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🏆 A markdown parser written in Go. Easy to extend, standard(CommonMark) compliant, well structured.
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Latest commit 5b25bb5 Dec 10, 2019


A Markdown parser written in Go. Easy to extend, standard compliant, well structured.

goldmark is compliant with CommonMark 0.29.


I need a Markdown parser for Go that meets following conditions:

  • Easy to extend.
    • Markdown is poor in document expressions compared with other light markup languages like reStructuredText.
    • We have extensions to the Markdown syntax, e.g. PHP Markdown Extra, GitHub Flavored Markdown.
  • Standard compliant.
    • Markdown has many dialects.
    • GitHub Flavored Markdown is widely used and it is based on CommonMark aside from whether CommonMark is good specification or not.
      • CommonMark is too complicated and hard to implement.
  • Well structured.
    • AST based, and preserves source position of nodes.
  • Written in pure Go.

golang-commonmark may be a good choice, but it seems to be a copy of markdown-it.

blackfriday.v2 is a fast and widely used implementation, but it is not CommonMark compliant and cannot be extended from outside of the package since its AST uses structs instead of interfaces.

Furthermore, its behavior differs from other implementations in some cases, especially regarding lists: (Deep nested lists don't output correctly #329, List block cannot have a second line #244, etc).

This behavior sometimes causes problems. If you migrate your Markdown text to blackfriday-based wikis from GitHub, many lists will immediately be broken.

As mentioned above, CommonMark is too complicated and hard to implement, so Markdown parsers based on CommonMark barely exist.


  • Standard compliant. goldmark gets full compliance with the latest CommonMark spec.
  • Extensible. Do you want to add a @username mention syntax to Markdown? You can easily do it in goldmark. You can add your AST nodes, parsers for block level elements, parsers for inline level elements, transformers for paragraphs, transformers for whole AST structure, and renderers.
  • Performance. goldmark performs pretty much equally to cmark, the CommonMark reference implementation written in C.
  • Robust. goldmark is tested with go-fuzz, a fuzz testing tool.
  • Builtin extensions. goldmark ships with common extensions like tables, strikethrough, task lists, and definition lists.
  • Depends only on standard libraries.


$ go get


Import packages:

import (

Convert Markdown documents with the CommonMark compliant mode:

var buf bytes.Buffer
if err := goldmark.Convert(source, &buf); err != nil {

With options

var buf bytes.Buffer
if err := goldmark.Convert(source, &buf, parser.WithContext(ctx)); err != nil {
Functional option Type Description
parser.WithContext A parser.Context Context for the parsing phase.

Custom parser and renderer

import (

md := goldmark.New(
var buf bytes.Buffer
if err := md.Convert(source, &buf); err != nil {

Parser and Renderer options

Parser options

Functional option Type Description
parser.WithBlockParsers A util.PrioritizedSlice whose elements are parser.BlockParser Parsers for parsing block level elements.
parser.WithInlineParsers A util.PrioritizedSlice whose elements are parser.InlineParser Parsers for parsing inline level elements.
parser.WithParagraphTransformers A util.PrioritizedSlice whose elements are parser.ParagraphTransformer Transformers for transforming paragraph nodes.
parser.WithAutoHeadingID - Enables auto heading ids.
parser.WithAttribute - Enables custom attributes. Currently only headings supports attributes.

HTML Renderer options

Functional option Type Description
html.WithWriter html.Writer html.Writer for writing contents to an io.Writer.
html.WithHardWraps - Render new lines as <br>.
html.WithXHTML - Render as XHTML.
html.WithUnsafe - By default, goldmark does not render raw HTML and potentially dangerous links. With this option, goldmark renders these contents as written.

Built-in extensions


parser.WithAttribute option allows you to define attributes on some elements.

Currently only headings support attributes.

Attributes are being discussed in the CommonMark forum. This syntax may possibly change in the future.


## heading ## {#id .className attrName=attrValue class="class1 class2"}

## heading {#id .className attrName=attrValue class="class1 class2"}
heading {#id .className attrName=attrValue}

Typographer extension

Typographer extension translates plain ASCII punctuation characters into typographic punctuation HTML entities.

Default substitutions are:

Punctuation Default entity
' &lsquo;, &rsquo;
" &ldquo;, &rdquo;
-- &ndash;
--- &mdash;
... &hellip;
<< &laquo;
>> &raquo;

You can overwrite the substitutions by extensions.WithTypographicSubstitutions.

markdown := goldmark.New(
				extension.LeftSingleQuote:  []byte("&sbquo;"),
				extension.RightSingleQuote: nil, // nil disables a substitution

Create extensions


See extension directory for examples of extensions.


  1. Define AST Node as a struct in which ast.BaseBlock or ast.BaseInline is embedded.
  2. Write a parser that implements parser.BlockParser or parser.InlineParser.
  3. Write a renderer that implements renderer.NodeRenderer.
  4. Define your goldmark extension that implements goldmark.Extender.


By default, goldmark does not render raw HTML and potentially dangerous URLs. If you need to gain more control over untrusted contents, it is recommended to use an HTML sanitizer such as bluemonday.


You can run this benchmark in the _benchmark directory.

against other golang libraries

blackfriday v2 seems to be fastest, but it is not CommonMark compliant, so the performance of blackfriday v2 cannot simply be compared with that of the other CommonMark compliant libraries.

Though goldmark builds clean extensible AST structure and get full compliance with CommonMark, it is reasonably fast and has lower memory consumption.

goos: darwin
goarch: amd64
BenchmarkMarkdown/Blackfriday-v2-12                  326           3465240 ns/op         3298861 B/op      20047 allocs/op
BenchmarkMarkdown/GoldMark-12                        303           3927494 ns/op         2574809 B/op      13853 allocs/op
BenchmarkMarkdown/CommonMark-12                      244           4900853 ns/op         2753851 B/op      20527 allocs/op
BenchmarkMarkdown/Lute-12                            130           9195245 ns/op         9175030 B/op     123534 allocs/op
BenchmarkMarkdown/GoMarkdown-12                        9         113541994 ns/op         2187472 B/op      22173 allocs/op

against cmark (CommonMark reference implementation written in C)

----------- cmark -----------
iteration: 50
average: 0.0037760639 sec
go run ./goldmark_benchmark.go
------- goldmark -------
iteration: 50
average: 0.0040964230 sec

As you can see, goldmark performs pretty much equally to cmark.







Yusuke Inuzuka

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