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<?php
/**
* CAccessControlFilter class file.
*
* @author Qiang Xue <qiang.xue@gmail.com>
* @link http://www.yiiframework.com/
* @copyright 2008-2013 Yii Software LLC
* @license http://www.yiiframework.com/license/
*/
/**
* CAccessControlFilter performs authorization checks for the specified actions.
*
* By enabling this filter, controller actions can be checked for access permissions.
* When the user is not denied by one of the security rules or allowed by a rule explicitly,
* he will be able to access the action.
*
* For maximum security consider adding
* <pre>array('deny')</pre>
* as a last rule in a list so all actions will be denied by default.
*
* To specify the access rules, set the {@link setRules rules} property, which should
* be an array of the rules. Each rule is specified as an array of the following structure:
* <pre>
* array(
* 'allow', // or 'deny'
*
* // optional, list of action IDs (case insensitive) that this rule applies to
* // if not specified or empty, rule applies to all actions
* 'actions'=>array('edit', 'delete'),
*
* // optional, list of controller IDs (case insensitive) that this rule applies to
* 'controllers'=>array('post', 'admin/user'),
*
* // optional, list of usernames (case insensitive) that this rule applies to
* // Use * to represent all users, ? guest users, and @ authenticated users
* 'users'=>array('thomas', 'kevin'),
*
* // optional, list of roles (case sensitive!) that this rule applies to.
* 'roles'=>array('admin', 'editor'),
*
* // since version 1.1.11 you can pass parameters for RBAC bizRules
* 'roles'=>array('updateTopic'=>array('topic'=>$topic))
*
* // optional, list of IP address/patterns that this rule applies to
* // e.g. 127.0.0.1, 127.0.0.*
* 'ips'=>array('127.0.0.1'),
*
* // optional, list of request types (case insensitive) that this rule applies to
* 'verbs'=>array('GET', 'POST'),
*
* // optional, a PHP expression whose value indicates whether this rule applies
* // The PHP expression will be evaluated using {@link evaluateExpression}.
* // A PHP expression can be any PHP code that has a value. To learn more about what an expression is,
* // please refer to the {@link http://www.php.net/manual/en/language.expressions.php php manual}.
* 'expression'=>'!$user->isGuest && $user->level==2',
*
* // optional, the customized error message to be displayed
* // This option is available since version 1.1.1.
* 'message'=>'Access Denied.',
*
* // optional, the denied method callback name, that will be called once the
* // access is denied, instead of showing the customized error message. It can also be
* // a valid PHP callback, including class method name (array(ClassName/Object, MethodName)),
* // or anonymous function (PHP 5.3.0+). The function/method signature should be as follows:
* // function foo($user, $rule) { ... }
* // where $user is the current application user object and $rule is this access rule.
* // This option is available since version 1.1.11.
* 'deniedCallback'=>'redirectToDeniedMethod',
* )
* </pre>
*
* @property array $rules List of access rules.
*
* @author Qiang Xue <qiang.xue@gmail.com>
* @package system.web.auth
* @since 1.0
*/
class CAccessControlFilter extends CFilter
{
/**
* @var string the error message to be displayed when authorization fails.
* This property can be overridden by individual access rule via {@link CAccessRule::message}.
* If this property is not set, a default error message will be displayed.
* @since 1.1.1
*/
public $message;
private $_rules=array();
/**
* @return array list of access rules.
*/
public function getRules()
{
return $this->_rules;
}
/**
* @param array $rules list of access rules.
*/
public function setRules($rules)
{
foreach($rules as $rule)
{
if(is_array($rule) && isset($rule[0]))
{
$r=new CAccessRule;
$r->allow=$rule[0]==='allow';
foreach(array_slice($rule,1) as $name=>$value)
{
if($name==='expression' || $name==='roles' || $name==='message' || $name==='deniedCallback')
$r->$name=$value;
else
$r->$name=array_map('strtolower',$value);
}
$this->_rules[]=$r;
}
}
}
/**
* Performs the pre-action filtering.
* @param CFilterChain $filterChain the filter chain that the filter is on.
* @return boolean whether the filtering process should continue and the action
* should be executed.
*/
protected function preFilter($filterChain)
{
$app=Yii::app();
$request=$app->getRequest();
$user=$app->getUser();
$verb=$request->getRequestType();
$ip=$request->getUserHostAddress();
foreach($this->getRules() as $rule)
{
if(($allow=$rule->isUserAllowed($user,$filterChain->controller,$filterChain->action,$ip,$verb))>0) // allowed
break;
elseif($allow<0) // denied
{
if(isset($rule->deniedCallback))
call_user_func($rule->deniedCallback, $rule);
else
$this->accessDenied($user,$this->resolveErrorMessage($rule));
return false;
}
}
return true;
}
/**
* Resolves the error message to be displayed.
* This method will check {@link message} and {@link CAccessRule::message} to see
* what error message should be displayed.
* @param CAccessRule $rule the access rule
* @return string the error message
* @since 1.1.1
*/
protected function resolveErrorMessage($rule)
{
if($rule->message!==null)
return $rule->message;
elseif($this->message!==null)
return $this->message;
else
return Yii::t('yii','You are not authorized to perform this action.');
}
/**
* Denies the access of the user.
* This method is invoked when access check fails.
* @param IWebUser $user the current user
* @param string $message the error message to be displayed
*/
protected function accessDenied($user,$message)
{
if($user->getIsGuest())
$user->loginRequired();
else
throw new CHttpException(403,$message);
}
}
/**
* CAccessRule represents an access rule that is managed by {@link CAccessControlFilter}.
*
* @author Qiang Xue <qiang.xue@gmail.com>
* @package system.web.auth
* @since 1.0
*/
class CAccessRule extends CComponent
{
/**
* @var boolean whether this is an 'allow' rule or 'deny' rule.
*/
public $allow;
/**
* @var array list of action IDs that this rule applies to. The comparison is case-insensitive.
* If no actions are specified, rule applies to all actions.
*/
public $actions;
/**
* @var array list of controller IDs that this rule applies to. The comparison is case-insensitive.
*/
public $controllers;
/**
* @var array list of user names that this rule applies to. The comparison is case-insensitive.
* If no user names are specified, rule applies to all users.
*/
public $users;
/**
* @var array list of roles this rule applies to. For each role, the current user's
* {@link CWebUser::checkAccess} method will be invoked. If one of the invocations
* returns true, the rule will be applied.
* Note, you should mainly use roles in an "allow" rule because by definition,
* a role represents a permission collection.
* @see CAuthManager
*/
public $roles;
/**
* @var array IP patterns.
*/
public $ips;
/**
* @var array list of request types (e.g. GET, POST) that this rule applies to.
*/
public $verbs;
/**
* @var string a PHP expression whose value indicates whether this rule should be applied.
* In this expression, you can use <code>$user</code> which refers to <code>Yii::app()->user</code>.
* The expression can also be a valid PHP callback,
* including class method name (array(ClassName/Object, MethodName)),
* or anonymous function (PHP 5.3.0+). The function/method signature should be as follows:
* <pre>
* function foo($user, $rule) { ... }
* </pre>
* where $user is the current application user object and $rule is this access rule.
*
* The PHP expression will be evaluated using {@link evaluateExpression}.
*
* A PHP expression can be any PHP code that has a value. To learn more about what an expression is,
* please refer to the {@link http://www.php.net/manual/en/language.expressions.php php manual}.
*/
public $expression;
/**
* @var string the error message to be displayed when authorization is denied by this rule.
* If not set, a default error message will be displayed.
* @since 1.1.1
*/
public $message;
/**
* @var mixed the denied method callback that will be called once the
* access is denied. It replaces the behavior that shows an error message.
* It can be a valid PHP callback including class method name (array(ClassName/Object, MethodName)),
* or anonymous function (PHP 5.3.0+). For more information, on different options, check
* @link http://www.php.net/manual/en/language.pseudo-types.php#language.types.callback
* The function/method signature should be as follows:
* <pre>
* function foo($rule) { ... }
* </pre>
* where $rule is this access rule.
*
* @since 1.1.11
*/
public $deniedCallback;
/**
* Checks whether the Web user is allowed to perform the specified action.
* @param CWebUser $user the user object
* @param CController $controller the controller currently being executed
* @param CAction $action the action to be performed
* @param string $ip the request IP address
* @param string $verb the request verb (GET, POST, etc.)
* @return integer 1 if the user is allowed, -1 if the user is denied, 0 if the rule does not apply to the user
*/
public function isUserAllowed($user,$controller,$action,$ip,$verb)
{
if($this->isActionMatched($action)
&& $this->isUserMatched($user)
&& $this->isRoleMatched($user)
&& $this->isIpMatched($ip)
&& $this->isVerbMatched($verb)
&& $this->isControllerMatched($controller)
&& $this->isExpressionMatched($user))
return $this->allow ? 1 : -1;
else
return 0;
}
/**
* @param CAction $action the action
* @return boolean whether the rule applies to the action
*/
protected function isActionMatched($action)
{
return empty($this->actions) || in_array(strtolower($action->getId()),$this->actions);
}
/**
* @param CController $controller the controller
* @return boolean whether the rule applies to the controller
*/
protected function isControllerMatched($controller)
{
return empty($this->controllers) || in_array(strtolower($controller->getUniqueId()),$this->controllers);
}
/**
* @param IWebUser $user the user
* @return boolean whether the rule applies to the user
*/
protected function isUserMatched($user)
{
if(empty($this->users))
return true;
foreach($this->users as $u)
{
if($u==='*')
return true;
elseif($u==='?' && $user->getIsGuest())
return true;
elseif($u==='@' && !$user->getIsGuest())
return true;
elseif(!strcasecmp($u,$user->getName()))
return true;
}
return false;
}
/**
* @param IWebUser $user the user object
* @return boolean whether the rule applies to the role
*/
protected function isRoleMatched($user)
{
if(empty($this->roles))
return true;
foreach($this->roles as $key=>$role)
{
if(is_numeric($key))
{
if($user->checkAccess($role))
return true;
}
else
{
if($user->checkAccess($key,$role))
return true;
}
}
return false;
}
/**
* @param string $ip the IP address
* @return boolean whether the rule applies to the IP address
*/
protected function isIpMatched($ip)
{
if(empty($this->ips))
return true;
foreach($this->ips as $rule)
{
if($rule==='*' || $rule===$ip || (($pos=strpos($rule,'*'))!==false && !strncmp($ip,$rule,$pos)))
return true;
}
return false;
}
/**
* @param string $verb the request method
* @return boolean whether the rule applies to the request
*/
protected function isVerbMatched($verb)
{
return empty($this->verbs) || in_array(strtolower($verb),$this->verbs);
}
/**
* @param IWebUser $user the user
* @return boolean the expression value. True if the expression is not specified.
*/
protected function isExpressionMatched($user)
{
if($this->expression===null)
return true;
else
return $this->evaluateExpression($this->expression, array('user'=>$user));
}
}
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