minimum memory leak checker
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Makefile
README.md
mleakdetect.c

README.md

mleakdetect.so

minimum memory leak checker

Compile

% make
cc -fPIC -g -Wall -shared -o mleakdetect.so mleakdetect.c
%

Usage

To check `make' command leaks.

% env LD_PRELOAD=./mleakdetect.so /usr/bin/cal
   November 2013
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cal (pid=29747) mleakdetect report:
malloc                 3
free                   1
unknown free           0
unfreed                2 ( 66.67%)
total leaks        92496

memory leaks:
total bytes  count  avg. bytes  calling func(addr)
      65536      1       65536  __smakebuf+0x6c
      26960      1       26960  gmtime_r+0x446
%

mleakdect.so try to output the result to the standard error output when the target program is exiting. But if the program crashs or aborts, it cannot output the result. Use gdb for such cases.

% cat 1.c
#include <stdlib.h>

int
main(int argc, char *argv)
{
    void *m;

    m = malloc(1000000);

    *(int *)0 = 1;	/* cause segmentation fault */

    exit(0);
}
% cc -g 1.c
% ./a.out
Segmentation fault (core dumped)
% gdb a.out
GNU gdb 6.3
  :
  (snip)
  :
(gdb) set environment LD_PRELOAD=./mleakdetect.so
(gdb) run
Starting program: /home/..(snip)../mleakdetect/a.out

Program received signal SIGSEGV, Segmentation fault.
0x00001155e4000d92 in main (argc=1, argv=0x7f7ffffcf118 "") at 1.c:10
10              *(int *)0 = 1;  /* cause segmentation fault */
(gdb) call mleakdetect_dump(2)

a.out (pid=29747) mleakdetect report:
malloc                 1
free                   0
unknown free           0
unfreed                1 (100.00%)
total leaks      1000000

memory leaks:
total bytes  count  avg. bytes  calling func(addr)
    1000000      1     1000000  0x1155e4000d89
$1 = 0
(gdb)

Normally symbol names of the executable itself are not resolved. Compile the executable with -Wl,-E if you want to use this with the symbol names.

% cc -g -Wl,-E 1.c
% gdb a.out
GNU gdb 6.3
  :
  (snip)
  :
(gdb) set environment LD_PRELOAD=./mleakdetect.so
(gdb) run
Starting program: /disk1/home/yasuoka/mleakdetect/a.out

Program received signal SIGSEGV, Segmentation fault.
0x0000000000400a52 in main (argc=1, argv=0x7f7ffffced68 "") at 1.c:10
10                  *(int *)0 = 1;      /* cause segmentation fault */
(gdb) call mleakdetect_dump(2)

a.out (pid=17855) mleakdetect report:
malloc                 1
free                   0
unknown free           0
unfreed                1 (100.00%)
total leaks      1000000

memory leaks:
total bytes  count  avg. bytes  calling func(addr)
    1000000      1     1000000  main+0x19
(gdb)