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README.md

my bind module

Why another module?

There are a number of other bind modules on the puppet forge, but most of those that I looked at just manage named.conf, and require you to copy zonefiles around. In the best case those zonefiles would be generated; but still, that is precisely what I do not want to do, so hence this module.

Instead, I think a bind module should allow one to define zone file entries, and use the normal AXFR/IXFR DNS calls to distribute changes. That's precisely what this module does.

Also, I used this module to learn how to write a custom type for puppet. Given that, there's bound to be some ugliness in there, but it seems to work for me. Bug reports are certainly welcome :)

How?

You may wish to update the template files. ncl.erb is used to generate named.conf.local, nco.erb is used for named.conf.options, and zonetmpl.erb is used for the initial content of a zone file. The latter is not updated afterwards, any changes are done through nsupdate.

You need to do two things: define a zone, and add DNS entries to the zone. For the first, you should include the bind class on your nameservers. You'll want to define something in hiera, e.g.:

---
bind::listen_on: 
  - 192.0.2.1

Note that you may also specify IPv6 addresses:

---
bind::listen_on:
  - 192.0.2.1
  - 2001:db8::1

This will make bind listen on the specified IP addresses. It will also be used to decide whether bind is master or slave for a given zone (see below). This is obviously data that's specific to one nameserver.

Other per-nameserver options that can be specified:

  • bind::allow_recursion: list of hosts allowed to make recursive queries to this nameserver
  • bind::ncotempl: the template to be used to generate the named.conf.options file (default: bind/nco.erb)
  • bind::options: any random BIND option you want to add.

Note that you should not change the session-keyname option, or things will break. The module does not currently check for this; this may change in the future. An example would be something like:

---
bind::options:
  - tkey-gssapi-keytab "/etc/bind/bind.keytab"
  - dnssec-validation auto

You'll also need to specify the zones; this data would be specified in a common.yaml or similar:

---
bind::zones:
  zone1.example.com:
    master: 192.0.2.1
    slaves:
      - 198.51.100.1
      - 2001:db8::1
    updatepols:
      - grant * self
      - grant wouterkey zonesub any
  zone2.example.com:
    master: 198.51.100.1
    slaves:
      - 192.0.2.1

This specifies all the zones that we have, and tells the nameservers for which zones they should be the master, and for which zones they should be the slave.

In the above example, the name server which has 192.0.2.1 in its bind::listen_on value is master for hosts in zone1.example.com, with 198.51.100.1 and 2001:db8::1 being slaves; and the name server listening on 198.51.100.1 is master for hosts in zone2.example.com, with 192.0.2.1 slave. The named.conf.local file will be generated with that in mind.

In case the server on 198.51.100.1 happens to be the same server as the one on 2001:db8::1 (as in the last bind::listen_on example), then only a master block will be generated; so it's safe to have a server be listed multiple times.

bind::listen_on defaults to the value of the ipaddress fact, which is probably right if you have just one IP address.

The "updatepols" key allows to specify update policies for manual administration of the zone, should this be wanted. Note that an update policy of the form grant local-ddns zonesub any is silently added to this list (this is why you should not change the name of the local-ddns key).

Once you've done that, all you need to do now is to include the bind class on your nameservers, with no options; everything will be set up correctly. If you ever move things around in hiera, then the zone file entries in named.conf.local will be updated automatically (but the zone files themselves will not; this may be fixed in a future release, but for now you'll have to update the SOA field yourself).

To actually add something to the DNS zone, use the dnsentry custom type:

dnsentry { "webserver_a_record":
  nametype => "www.example.com a", # namevar
  ttl => 86400, # the default
  rrclass => "IN", # the default
  rrdata => [ "192.168.1.1", "192.168.1.2" ]
  ensure => present,
}

This will use dig and nsupdate to read data and/or perform any changes.

You need to realize the dnsentry on the master nameserver for the update to work, or you can use distributed types (the bind class already includes the relevant Dnsentry <<||>> statement).

Note the special format of the "nametype" property: name <space> type. Since an A record is absolutely not the same thing as a CNAME or a TXT record (or whathaveyou), a different format would have made it impossible for the provider to figure out whether a given resource exists.

The rrdata attribute is required (except when ensure is set to absent)

When removing an entry (i.e., when ensure is set to absent) the value of the rrdata attribute is used: if no rrdata attribute was presented, then all RRs of the given type are removed. If an rrdata attribute was presented, however, then only the RRs of the given type with the given data will be removed.

Code status

Known issues

  • The puppet class only works on Debian (and derivatives) for now. Patches welcome.

Planned features

  • Transparent DNSSEC support. This will be something where you say bind::dnssec: true or similar in hiera, and everything else will happen magically. Might require some extra custom types, but we're not there yet.

Changelog

  • 1.0.0: Initial release
  • 1.1.0: v6 support
  • 1.2.0: use TSIG updates (with local-ddns key) rather than allow-update stanzas. Also, add support for random options in the options block.
  • 1.2.1: Remove dnskey custom type again, which wasn't ready yet (whoops)

-- Wouter Verhelst, w@uter.be

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