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block: uninitialized ioc->nr_tasks triggers WARN_ON


I'm using the old-fashioned 'dump' backup tool, and I noticed that it spews the
below warning as of 3.5-rc1 and later (3.4 is fine):

[   10.886893] ------------[ cut here ]------------
[   10.886904] WARNING: at include/linux/iocontext.h:140 copy_process+0x1488/0x1560()
[   10.886905] Hardware name: Bochs
[   10.886906] Modules linked in:
[   10.886908] Pid: 2430, comm: dump Not tainted 3.5.0-rc7+ #27
[   10.886908] Call Trace:
[   10.886911]  [<ffffffff8107ce8a>] warn_slowpath_common+0x7a/0xb0
[   10.886912]  [<ffffffff8107ced5>] warn_slowpath_null+0x15/0x20
[   10.886913]  [<ffffffff8107c088>] copy_process+0x1488/0x1560
[   10.886914]  [<ffffffff8107c244>] do_fork+0xb4/0x340
[   10.886918]  [<ffffffff8108effa>] ? recalc_sigpending+0x1a/0x50
[   10.886919]  [<ffffffff8108f6b2>] ? __set_task_blocked+0x32/0x80
[   10.886920]  [<ffffffff81091afa>] ? __set_current_blocked+0x3a/0x60
[   10.886923]  [<ffffffff81051db3>] sys_clone+0x23/0x30
[   10.886925]  [<ffffffff8179bd73>] stub_clone+0x13/0x20
[   10.886927]  [<ffffffff8179baa2>] ? system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
[   10.886928] ---[ end trace 32a14af7ee6a590b ]---

Reproducing is easy, I can hit it on a KVM system with a very basic
config (x86_64 make defconfig + enable the drivers needed). To hit it,
just install dump (on debian/ubuntu, not sure what the package might be
called on Fedora), and:

dump -o -f /tmp/foo /

You'll see the warning in dmesg once it forks off the I/O process and
starts dumping filesystem contents.

I bisected it down to the following commit:

commit f6e8d01
Author: Tejun Heo <>
Date:   Mon Mar 5 13:15:26 2012 -0800

    block: add io_context->active_ref

    Currently ioc->nr_tasks is used to decide two things - whether an ioc
    is done issuing IOs and whether it's shared by multiple tasks.  This
    patch separate out the first into ioc->active_ref, which is acquired
    and released using {get|put}_io_context_active() respectively.

    This will be used to associate bio's with a given task.  This patch
    doesn't introduce any visible behavior change.

    Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <>
    Cc: Vivek Goyal <>
    Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <>

It seems like the init of ioc->nr_tasks was removed in that patch,
so it starts out at 0 instead of 1.

Tejun, is the right thing here to add back the init, or should something else
be done?

The below patch removes the warning, but I haven't done any more extensive
testing on it.

Signed-off-by: Olof Johansson <>
Acked-by: Tejun Heo <>
Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <>
  • Loading branch information...
1 parent fe86cdc commit 4638a83e8615de9c16c39dfed234951d0f468cf1 @olofj olofj committed with axboe Aug 1, 2012
Showing with 1 addition and 0 deletions.
  1. +1 −0 block/blk-ioc.c
1 block/blk-ioc.c
@@ -244,6 +244,7 @@ int create_task_io_context(struct task_struct *task, gfp_t gfp_flags, int node)
/* initialize */
atomic_long_set(&ioc->refcount, 1);
+ atomic_set(&ioc->nr_tasks, 1);
atomic_set(&ioc->active_ref, 1);

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