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<?php
/**
* @link http://www.yiiframework.com/
* @copyright Copyright (c) 2008 Yii Software LLC
* @license http://www.yiiframework.com/license/
*/
namespace yii\behaviors;
use yii\base\Behavior;
use yii\base\InvalidArgumentException;
use yii\base\Model;
use yii\db\BaseActiveRecord;
use yii\helpers\StringHelper;
use yii\validators\BooleanValidator;
use yii\validators\NumberValidator;
use yii\validators\StringValidator;
/**
* AttributeTypecastBehavior provides an ability of automatic model attribute typecasting.
* This behavior is very useful in case of usage of ActiveRecord for the schema-less databases like MongoDB or Redis.
* It may also come in handy for regular [[\yii\db\ActiveRecord]] or even [[\yii\base\Model]], allowing to maintain
* strict attribute types after model validation.
*
* This behavior should be attached to [[\yii\base\Model]] or [[\yii\db\BaseActiveRecord]] descendant.
*
* You should specify exact attribute types via [[attributeTypes]].
*
* For example:
*
* ```php
* use yii\behaviors\AttributeTypecastBehavior;
*
* class Item extends \yii\db\ActiveRecord
* {
* public function behaviors()
* {
* return [
* 'typecast' => [
* 'class' => AttributeTypecastBehavior::className(),
* 'attributeTypes' => [
* 'amount' => AttributeTypecastBehavior::TYPE_INTEGER,
* 'price' => AttributeTypecastBehavior::TYPE_FLOAT,
* 'is_active' => AttributeTypecastBehavior::TYPE_BOOLEAN,
* ],
* 'typecastAfterValidate' => true,
* 'typecastBeforeSave' => false,
* 'typecastAfterFind' => false,
* ],
* ];
* }
*
* // ...
* }
* ```
*
* Tip: you may left [[attributeTypes]] blank - in this case its value will be detected
* automatically based on owner validation rules.
* Following example will automatically create same [[attributeTypes]] value as it was configured at the above one:
*
* ```php
* use yii\behaviors\AttributeTypecastBehavior;
*
* class Item extends \yii\db\ActiveRecord
* {
*
* public function rules()
* {
* return [
* ['amount', 'integer'],
* ['price', 'number'],
* ['is_active', 'boolean'],
* ];
* }
*
* public function behaviors()
* {
* return [
* 'typecast' => [
* 'class' => AttributeTypecastBehavior::className(),
* // 'attributeTypes' will be composed automatically according to `rules()`
* ],
* ];
* }
*
* // ...
* }
* ```
*
* This behavior allows automatic attribute typecasting at following cases:
*
* - after successful model validation
* - before model save (insert or update)
* - after model find (found by query or refreshed)
*
* You may control automatic typecasting for particular case using fields [[typecastAfterValidate]],
* [[typecastBeforeSave]] and [[typecastAfterFind]].
* By default typecasting will be performed only after model validation.
*
* Note: you can manually trigger attribute typecasting anytime invoking [[typecastAttributes()]] method:
*
* ```php
* $model = new Item();
* $model->price = '38.5';
* $model->is_active = 1;
* $model->typecastAttributes();
* ```
*
* @author Paul Klimov <klimov.paul@gmail.com>
* @since 2.0.10
*/
class AttributeTypecastBehavior extends Behavior
{
const TYPE_INTEGER = 'integer';
const TYPE_FLOAT = 'float';
const TYPE_BOOLEAN = 'boolean';
const TYPE_STRING = 'string';
/**
* @var Model|BaseActiveRecord the owner of this behavior.
*/
public $owner;
/**
* @var array attribute typecast map in format: attributeName => type.
* Type can be set via PHP callable, which accept raw value as an argument and should return
* typecast result.
* For example:
*
* ```php
* [
* 'amount' => 'integer',
* 'price' => 'float',
* 'is_active' => 'boolean',
* 'date' => function ($value) {
* return ($value instanceof \DateTime) ? $value->getTimestamp(): (int)$value;
* },
* ]
* ```
*
* If not set, attribute type map will be composed automatically from the owner validation rules.
*/
public $attributeTypes;
/**
* @var bool whether to skip typecasting of `null` values.
* If enabled attribute value which equals to `null` will not be type-casted (e.g. `null` remains `null`),
* otherwise it will be converted according to the type configured at [[attributeTypes]].
*/
public $skipOnNull = true;
/**
* @var bool whether to perform typecasting after owner model validation.
* Note that typecasting will be performed only if validation was successful, e.g.
* owner model has no errors.
* Note that changing this option value will have no effect after this behavior has been attached to the model.
*/
public $typecastAfterValidate = true;
/**
* @var bool whether to perform typecasting before saving owner model (insert or update).
* This option may be disabled in order to achieve better performance.
* For example, in case of [[\yii\db\ActiveRecord]] usage, typecasting before save
* will grant no benefit an thus can be disabled.
* Note that changing this option value will have no effect after this behavior has been attached to the model.
*/
public $typecastBeforeSave = false;
/**
* @var bool whether to perform typecasting after saving owner model (insert or update).
* This option may be disabled in order to achieve better performance.
* For example, in case of [[\yii\db\ActiveRecord]] usage, typecasting after save
* will grant no benefit an thus can be disabled.
* Note that changing this option value will have no effect after this behavior has been attached to the model.
* @since 2.0.14
*/
public $typecastAfterSave = false;
/**
* @var bool whether to perform typecasting after retrieving owner model data from
* the database (after find or refresh).
* This option may be disabled in order to achieve better performance.
* For example, in case of [[\yii\db\ActiveRecord]] usage, typecasting after find
* will grant no benefit in most cases an thus can be disabled.
* Note that changing this option value will have no effect after this behavior has been attached to the model.
*/
public $typecastAfterFind = false;
/**
* @var array internal static cache for auto detected [[attributeTypes]] values
* in format: ownerClassName => attributeTypes
*/
private static $autoDetectedAttributeTypes = [];
/**
* Clears internal static cache of auto detected [[attributeTypes]] values
* over all affected owner classes.
*/
public static function clearAutoDetectedAttributeTypes()
{
self::$autoDetectedAttributeTypes = [];
}
/**
* {@inheritdoc}
*/
public function attach($owner)
{
parent::attach($owner);
if ($this->attributeTypes === null) {
$ownerClass = get_class($this->owner);
if (!isset(self::$autoDetectedAttributeTypes[$ownerClass])) {
self::$autoDetectedAttributeTypes[$ownerClass] = $this->detectAttributeTypes();
}
$this->attributeTypes = self::$autoDetectedAttributeTypes[$ownerClass];
}
}
/**
* Typecast owner attributes according to [[attributeTypes]].
* @param array $attributeNames list of attribute names that should be type-casted.
* If this parameter is empty, it means any attribute listed in the [[attributeTypes]]
* should be type-casted.
*/
public function typecastAttributes($attributeNames = null)
{
$attributeTypes = [];
if ($attributeNames === null) {
$attributeTypes = $this->attributeTypes;
} else {
foreach ($attributeNames as $attribute) {
if (!isset($this->attributeTypes[$attribute])) {
throw new InvalidArgumentException("There is no type mapping for '{$attribute}'.");
}
$attributeTypes[$attribute] = $this->attributeTypes[$attribute];
}
}
foreach ($attributeTypes as $attribute => $type) {
$value = $this->owner->{$attribute};
if ($this->skipOnNull && $value === null) {
continue;
}
$this->owner->{$attribute} = $this->typecastValue($value, $type);
}
}
/**
* Casts the given value to the specified type.
* @param mixed $value value to be type-casted.
* @param string|callable $type type name or typecast callable.
* @return mixed typecast result.
*/
protected function typecastValue($value, $type)
{
if (is_scalar($type)) {
if (is_object($value) && method_exists($value, '__toString')) {
$value = $value->__toString();
}
switch ($type) {
case self::TYPE_INTEGER:
return (int) $value;
case self::TYPE_FLOAT:
return (float) $value;
case self::TYPE_BOOLEAN:
return (bool) $value;
case self::TYPE_STRING:
if (is_float($value)) {
return StringHelper::floatToString($value);
}
return (string) $value;
default:
throw new InvalidArgumentException("Unsupported type '{$type}'");
}
}
return call_user_func($type, $value);
}
/**
* Composes default value for [[attributeTypes]] from the owner validation rules.
* @return array attribute type map.
*/
protected function detectAttributeTypes()
{
$attributeTypes = [];
foreach ($this->owner->getValidators() as $validator) {
$type = null;
if ($validator instanceof BooleanValidator) {
$type = self::TYPE_BOOLEAN;
} elseif ($validator instanceof NumberValidator) {
$type = $validator->integerOnly ? self::TYPE_INTEGER : self::TYPE_FLOAT;
} elseif ($validator instanceof StringValidator) {
$type = self::TYPE_STRING;
}
if ($type !== null) {
foreach ((array) $validator->attributes as $attribute) {
$attributeTypes[ltrim($attribute, '!')] = $type;
}
}
}
return $attributeTypes;
}
/**
* {@inheritdoc}
*/
public function events()
{
$events = [];
if ($this->typecastAfterValidate) {
$events[Model::EVENT_AFTER_VALIDATE] = 'afterValidate';
}
if ($this->typecastBeforeSave) {
$events[BaseActiveRecord::EVENT_BEFORE_INSERT] = 'beforeSave';
$events[BaseActiveRecord::EVENT_BEFORE_UPDATE] = 'beforeSave';
}
if ($this->typecastAfterSave) {
$events[BaseActiveRecord::EVENT_AFTER_INSERT] = 'afterSave';
$events[BaseActiveRecord::EVENT_AFTER_UPDATE] = 'afterSave';
}
if ($this->typecastAfterFind) {
$events[BaseActiveRecord::EVENT_AFTER_FIND] = 'afterFind';
}
return $events;
}
/**
* Handles owner 'afterValidate' event, ensuring attribute typecasting.
* @param \yii\base\Event $event event instance.
*/
public function afterValidate($event)
{
if (!$this->owner->hasErrors()) {
$this->typecastAttributes();
}
}
/**
* Handles owner 'beforeInsert' and 'beforeUpdate' events, ensuring attribute typecasting.
* @param \yii\base\Event $event event instance.
*/
public function beforeSave($event)
{
$this->typecastAttributes();
}
/**
* Handles owner 'afterInsert' and 'afterUpdate' events, ensuring attribute typecasting.
* @param \yii\base\Event $event event instance.
* @since 2.0.14
*/
public function afterSave($event)
{
$this->typecastAttributes();
}
/**
* Handles owner 'afterFind' event, ensuring attribute typecasting.
* @param \yii\base\Event $event event instance.
*/
public function afterFind($event)
{
$this->typecastAttributes();
}
}
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