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MediumEditor Object API (v5.0.0)

Initialization Functions

MediumEditor(elements, options)

Creating an instance of MediumEditor will:

  • Convert all passed in elements into contenteditable elements.
  • For any <textarea> elements:
    • Hide the <textarea>
    • Create a new <div contenteditable=true> element and add it to the elements array.
    • Ensure the 2 elements remain sync'd.
  • Initialize any custom extensions or buttons passed in.
  • Create any additional elements needed.
  • Setup all event handling needed to monitor the editable elements.

Arguments

elements (String | HTMLElement | Array | NodeList | HTMLCollection):

  1. String: If passed as a string, this is used as a selector in a call to document.querySelectorAll() to find elements on the page. All results are stored in the internal list of elements.

  2. HTMLElement: If passed as a single element, this will be the only element in the internal list of elements.

  3. Array: If passed as an Array of HTMLElements, this will be used as the internal list of elements.

options (Object):

Set of custom options used to initialize MediumEditor.


destroy()

Tear down the editor if already setup by doing the following:

  • Calling the destroy() method on each extension within the editor. This should allow all extension to be torn down and cleaned up, including the toolbar and its elements.
  • Detaching all event listeners from the DOM
  • Detaching all references to custom event listeners
  • Remove any custom attributes from the editor elements
  • Unhide any <textarea> elements and remove any created <div> elements created for <textarea> elements.

setup()

Initialize this instance of the editor if it has been destroyed. This will reuse the elements selector and options object passed in when the editor was instantiated.


addElements(elements)

Dynamically add one or more elements to an already initialized instance of MediumEditor.

Passing an elements or array of elements to addElements(elements) will:

  • Add the given element or array of elements to the editor elements
  • Ensure the element(s) are initialized with the proper attributes and event handlers as if the element had been passed during instantiation of the editor
  • For any <textarea> elements:
    • Hide the <textarea>
    • Create a new <div contenteditable=true> element and add it to the editor elements
    • Ensure the 2 elements remain sync'd.
  • Be intelligent enough to run the necessary code only once per element, no matter how often you will call it

So, every element you pass to addElements will turn into a fully supported contenteditable too - even earlier calls to editor.subscribe(..) for custom events will work on the newly added element(s).

Arguments

elements (String | HTMLElement | Array | NodeList | HTMLCollection):

  1. String: If passed as a string, this is used as a selector in a call to document.querySelectorAll() to find elements on the page.

  2. HTMLElement: If passed as a single element, this will be the only element added to the editor elements.

  3. Array | NodeList | HTMLCollection: If passed as an Array-like collection of HTMLElements, all of these elements will be added to the editor elements.


removeElements(elements)

Remove one or more elements from an already initialized instance of MediumEditor.

Passing an elements or array of elements to removeElements(elements) will:

  • Remove the given element or array of elements from the internal this.elements array.
  • Remove any added event handlers or attributes (with the exception of contenteditable).
  • Unhide any <textarea> elements and remove any created <div> elements created for <textarea> elements.

Each element itself will remain a contenteditable - it will just remove all event handlers and all references to it so you can safely remove it from DOM.

Arguments

elements (String | HTMLElement | Array | NodeList | HTMLCollection):

  1. String: If passed as a string, this is used as a selector in a call to document.querySelectorAll() to find elements on the page.

  2. HTMLElement: If passed as a single element, this will be the only element removed from the editor elements.

  3. Array | NodeList | HTMLCollection: If passed as an Array-like collection of HTMLElements, all of these elements will be removed from the editor elements.


Event Functions

on(targets, event, listener, useCapture)

Attaches an event listener to a specific element or elements via the browser's built-in addEventListener(type, listener, useCapture) API. However, this helper method also ensures that when MediumEditor is destroyed, this event listener will be automatically be detached from the DOM.

Arguments

  1. targets (HTMLElement / NodeList):
  • Element or elements to attach listener to via addEventListener(type, listener, useCapture)
  1. event (String):
  • type argument for addEventListener(type, listener, useCapture)
  1. listener (function):

    • listener argument for addEventListener(type, listener, useCapture)
  2. useCapture (boolean):

    • useCapture argument for addEventListener(type, listener, useCapture)

off(targets, event, listener, useCapture)

Detach an event listener from a specific element or elements via the browser's built-in removeEventListener(type, listener, useCapture) API.

Arguments

  1. targets (HTMLElement / NodeList):
  • Element or elements to detach listener from via removeEventListener(type, listener, useCapture)
  1. event (String):
  • type argument for removeEventListener(type, listener, useCapture)
  1. listener (function):

    • listener argument for removeEventListener(type, listener, useCapture)
  2. useCapture (boolean):

    • useCapture argument for removeEventListener(type, listener, useCapture)

subscribe(name, listener)

Attaches a listener for the specified custom event name.

Arguments

  1. name (String):
  • Name of the event to listen to. See the list of built-in Custom Events.
  1. listener(data, editable) (function):
  • Listener method that will be called whenever the custom event is triggered.

Arguments to listener

  1. data (Event | object) * For most custom events, this will be the browser's native Event object for the event that triggered the custom event to fire. * For some custom events, this will be an object containing information describing the event (depending on which custom event it is)
  2. editable (HTMLElement) * A reference to the contenteditable container element that this custom event corresponds to. This is especially useful for instances where one instance of MediumEditor contains multiple elements, or there are multiple instances of MediumEditor on the page. * For example, when blur fires, this argument will be the <div contenteditable=true></div> element that is about to receive focus.

unsubscribe(name, listener)

Detaches a custom event listener for the specified custom event name.

Arguments

  1. name (String):
  • Name of the event to detach the listener for.
  1. listener (function):
  • A reference to the listener to detach. This must be a match by-reference and not a copy.

NOTE

  • Calling destroy() on the MediumEditor object will automatically remove all custom event listeners.

trigger(name, data, editable)

Manually triggers a custom event.

Arguments

  1. name (String):
  • Name of the custom event to trigger.
  1. data (Event | object):
  • Native Event object or custom data object to pass to all the listeners to this custom event.
  1. editable (HTMLElement):
  • The <div contenteditable=true></div> element to pass to all of the listeners to this custom event.

Selection Functions

checkSelection()

If the toolbar is enabled, manually forces the toolbar to update based on the user's current selection. This includes hiding/showing the toolbar, positioning the toolbar, and updating the enabled/disable state of the toolbar buttons.


exportSelection()

Returns a data representation of the selected text, which can be applied via importSelection(selectionState). This data will include the beginning and end of the selection, as well as which of the editor elements the selection was within.


importSelection(selectionState, favorLaterSelectionAnchor)

Restores the selection using a data representation of previously selected text (ie value returned by exportSelection()).

Arguments

  1. selectionState (Object):
  • Data representing the state of the selection to restore.
  1. favorLaterSelectionAnchor (boolean):
  • If true, import the cursor immediately subsequent to an anchor tag if it would otherwise be placed right at the trailing edge inside the anchor. THis cursor positioning, even though visually equivalent to the user, can affect behavior in Internet Explorer.

getFocusedElement()

Returns a reference to the editor element that currently has focus (if the editor has focus).


getSelectedParentElement(range)

Returns a reference to the editor element that the user's selection is currently within.

Arguments

  1. range (Range): OPTIONAL
  • The Range to find the selection parent element within
  • If no element is provided, the editor will use the current range within the selection of the editor's contentWindow

restoreSelection()

Restores the selection to what was selected the last time saveSelection() was called.


saveSelection()

Internally stores the user's current selection. This can be restored by calling restoreSelection().


selectAllContents()

Expands the selection to contain all text within the focused editor element.


selectElement(element)

Change the user's selection to select the contents of the provided element and update the toolbar to reflect this change.

Arguments

  1. element (HTMLElement):
  • DOM Element -- which is a descendant of one of the editor's elements -- to select.

stopSelectionUpdates()

Stop the toolbar from updating to reflect changes in the user's selection.


startSelectionUpdates()

Enable the toolbar to start updating based on the user's selection, after a call to stopSelectionUpdates()


Editor Action Functions

cleanPaste(text)

convert text to plaintext and replace current selection with result

Arguments

  1. text (String):
  • Content to be pasted at the location of the current selection/cursor

createLink(opts)

creates a link via the native document.execCommand('createLink') command

Arguments

  1. opts (Object):
  • Object containing additional properties needed for creating a link

Properties of 'opts'

1. _**value** (`String`)_ _**REQUIRED**_
  * The url to set as the `href` of the created link.  A non-empty value must be provided for the link to be created.
2. _**target** (`String`)_
  * Attribute to set as the `target` attribute of the created link.  Passing 'self' or not passing this option at all are equivalent in that they will just ensure that `target="_blank"` will NOT be present on the created link.
  * **NOTE** If the `targetBlank` option on the editor is set to true, the `target` property of opts will be ignored and `target="_blank"` will be added to all created links.
3. _**buttonClass** (`String`)_
  * Class (or classes) to append to the `class` attribute of the created link.
Example
editor.createLink({ value: 'https://github.com/yabwe/medium-editor', target: '_blank', buttonClass: 'medium-link' });

execAction(action, opts)

executes an built-in action via document.execCommand

Arguments

  1. action (String):
  • Action to be passed as the 'command' argument to document.execCommand(command, showDefaultUI, value)
  1. opts (Object) OPTIONAL:
  • Object containing additional properties for specific commands

Properties of 'opts'

1. _**value** (`String`)_
  * The value to pass as the 'value' argument to `document.execCommand(command, showDefaultUI, value)`
2. For 'createLink', the `opts` are passed directly to [`.createLink(opts)`]((#createlinkopts)) so see that method for additional options for that command

pasteHTML(html, options)

replace the current selection with html

Arguments

  1. html (String):
  • Content to be pasted at the location of the current selection/cursor
  1. options (Object) OPTIONAL:
  • Optional overrides for cleanTags, unwrapTags, and/or cleanAttrs for removing/unwrapping specific element types (cleanTags/unwrapTags), or removing specific attributes (cleanAttrs) from the inserted HTML. See cleanTags, unwrapTags, and cleanAttrs in OPTIONS.md for more information.
Example
editor.pasteHTML('<p class="classy"><strong>Some Custom HTML</strong></p>', { cleanAttrs: ['class'], cleanTags: ['strong'], unwrapTags: ['em']});

queryCommandState(action)

wrapper around the browser's built in document.queryCommandState(command) for checking whether a specific action has already been applied to the selection.

Arguments

  1. action (String):
  • Action to be passed as the 'command' argument to document.queryCommandState(command)

Helper Functions

checkContentChanged(editable)

Trigger the editor to check for updates to the html, and trigger the editableInput event if needed.

Arguments

  1. editable (HTMLElement): OPTIONAL
  • The <div contenteditable=true></div> element that contains the html that may have changed.
  • If no element is provided, the editor will check the currently 'active' editor element (the element with focus).

delay(fn)

Delay any function from being executed by the amount of time passed as the delay option.

Arguments

  1. fn (function):
  • Function to delay execution for.

getContent(index)

Returns the trimmed html content for the first editor element, or the element at index.

Arguments

  1. index (integer): OPTIONAL
  • Index of the editor element to retrieve the content from. Defaults to 0 when not provided (returns content of the first editor element).

getExtensionByName(name)

Get a reference to an extension with the specified name.

Arguments

  1. name (String):
  • The name of the extension to retrieve (ie toolbar).

resetContent(element)

Reset the content of all editor elements to their value at the time they were added to the editor. If a specific editor element is provided, only the content of that element will be reset.

Arguments

  1. element (DOMElement): OPTIONAL
  • Specific editor element to reset the content of.

serialize()

Returns a JSON object including the content of each of the elements inside the editor.


setContent(html, index)

Sets the html content for the first editor element, or the element at index. Ensures the the editableInput event is triggered.

Arguments

  1. html (string):
  • The content to set the element to
  1. index (integer): OPTIONAL
  • Index of the editor element to set the content of. Defaults to 0 when not provided (sets content of the first editor element).

Static Functions/Properties

getEditorFromElement(element)

Given an editor element, retrieves the instance of MediumEditor which created/is monitoring the element

Arguments

  1. element (DOMElement):
  • An editor element which is part of a MediumEditor instance

version

Object containing data about the version of the current MediumEditor library

Properties of 'version'

  1. major (Number)
  • The major version number (ie the 3 in "3.2.1")
  1. minor (Number)
  • The minor version number (ie the 2 in "3.2.1")
  1. revision (Number)
  • The revision (aka "patch") version number (ie the 1 in "3.2.1")
  1. preRelease (String)
  • The pre-release version tag (ie the "rc.1" in "5.0.0-rc.1")
  1. toString (Function)
  • Returns the full version number as a string (ie "5.0.0-rc.1")