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Allows to manage related records

branch: master
readme.md

WithRelatedBehavior

Build Status

The most powerful and smart expansion for validate/saving/linking/unlinking.

This behavior allows you to validate, insert, update and save a model along with models from its relations. It supports all relation types. All DB queries are wrapped into transactions automatically but there's a support for manual transaction handling. Composite keys are supported as well.

Installation and configuration

Copy behavior to extensions/wr directory located inside your application and add it to the model of your choice the following way:

<?php
...
public function behaviors()
{
    return array(
        'withRelated'=>array(
            'class'=>'ext.wr.WithRelatedBehavior',
        ),
    );
}
...

Models that will be used in this doc examples

In the models below real DB fields are marked with @property.

Post

<?php
class Post extends CActiveRecord
{
    /**
     * @property integer id
     * @property integer author_id
     * @property string title
     * @property string content
     */

    ...
    public function relations()
    {
        return array(
            'author'=>array(self::BELONGS_TO,'User','author_id'),
            'comments'=>array(self::HAS_MANY,'Comment','article_id'),
            'tags'=>array(self::MANY_MANY,'Tag','post_tag(post_id,tag_id)'),
        );
    }
    ...
}

Comment

<?php
class Comment extends CActiveRecord
{
    /**
     * @property integer id
     * @property integer post_id
     * @property string content
     */
    ...
}

Tag

<?php
class Tag extends CActiveRecord
{
    /**
     * @property integer id
     * @property string name
     */
    ...
}

User

<?php
class User extends CActiveRecord
{
    /**
     * @property integer id
     * @property string username
     * @property string password
     * @property string email
     */
    ...
    public function relations()
    {
        return array(
            'profile'=>array(self::HAS_ONE,'Profile','user_id'),
        );
    }
    ...
}

Profile

<?php
class Profile extends CActiveRecord
{
    /**
     * @property integer user_id
     * @property string firstname
     * @property string lastname
     */
    ...
}

Format of the $data parameter for all methods where it's used

This parameter accepts an associative array where values are attribute or relation names.

<?php
$post->withRelated->save(true,array(
    'id','title',     // model attributes
    'comments','tags' // model relations
));

The name of the relation can be specified as a key. In this case its value is another $data array with the same rules. So you there's no limit in how many times you can nest these.

<?php
$post->withRelated->save(true,array(
    'comments'=>array(
        'id','content', // comments relation attributes
        'author',       // author relation inside comments relation models
    ),
));

Note: If you'll not specify any attributes, all attributes will be saved. For relations it's the opposite: you should specify relations explicitly in order for these to be saved.

Usage

Relation types

HAS_ONE

<?php
$user=new User;
$user->username='creocoder';
$user->email='creocoder@gmail.com';

$user->profile=new Profile;
$user->profile->firstname='Alexander';
$user->profile->lastname='Kochetov';

$user->withRelated->save(true,array('profile'));

HAS_MANY

<?php
$post=new Post;
$post->title='Relational saving is not a dream anymore.';
$post->content='Since WithRelatedBehavior released...';

$comment1=new Comment;
$comment1->content='Was it hard?';
$comment2=new Comment;
$comment2->content='Yes, but we made it.';

$post->comments=array($comment1,$comment2);

$post->withRelated->save(true,array('comments'));

MANY_MANY

<?php
$post=new Post;
$post->title='Relational saving is not a dream anymore.';
$post->content='Since WithRelatedBehavior released...';

$tag1=new Tag;
$tag1->name='relation';
$tag2=new Tag;
$tag2->name='save';

$post->tags=array($tag1,$tag2);

$post->withRelated->save(true,array('tags'));

BELONGS_TO

<?php
$post=new Post;
$post->title='Relational saving is not a dream anymore.';
$post->content='Since WithRelatedBehavior released...';

$post->author=new User;
$post->author->username='creocoder';
$post->author->email='creocoder@gmail.com';

$post->withRelated->save(true,array('author'));

Note: As you can see, API stays the same no matter which relation type is used. Also it worth mentioning that a transaction is started before saving if DB supports it. If transaction was already started manually, behavior detects it and doesn't start its own transaction. By default, same as CActiveRecord::save() does, WithRelatedBehavior::save() validates data and starts saving it only if all models it's going to save are valid. You can disable validation by passing false to $runValidation parameter.

Recursive composite validation

As opposed to standard CModel::validate() method, WithRelatedBehavior::validate() does composite model validation. That means it validates all related models as well. Validation result is returned as a boolean value. If any of the models is not valid than result will be false. If all models are valid than result will be true. Additionally you can limit validation to model attributes as follows:

<?php
$post=new Post;
$post->title='Relational validation is not a dream anymore.';
$post->content='Since WithRelatedBehavior released...';

$comment1=new Comment;
$comment1->content='Was it hard?';
$comment2=new Comment;
$comment2->content='Yes, but we made it.';

$post->comments=array($comment1,$comment2);

$result=$post->withRelated->validate(array(
    'title',        // only `title` attribute of the Post model will be validated
    'comments'=>array(
        'content',  // only `content` attribute of the Comment model will be validated
    ),
));

Linking and unlinking

TBD.

Advanced usage

An advanced usage example

<?php
$post=new Post;
$post->title='Post title';
$post->content='Post content';

$user=new User;
$user->username='someuser';
$user->email='someuser@example.com';

$user->profile=new Profile;
$user->profile->firstname='Vasya';
$user->profile->lastname='Pupkin';

$post->author=$user;

$comment1=new Comment;
$comment1->author=$user;
$comment1->content='Some content 1';
$comment2=new Comment;
$comment2->author=$user;
$comment2->content='Some content 2';

$post->comments=array($comment1,$comment2);

$tag1=new Tag;
$tag1->name='tag1';
$tag2=new Tag;
$tag2->name='tag2';

$post->tags=array($tag1,$tag2);

$post->withRelated->save(true,array(
    'author'=>array(
        'profile',
    ),
    'comments'=>array(
        'author',
    ),
    'tags',
));

In order to save post and related models an extension builds saving plan first. In the example above that before saving we need to save user model and its related profile. After doing it we'll be able to save post. Then goes comments (author is the same user). Last tags is saved. Actions mentioned are executed inside a transaction. Extension takes care about all these.

Compare with other solutions

TBD.

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