update upstreams' config by restful interface
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README.md

Description

This module can be used to update your upstream-list without reloadding Nginx.

And this module compatible with lua-upstream-nginx-module, You can use lua-upstream-nginx-module to get more detail infomation of upstream.

This module has been merged into tengine

It works well with patched nginx_upstream_check_module

Config Example

file: conf/nginx.conf

(‼️Attention: You MUST use nginx variable to do proxy_pass)

daemon off;
error_log logs/error.log debug;

events {
}

http {

    include conf/upstream.conf;

    server {
        listen   8080;

        location / {
            # The upstream here must be a nginx variable
            proxy_pass http://$host; 
        }
    }

    server {
        listen 8088;
        location / {
            return 200 "8088";
        }
    }

    server {
        listen 8089;
        location / {
            return 200 "8089";
        }
    }

    server {
        listen 8081;
        location / {
            dyups_interface;
        }
    }
}

If your original config looks like this:

proxy_pass http://upstream_name;

please replace it with:

set $ups upstream_name;
proxy_pass http://$ups;

$ups can be any valid nginx variable.

file: conf/upstream.conf

upstream host1 {
    server 127.0.0.1:8088;
}

upstream host2 {
    server 127.0.0.1:8089;
}

Installation

$ git clone git://github.com/yzprofile/ngx_http_dyups_module.git
$ ./configure --add-module=./ngx_http_dyups_module

Directives

Syntax: dyups_interface

Default: none

Context: loc

This directive set the interface location where you can add or delete the upstream list. See the section of Interface for detail.

Syntax: dyups_read_msg_timeout time

Default: 1s

Context: main

This directive set the interval of workers readding the commands from share memory.

Syntax: dyups_shm_zone_size size

Default: 2MB

Context: main

This directive set the size of share memory which used to store the commands.

Syntax: dyups_upstream_conf path

Default: none

Context: main

This directive has been deprecated

Syntax: dyups_trylock on | off

Default: off

Context: main

You will get a better prefomance but it maybe not stable, and you will get a '409' when the update request conflicts with others.

restful interface

GET

  • /detail get all upstreams and their servers
  • /list get the list of upstreams
  • /upstream/name find the upstream by it's name

POST

  • /upstream/name update one upstream
  • body commands;
  • body server ip:port;

DELETE

  • /upstream/name delete one upstream

Call the interface, when you get the return code is HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR 500, you need to reload nginx to make the Nginx work at a good state.

If you got HTTP_CONFLICT 409, you need resend the same commands again latter.

The /list and /detail interface will return HTTP_NO_CONTENT 204 when there is no upstream.

Other code means you should modify your commands and call the interface again.

ATTENEION: You also need a third-party to generate the new config and dump it to Nginx'conf directory.

Sample

» curl -H "host: dyhost" 127.0.0.1:8080
<html>
<head><title>502 Bad Gateway</title></head>
<body bgcolor="white">
<center><h1>502 Bad Gateway</h1></center>
<hr><center>nginx/1.3.13</center>
</body>
</html>

» curl -d "server 127.0.0.1:8089;server 127.0.0.1:8088;" 127.0.0.1:8081/upstream/dyhost
success

» curl -H "host: dyhost" 127.0.0.1:8080
8089

» curl -H "host: dyhost" 127.0.0.1:8080
8088

» curl 127.0.0.1:8081/detail
host1
server 127.0.0.1:8088

host2
server 127.0.0.1:8089

dyhost
server 127.0.0.1:8089
server 127.0.0.1:8088

» curl -i -X DELETE 127.0.0.1:8081/upstream/dyhost
success

» curl 127.0.0.1:8081/detail
host1
server 127.0.0.1:8088

host2
server 127.0.0.1:8089

API

extern ngx_flag_t ngx_http_dyups_api_enable;
ngx_int_t ngx_dyups_update_upstream(ngx_str_t *name, ngx_buf_t *buf,
    ngx_str_t *rv);
ngx_int_t ngx_dyups_delete_upstream(ngx_str_t *name, ngx_str_t *rv);

extern ngx_dyups_add_upstream_filter_pt ngx_dyups_add_upstream_top_filter;
extern ngx_dyups_del_upstream_filter_pt ngx_dyups_del_upstream_top_filter;

Lua API Example

NOTICE: you should add the directive dyups_interface into your config file to active this feature

content_by_lua '
    local dyups = require "ngx.dyups"

    local status, rv = dyups.update("test", [[server 127.0.0.1:8088;]]);
    ngx.print(status, rv)
    if status ~= ngx.HTTP_OK then
        ngx.print(status, rv)
        return
    end
    ngx.print("update success")

    status, rv = dyups.delete("test")
    if status ~= ngx.HTTP_OK then
        ngx.print(status, rv)
        return
    end
    ngx.print("delete success")
';

Change Log

RELEASE V0.2.9

Featuer: Added add/del upstream filter to make other modules operate upstream easily after upstream changed

RELEASE V0.2.8

Bugfixed: upstream connect failed caused coredump

RELEASE V0.2.7

Supported: C API and Lua API

RELEASE V0.2.6

Bugfixed: Supported sandbox before updatting

RELEASE V0.2.5

  1. Bugfixed: wrong string comparison for string "upstream", @chobits
  2. Bugfixed: that response of /detail uri has no Content-Length header, @chobits
  3. Feature: if you use this branch of tengine, update upstream rbtree, @SarahWang
  4. Feature: simplify upstream parsing methods via ngx_conf_parse api, @chobits

RELEASE V0.2.4

  1. Bugfixed: client timed out cause a coredumped while adding an exist upstream
  2. Bugfixed: when proxy_pass to a no-variable address dyups will coredump

RELEASE V0.2.2

  1. Bugfixed: upstream will be deleted in the process of finding upstream.

RELEASE V0.2.0

  1. check every commands to make sure they are all ok before update upstream. done

  2. support ip_hash and keepalive or other upstream module done

  3. support weight,max_fails,fail_timeout,backup done

  4. support health check module, you should use this branch of Tengine or wait for it's release. done

  5. restore upstream configuration in init process handler. done

Run Tests

$ TEST_NGINX_BINARY=/path/to/your/nginx/dir/sbin/nginx prove -I /path/to/tests/nginx-tests/lib ./dyups.t

Copyright & License

These codes are licenced under the BSD license.

Copyright (C) 2015-2016 by Zhuo Yuan (yzprofile) yzprofiles@gmail.com Copyright (C) 2012-2015 by Zhuo Yuan (yzprofile) yzprofiles@gmail.com, Alibaba Inc.

All rights reserved.

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

* Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.

* Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.