADC.get_chan1()
SPI requires a DTB Overlay to access. CHIP_IO does not contain any SPI specific code as the Python spidev module works when it can see the SPI bus.
The Overlay Manager enables you to quickly load simple Device Tree Overlays. The options for loading are: PWM0, SPI2, I2C1, CUST
Only one of each type of overlay can be loaded at a time, but all three options can be loaded simultaneously. So you can have SPI2 and I2C1 without PWM0, but you cannot have SPI2 loaded twice.
import CHIP_IO.OverlayManager as OM # The enable_debug() function turns on debug printing #OM.enable_debug() # To load an overlay, feed in the name to load() OM.load("PWM0") # To verify the overlay was properly loaded, the get_ functions return booleans OM.get_pwm_loaded() OM.get_spi_loaded() # To unload an overlay, feed in the name to unload() OM.unload("PWM0")
To use a custom overlay, you must build and compile it properly per the DIP Docs: http://docs.getchip.com/dip.html#development-by-example There is no verification that the Custom Overlay is setup properly, it's fire and forget
import CHIP_IO.OverlayManager as OM # The full path to the dtbo file needs to be specified OM.load("CUST","/home/chip/projects/myfunproject/overlays/mycustomoverlay.dtbo") # You can check for loading like above, but it's really just there for sameness OM.get_custom_loaded() # To unload, just call unload() OM.unload("CUST")
OverlayManager requires a 4.4 kernel with the CONFIG_OF_CONFIGFS option enabled in the kernel config.
CHIP_IO now supports the ability to enable and disable the 1.8V port on U13. This voltage rail isn't enabled during boot.
To use the utilities, here is sample code:
import CHIP_IO.Utilities as UT # Enable 1.8V Output UT.enable_1v8_pin() # Set 2.0V Output UT.set_1v8_pin_voltage(2.0) # Set 2.6V Output UT.set_1v8_pin_voltage(2.6) # Set 3.3V Output UT.set_1v8_pin_voltage(3.3) # Disable 1.8V Output UT.disable_1v8_pin() # Get currently-configured voltage (returns False if the pin is not enabled as output) UT.get_1v8_pin_voltage() # Unexport Everything UT.unexport_all()
Install py.test to run the tests. You'll also need the python compiler package for py.test.:
# Python 2.7 sudo apt-get install python-pytest # Python 3 sudo apt-get install python3-pytest
To run the tests, do the following.:
# If only one version of Python is installed sudo py.test # If more than one version of Python cd test sudo python2 -m pytest sudo python3 -m pytest
The CHIP IO Python library was originally forked from the Adafruit Beaglebone IO Python Library. The BeagleBone IO Python library was originally forked from the excellent MIT Licensed [RPi.GPIO](https://code.google.com/p/raspberry-gpio-python) library written by Ben Croston.
CHIP IO port by Robert Wolterman, released under the MIT License. Beaglebone IO Library Written by Justin Cooper, Adafruit Industries. BeagleBone IO Python library is released under the MIT License.