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/*
* linux/fs/proc/base.c
*
* Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds
*
* proc base directory handling functions
*
* 1999, Al Viro. Rewritten. Now it covers the whole per-process part.
* Instead of using magical inumbers to determine the kind of object
* we allocate and fill in-core inodes upon lookup. They don't even
* go into icache. We cache the reference to task_struct upon lookup too.
* Eventually it should become a filesystem in its own. We don't use the
* rest of procfs anymore.
*
*
* Changelog:
* 17-Jan-2005
* Allan Bezerra
* Bruna Moreira <bruna.moreira@indt.org.br>
* Edjard Mota <edjard.mota@indt.org.br>
* Ilias Biris <ilias.biris@indt.org.br>
* Mauricio Lin <mauricio.lin@indt.org.br>
*
* Embedded Linux Lab - 10LE Instituto Nokia de Tecnologia - INdT
*
* A new process specific entry (smaps) included in /proc. It shows the
* size of rss for each memory area. The maps entry lacks information
* about physical memory size (rss) for each mapped file, i.e.,
* rss information for executables and library files.
* This additional information is useful for any tools that need to know
* about physical memory consumption for a process specific library.
*
* Changelog:
* 21-Feb-2005
* Embedded Linux Lab - 10LE Instituto Nokia de Tecnologia - INdT
* Pud inclusion in the page table walking.
*
* ChangeLog:
* 10-Mar-2005
* 10LE Instituto Nokia de Tecnologia - INdT:
* A better way to walks through the page table as suggested by Hugh Dickins.
*
* Simo Piiroinen <simo.piiroinen@nokia.com>:
* Smaps information related to shared, private, clean and dirty pages.
*
* Paul Mundt <paul.mundt@nokia.com>:
* Overall revision about smaps.
*/
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
#include <linux/stat.h>
#include <linux/task_io_accounting_ops.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/fdtable.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/namei.h>
#include <linux/mnt_namespace.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
#include <linux/stacktrace.h>
#include <linux/resource.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/tracehook.h>
#include <linux/cgroup.h>
#include <linux/cpuset.h>
#include <linux/audit.h>
#include <linux/poll.h>
#include <linux/nsproxy.h>
#include <linux/oom.h>
#include <linux/elf.h>
#include <linux/pid_namespace.h>
#include <linux/user_namespace.h>
#include <linux/fs_struct.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/flex_array.h>
#ifdef CONFIG_HARDWALL
#include <asm/hardwall.h>
#endif
#include <trace/events/oom.h>
#include "internal.h"
#include "fd.h"
/* NOTE:
* Implementing inode permission operations in /proc is almost
* certainly an error. Permission checks need to happen during
* each system call not at open time. The reason is that most of
* what we wish to check for permissions in /proc varies at runtime.
*
* The classic example of a problem is opening file descriptors
* in /proc for a task before it execs a suid executable.
*/
struct pid_entry {
char *name;
int len;
umode_t mode;
const struct inode_operations *iop;
const struct file_operations *fop;
union proc_op op;
};
#define NOD(NAME, MODE, IOP, FOP, OP) { \
.name = (NAME), \
.len = sizeof(NAME) - 1, \
.mode = MODE, \
.iop = IOP, \
.fop = FOP, \
.op = OP, \
}
#define DIR(NAME, MODE, iops, fops) \
NOD(NAME, (S_IFDIR|(MODE)), &iops, &fops, {} )
#define LNK(NAME, get_link) \
NOD(NAME, (S_IFLNK|S_IRWXUGO), \
&proc_pid_link_inode_operations, NULL, \
{ .proc_get_link = get_link } )
#define REG(NAME, MODE, fops) \
NOD(NAME, (S_IFREG|(MODE)), NULL, &fops, {})
#define INF(NAME, MODE, read) \
NOD(NAME, (S_IFREG|(MODE)), \
NULL, &proc_info_file_operations, \
{ .proc_read = read } )
#define ONE(NAME, MODE, show) \
NOD(NAME, (S_IFREG|(MODE)), \
NULL, &proc_single_file_operations, \
{ .proc_show = show } )
/*
* Count the number of hardlinks for the pid_entry table, excluding the .
* and .. links.
*/
static unsigned int pid_entry_count_dirs(const struct pid_entry *entries,
unsigned int n)
{
unsigned int i;
unsigned int count;
count = 0;
for (i = 0; i < n; ++i) {
if (S_ISDIR(entries[i].mode))
++count;
}
return count;
}
static int get_task_root(struct task_struct *task, struct path *root)
{
int result = -ENOENT;
task_lock(task);
if (task->fs) {
get_fs_root(task->fs, root);
result = 0;
}
task_unlock(task);
return result;
}
static int proc_cwd_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct path *path)
{
struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(dentry->d_inode);
int result = -ENOENT;
if (task) {
task_lock(task);
if (task->fs) {
get_fs_pwd(task->fs, path);
result = 0;
}
task_unlock(task);
put_task_struct(task);
}
return result;
}
static int proc_root_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct path *path)
{
struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(dentry->d_inode);
int result = -ENOENT;
if (task) {
result = get_task_root(task, path);
put_task_struct(task);
}
return result;
}
static int proc_pid_cmdline(struct task_struct *task, char * buffer)
{
int res = 0;
unsigned int len;
struct mm_struct *mm = get_task_mm(task);
if (!mm)
goto out;
if (!mm->arg_end)
goto out_mm; /* Shh! No looking before we're done */
len = mm->arg_end - mm->arg_start;
if (len > PAGE_SIZE)
len = PAGE_SIZE;
res = access_process_vm(task, mm->arg_start, buffer, len, 0);
// If the nul at the end of args has been overwritten, then
// assume application is using setproctitle(3).
if (res > 0 && buffer[res-1] != '\0' && len < PAGE_SIZE) {
len = strnlen(buffer, res);
if (len < res) {
res = len;
} else {
len = mm->env_end - mm->env_start;
if (len > PAGE_SIZE - res)
len = PAGE_SIZE - res;
res += access_process_vm(task, mm->env_start, buffer+res, len, 0);
res = strnlen(buffer, res);
}
}
out_mm:
mmput(mm);
out:
return res;
}
static int proc_pid_auxv(struct task_struct *task, char *buffer)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = mm_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ);
int res = PTR_ERR(mm);
if (mm && !IS_ERR(mm)) {
unsigned int nwords = 0;
do {
nwords += 2;
} while (mm->saved_auxv[nwords - 2] != 0); /* AT_NULL */
res = nwords * sizeof(mm->saved_auxv[0]);
if (res > PAGE_SIZE)
res = PAGE_SIZE;
memcpy(buffer, mm->saved_auxv, res);
mmput(mm);
}
return res;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS
/*
* Provides a wchan file via kallsyms in a proper one-value-per-file format.
* Returns the resolved symbol. If that fails, simply return the address.
*/
static int proc_pid_wchan(struct task_struct *task, char *buffer)
{
unsigned long wchan;
char symname[KSYM_NAME_LEN];
wchan = get_wchan(task);
if (lookup_symbol_name(wchan, symname) < 0)
if (!ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ))
return 0;
else
return sprintf(buffer, "%lu", wchan);
else
return sprintf(buffer, "%s", symname);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_KALLSYMS */
static int lock_trace(struct task_struct *task)
{
int err = mutex_lock_killable(&task->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
if (err)
return err;
if (!ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH)) {
mutex_unlock(&task->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
return -EPERM;
}
return 0;
}
static void unlock_trace(struct task_struct *task)
{
mutex_unlock(&task->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE
#define MAX_STACK_TRACE_DEPTH 64
static int proc_pid_stack(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns,
struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task)
{
struct stack_trace trace;
unsigned long *entries;
int err;
int i;
entries = kmalloc(MAX_STACK_TRACE_DEPTH * sizeof(*entries), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!entries)
return -ENOMEM;
trace.nr_entries = 0;
trace.max_entries = MAX_STACK_TRACE_DEPTH;
trace.entries = entries;
trace.skip = 0;
err = lock_trace(task);
if (!err) {
save_stack_trace_tsk(task, &trace);
for (i = 0; i < trace.nr_entries; i++) {
seq_printf(m, "[<%pK>] %pS\n",
(void *)entries[i], (void *)entries[i]);
}
unlock_trace(task);
}
kfree(entries);
return err;
}
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
/*
* Provides /proc/PID/schedstat
*/
static int proc_pid_schedstat(struct task_struct *task, char *buffer)
{
return sprintf(buffer, "%llu %llu %lu\n",
(unsigned long long)tsk_seruntime(task),
(unsigned long long)task->sched_info.run_delay,
task->sched_info.pcount);
}
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_LATENCYTOP
static int lstats_show_proc(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
{
int i;
struct inode *inode = m->private;
struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(inode);
if (!task)
return -ESRCH;
seq_puts(m, "Latency Top version : v0.1\n");
for (i = 0; i < 32; i++) {
struct latency_record *lr = &task->latency_record[i];
if (lr->backtrace[0]) {
int q;
seq_printf(m, "%i %li %li",
lr->count, lr->time, lr->max);
for (q = 0; q < LT_BACKTRACEDEPTH; q++) {
unsigned long bt = lr->backtrace[q];
if (!bt)
break;
if (bt == ULONG_MAX)
break;
seq_printf(m, " %ps", (void *)bt);
}
seq_putc(m, '\n');
}
}
put_task_struct(task);
return 0;
}
static int lstats_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
return single_open(file, lstats_show_proc, inode);
}
static ssize_t lstats_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
size_t count, loff_t *offs)
{
struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(file->f_dentry->d_inode);
if (!task)
return -ESRCH;
clear_all_latency_tracing(task);
put_task_struct(task);
return count;
}
static const struct file_operations proc_lstats_operations = {
.open = lstats_open,
.read = seq_read,
.write = lstats_write,
.llseek = seq_lseek,
.release = single_release,
};
#endif
static int proc_oom_score(struct task_struct *task, char *buffer)
{
unsigned long totalpages = totalram_pages + total_swap_pages;
unsigned long points = 0;
read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
if (pid_alive(task))
points = oom_badness(task, NULL, NULL, totalpages) *
1000 / totalpages;
read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
return sprintf(buffer, "%lu\n", points);
}
struct limit_names {
char *name;
char *unit;
};
static const struct limit_names lnames[RLIM_NLIMITS] = {
[RLIMIT_CPU] = {"Max cpu time", "seconds"},
[RLIMIT_FSIZE] = {"Max file size", "bytes"},
[RLIMIT_DATA] = {"Max data size", "bytes"},
[RLIMIT_STACK] = {"Max stack size", "bytes"},
[RLIMIT_CORE] = {"Max core file size", "bytes"},
[RLIMIT_RSS] = {"Max resident set", "bytes"},
[RLIMIT_NPROC] = {"Max processes", "processes"},
[RLIMIT_NOFILE] = {"Max open files", "files"},
[RLIMIT_MEMLOCK] = {"Max locked memory", "bytes"},
[RLIMIT_AS] = {"Max address space", "bytes"},
[RLIMIT_LOCKS] = {"Max file locks", "locks"},
[RLIMIT_SIGPENDING] = {"Max pending signals", "signals"},
[RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE] = {"Max msgqueue size", "bytes"},
[RLIMIT_NICE] = {"Max nice priority", NULL},
[RLIMIT_RTPRIO] = {"Max realtime priority", NULL},
[RLIMIT_RTTIME] = {"Max realtime timeout", "us"},
};
/* Display limits for a process */
static int proc_pid_limits(struct task_struct *task, char *buffer)
{
unsigned int i;
int count = 0;
unsigned long flags;
char *bufptr = buffer;
struct rlimit rlim[RLIM_NLIMITS];
if (!lock_task_sighand(task, &flags))
return 0;
memcpy(rlim, task->signal->rlim, sizeof(struct rlimit) * RLIM_NLIMITS);
unlock_task_sighand(task, &flags);
/*
* print the file header
*/
count += sprintf(&bufptr[count], "%-25s %-20s %-20s %-10s\n",
"Limit", "Soft Limit", "Hard Limit", "Units");
for (i = 0; i < RLIM_NLIMITS; i++) {
if (rlim[i].rlim_cur == RLIM_INFINITY)
count += sprintf(&bufptr[count], "%-25s %-20s ",
lnames[i].name, "unlimited");
else
count += sprintf(&bufptr[count], "%-25s %-20lu ",
lnames[i].name, rlim[i].rlim_cur);
if (rlim[i].rlim_max == RLIM_INFINITY)
count += sprintf(&bufptr[count], "%-20s ", "unlimited");
else
count += sprintf(&bufptr[count], "%-20lu ",
rlim[i].rlim_max);
if (lnames[i].unit)
count += sprintf(&bufptr[count], "%-10s\n",
lnames[i].unit);
else
count += sprintf(&bufptr[count], "\n");
}
return count;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRACEHOOK
static int proc_pid_syscall(struct task_struct *task, char *buffer)
{
long nr;
unsigned long args[6], sp, pc;
int res = lock_trace(task);
if (res)
return res;
if (task_current_syscall(task, &nr, args, 6, &sp, &pc))
res = sprintf(buffer, "running\n");
else if (nr < 0)
res = sprintf(buffer, "%ld 0x%lx 0x%lx\n", nr, sp, pc);
else
res = sprintf(buffer,
"%ld 0x%lx 0x%lx 0x%lx 0x%lx 0x%lx 0x%lx 0x%lx 0x%lx\n",
nr,
args[0], args[1], args[2], args[3], args[4], args[5],
sp, pc);
unlock_trace(task);
return res;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRACEHOOK */
/************************************************************************/
/* Here the fs part begins */
/************************************************************************/
/* permission checks */
static int proc_fd_access_allowed(struct inode *inode)
{
struct task_struct *task;
int allowed = 0;
/* Allow access to a task's file descriptors if it is us or we
* may use ptrace attach to the process and find out that
* information.
*/
task = get_proc_task(inode);
if (task) {
allowed = ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ);
put_task_struct(task);
}
return allowed;
}
int proc_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *attr)
{
int error;
struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode;
if (attr->ia_valid & ATTR_MODE)
return -EPERM;
error = inode_change_ok(inode, attr);
if (error)
return error;
if ((attr->ia_valid & ATTR_SIZE) &&
attr->ia_size != i_size_read(inode)) {
error = vmtruncate(inode, attr->ia_size);
if (error)
return error;
}
setattr_copy(inode, attr);
mark_inode_dirty(inode);
return 0;
}
/*
* May current process learn task's sched/cmdline info (for hide_pid_min=1)
* or euid/egid (for hide_pid_min=2)?
*/
static bool has_pid_permissions(struct pid_namespace *pid,
struct task_struct *task,
int hide_pid_min)
{
if (pid->hide_pid < hide_pid_min)
return true;
if (in_group_p(pid->pid_gid))
return true;
return ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ);
}
static int proc_pid_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask)
{
struct pid_namespace *pid = inode->i_sb->s_fs_info;
struct task_struct *task;
bool has_perms;
task = get_proc_task(inode);
if (!task)
return -ESRCH;
has_perms = has_pid_permissions(pid, task, 1);
put_task_struct(task);
if (!has_perms) {
if (pid->hide_pid == 2) {
/*
* Let's make getdents(), stat(), and open()
* consistent with each other. If a process
* may not stat() a file, it shouldn't be seen
* in procfs at all.
*/
return -ENOENT;
}
return -EPERM;
}
return generic_permission(inode, mask);
}
static const struct inode_operations proc_def_inode_operations = {
.setattr = proc_setattr,
};
#define PROC_BLOCK_SIZE (3*1024) /* 4K page size but our output routines use some slack for overruns */
static ssize_t proc_info_read(struct file * file, char __user * buf,
size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
struct inode * inode = file->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
unsigned long page;
ssize_t length;
struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(inode);
length = -ESRCH;
if (!task)
goto out_no_task;
if (count > PROC_BLOCK_SIZE)
count = PROC_BLOCK_SIZE;
length = -ENOMEM;
if (!(page = __get_free_page(GFP_TEMPORARY)))
goto out;
length = PROC_I(inode)->op.proc_read(task, (char*)page);
if (length >= 0)
length = simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, (char *)page, length);
free_page(page);
out:
put_task_struct(task);
out_no_task:
return length;
}
static const struct file_operations proc_info_file_operations = {
.read = proc_info_read,
.llseek = generic_file_llseek,
};
static int proc_single_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
{
struct inode *inode = m->private;
struct pid_namespace *ns;
struct pid *pid;
struct task_struct *task;
int ret;
ns = inode->i_sb->s_fs_info;
pid = proc_pid(inode);
task = get_pid_task(pid, PIDTYPE_PID);
if (!task)
return -ESRCH;
ret = PROC_I(inode)->op.proc_show(m, ns, pid, task);
put_task_struct(task);
return ret;
}
static int proc_single_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
return single_open(filp, proc_single_show, inode);
}
static const struct file_operations proc_single_file_operations = {
.open = proc_single_open,
.read = seq_read,
.llseek = seq_lseek,
.release = single_release,
};
static int __mem_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file, unsigned int mode)
{
struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(file->f_path.dentry->d_inode);
struct mm_struct *mm;
if (!task)
return -ESRCH;
mm = mm_access(task, mode);
put_task_struct(task);
if (IS_ERR(mm))
return PTR_ERR(mm);
if (mm) {
/* ensure this mm_struct can't be freed */
atomic_inc(&mm->mm_count);
/* but do not pin its memory */
mmput(mm);
}
file->private_data = mm;
return 0;
}
static int mem_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
int ret = __mem_open(inode, file, PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH);
/* OK to pass negative loff_t, we can catch out-of-range */
file->f_mode |= FMODE_UNSIGNED_OFFSET;
return ret;
}
static ssize_t mem_rw(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
size_t count, loff_t *ppos, int write)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = file->private_data;
unsigned long addr = *ppos;
ssize_t copied;
char *page;
if (!mm)
return 0;
page = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_TEMPORARY);
if (!page)
return -ENOMEM;
copied = 0;
if (!atomic_inc_not_zero(&mm->mm_users))
goto free;
while (count > 0) {
int this_len = min_t(int, count, PAGE_SIZE);
if (write && copy_from_user(page, buf, this_len)) {
copied = -EFAULT;
break;
}
this_len = access_remote_vm(mm, addr, page, this_len, write);
if (!this_len) {
if (!copied)
copied = -EIO;
break;
}
if (!write && copy_to_user(buf, page, this_len)) {
copied = -EFAULT;
break;
}
buf += this_len;
addr += this_len;
copied += this_len;
count -= this_len;
}
*ppos = addr;
mmput(mm);
free:
free_page((unsigned long) page);
return copied;
}
static ssize_t mem_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
return mem_rw(file, buf, count, ppos, 0);
}
static ssize_t mem_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
return mem_rw(file, (char __user*)buf, count, ppos, 1);
}
loff_t mem_lseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int orig)
{
switch (orig) {
case 0:
file->f_pos = offset;
break;
case 1:
file->f_pos += offset;
break;
default:
return -EINVAL;
}
force_successful_syscall_return();
return file->f_pos;
}
static int mem_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = file->private_data;
if (mm)
mmdrop(mm);
return 0;
}
static const struct file_operations proc_mem_operations = {
.llseek = mem_lseek,
.read = mem_read,
.write = mem_write,
.open = mem_open,
.release = mem_release,
};
static int environ_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
return __mem_open(inode, file, PTRACE_MODE_READ);
}
static ssize_t environ_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
char *page;
unsigned long src = *ppos;
int ret = 0;
struct mm_struct *mm = file->private_data;
if (!mm)
return 0;
page = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_TEMPORARY);
if (!page)
return -ENOMEM;
ret = 0;
if (!atomic_inc_not_zero(&mm->mm_users))
goto free;
while (count > 0) {
size_t this_len, max_len;
int retval;
if (src >= (mm->env_end - mm->env_start))
break;
this_len = mm->env_end - (mm->env_start + src);
max_len = min_t(size_t, PAGE_SIZE, count);
this_len = min(max_len, this_len);
retval = access_remote_vm(mm, (mm->env_start + src),
page, this_len, 0);
if (retval <= 0) {
ret = retval;
break;
}
if (copy_to_user(buf, page, retval)) {
ret = -EFAULT;
break;
}
ret += retval;
src += retval;
buf += retval;
count -= retval;
}
*ppos = src;
mmput(mm);
free:
free_page((unsigned long) page);
return ret;
}
static const struct file_operations proc_environ_operations = {
.open = environ_open,
.read = environ_read,
.llseek = generic_file_llseek,
.release = mem_release,
};
static ssize_t oom_adj_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count,
loff_t *ppos)
{
struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(file->f_path.dentry->d_inode);
char buffer[PROC_NUMBUF];
int oom_adj = OOM_ADJUST_MIN;
size_t len;
unsigned long flags;
if (!task)
return -ESRCH;
if (lock_task_sighand(task, &flags)) {
if (task->signal->oom_score_adj == OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX)
oom_adj = OOM_ADJUST_MAX;
else
oom_adj = (task->signal->oom_score_adj * -OOM_DISABLE) /
OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX;
unlock_task_sighand(task, &flags);
}
put_task_struct(task);
len = snprintf(buffer, sizeof(buffer), "%d\n", oom_adj);
return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, buffer, len);
}
static ssize_t oom_adj_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
struct task_struct *task;
char buffer[PROC_NUMBUF];
int oom_adj;
unsigned long flags;
int err;
memset(buffer, 0, sizeof(buffer));
if (count > sizeof(buffer) - 1)
count = sizeof(buffer) - 1;
if (copy_from_user(buffer, buf, count)) {
err = -EFAULT;
goto out;
}
err = kstrtoint(strstrip(buffer), 0, &oom_adj);
if (err)
goto out;
if ((oom_adj < OOM_ADJUST_MIN || oom_adj > OOM_ADJUST_MAX) &&
oom_adj != OOM_DISABLE) {
err = -EINVAL;
goto out;
}
task = get_proc_task(file->f_path.dentry->d_inode);
if (!task) {
err = -ESRCH;
goto out;
}
task_lock(task);
if (!task->mm) {
err = -EINVAL;
goto err_task_lock;
}
if (!lock_task_sighand(task, &flags)) {
err = -ESRCH;
goto err_task_lock;
}
/*
* Scale /proc/pid/oom_score_adj appropriately ensuring that a maximum
* value is always attainable.
*/
if (oom_adj == OOM_ADJUST_MAX)
oom_adj = OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX;
else
oom_adj = (oom_adj * OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX) / -OOM_DISABLE;
if (oom_adj < task->signal->oom_score_adj &&
!capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE)) {
err = -EACCES;
goto err_sighand;
}
/*
* /proc/pid/oom_adj is provided for legacy purposes, ask users to use
* /proc/pid/oom_score_adj instead.
*/
printk_once(KERN_WARNING "%s (%d): /proc/%d/oom_adj is deprecated, please use /proc/%d/oom_score_adj instead.\n",
current->comm, task_pid_nr(current), task_pid_nr(task),
task_pid_nr(task));
task->signal->oom_score_adj = oom_adj;
trace_oom_score_adj_update(task);
err_sighand:
unlock_task_sighand(task, &flags);
err_task_lock:
task_unlock(task);
put_task_struct(task);
out:
return err < 0 ? err : count;
}
static const struct file_operations proc_oom_adj_operations = {
.read = oom_adj_read,
.write = oom_adj_write,
.llseek = generic_file_llseek,
};
static ssize_t oom_score_adj_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(file->f_path.dentry->d_inode);
char buffer[PROC_NUMBUF];
int oom_score_adj = OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MIN;
unsigned long flags;
size_t len;
if (!task)
return -ESRCH;
if (lock_task_sighand(task, &flags)) {
oom_score_adj = task->signal->oom_score_adj;
unlock_task_sighand(task, &flags);
}
put_task_struct(task);
len = snprintf(buffer, sizeof(buffer), "%d\n", oom_score_adj);
return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, buffer, len);
}
static ssize_t oom_score_adj_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
struct task_struct *task;
char buffer[PROC_NUMBUF];
unsigned long flags;
int oom_score_adj;
int err;
memset(buffer, 0, sizeof(buffer));
if (count > sizeof(buffer) - 1)
count = sizeof(buffer) - 1;
if (copy_from_user(buffer, buf, count)) {
err = -EFAULT;
goto out;
}
err = kstrtoint(strstrip(buffer), 0, &oom_score_adj);
if (err)
goto out;
if (oom_score_adj < OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MIN ||
oom_score_adj > OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX) {
err = -EINVAL;
goto out;
}
task = get_proc_task(file->f_path.dentry->d_inode);
if (!task) {
err = -ESRCH;
goto out;
}
task_lock(task);
if (!task->mm) {
err = -EINVAL;
goto err_task_lock;
}
if (!lock_task_sighand(task, &flags)) {
err = -ESRCH;
goto err_task_lock;
}
if (oom_score_adj < task->signal->oom_score_adj_min &&
!capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE)) {
err = -EACCES;
goto err_sighand;
}
task->signal->oom_score_adj = oom_score_adj;
if (has_capability_noaudit(current, CAP_SYS_RESOURCE))
task->signal->oom_score_adj_min = oom_score_adj;
trace_oom_score_adj_update(task);
err_sighand:
unlock_task_sighand(task, &flags);
err_task_lock:
task_unlock(task);
put_task_struct(task);
out:
return err < 0 ? err : count;
}
static const struct file_operations proc_oom_score_adj_operations = {
.read = oom_score_adj_read,
.write = oom_score_adj_write,
.llseek = default_llseek,
};
#ifdef CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL
#define TMPBUFLEN 21
static ssize_t proc_loginuid_read(struct file * file, char __user * buf,
size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
struct inode * inode = file->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(inode);
ssize_t length;
char tmpbuf[TMPBUFLEN];
if (!task)
return -ESRCH;
length = scnprintf(tmpbuf, TMPBUFLEN, "%u",
from_kuid(file->f_cred->user_ns,
audit_get_loginuid(task)));
put_task_struct(task);
return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, tmpbuf, length);
}
static ssize_t proc_loginuid_write(struct file * file, const char __user * buf,
size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
struct inode * inode = file->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
char *page, *tmp;
ssize_t length;
uid_t loginuid;
kuid_t kloginuid;
rcu_read_lock();
if (current != pid_task(proc_pid(inode), PIDTYPE_PID)) {
rcu_read_unlock();
return -EPERM;
}
rcu_read_unlock();
if (count >= PAGE_SIZE)
count = PAGE_SIZE - 1;
if (*ppos != 0) {
/* No partial writes. */
return -EINVAL;
}
page = (char*)__get_free_page(GFP_TEMPORARY);
if (!page)
return -ENOMEM;
length = -EFAULT;
if (copy_from_user(page, buf, count))
goto out_free_page;
page[count] = '\0';
loginuid = simple_strtoul(page, &tmp, 10);
if (tmp == page) {
length = -EINVAL;
goto out_free_page;
}
kloginuid = make_kuid(file->f_cred->user_ns, loginuid);
if (!uid_valid(kloginuid)) {
length = -EINVAL;
goto out_free_page;
}
length = audit_set_loginuid(kloginuid);
if (likely(length == 0))
length = count;
out_free_page:
free_page((unsigned long) page);
return length;
}
static const struct file_operations proc_loginuid_operations = {
.read = proc_loginuid_read,
.write = proc_loginuid_write,
.llseek = generic_file_llseek,
};
static ssize_t proc_sessionid_read(struct file * file, char __user * buf,
size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
struct inode * inode = file->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(inode);
ssize_t length;
char tmpbuf[TMPBUFLEN];
if (!task)
return -ESRCH;
length = scnprintf(tmpbuf, TMPBUFLEN, "%u",
audit_get_sessionid(task));
put_task_struct(task);
return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, tmpbuf, length);
}
static const struct file_operations proc_sessionid_operations = {
.read = proc_sessionid_read,
.llseek = generic_file_llseek,
};
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION
static ssize_t proc_fault_inject_read(struct file * file, char __user * buf,
size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(file->f_dentry->d_inode);
char buffer[PROC_NUMBUF];
size_t len;
int make_it_fail;
if (!task)
return -ESRCH;
make_it_fail = task->make_it_fail;
put_task_struct(task);
len = snprintf(buffer, sizeof(buffer), "%i\n", make_it_fail);
return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, buffer, len);
}
static ssize_t proc_fault_inject_write(struct file * file,
const char __user * buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
struct task_struct *task;
char buffer[PROC_NUMBUF], *end;
int make_it_fail;
if (!capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE))
return -EPERM;
memset(buffer, 0, sizeof(buffer));
if (count > sizeof(buffer) - 1)
count = sizeof(buffer) - 1;
if (copy_from_user(buffer, buf, count))
return -EFAULT;
make_it_fail = simple_strtol(strstrip(buffer), &end, 0);
if (*end)
return -EINVAL;
task = get_proc_task(file->f_dentry->d_inode);
if (!task)
return -ESRCH;
task->make_it_fail = make_it_fail;
put_task_struct(task);
return count;
}
static const struct file_operations proc_fault_inject_operations = {
.read = proc_fault_inject_read,
.write = proc_fault_inject_write,
.llseek = generic_file_llseek,
};
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG
/*
* Print out various scheduling related per-task fields:
*/
static int sched_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
{
struct inode *inode = m->private;
struct task_struct *p;
p = get_proc_task(inode);
if (!p)
return -ESRCH;
proc_sched_show_task(p, m);
put_task_struct(p);
return 0;
}
static ssize_t
sched_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
size_t count, loff_t *offset)
{
struct inode *inode = file->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
struct task_struct *p;
p = get_proc_task(inode);
if (!p)
return -ESRCH;
proc_sched_set_task(p);
put_task_struct(p);
return count;
}
static int sched_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
return single_open(filp, sched_show, inode);
}
static const struct file_operations proc_pid_sched_operations = {
.open = sched_open,
.read = seq_read,
.write = sched_write,
.llseek = seq_lseek,
.release = single_release,
};
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_AUTOGROUP
/*
* Print out autogroup related information:
*/
static int sched_autogroup_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
{
struct inode *inode = m->private;
struct task_struct *p;
p = get_proc_task(inode);
if (!p)
return -ESRCH;
proc_sched_autogroup_show_task(p, m);
put_task_struct(p);
return 0;
}
static ssize_t
sched_autogroup_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
size_t count, loff_t *offset)
{
struct inode *inode = file->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
struct task_struct *p;
char buffer[PROC_NUMBUF];
int nice;
int err;
memset(buffer, 0, sizeof(buffer));
if (count > sizeof(buffer) - 1)
count = sizeof(buffer) - 1;
if (copy_from_user(buffer, buf, count))
return -EFAULT;
err = kstrtoint(strstrip(buffer), 0, &nice);
if (err < 0)
return err;
p = get_proc_task(inode);
if (!p)
return -ESRCH;
err = proc_sched_autogroup_set_nice(p, nice);
if (err)
count = err;
put_task_struct(p);
return count;
}
static int sched_autogroup_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
int ret;
ret = single_open(filp, sched_autogroup_show, NULL);
if (!ret) {
struct seq_file *m = filp->private_data;
m->private = inode;
}
return ret;
}
static const struct file_operations proc_pid_sched_autogroup_operations = {
.open = sched_autogroup_open,
.read = seq_read,
.write = sched_autogroup_write,
.llseek = seq_lseek,
.release = single_release,
};
#endif /* CONFIG_SCHED_AUTOGROUP */
static ssize_t comm_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
size_t count, loff_t *offset)
{
struct inode *inode = file->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
struct task_struct *p;
char buffer[TASK_COMM_LEN];
memset(buffer, 0, sizeof(buffer));
if (count > sizeof(buffer) - 1)
count = sizeof(buffer) - 1;
if (copy_from_user(buffer, buf, count))
return -EFAULT;
p = get_proc_task(inode);
if (!p)
return -ESRCH;
if (same_thread_group(current, p))
set_task_comm(p, buffer);
else
count = -EINVAL;
put_task_struct(p);
return count;
}
static int comm_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
{
struct inode *inode = m->private;
struct task_struct *p;
p = get_proc_task(inode);
if (!p)
return -ESRCH;
task_lock(p);
seq_printf(m, "%s\n", p->comm);
task_unlock(p);
put_task_struct(p);
return 0;
}
static int comm_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
return single_open(filp, comm_show, inode);
}
static const struct file_operations proc_pid_set_comm_operations = {
.open = comm_open,
.read = seq_read,
.write = comm_write,
.llseek = seq_lseek,
.release = single_release,
};
static int proc_exe_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct path *exe_path)
{
struct task_struct *task;
struct mm_struct *mm;
struct file *exe_file;
task = get_proc_task(dentry->d_inode);
if (!task)
return -ENOENT;
mm = get_task_mm(task);
put_task_struct(task);
if (!mm)
return -ENOENT;
exe_file = get_mm_exe_file(mm);
mmput(mm);
if (exe_file) {
*exe_path = exe_file->f_path;
path_get(&exe_file->f_path);
fput(exe_file);
return 0;
} else
return -ENOENT;
}
static void *proc_pid_follow_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct nameidata *nd)
{
struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode;
struct path path;
int error = -EACCES;
/* Are we allowed to snoop on the tasks file descriptors? */
if (!proc_fd_access_allowed(inode))
goto out;
error = PROC_I(inode)->op.proc_get_link(dentry, &path);
if (error)
goto out;
nd_jump_link(nd, &path);
return NULL;
out:
return ERR_PTR(error);
}
static int do_proc_readlink(struct path *path, char __user *buffer, int buflen)
{
char *tmp = (char*)__get_free_page(GFP_TEMPORARY);
char *pathname;
int len;
if (!tmp)
return -ENOMEM;
pathname = d_path(path, tmp, PAGE_SIZE);
len = PTR_ERR(pathname);
if (IS_ERR(pathname))
goto out;
len = tmp + PAGE_SIZE - 1 - pathname;
if (len > buflen)
len = buflen;
if (copy_to_user(buffer, pathname, len))
len = -EFAULT;
out:
free_page((unsigned long)tmp);
return len;
}
static int proc_pid_readlink(struct dentry * dentry, char __user * buffer, int buflen)
{
int error = -EACCES;
struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode;
struct path path;
/* Are we allowed to snoop on the tasks file descriptors? */
if (!proc_fd_access_allowed(inode))
goto out;
error = PROC_I(inode)->op.proc_get_link(dentry, &path);
if (error)
goto out;
error = do_proc_readlink(&path, buffer, buflen);
path_put(&path);
out:
return error;
}
const struct inode_operations proc_pid_link_inode_operations = {
.readlink = proc_pid_readlink,
.follow_link = proc_pid_follow_link,
.setattr = proc_setattr,
};
/* building an inode */
struct inode *proc_pid_make_inode(struct super_block * sb, struct task_struct *task)
{
struct inode * inode;
struct proc_inode *ei;
const struct cred *cred;
/* We need a new inode */
inode = new_inode(sb);
if (!inode)
goto out;
/* Common stuff */
ei = PROC_I(inode);
inode->i_ino = get_next_ino();
inode->i_mtime = inode->i_atime = inode->i_ctime = CURRENT_TIME;
inode->i_op = &proc_def_inode_operations;
/*
* grab the reference to task.
*/
ei->pid = get_task_pid(task, PIDTYPE_PID);
if (!ei->pid)
goto out_unlock;
if (task_dumpable(task)) {
rcu_read_lock();
cred = __task_cred(task);
inode->i_uid = cred->euid;
inode->i_gid = cred->egid;
rcu_read_unlock();
}
security_task_to_inode(task, inode);
out:
return inode;
out_unlock:
iput(inode);
return NULL;
}
int pid_getattr(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry, struct kstat *stat)
{
struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode;
struct task_struct *task;
const struct cred *cred;
struct pid_namespace *pid = dentry->d_sb->s_fs_info;
generic_fillattr(inode, stat);
rcu_read_lock();
stat->uid = GLOBAL_ROOT_UID;
stat->gid = GLOBAL_ROOT_GID;
task = pid_task(proc_pid(inode), PIDTYPE_PID);
if (task) {
if (!has_pid_permissions(pid, task, 2)) {
rcu_read_unlock();
/*
* This doesn't prevent learning whether PID exists,
* it only makes getattr() consistent with readdir().
*/
return -ENOENT;
}
if ((inode->i_mode == (S_IFDIR|S_IRUGO|S_IXUGO)) ||
task_dumpable(task)) {
cred = __task_cred(task);
stat->uid = cred->euid;
stat->gid = cred->egid;
}
}
rcu_read_unlock();
return 0;
}
/* dentry stuff */
/*
* Exceptional case: normally we are not allowed to unhash a busy
* directory. In this case, however, we can do it - no aliasing problems
* due to the way we treat inodes.
*
* Rewrite the inode's ownerships here because the owning task may have
* performed a setuid(), etc.
*
* Before the /proc/pid/status file was created the only way to read
* the effective uid of a /process was to stat /proc/pid. Reading
* /proc/pid/status is slow enough that procps and other packages
* kept stating /proc/pid. To keep the rules in /proc simple I have
* made this apply to all per process world readable and executable
* directories.
*/
int pid_revalidate(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags)
{
struct inode *inode;
struct task_struct *task;
const struct cred *cred;
if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU)
return -ECHILD;
inode = dentry->d_inode;
task = get_proc_task(inode);
if (task) {
if ((inode->i_mode == (S_IFDIR|S_IRUGO|S_IXUGO)) ||
task_dumpable(task)) {
rcu_read_lock();
cred = __task_cred(task);
inode->i_uid = cred->euid;
inode->i_gid = cred->egid;
rcu_read_unlock();
} else {
inode->i_uid = GLOBAL_ROOT_UID;
inode->i_gid = GLOBAL_ROOT_GID;
}
inode->i_mode &= ~(S_ISUID | S_ISGID);
security_task_to_inode(task, inode);
put_task_struct(task);
return 1;
}
d_drop(dentry);
return 0;
}
const struct dentry_operations pid_dentry_operations =
{
.d_revalidate = pid_revalidate,
.d_delete = pid_delete_dentry,
};
/* Lookups */
/*
* Fill a directory entry.
*
* If possible create the dcache entry and derive our inode number and
* file type from dcache entry.
*
* Since all of the proc inode numbers are dynamically generated, the inode
* numbers do not exist until the inode is cache. This means creating the
* the dcache entry in readdir is necessary to keep the inode numbers
* reported by readdir in sync with the inode numbers reported
* by stat.
*/
int proc_fill_cache(struct file *filp, void *dirent, filldir_t filldir,
const char *name, int len,
instantiate_t instantiate, struct task_struct *task, const void *ptr)
{
struct dentry *child, *dir = filp->f_path.dentry;
struct inode *inode;
struct qstr qname;
ino_t ino = 0;
unsigned type = DT_UNKNOWN;
qname.name = name;
qname.len = len;
qname.hash = full_name_hash(name, len);
child = d_lookup(dir, &qname);
if (!child) {
struct dentry *new;
new = d_alloc(dir, &qname);
if (new) {
child = instantiate(dir->d_inode, new, task, ptr);
if (child)
dput(new);
else
child = new;
}
}
if (!child || IS_ERR(child) || !child->d_inode)
goto end_instantiate;
inode = child->d_inode;
if (inode) {
ino = inode->i_ino;
type = inode->i_mode >> 12;
}
dput(child);
end_instantiate:
if (!ino)
ino = find_inode_number(dir, &qname);
if (!ino)
ino = 1;
return filldir(dirent, name, len, filp->f_pos, ino, type);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE
/*
* dname_to_vma_addr - maps a dentry name into two unsigned longs
* which represent vma start and end addresses.
*/
static int dname_to_vma_addr(struct dentry *dentry,
unsigned long *start, unsigned long *end)
{
if (sscanf(dentry->d_name.name, "%lx-%lx", start, end) != 2)
return -EINVAL;
return 0;
}
static int map_files_d_revalidate(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags)
{
unsigned long vm_start, vm_end;
bool exact_vma_exists = false;
struct mm_struct *mm = NULL;
struct task_struct *task;
const struct cred *cred;
struct inode *inode;
int status = 0;
if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU)
return -ECHILD;
if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) {
status = -EACCES;
goto out_notask;
}
inode = dentry->d_inode;
task = get_proc_task(inode);
if (!task)
goto out_notask;
mm = mm_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ);
if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(mm))
goto out;
if (!dname_to_vma_addr(dentry, &vm_start, &vm_end)) {
down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
exact_vma_exists = !!find_exact_vma(mm, vm_start, vm_end);
up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
}
mmput(mm);
if (exact_vma_exists) {
if (task_dumpable(task)) {
rcu_read_lock();
cred = __task_cred(task);
inode->i_uid = cred->euid;
inode->i_gid = cred->egid;
rcu_read_unlock();
} else {
inode->i_uid = GLOBAL_ROOT_UID;
inode->i_gid = GLOBAL_ROOT_GID;
}
security_task_to_inode(task, inode);
status = 1;
}
out:
put_task_struct(task);
out_notask:
if (status <= 0)
d_drop(dentry);
return status;
}
static const struct dentry_operations tid_map_files_dentry_operations = {
.d_revalidate = map_files_d_revalidate,
.d_delete = pid_delete_dentry,
};
static int proc_map_files_get_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct path *path)
{
unsigned long vm_start, vm_end;
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
struct task_struct *task;
struct mm_struct *mm;
int rc;
rc = -ENOENT;
task = get_proc_task(dentry->d_inode);
if (!task)
goto out;
mm = get_task_mm(task);
put_task_struct(task);
if (!mm)
goto out;
rc = dname_to_vma_addr(dentry, &vm_start, &vm_end);
if (rc)
goto out_mmput;
down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
vma = find_exact_vma(mm, vm_start, vm_end);
if (vma && vma->vm_file) {
*path = vma->vm_file->f_path;
path_get(path);
rc = 0;
}
up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
out_mmput:
mmput(mm);
out:
return rc;
}
struct map_files_info {
fmode_t mode;
unsigned long len;
unsigned char name[4*sizeof(long)+2]; /* max: %lx-%lx\0 */
};
static struct dentry *
proc_map_files_instantiate(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry,
struct task_struct *task, const void *ptr)
{
fmode_t mode = (fmode_t)(unsigned long)ptr;
struct proc_inode *ei;
struct inode *inode;
inode = proc_pid_make_inode(dir->i_sb, task);
if (!inode)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
ei = PROC_I(inode);
ei->op.proc_get_link = proc_map_files_get_link;
inode->i_op = &proc_pid_link_inode_operations;
inode->i_size = 64;
inode->i_mode = S_IFLNK;
if (mode & FMODE_READ)
inode->i_mode |= S_IRUSR;
if (mode & FMODE_WRITE)
inode->i_mode |= S_IWUSR;
d_set_d_op(dentry, &tid_map_files_dentry_operations);
d_add(dentry, inode);
return NULL;
}
static struct dentry *proc_map_files_lookup(struct inode *dir,
struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags)
{
unsigned long vm_start, vm_end;
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
struct task_struct *task;
struct dentry *result;
struct mm_struct *mm;
result = ERR_PTR(-EACCES);
if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
goto out;
result = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
task = get_proc_task(dir);
if (!task)
goto out;
result = ERR_PTR(-EACCES);
if (!ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ))
goto out_put_task;
result = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
if (dname_to_vma_addr(dentry, &vm_start, &vm_end))
goto out_put_task;
mm = get_task_mm(task);
if (!mm)
goto out_put_task;
down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
vma = find_exact_vma(mm, vm_start, vm_end);
if (!vma)
goto out_no_vma;
if (vma->vm_file)
result = proc_map_files_instantiate(dir, dentry, task,
(void *)(unsigned long)vma->vm_file->f_mode);
out_no_vma:
up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
mmput(mm);
out_put_task:
put_task_struct(task);
out:
return result;
}
static const struct inode_operations proc_map_files_inode_operations = {
.lookup = proc_map_files_lookup,
.permission = proc_fd_permission,
.setattr = proc_setattr,
};
static int
proc_map_files_readdir(struct file *filp, void *dirent, filldir_t filldir)
{
struct dentry *dentry = filp->f_path.dentry;
struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode;
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
struct task_struct *task;
struct mm_struct *mm;
ino_t ino;
int ret;
ret = -EACCES;
if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
goto out;
ret = -ENOENT;
task = get_proc_task(inode);
if (!task)
goto out;
ret = -EACCES;
if (!ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ))
goto out_put_task;
ret = 0;
switch (filp->f_pos) {
case 0:
ino = inode->i_ino;
if (filldir(dirent, ".", 1, 0, ino, DT_DIR) < 0)
goto out_put_task;
filp->f_pos++;
case 1:
ino = parent_ino(dentry);
if (filldir(dirent, "..", 2, 1, ino, DT_DIR) < 0)
goto out_put_task;
filp->f_pos++;
default:
{
unsigned long nr_files, pos, i;
struct flex_array *fa = NULL;
struct map_files_info info;
struct map_files_info *p;
mm = get_task_mm(task);
if (!mm)
goto out_put_task;
down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
nr_files = 0;
/*
* We need two passes here:
*
* 1) Collect vmas of mapped files with mmap_sem taken
* 2) Release mmap_sem and instantiate entries
*
* otherwise we get lockdep complained, since filldir()
* routine might require mmap_sem taken in might_fault().
*/
for (vma = mm->mmap, pos = 2; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) {
if (vma->vm_file && ++pos > filp->f_pos)
nr_files++;
}
if (nr_files) {
fa = flex_array_alloc(sizeof(info), nr_files,
GFP_KERNEL);
if (!fa || flex_array_prealloc(fa, 0, nr_files,
GFP_KERNEL)) {
ret = -ENOMEM;
if (fa)
flex_array_free(fa);
up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
mmput(mm);
goto out_put_task;
}
for (i = 0, vma = mm->mmap, pos = 2; vma;
vma = vma->vm_next) {
if (!vma->vm_file)
continue;
if (++pos <= filp->f_pos)
continue;
info.mode = vma->vm_file->f_mode;
info.len = snprintf(info.name,
sizeof(info.name), "%lx-%lx",
vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end);
if (flex_array_put(fa, i++, &info, GFP_KERNEL))
BUG();
}
}
up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
for (i = 0; i < nr_files; i++) {
p = flex_array_get(fa, i);
ret = proc_fill_cache(filp, dirent, filldir,
p->name, p->len,
proc_map_files_instantiate,
task,
(void *)(unsigned long)p->mode);
if (ret)
break;
filp->f_pos++;
}
if (fa)
flex_array_free(fa);
mmput(mm);
}
}
out_put_task:
put_task_struct(task);
out:
return ret;
}
static const struct file_operations proc_map_files_operations = {
.read = generic_read_dir,
.readdir = proc_map_files_readdir,
.llseek = default_llseek,
};
#endif /* CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE */
static struct dentry *proc_pident_instantiate(struct inode *dir,
struct dentry *dentry, struct task_struct *task, const void *ptr)
{
const struct pid_entry *p = ptr;
struct inode *inode;
struct proc_inode *ei;
struct dentry *error = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
inode = proc_pid_make_inode(dir->i_sb, task);
if (!inode)
goto out;
ei = PROC_I(inode);
inode->i_mode = p->mode;
if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode))
set_nlink(inode, 2); /* Use getattr to fix if necessary */
if (p->iop)
inode->i_op = p->iop;
if (p->fop)
inode->i_fop = p->fop;
ei->op = p->op;
d_set_d_op(dentry, &pid_dentry_operations);
d_add(dentry, inode);
/* Close the race of the process dying before we return the dentry */
if (pid_revalidate(dentry, 0))
error = NULL;
out:
return error;
}
static struct dentry *proc_pident_lookup(struct inode *dir,
struct dentry *dentry,
const struct pid_entry *ents,
unsigned int nents)
{
struct dentry *error;
struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(dir);
const struct pid_entry *p, *last;
error = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
if (!task)
goto out_no_task;
/*
* Yes, it does not scale. And it should not. Don't add
* new entries into /proc/<tgid>/ without very good reasons.
*/
last = &ents[nents - 1];
for (p = ents; p <= last; p++) {
if (p->len != dentry->d_name.len)
continue;
if (!memcmp(dentry->d_name.name, p->name, p->len))
break;
}
if (p > last)
goto out;
error = proc_pident_instantiate(dir, dentry, task, p);
out:
put_task_struct(task);
out_no_task:
return error;
}
static int proc_pident_fill_cache(struct file *filp, void *dirent,
filldir_t filldir, struct task_struct *task, const struct pid_entry *p)
{
return proc_fill_cache(filp, dirent, filldir, p->name, p->len,
proc_pident_instantiate, task, p);
}
static int proc_pident_readdir(struct file *filp,
void *dirent, filldir_t filldir,
const struct pid_entry *ents, unsigned int nents)
{
int i;
struct dentry *dentry = filp->f_path.dentry;
struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode;
struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(inode);
const struct pid_entry *p, *last;
ino_t ino;
int ret;
ret = -ENOENT;
if (!task)
goto out_no_task;
ret = 0;
i = filp->f_pos;
switch (i) {
case 0:
ino = inode->i_ino;
if (filldir(dirent, ".", 1, i, ino, DT_DIR) < 0)
goto out;
i++;
filp->f_pos++;
/* fall through */
case 1:
ino = parent_ino(dentry);
if (filldir(dirent, "..", 2, i, ino, DT_DIR) < 0)
goto out;
i++;
filp->f_pos++;
/* fall through */
default:
i -= 2;
if (i >= nents) {
ret = 1;
goto out;
}
p = ents + i;
last = &ents[nents - 1];
while (p <= last) {
if (proc_pident_fill_cache(filp, dirent, filldir, task, p) < 0)
goto out;
filp->f_pos++;
p++;
}
}
ret = 1;
out:
put_task_struct(task);
out_no_task:
return ret;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY
static ssize_t proc_pid_attr_read(struct file * file, char __user * buf,
size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
struct inode * inode = file->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
char *p = NULL;
ssize_t length;
struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(inode);
if (!task)
return -ESRCH;
length = security_getprocattr(task,
(char*)file->f_path.dentry->d_name.name,
&p);
put_task_struct(task);
if (length > 0)
length = simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, p, length);
kfree(p);
return length;
}
static ssize_t proc_pid_attr_write(struct file * file, const char __user * buf,
size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
struct inode * inode = file->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
char *page;
ssize_t length;
struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(inode);
length = -ESRCH;
if (!task)
goto out_no_task;
if (count > PAGE_SIZE)
count = PAGE_SIZE;
/* No partial writes. */
length = -EINVAL;
if (*ppos != 0)
goto out;
length = -ENOMEM;
page = (char*)__get_free_page(GFP_TEMPORARY);
if (!page)
goto out;
length = -EFAULT;
if (copy_from_user(page, buf, count))
goto out_free;
/* Guard against adverse ptrace interaction */
length = mutex_lock_interruptible(&task->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
if (length < 0)
goto out_free;
length = security_setprocattr(task,
(char*)file->f_path.dentry->d_name.name,
(void*)page, count);
mutex_unlock(&task->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
out_free:
free_page((unsigned long) page);
out:
put_task_struct(task);
out_no_task:
return length;
}
static const struct file_operations proc_pid_attr_operations = {
.read = proc_pid_attr_read,
.write = proc_pid_attr_write,
.llseek = generic_file_llseek,
};
static const struct pid_entry attr_dir_stuff[] = {
REG("current", S_IRUGO|S_IWUGO, proc_pid_attr_operations),
REG("prev", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_attr_operations),
REG("exec", S_IRUGO|S_IWUGO, proc_pid_attr_operations),
REG("fscreate", S_IRUGO|S_IWUGO, proc_pid_attr_operations),
REG("keycreate", S_IRUGO|S_IWUGO, proc_pid_attr_operations),
REG("sockcreate", S_IRUGO|S_IWUGO, proc_pid_attr_operations),
};
static int proc_attr_dir_readdir(struct file * filp,
void * dirent, filldir_t filldir)
{
return proc_pident_readdir(filp,dirent,filldir,
attr_dir_stuff,ARRAY_SIZE(attr_dir_stuff));
}
static const struct file_operations proc_attr_dir_operations = {
.read = generic_read_dir,
.readdir = proc_attr_dir_readdir,
.llseek = default_llseek,
};
static struct dentry *proc_attr_dir_lookup(struct inode *dir,
struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags)
{
return proc_pident_lookup(dir, dentry,
attr_dir_stuff, ARRAY_SIZE(attr_dir_stuff));
}
static const struct inode_operations proc_attr_dir_inode_operations = {
.lookup = proc_attr_dir_lookup,
.getattr = pid_getattr,
.setattr = proc_setattr,
};
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_ELF_CORE
static ssize_t proc_coredump_filter_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(file->f_dentry->d_inode);
struct mm_struct *mm;
char buffer[PROC_NUMBUF];
size_t len;
int ret;
if (!task)
return -ESRCH;
ret = 0;
mm = get_task_mm(task);
if (mm) {
len = snprintf(buffer, sizeof(buffer), "%08lx\n",
((mm->flags & MMF_DUMP_FILTER_MASK) >>
MMF_DUMP_FILTER_SHIFT));
mmput(mm);
ret = simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, buffer, len);
}
put_task_struct(task);
return ret;
}
static ssize_t proc_coredump_filter_write(struct file *file,
const char __user *buf,
size_t count,
loff_t *ppos)
{
struct task_struct *task;
struct mm_struct *mm;
char buffer[PROC_NUMBUF], *end;
unsigned int val;
int ret;
int i;
unsigned long mask;
ret = -EFAULT;
memset(buffer, 0, sizeof(buffer));
if (count > sizeof(buffer) - 1)
count = sizeof(buffer) - 1;
if (copy_from_user(buffer, buf, count))
goto out_no_task;
ret = -EINVAL;
val = (unsigned int)simple_strtoul(buffer, &end, 0);
if (*end == '\n')
end++;
if (end - buffer == 0)
goto out_no_task;
ret = -ESRCH;
task = get_proc_task(file->f_dentry->d_inode);
if (!task)
goto out_no_task;
ret = end - buffer;
mm = get_task_mm(task);
if (!mm)
goto out_no_mm;
for (i = 0, mask = 1; i < MMF_DUMP_FILTER_BITS; i++, mask <<= 1) {
if (val & mask)
set_bit(i + MMF_DUMP_FILTER_SHIFT, &mm->flags);
else
clear_bit(i + MMF_DUMP_FILTER_SHIFT, &mm->flags);
}
mmput(mm);
out_no_mm:
put_task_struct(task);
out_no_task:
return ret;
}
static const struct file_operations proc_coredump_filter_operations = {
.read = proc_coredump_filter_read,
.write = proc_coredump_filter_write,
.llseek = generic_file_llseek,
};
#endif
/*
* /proc/self:
*/
static int proc_self_readlink(struct dentry *dentry, char __user *buffer,
int buflen)
{
struct pid_namespace *ns = dentry->d_sb->s_fs_info;
pid_t tgid = task_tgid_nr_ns(current, ns);
char tmp[PROC_NUMBUF];
if (!tgid)
return -ENOENT;
sprintf(tmp, "%d", tgid);
return vfs_readlink(dentry,buffer,buflen,tmp);
}
static void *proc_self_follow_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct nameidata *nd)
{
struct pid_namespace *ns = dentry->d_sb->s_fs_info;
pid_t tgid = task_tgid_nr_ns(current, ns);
char *name = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
if (tgid) {
/* 11 for max length of signed int in decimal + NULL term */
name = kmalloc(12, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!name)
name = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
else
sprintf(name, "%d", tgid);
}
nd_set_link(nd, name);
return NULL;
}
static void proc_self_put_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct nameidata *nd,
void *cookie)
{
char *s = nd_get_link(nd);
if (!IS_ERR(s))
kfree(s);
}
static const struct inode_operations proc_self_inode_operations = {
.readlink = proc_self_readlink,
.follow_link = proc_self_follow_link,
.put_link = proc_self_put_link,
};
/*
* proc base
*
* These are the directory entries in the root directory of /proc
* that properly belong to the /proc filesystem, as they describe
* describe something that is process related.
*/
static const struct pid_entry proc_base_stuff[] = {
NOD("self", S_IFLNK|S_IRWXUGO,
&proc_self_inode_operations, NULL, {}),
};
static struct dentry *proc_base_instantiate(struct inode *dir,
struct dentry *dentry, struct task_struct *task, const void *ptr)
{
const struct pid_entry *p = ptr;
struct inode *inode;
struct proc_inode *ei;
struct dentry *error;
/* Allocate the inode */
error = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
inode = new_inode(dir->i_sb);
if (!inode)
goto out;
/* Initialize the inode */
ei = PROC_I(inode);
inode->i_ino = get_next_ino();
inode->i_mtime = inode->i_atime = inode->i_ctime = CURRENT_TIME;
/*
* grab the reference to the task.
*/
ei->pid = get_task_pid(task, PIDTYPE_PID);
if (!ei->pid)
goto out_iput;
inode->i_mode = p->mode;
if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode))
set_nlink(inode, 2);
if (S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode))
inode->i_size = 64;
if (p->iop)
inode->i_op = p->iop;
if (p->fop)
inode->i_fop = p->fop;
ei->op = p->op;
d_add(dentry, inode);
error = NULL;
out:
return error;
out_iput:
iput(inode);
goto out;
}
static struct dentry *proc_base_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry)
{
struct dentry *error;
struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(dir);
const struct pid_entry *p, *last;
error = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
if (!task)
goto out_no_task;
/* Lookup the directory entry */
last = &proc_base_stuff[ARRAY_SIZE(proc_base_stuff) - 1];
for (p = proc_base_stuff; p <= last; p++) {
if (p->len != dentry->d_name.len)
continue;
if (!memcmp(dentry->d_name.name, p->name, p->len))
break;
}
if (p > last)
goto out;
error = proc_base_instantiate(dir, dentry, task, p);
out:
put_task_struct(task);
out_no_task:
return error;
}
static int proc_base_fill_cache(struct file *filp, void *dirent,
filldir_t filldir, struct task_struct *task, const struct pid_entry *p)
{
return proc_fill_cache(filp, dirent, filldir, p->name, p->len,
proc_base_instantiate, task, p);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING
static int do_io_accounting(struct task_struct *task, char *buffer, int whole)
{
struct task_io_accounting acct = task->ioac;
unsigned long flags;
int result;
result = mutex_lock_killable(&task->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
if (result)
return result;
if (!ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ)) {
result = -EACCES;
goto out_unlock;
}
if (whole && lock_task_sighand(task, &flags)) {
struct task_struct *t = task;
task_io_accounting_add(&acct, &task->signal->ioac);
while_each_thread(task, t)
task_io_accounting_add(&acct, &t->ioac);
unlock_task_sighand(task, &flags);
}
result = sprintf(buffer,
"rchar: %llu\n"
"wchar: %llu\n"
"syscr: %llu\n"
"syscw: %llu\n"
"read_bytes: %llu\n"
"write_bytes: %llu\n"
"cancelled_write_bytes: %llu\n",
(unsigned long long)acct.rchar,
(unsigned long long)acct.wchar,
(unsigned long long)acct.syscr,
(unsigned long long)acct.syscw,
(unsigned long long)acct.read_bytes,
(unsigned long long)acct.write_bytes,
(unsigned long long)acct.cancelled_write_bytes);
out_unlock:
mutex_unlock(&task->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
return result;
}
static int proc_tid_io_accounting(struct task_struct *task, char *buffer)
{
return do_io_accounting(task, buffer, 0);
}
static int proc_tgid_io_accounting(struct task_struct *task, char *buffer)
{
return do_io_accounting(task, buffer, 1);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING */
#ifdef CONFIG_USER_NS
static int proc_id_map_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file,
struct seq_operations *seq_ops)
{
struct user_namespace *ns = NULL;
struct task_struct *task;
struct seq_file *seq;
int ret = -EINVAL;
task = get_proc_task(inode);
if (task) {
rcu_read_lock();
ns = get_user_ns(task_cred_xxx(task, user_ns));
rcu_read_unlock();
put_task_struct(task);
}
if (!ns)
goto err;
ret = seq_open(file, seq_ops);
if (ret)
goto err_put_ns;
seq = file->private_data;
seq->private = ns;
return 0;
err_put_ns:
put_user_ns(ns);
err:
return ret;
}
static int proc_id_map_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
struct seq_file *seq = file->private_data;
struct user_namespace *ns = seq->private;
put_user_ns(ns);
return seq_release(inode, file);
}
static int proc_uid_map_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
return proc_id_map_open(inode, file, &proc_uid_seq_operations);
}
static int proc_gid_map_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
return proc_id_map_open(inode, file, &proc_gid_seq_operations);
}
static int proc_projid_map_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
return proc_id_map_open(inode, file, &proc_projid_seq_operations);
}
static const struct file_operations proc_uid_map_operations = {
.open = proc_uid_map_open,
.write = proc_uid_map_write,
.read = seq_read,
.llseek = seq_lseek,
.release = proc_id_map_release,
};
static const struct file_operations proc_gid_map_operations = {
.open = proc_gid_map_open,
.write = proc_gid_map_write,
.read = seq_read,
.llseek = seq_lseek,
.release = proc_id_map_release,
};
static const struct file_operations proc_projid_map_operations = {
.open = proc_projid_map_open,
.write = proc_projid_map_write,
.read = seq_read,
.llseek = seq_lseek,
.release = proc_id_map_release,
};
#endif /* CONFIG_USER_NS */
static int proc_pid_personality(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns,
struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task)
{
int err = lock_trace(task);
if (!err) {
seq_printf(m, "%08x\n", task->personality);
unlock_trace(task);
}
return err;
}
/*
* Thread groups
*/
static const struct file_operations proc_task_operations;
static const struct inode_operations proc_task_inode_operations;
static const struct pid_entry tgid_base_stuff[] = {
DIR("task", S_IRUGO|S_IXUGO, proc_task_inode_operations, proc_task_operations),
DIR("fd", S_IRUSR|S_IXUSR, proc_fd_inode_operations, proc_fd_operations),
#ifdef CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE
DIR("map_files", S_IRUSR|S_IXUSR, proc_map_files_inode_operations, proc_map_files_operations),
#endif
DIR("fdinfo", S_IRUSR|S_IXUSR, proc_fdinfo_inode_operations, proc_fdinfo_operations),
DIR("ns", S_IRUSR|S_IXUGO, proc_ns_dir_inode_operations, proc_ns_dir_operations),
#ifdef CONFIG_NET
DIR("net", S_IRUGO|S_IXUGO, proc_net_inode_operations, proc_net_operations),
#endif
REG("environ", S_IRUSR, proc_environ_operations),
INF("auxv", S_IRUSR, proc_pid_auxv),
ONE("status", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_status),
ONE("personality", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_personality),
INF("limits", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_limits),
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG
REG("sched", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_pid_sched_operations),
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_AUTOGROUP
REG("autogroup", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_pid_sched_autogroup_operations),
#endif
REG("comm", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_pid_set_comm_operations),
#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRACEHOOK
INF("syscall", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_syscall),
#endif
INF("cmdline", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_cmdline),
ONE("stat", S_IRUGO, proc_tgid_stat),
ONE("statm", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_statm),
REG("maps", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_maps_operations),
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
REG("numa_maps", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_numa_maps_operations),
#endif
REG("mem", S_IRUSR|S_IWUSR, proc_mem_operations),
LNK("cwd", proc_cwd_link),
LNK("root", proc_root_link),
LNK("exe", proc_exe_link),
REG("mounts", S_IRUGO, proc_mounts_operations),
REG("mountinfo", S_IRUGO, proc_mountinfo_operations),
REG("mountstats", S_IRUSR, proc_mountstats_operations),
#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_PAGE_MONITOR
REG("clear_refs", S_IWUSR, proc_clear_refs_operations),
REG("smaps", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_smaps_operations),
REG("pagemap", S_IRUGO, proc_pagemap_operations),
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY
DIR("attr", S_IRUGO|S_IXUGO, proc_attr_dir_inode_operations, proc_attr_dir_operations),
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS
INF("wchan", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_wchan),
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE
ONE("stack", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_stack),
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
INF("schedstat", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_schedstat),
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_LATENCYTOP
REG("latency", S_IRUGO, proc_lstats_operations),
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_PID_CPUSET
REG("cpuset", S_IRUGO, proc_cpuset_operations),
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUPS
REG("cgroup", S_IRUGO, proc_cgroup_operations),
#endif
INF("oom_score", S_IRUGO, proc_oom_score),
REG("oom_adj", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_oom_adj_operations),
REG("oom_score_adj", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_oom_score_adj_operations),
#ifdef CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL
REG("loginuid", S_IWUSR|S_IRUGO, proc_loginuid_operations),
REG("sessionid", S_IRUGO, proc_sessionid_operations),
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION
REG("make-it-fail", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_fault_inject_operations),
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_ELF_CORE
REG("coredump_filter", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_coredump_filter_operations),
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING
INF("io", S_IRUSR, proc_tgid_io_accounting),
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_HARDWALL
INF("hardwall", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_hardwall),
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_USER_NS
REG("uid_map", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_uid_map_operations),
REG("gid_map", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_gid_map_operations),
REG("projid_map", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_projid_map_operations),
#endif
};
static int proc_tgid_base_readdir(struct file * filp,
void * dirent, filldir_t filldir)
{
return proc_pident_readdir(filp,dirent,filldir,
tgid_base_stuff,ARRAY_SIZE(tgid_base_stuff));
}
static const struct file_operations proc_tgid_base_operations = {
.read = generic_read_dir,
.readdir = proc_tgid_base_readdir,
.llseek = default_llseek,
};
static struct dentry *proc_tgid_base_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags)
{
return proc_pident_lookup(dir, dentry,
tgid_base_stuff, ARRAY_SIZE(tgid_base_stuff));
}
static const struct inode_operations proc_tgid_base_inode_operations = {
.lookup = proc_tgid_base_lookup,
.getattr = pid_getattr,
.setattr = proc_setattr,
.permission = proc_pid_permission,
};
static void proc_flush_task_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt, pid_t pid, pid_t tgid)
{
struct dentry *dentry, *leader, *dir;
char buf[PROC_NUMBUF];
struct qstr name;
name.name = buf;
name.len = snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%d", pid);
dentry = d_hash_and_lookup(mnt->mnt_root, &name);
if (dentry) {
shrink_dcache_parent(dentry);
d_drop(dentry);
dput(dentry);
}
name.name = buf;
name.len = snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%d", tgid);
leader = d_hash_and_lookup(mnt->mnt_root, &name);
if (!leader)
goto out;
name.name = "task";
name.len = strlen(name.name);
dir = d_hash_and_lookup(leader, &name);
if (!dir)
goto out_put_leader;
name.name = buf;
name.len = snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%d", pid);
dentry = d_hash_and_lookup(dir, &name);
if (dentry) {
shrink_dcache_parent(dentry);
d_drop(dentry);
dput(dentry);
}
dput(dir);
out_put_leader:
dput(leader);
out:
return;
}
/**
* proc_flush_task - Remove dcache entries for @task from the /proc dcache.
* @task: task that should be flushed.
*
* When flushing dentries from proc, one needs to flush them from global
* proc (proc_mnt) and from all the namespaces' procs this task was seen
* in. This call is supposed to do all of this job.
*
* Looks in the dcache for
* /proc/@pid
* /proc/@tgid/task/@pid
* if either directory is present flushes it and all of it'ts children
* from the dcache.
*
* It is safe and reasonable to cache /proc entries for a task until
* that task exits. After that they just clog up the dcache with
* useless entries, possibly causing useful dcache entries to be
* flushed instead. This routine is proved to flush those useless
* dcache entries at process exit time.
*
* NOTE: This routine is just an optimization so it does not guarantee
* that no dcache entries will exist at process exit time it
* just makes it very unlikely that any will persist.
*/
void proc_flush_task(struct task_struct *task)
{
int i;
struct pid *pid, *tgid;
struct upid *upid;
pid = task_pid(task);
tgid = task_tgid(task);
for (i = 0; i <= pid->level; i++) {
upid = &pid->numbers[i];
proc_flush_task_mnt(upid->ns->proc_mnt, upid->nr,
tgid->numbers[i].nr);
}
upid = &pid->numbers[pid->level];
if (upid->nr == 1)
pid_ns_release_proc(upid->ns);
}
static struct dentry *proc_pid_instantiate(struct inode *dir,
struct dentry * dentry,
struct task_struct *task, const void *ptr)
{
struct dentry *error = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
struct inode *inode;
inode = proc_pid_make_inode(dir->i_sb, task);
if (!inode)
goto out;
inode->i_mode = S_IFDIR|S_IRUGO|S_IXUGO;
inode->i_op = &proc_tgid_base_inode_operations;
inode->i_fop = &proc_tgid_base_operations;
inode->i_flags|=S_IMMUTABLE;
set_nlink(inode, 2 + pid_entry_count_dirs(tgid_base_stuff,
ARRAY_SIZE(tgid_base_stuff)));
d_set_d_op(dentry, &pid_dentry_operations);
d_add(dentry, inode);
/* Close the race of the process dying before we return the dentry */
if (pid_revalidate(dentry, 0))
error = NULL;
out:
return error;
}
struct dentry *proc_pid_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry * dentry, unsigned int flags)
{
struct dentry *result;
struct task_struct *task;
unsigned tgid;
struct pid_namespace *ns;
result = proc_base_lookup(dir, dentry);
if (!IS_ERR(result) || PTR_ERR(result) != -ENOENT)
goto out;
tgid = name_to_int(dentry);
if (tgid == ~0U)
goto out;
ns = dentry->d_sb->s_fs_info;
rcu_read_lock();
task = find_task_by_pid_ns(tgid, ns);
if (task)
get_task_struct(task);
rcu_read_unlock();
if (!task)
goto out;
result = proc_pid_instantiate(dir, dentry, task, NULL);
put_task_struct(task);
out:
return result;
}
/*
* Find the first task with tgid >= tgid
*
*/
struct tgid_iter {
unsigned int tgid;
struct task_struct *task;
};
static struct tgid_iter next_tgid(struct pid_namespace *ns, struct tgid_iter iter)
{
struct pid *pid;
if (iter.task)
put_task_struct(iter.task);
rcu_read_lock();
retry:
iter.task = NULL;
pid = find_ge_pid(iter.tgid, ns);
if (pid) {
iter.tgid = pid_nr_ns(pid, ns);
iter.task = pid_task(pid, PIDTYPE_PID);
/* What we to know is if the pid we have find is the
* pid of a thread_group_leader. Testing for task
* being a thread_group_leader is the obvious thing
* todo but there is a window when it fails, due to
* the pid transfer logic in de_thread.
*
* So we perform the straight forward test of seeing
* if the pid we have found is the pid of a thread
* group leader, and don't worry if the task we have
* found doesn't happen to be a thread group leader.
* As we don't care in the case of readdir.
*/
if (!iter.task || !has_group_leader_pid(iter.task)) {
iter.tgid += 1;
goto retry;
}
get_task_struct(iter.task);
}
rcu_read_unlock();
return iter;
}
#define TGID_OFFSET (FIRST_PROCESS_ENTRY + ARRAY_SIZE(proc_base_stuff))
static int proc_pid_fill_cache(struct file *filp, void *dirent, filldir_t filldir,
struct tgid_iter iter)
{
char name[PROC_NUMBUF];
int len = snprintf(name, sizeof(name), "%d", iter.tgid);
return proc_fill_cache(filp, dirent, filldir, name, len,
proc_pid_instantiate, iter.task, NULL);
}
static int fake_filldir(void *buf, const char *name, int namelen,
loff_t offset, u64 ino, unsigned d_type)
{
return 0;
}
/* for the /proc/ directory itself, after non-process stuff has been done */
int proc_pid_readdir(struct file * filp, void * dirent, filldir_t filldir)
{
unsigned int nr;
struct task_struct *reaper;
struct tgid_iter iter;
struct pid_namespace *ns;
filldir_t __filldir;
if (filp->f_pos >= PID_MAX_LIMIT + TGID_OFFSET)
goto out_no_task;
nr = filp->f_pos - FIRST_PROCESS_ENTRY;
reaper = get_proc_task(filp->f_path.dentry->d_inode);
if (!reaper)
goto out_no_task;
for (; nr < ARRAY_SIZE(proc_base_stuff); filp->f_pos++, nr++) {
const struct pid_entry *p = &proc_base_stuff[nr];
if (proc_base_fill_cache(filp, dirent, filldir, reaper, p) < 0)
goto out;
}
ns = filp->f_dentry->d_sb->s_fs_info;
iter.task = NULL;
iter.tgid = filp->f_pos - TGID_OFFSET;
for (iter = next_tgid(ns, iter);
iter.task;
iter.tgid += 1, iter = next_tgid(ns, iter)) {
if (has_pid_permissions(ns, iter.task, 2))
__filldir = filldir;
else
__filldir = fake_filldir;
filp->f_pos = iter.tgid + TGID_OFFSET;
if (proc_pid_fill_cache(filp, dirent, __filldir, iter) < 0) {
put_task_struct(iter.task);
goto out;
}
}
filp->f_pos = PID_MAX_LIMIT + TGID_OFFSET;
out:
put_task_struct(reaper);
out_no_task:
return 0;
}
/*
* Tasks
*/
static const struct pid_entry tid_base_stuff[] = {
DIR("fd", S_IRUSR|S_IXUSR, proc_fd_inode_operations, proc_fd_operations),
DIR("fdinfo", S_IRUSR|S_IXUSR, proc_fdinfo_inode_operations, proc_fdinfo_operations),
DIR("ns", S_IRUSR|S_IXUGO, proc_ns_dir_inode_operations, proc_ns_dir_operations),
REG("environ", S_IRUSR, proc_environ_operations),
INF("auxv", S_IRUSR, proc_pid_auxv),
ONE("status", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_status),
ONE("personality", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_personality),
INF("limits", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_limits),
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG
REG("sched", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_pid_sched_operations),
#endif
REG("comm", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_pid_set_comm_operations),
#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRACEHOOK
INF("syscall", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_syscall),
#endif
INF("cmdline", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_cmdline),
ONE("stat", S_IRUGO, proc_tid_stat),
ONE("statm", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_statm),
REG("maps", S_IRUGO, proc_tid_maps_operations),
#ifdef CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE
REG("children", S_IRUGO, proc_tid_children_operations),
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
REG("numa_maps", S_IRUGO, proc_tid_numa_maps_operations),
#endif
REG("mem", S_IRUSR|S_IWUSR, proc_mem_operations),
LNK("cwd", proc_cwd_link),
LNK("root", proc_root_link),
LNK("exe", proc_exe_link),
REG("mounts", S_IRUGO, proc_mounts_operations),
REG("mountinfo", S_IRUGO, proc_mountinfo_operations),
#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_PAGE_MONITOR
REG("clear_refs", S_IWUSR, proc_clear_refs_operations),
REG("smaps", S_IRUGO, proc_tid_smaps_operations),
REG("pagemap", S_IRUGO, proc_pagemap_operations),
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY
DIR("attr", S_IRUGO|S_IXUGO, proc_attr_dir_inode_operations, proc_attr_dir_operations),
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS
INF("wchan", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_wchan),
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE
ONE("stack", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_stack),
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
INF("schedstat", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_schedstat),
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_LATENCYTOP
REG("latency", S_IRUGO, proc_lstats_operations),
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_PID_CPUSET
REG("cpuset", S_IRUGO, proc_cpuset_operations),
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUPS
REG("cgroup", S_IRUGO, proc_cgroup_operations),
#endif
INF("oom_score", S_IRUGO, proc_oom_score),
REG("oom_adj", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_oom_adj_operations),
REG("oom_score_adj", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_oom_score_adj_operations),
#ifdef CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL
REG("loginuid", S_IWUSR|S_IRUGO, proc_loginuid_operations),
REG("sessionid", S_IRUGO, proc_sessionid_operations),
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION
REG("make-it-fail", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_fault_inject_operations),
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING
INF("io", S_IRUSR, proc_tid_io_accounting),
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_HARDWALL
INF("hardwall", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_hardwall),
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_USER_NS
REG("uid_map", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_uid_map_operations),
REG("gid_map", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_gid_map_operations),
REG("projid_map", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_projid_map_operations),
#endif
};
static int proc_tid_base_readdir(struct file * filp,
void * dirent, filldir_t filldir)
{
return proc_pident_readdir(filp,dirent,filldir,
tid_base_stuff,ARRAY_SIZE(tid_base_stuff));
}
static struct dentry *proc_tid_base_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags)
{
return proc_pident_lookup(dir, dentry,
tid_base_stuff, ARRAY_SIZE(tid_base_stuff));
}
static const struct file_operations proc_tid_base_operations = {
.read = generic_read_dir,
.readdir = proc_tid_base_readdir,
.llseek = default_llseek,
};
static const struct inode_operations proc_tid_base_inode_operations = {
.lookup = proc_tid_base_lookup,
.getattr = pid_getattr,
.setattr = proc_setattr,
};
static struct dentry *proc_task_instantiate(struct inode *dir,
struct dentry *dentry, struct task_struct *task, const void *ptr)
{
struct dentry *error = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
struct inode *inode;
inode = proc_pid_make_inode(dir->i_sb, task);
if (!inode)
goto out;
inode->i_mode = S_IFDIR|S_IRUGO|S_IXUGO;
inode->i_op = &proc_tid_base_inode_operations;
inode->i_fop = &proc_tid_base_operations;
inode->i_flags|=S_IMMUTABLE;
set_nlink(inode, 2 + pid_entry_count_dirs(tid_base_stuff,
ARRAY_SIZE(tid_base_stuff)));
d_set_d_op(dentry, &pid_dentry_operations);
d_add(dentry, inode);
/* Close the race of the process dying before we return the dentry */
if (pid_revalidate(dentry, 0))
error = NULL;
out:
return error;
}
static struct dentry *proc_task_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry * dentry, unsigned int flags)
{
struct dentry *result = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
struct task_struct *task;
struct task_struct *leader = get_proc_task(dir);
unsigned tid;
struct pid_namespace *ns;
if (!leader)
goto out_no_task;
tid = name_to_int(dentry);
if (tid == ~0U)
goto out;
ns = dentry->d_sb->s_fs_info;
rcu_read_lock();
task = find_task_by_pid_ns(tid, ns);
if (task)
get_task_struct(task);
rcu_read_unlock();
if (!task)
goto out;
if (!same_thread_group(leader, task))
goto out_drop_task;
result = proc_task_instantiate(dir, dentry, task, NULL);
out_drop_task:
put_task_struct(task);
out:
put_task_struct(leader);
out_no_task:
return result;
}
/*
* Find the first tid of a thread group to return to user space.
*
* Usually this is just the thread group leader, but if the users
* buffer was too small or there was a seek into the middle of the
* directory we have more work todo.
*
* In the case of a short read we start with find_task_by_pid.
*
* In the case of a seek we start with the leader and walk nr
* threads past it.
*/
static struct task_struct *first_tid(struct task_struct *leader,
int tid, int nr, struct pid_namespace *ns)
{
struct task_struct *pos;
rcu_read_lock();
/* Attempt to start with the pid of a thread */
if (tid && (nr > 0)) {
pos = find_task_by_pid_ns(tid, ns);
if (pos && (pos->group_leader == leader))
goto found;
}
/* If nr exceeds the number of threads there is nothing todo */
pos = NULL;
if (nr && nr >= get_nr_threads(leader))
goto out;
/* If we haven't found our starting place yet start
* with the leader and walk nr threads forward.
*/
for (pos = leader; nr > 0; --nr) {
pos = next_thread(pos);
if (pos == leader) {
pos = NULL;
goto out;
}
}
found:
get_task_struct(pos);
out:
rcu_read_unlock();
return pos;
}
/*
* Find the next thread in the thread list.
* Return NULL if there is an error or no next thread.
*
* The reference to the input task_struct is released.
*/
static struct task_struct *next_tid(struct task_struct *start)
{
struct task_struct *pos = NULL;
rcu_read_lock();
if (pid_alive(start)) {
pos = next_thread(start);
if (thread_group_leader(pos))
pos = NULL;
else
get_task_struct(pos);
}
rcu_read_unlock();
put_task_struct(start);
return pos;
}
static int proc_task_fill_cache(struct file *filp, void *dirent, filldir_t filldir,
struct task_struct *task, int tid)
{
char name[PROC_NUMBUF];
int len = snprintf(name, sizeof(name), "%d", tid);
return proc_fill_cache(filp, dirent, filldir, name, len,
proc_task_instantiate, task, NULL);
}
/* for the /proc/TGID/task/ directories */
static int proc_task_readdir(struct file * filp, void * dirent, filldir_t filldir)
{
struct dentry *dentry = filp->f_path.dentry;
struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode;
struct task_struct *leader = NULL;
struct task_struct *task;
int retval = -ENOENT;
ino_t ino;
int tid;
struct pid_namespace *ns;
task = get_proc_task(inode);
if (!task)
goto out_no_task;
rcu_read_lock();
if (pid_alive(task)) {
leader = task->group_leader;
get_task_struct(leader);
}
rcu_read_unlock();
put_task_struct(task);
if (!leader)
goto out_no_task;
retval = 0;
switch ((unsigned long)filp->f_pos) {
case 0:
ino = inode->i_ino;
if (filldir(dirent, ".", 1, filp->f_pos, ino, DT_DIR) < 0)
goto out;
filp->f_pos++;
/* fall through */
case 1:
ino = parent_ino(dentry);
if (filldir(dirent, "..", 2, filp->f_pos, ino, DT_DIR) < 0)
goto out;
filp->f_pos++;
/* fall through */
}
/* f_version caches the tgid value that the last readdir call couldn't
* return. lseek aka telldir automagically resets f_version to 0.
*/
ns = filp->f_dentry->d_sb->s_fs_info;
tid = (int)filp->f_version;
filp->f_version = 0;
for (task = first_tid(leader, tid, filp->f_pos - 2, ns);
task;
task = next_tid(task), filp->f_pos++) {
tid = task_pid_nr_ns(task, ns);
if (proc_task_fill_cache(filp, dirent, filldir, task, tid) < 0) {
/* returning this tgid failed, save it as the first
* pid for the next readir call */
filp->f_version = (u64)tid;
put_task_struct(task);
break;
}
}
out:
put_task_struct(leader);
out_no_task:
return retval;
}
static int proc_task_getattr(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry, struct kstat *stat)
{
struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode;
struct task_struct *p = get_proc_task(inode);
generic_fillattr(inode, stat);
if (p) {
stat->nlink += get_nr_threads(p);
put_task_struct(p);
}
return 0;
}
static const struct inode_operations proc_task_inode_operations = {
.lookup = proc_task_lookup,
.getattr = proc_task_getattr,
.setattr = proc_setattr,
.permission = proc_pid_permission,
};
static const struct file_operations proc_task_operations = {
.read = generic_read_dir,
.readdir = proc_task_readdir,
.llseek = default_llseek,
};
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