Mirror of semacode (DataMatrix) gem with some 1.9 fixes
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= Ruby Semacode Encoder

== Introduction

This Ruby extension implements a DataMatrix encoder for Ruby. It is typically
used to create semacodes, which are barcodes, that contain URLs. This encoder
does not create image files or visual representations of the semacode. This is
because it can be used for more than creating images, such as rendering
semacodes to HTML, SVG, PDF or even stored in a database or file for later

See test.rb for an example of how to create a visual symbol for a semacode, it
presents a semacode in HTML and plain text formats, and this can give you an
idea of how to start.

Once you have a visual representation of the semacode, you can use a reader,
such as those from http://semacode.org on your camera phone, to capture the
URL embedded in the semacode and proceed directly to that web site.

=== License

This software is released under the terms of the GNU Public License version 2,
available from <http://www.gnu.org>

=== Contact Information

You can contact me via <guido@sohne.net> if you have patches, bug fixes or

  Copyright (C) 2007, Guido Sohne
  Website: http://sohne.net/projects/semafox
=== Credits

Based on the iec16022ecc200.c encoder by Adrian Kennard, Andrews & Arnold Ltd 

== Quick Start

Configure the extension to your local system and ruby

  <tt>ruby extconf.rb</tt>
Build the extension

Test that it works

  <tt>ruby test.rb</tt>
Install the extension (you may need to become root)

  <tt>make install</tt>
You should take a look at tests/test.rb to understand how to use this. It
includes some code to generate a semacode using HTML and CSS, so that could
end up being useful.

Here's some basic ways in which you can make use of this extension. It tries
to show by example, how the semacodes can be created and what can be done with
or to a semacode object.

Include this library

  <tt>require 'rubygems'</tt>
  <tt>require 'semacode'</tt>

Create a semacode

  <tt>semacode = Barcode::Semacode.new "http://sohne.net/projects/semafox/"</tt>

Return the semacode as an array of arrays of boolean

  The first element of the array is the top row, the last element is the 
  bottom row. the array length is the semacode height, and each element is 
  an array as wide as the semacode width

  <tt>grid = semacode.data</tt> or
  <tt>grid = semacode.to_a</tt> or  

Return the encoding list used to create the semacode

  This encoding list is composed of the 'character set', complete with
  shifts from one encoding type to another, that is used for the DataMatrix
  <tt>encoding = semacode.encoding</tt>

Return the semacode as a string

  The string is a comma separated list of character vectors. Each vector is a row
  in the semacode symbol, the top row is first, and the bottom row is last. Inside
  each row, the vector reads from left to right.
  <tt>semacode.to_s</tt> or

Encode another string

  <tt>semacode.encode "http://sohne.net"</tt>

Get the width of the semacode


Get the height of the semacode


How long is the semacode? (width * height)

  <tt>semacode.length</tt> or

Get the raw encoded length (before padding and before ECC)


Get the symbol size

  The max number of characters this semacode type 
  (specific width x height) can hold is called the
  symbol size.


Count the ECC bytes
  How many bytes were used for error correction?



The C code can throw runtime exceptions. Be sure to include
a catch block if you want to use this in production. Mostly
the exceptions are not recoverable, except for when the data
is too long, in which case you can shorten it and try again.

There are two type of exceptions that it will throw. The first
is a RangeError exception, which happens when the input is too
long or when it just can't find a fit for the data. The second
is a ArgumentError (ArgError?) exception that gets thrown when
the input contains data it cannot handle.