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<?php
/**
* CFileValidator class file.
*
* @author Qiang Xue <qiang.xue@gmail.com>
* @link http://www.yiiframework.com/
* @copyright Copyright &copy; 2008-2011 Yii Software LLC
* @license http://www.yiiframework.com/license/
*/
/**
* CFileValidator verifies if an attribute is receiving a valid uploaded file.
*
* It uses the model class and attribute name to retrieve the information
* about the uploaded file. It then checks if a file is uploaded successfully,
* if the file size is within the limit and if the file type is allowed.
*
* This validator will attempt to fetch uploaded data if attribute is not
* previously set. Please note that this cannot be done if input is tabular:
* <pre>
* foreach($models as $i=>$model)
* $model->attribute = CUploadedFile::getInstance($model, "[$i]attribute");
* </pre>
* Please note that you must use {@link CUploadedFile::getInstances} for multiple
* file uploads.
*
* When using CFileValidator with an active record, the following code is often used:
* <pre>
* if($model->save())
* {
* // single upload
* $model->attribute->saveAs($path);
* // multiple upload
* foreach($model->attribute as $file)
* $file->saveAs($path);
* }
* </pre>
*
* You can use {@link CFileValidator} to validate the file attribute.
*
* In addition to the {@link message} property for setting a custom error message,
* CFileValidator has a few custom error messages you can set that correspond to different
* validation scenarios. When the file is too large, you may use the {@link tooLarge} property
* to define a custom error message. Similarly for {@link tooSmall}, {@link wrongType} and
* {@link tooMany}. The messages may contain additional placeholders that will be replaced
* with the actual content. In addition to the "{attribute}" placeholder, recognized by all
* validators (see {@link CValidator}), CFileValidator allows for the following placeholders
* to be specified:
* <ul>
* <li>{file}: replaced with the name of the file.</li>
* <li>{limit}: when using {@link tooLarge}, replaced with {@link maxSize};
* when using {@link tooSmall}, replaced with {@link minSize}; and when using {@link tooMany}
* replaced with {@link maxFiles}.</li>
* <li>{extensions}: when using {@link wrongType}, it will be replaced with the allowed extensions.</li>
* </ul>
*
* @author Qiang Xue <qiang.xue@gmail.com>
* @package system.validators
* @since 1.0
*/
class CFileValidator extends CValidator
{
/**
* @var boolean whether the attribute requires a file to be uploaded or not.
* Defaults to false, meaning a file is required to be uploaded.
*/
public $allowEmpty=false;
/**
* @var mixed a list of file name extensions that are allowed to be uploaded.
* This can be either an array or a string consisting of file extension names
* separated by space or comma (e.g. "gif, jpg").
* Extension names are case-insensitive. Defaults to null, meaning all file name
* extensions are allowed.
*/
public $types;
/**
* @var mixed a list of MIME-types of the file that are allowed to be uploaded.
* This can be either an array or a string consisting of MIME-types separated
* by space or comma (e.g. "image/gif, image/jpeg"). MIME-types are
* case-insensitive. Defaults to null, meaning all MIME-types are allowed.
* In order to use this property fileinfo PECL extension should be installed.
* @since 1.1.11
*/
public $mimeTypes;
/**
* @var integer the minimum number of bytes required for the uploaded file.
* Defaults to null, meaning no limit.
* @see tooSmall
*/
public $minSize;
/**
* @var integer the maximum number of bytes required for the uploaded file.
* Defaults to null, meaning no limit.
* Note, the size limit is also affected by 'upload_max_filesize' INI setting
* and the 'MAX_FILE_SIZE' hidden field value.
* @see tooLarge
*/
public $maxSize;
/**
* @var string the error message used when the uploaded file is too large.
* @see maxSize
*/
public $tooLarge;
/**
* @var string the error message used when the uploaded file is too small.
* @see minSize
*/
public $tooSmall;
/**
* @var string the error message used when the uploaded file has an extension name
* that is not listed among {@link types}.
*/
public $wrongType;
/**
* @var string the error message used when the uploaded file has a MIME-type
* that is not listed among {@link mimeTypes}. In order to use this property
* fileinfo PECL extension should be installed.
* @since 1.1.11
*/
public $wrongMimeType;
/**
* @var integer the maximum file count the given attribute can hold.
* It defaults to 1, meaning single file upload. By defining a higher number,
* multiple uploads become possible.
*/
public $maxFiles=1;
/**
* @var string the error message used if the count of multiple uploads exceeds
* limit.
*/
public $tooMany;
/**
* @var boolean whether attributes listed with this validator should be considered safe for massive assignment.
* For this validator it defaults to false.
* @since 1.1.12
*/
public $safe=false;
/**
* Set the attribute and then validates using {@link validateFile}.
* If there is any error, the error message is added to the object.
* @param CModel $object the object being validated
* @param string $attribute the attribute being validated
*/
protected function validateAttribute($object, $attribute)
{
if($this->maxFiles > 1)
{
$files=$object->$attribute;
if(!is_array($files) || !isset($files[0]) || !$files[0] instanceof CUploadedFile)
$files = CUploadedFile::getInstances($object, $attribute);
if(array()===$files)
return $this->emptyAttribute($object, $attribute);
if(count($files) > $this->maxFiles)
{
$message=$this->tooMany!==null?$this->tooMany : Yii::t('yii', '{attribute} cannot accept more than {limit} files.');
$this->addError($object, $attribute, $message, array('{attribute}'=>$attribute, '{limit}'=>$this->maxFiles));
}
else
foreach($files as $file)
$this->validateFile($object, $attribute, $file);
}
else
{
$file = $object->$attribute;
if(!$file instanceof CUploadedFile)
{
$file = CUploadedFile::getInstance($object, $attribute);
if(null===$file)
return $this->emptyAttribute($object, $attribute);
}
$this->validateFile($object, $attribute, $file);
}
}
/**
* Internally validates a file object.
* @param CModel $object the object being validated
* @param string $attribute the attribute being validated
* @param CUploadedFile $file uploaded file passed to check against a set of rules
*/
protected function validateFile($object, $attribute, $file)
{
if(null===$file || ($error=$file->getError())==UPLOAD_ERR_NO_FILE)
return $this->emptyAttribute($object, $attribute);
elseif($error==UPLOAD_ERR_INI_SIZE || $error==UPLOAD_ERR_FORM_SIZE || $this->maxSize!==null && $file->getSize()>$this->maxSize)
{
$message=$this->tooLarge!==null?$this->tooLarge : Yii::t('yii','The file "{file}" is too large. Its size cannot exceed {limit} bytes.');
$this->addError($object,$attribute,$message,array('{file}'=>$file->getName(), '{limit}'=>$this->getSizeLimit()));
}
elseif($error==UPLOAD_ERR_PARTIAL)
throw new CException(Yii::t('yii','The file "{file}" was only partially uploaded.',array('{file}'=>$file->getName())));
elseif($error==UPLOAD_ERR_NO_TMP_DIR)
throw new CException(Yii::t('yii','Missing the temporary folder to store the uploaded file "{file}".',array('{file}'=>$file->getName())));
elseif($error==UPLOAD_ERR_CANT_WRITE)
throw new CException(Yii::t('yii','Failed to write the uploaded file "{file}" to disk.',array('{file}'=>$file->getName())));
elseif(defined('UPLOAD_ERR_EXTENSION') && $error==UPLOAD_ERR_EXTENSION) // available for PHP 5.2.0 or above
throw new CException(Yii::t('yii','File upload was stopped by extension.'));
if($this->minSize!==null && $file->getSize()<$this->minSize)
{
$message=$this->tooSmall!==null?$this->tooSmall : Yii::t('yii','The file "{file}" is too small. Its size cannot be smaller than {limit} bytes.');
$this->addError($object,$attribute,$message,array('{file}'=>$file->getName(), '{limit}'=>$this->minSize));
}
if($this->types!==null)
{
if(is_string($this->types))
$types=preg_split('/[\s,]+/',strtolower($this->types),-1,PREG_SPLIT_NO_EMPTY);
else
$types=$this->types;
if(!in_array(strtolower($file->getExtensionName()),$types))
{
$message=$this->wrongType!==null?$this->wrongType : Yii::t('yii','The file "{file}" cannot be uploaded. Only files with these extensions are allowed: {extensions}.');
$this->addError($object,$attribute,$message,array('{file}'=>$file->getName(), '{extensions}'=>implode(', ',$types)));
}
}
if($this->mimeTypes!==null)
{
if(function_exists('finfo_open'))
{
$mimeType=false;
if($info=finfo_open(defined('FILEINFO_MIME_TYPE') ? FILEINFO_MIME_TYPE : FILEINFO_MIME))
$mimeType=finfo_file($info,$file->getTempName());
}
elseif(function_exists('mime_content_type'))
$mimeType=mime_content_type($file->getTempName());
else
throw new CException(Yii::t('yii','In order to use MIME-type validation provided by CFileValidator fileinfo PECL extension should be installed.'));
if(is_string($this->mimeTypes))
$mimeTypes=preg_split('/[\s,]+/',strtolower($this->mimeTypes),-1,PREG_SPLIT_NO_EMPTY);
else
$mimeTypes=$this->mimeTypes;
if($mimeType===false || !in_array(strtolower($mimeType),$mimeTypes))
{
$message=$this->wrongMimeType!==null?$this->wrongMimeType : Yii::t('yii','The file "{file}" cannot be uploaded. Only files of these MIME-types are allowed: {mimeTypes}.');
$this->addError($object,$attribute,$message,array('{file}'=>$file->getName(), '{mimeTypes}'=>implode(', ',$mimeTypes)));
}
}
}
/**
* Raises an error to inform end user about blank attribute.
* @param CModel $object the object being validated
* @param string $attribute the attribute being validated
*/
protected function emptyAttribute($object, $attribute)
{
if(!$this->allowEmpty)
{
$message=$this->message!==null?$this->message : Yii::t('yii','{attribute} cannot be blank.');
$this->addError($object,$attribute,$message);
}
}
/**
* Returns the maximum size allowed for uploaded files.
* This is determined based on three factors:
* <ul>
* <li>'upload_max_filesize' in php.ini</li>
* <li>'MAX_FILE_SIZE' hidden field</li>
* <li>{@link maxSize}</li>
* </ul>
*
* @return integer the size limit for uploaded files.
*/
protected function getSizeLimit()
{
$limit=ini_get('upload_max_filesize');
$limit=$this->sizeToBytes($limit);
if($this->maxSize!==null && $limit>0 && $this->maxSize<$limit)
$limit=$this->maxSize;
if(isset($_POST['MAX_FILE_SIZE']) && $_POST['MAX_FILE_SIZE']>0 && $_POST['MAX_FILE_SIZE']<$limit)
$limit=$_POST['MAX_FILE_SIZE'];
return $limit;
}
/**
* Converts php.ini style size to bytes. Examples of size strings are: 150, 1g, 500k, 5M (size suffix
* is case insensitive). If you pass here the number with a fractional part, then everything after
* the decimal point will be ignored (php.ini values common behavior). For example 1.5G value would be
* treated as 1G and 1073741824 number will be returned as a result. This method is public
* (was private before) since 1.1.11.
*
* @param string $sizeStr the size string to convert.
* @return integer the byte count in the given size string.
* @since 1.1.11
*/
public function sizeToBytes($sizeStr)
{
// get the latest character
switch (strtolower(substr($sizeStr, -1)))
{
case 'm': return (int)$sizeStr * 1048576; // 1024 * 1024
case 'k': return (int)$sizeStr * 1024; // 1024
case 'g': return (int)$sizeStr * 1073741824; // 1024 * 1024 * 1024
default: return (int)$sizeStr; // do nothing
}
}
}
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