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/*
* INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX
* operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket
* interface as the means of communication with the user level.
*
* Generic TIME_WAIT sockets functions
*
* From code orinally in TCP
*/
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/kmemcheck.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <net/inet_hashtables.h>
#include <net/inet_timewait_sock.h>
#include <net/ip.h>
/**
* inet_twsk_unhash - unhash a timewait socket from established hash
* @tw: timewait socket
*
* unhash a timewait socket from established hash, if hashed.
* ehash lock must be held by caller.
* Returns 1 if caller should call inet_twsk_put() after lock release.
*/
int inet_twsk_unhash(struct inet_timewait_sock *tw)
{
if (hlist_nulls_unhashed(&tw->tw_node))
return 0;
hlist_nulls_del_rcu(&tw->tw_node);
sk_nulls_node_init(&tw->tw_node);
/*
* We cannot call inet_twsk_put() ourself under lock,
* caller must call it for us.
*/
return 1;
}
/**
* inet_twsk_bind_unhash - unhash a timewait socket from bind hash
* @tw: timewait socket
* @hashinfo: hashinfo pointer
*
* unhash a timewait socket from bind hash, if hashed.
* bind hash lock must be held by caller.
* Returns 1 if caller should call inet_twsk_put() after lock release.
*/
int inet_twsk_bind_unhash(struct inet_timewait_sock *tw,
struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo)
{
struct inet_bind_bucket *tb = tw->tw_tb;
if (!tb)
return 0;
__hlist_del(&tw->tw_bind_node);
tw->tw_tb = NULL;
inet_bind_bucket_destroy(hashinfo->bind_bucket_cachep, tb);
/*
* We cannot call inet_twsk_put() ourself under lock,
* caller must call it for us.
*/
return 1;
}
/* Must be called with locally disabled BHs. */
static void __inet_twsk_kill(struct inet_timewait_sock *tw,
struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo)
{
struct inet_bind_hashbucket *bhead;
int refcnt;
/* Unlink from established hashes. */
spinlock_t *lock = inet_ehash_lockp(hashinfo, tw->tw_hash);
spin_lock(lock);
refcnt = inet_twsk_unhash(tw);
spin_unlock(lock);
/* Disassociate with bind bucket. */
bhead = &hashinfo->bhash[inet_bhashfn(twsk_net(tw), tw->tw_num,
hashinfo->bhash_size)];
spin_lock(&bhead->lock);
refcnt += inet_twsk_bind_unhash(tw, hashinfo);
spin_unlock(&bhead->lock);
BUG_ON(refcnt >= atomic_read(&tw->tw_refcnt));
atomic_sub(refcnt, &tw->tw_refcnt);
}
void inet_twsk_free(struct inet_timewait_sock *tw)
{
struct module *owner = tw->tw_prot->owner;
twsk_destructor((struct sock *)tw);
#ifdef SOCK_REFCNT_DEBUG
pr_debug("%s timewait_sock %p released\n", tw->tw_prot->name, tw);
#endif
release_net(twsk_net(tw));
kmem_cache_free(tw->tw_prot->twsk_prot->twsk_slab, tw);
module_put(owner);
}
void inet_twsk_put(struct inet_timewait_sock *tw)
{
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&tw->tw_refcnt))
inet_twsk_free(tw);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(inet_twsk_put);
static void inet_twsk_add_node_rcu(struct inet_timewait_sock *tw,
struct hlist_nulls_head *list)
{
hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu(&tw->tw_node, list);
}
static void inet_twsk_add_bind_node(struct inet_timewait_sock *tw,
struct hlist_head *list)
{
hlist_add_head(&tw->tw_bind_node, list);
}
/*
* Enter the time wait state. This is called with locally disabled BH.
* Essentially we whip up a timewait bucket, copy the relevant info into it
* from the SK, and mess with hash chains and list linkage.
*/
void __inet_twsk_hashdance(struct inet_timewait_sock *tw, struct sock *sk,
struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo)
{
const struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk);
const struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
struct inet_ehash_bucket *ehead = inet_ehash_bucket(hashinfo, sk->sk_hash);
spinlock_t *lock = inet_ehash_lockp(hashinfo, sk->sk_hash);
struct inet_bind_hashbucket *bhead;
/* Step 1: Put TW into bind hash. Original socket stays there too.
Note, that any socket with inet->num != 0 MUST be bound in
binding cache, even if it is closed.
*/
bhead = &hashinfo->bhash[inet_bhashfn(twsk_net(tw), inet->inet_num,
hashinfo->bhash_size)];
spin_lock(&bhead->lock);
tw->tw_tb = icsk->icsk_bind_hash;
WARN_ON(!icsk->icsk_bind_hash);
inet_twsk_add_bind_node(tw, &tw->tw_tb->owners);
spin_unlock(&bhead->lock);
spin_lock(lock);
/*
* Step 2: Hash TW into tcp ehash chain.
* Notes :
* - tw_refcnt is set to 3 because :
* - We have one reference from bhash chain.
* - We have one reference from ehash chain.
* We can use atomic_set() because prior spin_lock()/spin_unlock()
* committed into memory all tw fields.
*/
atomic_set(&tw->tw_refcnt, 1 + 1 + 1);
inet_twsk_add_node_rcu(tw, &ehead->chain);
/* Step 3: Remove SK from hash chain */
if (__sk_nulls_del_node_init_rcu(sk))
sock_prot_inuse_add(sock_net(sk), sk->sk_prot, -1);
spin_unlock(lock);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__inet_twsk_hashdance);
struct inet_timewait_sock *inet_twsk_alloc(const struct sock *sk, const int state)
{
struct inet_timewait_sock *tw =
kmem_cache_alloc(sk->sk_prot_creator->twsk_prot->twsk_slab,
GFP_ATOMIC);
if (tw != NULL) {
const struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk);
kmemcheck_annotate_bitfield(tw, flags);
/* Give us an identity. */
tw->tw_daddr = inet->inet_daddr;
tw->tw_rcv_saddr = inet->inet_rcv_saddr;
tw->tw_bound_dev_if = sk->sk_bound_dev_if;
tw->tw_tos = inet->tos;
tw->tw_num = inet->inet_num;
tw->tw_state = TCP_TIME_WAIT;
tw->tw_substate = state;
tw->tw_sport = inet->inet_sport;
tw->tw_dport = inet->inet_dport;
tw->tw_family = sk->sk_family;
tw->tw_reuse = sk->sk_reuse;
tw->tw_hash = sk->sk_hash;
tw->tw_ipv6only = 0;
tw->tw_transparent = inet->transparent;
tw->tw_prot = sk->sk_prot_creator;
twsk_net_set(tw, hold_net(sock_net(sk)));
/*
* Because we use RCU lookups, we should not set tw_refcnt
* to a non null value before everything is setup for this
* timewait socket.
*/
atomic_set(&tw->tw_refcnt, 0);
inet_twsk_dead_node_init(tw);
__module_get(tw->tw_prot->owner);
}
return tw;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(inet_twsk_alloc);
/* Returns non-zero if quota exceeded. */
static int inet_twdr_do_twkill_work(struct inet_timewait_death_row *twdr,
const int slot)
{
struct inet_timewait_sock *tw;
unsigned int killed;
int ret;
/* NOTE: compare this to previous version where lock
* was released after detaching chain. It was racy,
* because tw buckets are scheduled in not serialized context
* in 2.3 (with netfilter), and with softnet it is common, because
* soft irqs are not sequenced.
*/
killed = 0;
ret = 0;
rescan:
inet_twsk_for_each_inmate(tw, &twdr->cells[slot]) {
__inet_twsk_del_dead_node(tw);
spin_unlock(&twdr->death_lock);
__inet_twsk_kill(tw, twdr->hashinfo);
#ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS
NET_INC_STATS_BH(twsk_net(tw), LINUX_MIB_TIMEWAITED);
#endif
inet_twsk_put(tw);
killed++;
spin_lock(&twdr->death_lock);
if (killed > INET_TWDR_TWKILL_QUOTA) {
ret = 1;
break;
}
/* While we dropped twdr->death_lock, another cpu may have
* killed off the next TW bucket in the list, therefore
* do a fresh re-read of the hlist head node with the
* lock reacquired. We still use the hlist traversal
* macro in order to get the prefetches.
*/
goto rescan;
}
twdr->tw_count -= killed;
#ifndef CONFIG_NET_NS
NET_ADD_STATS_BH(&init_net, LINUX_MIB_TIMEWAITED, killed);
#endif
return ret;
}
void inet_twdr_hangman(unsigned long data)
{
struct inet_timewait_death_row *twdr;
unsigned int need_timer;
twdr = (struct inet_timewait_death_row *)data;
spin_lock(&twdr->death_lock);
if (twdr->tw_count == 0)
goto out;
need_timer = 0;
if (inet_twdr_do_twkill_work(twdr, twdr->slot)) {
twdr->thread_slots |= (1 << twdr->slot);
schedule_work(&twdr->twkill_work);
need_timer = 1;
} else {
/* We purged the entire slot, anything left? */
if (twdr->tw_count)
need_timer = 1;
twdr->slot = ((twdr->slot + 1) & (INET_TWDR_TWKILL_SLOTS - 1));
}
if (need_timer)
mod_timer(&twdr->tw_timer, jiffies + twdr->period);
out:
spin_unlock(&twdr->death_lock);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(inet_twdr_hangman);
void inet_twdr_twkill_work(struct work_struct *work)
{
struct inet_timewait_death_row *twdr =
container_of(work, struct inet_timewait_death_row, twkill_work);
int i;
BUILD_BUG_ON((INET_TWDR_TWKILL_SLOTS - 1) >
(sizeof(twdr->thread_slots) * 8));
while (twdr->thread_slots) {
spin_lock_bh(&twdr->death_lock);
for (i = 0; i < INET_TWDR_TWKILL_SLOTS; i++) {
if (!(twdr->thread_slots & (1 << i)))
continue;
while (inet_twdr_do_twkill_work(twdr, i) != 0) {
if (need_resched()) {
spin_unlock_bh(&twdr->death_lock);
schedule();
spin_lock_bh(&twdr->death_lock);
}
}
twdr->thread_slots &= ~(1 << i);
}
spin_unlock_bh(&twdr->death_lock);
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(inet_twdr_twkill_work);
/* These are always called from BH context. See callers in
* tcp_input.c to verify this.
*/
/* This is for handling early-kills of TIME_WAIT sockets. */
void inet_twsk_deschedule(struct inet_timewait_sock *tw,
struct inet_timewait_death_row *twdr)
{
spin_lock(&twdr->death_lock);
if (inet_twsk_del_dead_node(tw)) {
inet_twsk_put(tw);
if (--twdr->tw_count == 0)
del_timer(&twdr->tw_timer);
}
spin_unlock(&twdr->death_lock);
__inet_twsk_kill(tw, twdr->hashinfo);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(inet_twsk_deschedule);
void inet_twsk_schedule(struct inet_timewait_sock *tw,
struct inet_timewait_death_row *twdr,
const int timeo, const int timewait_len)
{
struct hlist_head *list;
int slot;
/* timeout := RTO * 3.5
*
* 3.5 = 1+2+0.5 to wait for two retransmits.
*
* RATIONALE: if FIN arrived and we entered TIME-WAIT state,
* our ACK acking that FIN can be lost. If N subsequent retransmitted
* FINs (or previous seqments) are lost (probability of such event
* is p^(N+1), where p is probability to lose single packet and
* time to detect the loss is about RTO*(2^N - 1) with exponential
* backoff). Normal timewait length is calculated so, that we
* waited at least for one retransmitted FIN (maximal RTO is 120sec).
* [ BTW Linux. following BSD, violates this requirement waiting
* only for 60sec, we should wait at least for 240 secs.
* Well, 240 consumes too much of resources 8)
* ]
* This interval is not reduced to catch old duplicate and
* responces to our wandering segments living for two MSLs.
* However, if we use PAWS to detect
* old duplicates, we can reduce the interval to bounds required
* by RTO, rather than MSL. So, if peer understands PAWS, we
* kill tw bucket after 3.5*RTO (it is important that this number
* is greater than TS tick!) and detect old duplicates with help
* of PAWS.
*/
slot = (timeo + (1 << INET_TWDR_RECYCLE_TICK) - 1) >> INET_TWDR_RECYCLE_TICK;
spin_lock(&twdr->death_lock);
/* Unlink it, if it was scheduled */
if (inet_twsk_del_dead_node(tw))
twdr->tw_count--;
else
atomic_inc(&tw->tw_refcnt);
if (slot >= INET_TWDR_RECYCLE_SLOTS) {
/* Schedule to slow timer */
if (timeo >= timewait_len) {
slot = INET_TWDR_TWKILL_SLOTS - 1;
} else {
slot = DIV_ROUND_UP(timeo, twdr->period);
if (slot >= INET_TWDR_TWKILL_SLOTS)
slot = INET_TWDR_TWKILL_SLOTS - 1;
}
tw->tw_ttd = inet_tw_time_stamp() + timeo;
slot = (twdr->slot + slot) & (INET_TWDR_TWKILL_SLOTS - 1);
list = &twdr->cells[slot];
} else {
tw->tw_ttd = inet_tw_time_stamp() + (slot << INET_TWDR_RECYCLE_TICK);
if (twdr->twcal_hand < 0) {
twdr->twcal_hand = 0;
twdr->twcal_jiffie = jiffies;
twdr->twcal_timer.expires = twdr->twcal_jiffie +
(slot << INET_TWDR_RECYCLE_TICK);
add_timer(&twdr->twcal_timer);
} else {
if (time_after(twdr->twcal_timer.expires,
jiffies + (slot << INET_TWDR_RECYCLE_TICK)))
mod_timer(&twdr->twcal_timer,
jiffies + (slot << INET_TWDR_RECYCLE_TICK));
slot = (twdr->twcal_hand + slot) & (INET_TWDR_RECYCLE_SLOTS - 1);
}
list = &twdr->twcal_row[slot];
}
hlist_add_head(&tw->tw_death_node, list);
if (twdr->tw_count++ == 0)
mod_timer(&twdr->tw_timer, jiffies + twdr->period);
spin_unlock(&twdr->death_lock);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(inet_twsk_schedule);
void inet_twdr_twcal_tick(unsigned long data)
{
struct inet_timewait_death_row *twdr;
int n, slot;
unsigned long j;
unsigned long now = jiffies;
int killed = 0;
int adv = 0;
twdr = (struct inet_timewait_death_row *)data;
spin_lock(&twdr->death_lock);
if (twdr->twcal_hand < 0)
goto out;
slot = twdr->twcal_hand;
j = twdr->twcal_jiffie;
for (n = 0; n < INET_TWDR_RECYCLE_SLOTS; n++) {
if (time_before_eq(j, now)) {
struct hlist_node *safe;
struct inet_timewait_sock *tw;
inet_twsk_for_each_inmate_safe(tw, safe,
&twdr->twcal_row[slot]) {
__inet_twsk_del_dead_node(tw);
__inet_twsk_kill(tw, twdr->hashinfo);
#ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS
NET_INC_STATS_BH(twsk_net(tw), LINUX_MIB_TIMEWAITKILLED);
#endif
inet_twsk_put(tw);
killed++;
}
} else {
if (!adv) {
adv = 1;
twdr->twcal_jiffie = j;
twdr->twcal_hand = slot;
}
if (!hlist_empty(&twdr->twcal_row[slot])) {
mod_timer(&twdr->twcal_timer, j);
goto out;
}
}
j += 1 << INET_TWDR_RECYCLE_TICK;
slot = (slot + 1) & (INET_TWDR_RECYCLE_SLOTS - 1);
}
twdr->twcal_hand = -1;
out:
if ((twdr->tw_count -= killed) == 0)
del_timer(&twdr->tw_timer);
#ifndef CONFIG_NET_NS
NET_ADD_STATS_BH(&init_net, LINUX_MIB_TIMEWAITKILLED, killed);
#endif
spin_unlock(&twdr->death_lock);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(inet_twdr_twcal_tick);
void inet_twsk_purge(struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo,
struct inet_timewait_death_row *twdr, int family)
{
struct inet_timewait_sock *tw;
struct sock *sk;
struct hlist_nulls_node *node;
unsigned int slot;
for (slot = 0; slot <= hashinfo->ehash_mask; slot++) {
struct inet_ehash_bucket *head = &hashinfo->ehash[slot];
restart_rcu:
rcu_read_lock();
restart:
sk_nulls_for_each_rcu(sk, node, &head->chain) {
if (sk->sk_state != TCP_TIME_WAIT)
continue;
tw = inet_twsk(sk);
if ((tw->tw_family != family) ||
atomic_read(&twsk_net(tw)->count))
continue;
if (unlikely(!atomic_inc_not_zero(&tw->tw_refcnt)))
continue;
if (unlikely((tw->tw_family != family) ||
atomic_read(&twsk_net(tw)->count))) {
inet_twsk_put(tw);
goto restart;
}
rcu_read_unlock();
local_bh_disable();
inet_twsk_deschedule(tw, twdr);
local_bh_enable();
inet_twsk_put(tw);
goto restart_rcu;
}
/* If the nulls value we got at the end of this lookup is
* not the expected one, we must restart lookup.
* We probably met an item that was moved to another chain.
*/
if (get_nulls_value(node) != slot)
goto restart;
rcu_read_unlock();
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(inet_twsk_purge);
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