zchunk is a compressed file format that splits the file into independent chunks. This allows you to only download changed chunks when downloading a new version of the file. Files can hosted on any web server that supports HTTP ranged requests, with no special software required to serve the files (though to download only the changed chunks, your client must be zchunk-aware).
zchunk files are protected with strong checksums to verify that the file you downloaded is, in fact, the file you wanted.
As of zchunk-1.0, the ABI and API have been marked stable, and the only changes allowed are backwards-compatible additions
To build and install zchunk, first install meson and run
meson build cd build ninja ninja test sudo ninja install
If you're building on an operating system where some libraries are stored in
/usr/local, you'll need to replace
meson build above as follows:
CFLAGS=-I/usr/local/include CXXFLAGS=-I/usr/local/include LDFLAGS=-L/usr/local/lib meson build
Using the utilities
To decompress a zchunk file, simply run:
To compress a new zchunk file, run:
To download a zchunk file, run:
zckdl -s <source> <url of target>
To read a zchunk header, run:
By default, each chunk in a zchunk file is compressed independently. However, if you're creating a zchunk file that has any repetitive data, you may be able to reduce the overall file size by using a zstd dictionary. The dictionary takes up extra space at the beginning of the zchunk file, but is used as an identical initial dictionary for compressing each chunk, which can give a significant overall savings.
It is important that all further revisions of the zchunk file use the same dictionary. If the dictionary changes, none of the chunks will match from the old file, and the full new file will be downloaded.
Zchunk can use any zstd dictionary, but also includes a utility to generate the ideal zstd dictionary for a zchunk file.
To create an ideal dictionary for a zchunk file, run:
The dictionary will be saved as
You will then need to recompress the file with the dictionary:
zck -D <uncompressed file>
zck_gen_zdict does require that the
zstd binary be installed on