Skip to content
New issue

Have a question about this project? Sign up for a free GitHub account to open an issue and contact its maintainers and the community.

By clicking “Sign up for GitHub”, you agree to our terms of service and privacy statement. We’ll occasionally send you account related emails.

Already on GitHub? Sign in to your account

List of benefits that Zen offers #30

Open
Martinsos opened this issue Sep 12, 2015 · 27 comments
Open

List of benefits that Zen offers #30

Martinsos opened this issue Sep 12, 2015 · 27 comments

Comments

@Martinsos
Copy link

@Martinsos Martinsos commented Sep 12, 2015

Hi, I am trying to find list of benefits that Zen offers over other kernels, is there any list of features and changes it provides? I checked out zen-kernel.org but it leads to this repo, there is no info in README, wiki of this repo has no information and also there is no information on Arch Wiki.

@heftig
Copy link

@heftig heftig commented Sep 12, 2015

Please look at http://liquorix.net/ ; most points apply, since the code is the same.

@Martinsos
Copy link
Author

@Martinsos Martinsos commented Sep 12, 2015

Thank you. So should I be using liquorix instead then? What is the difference?

@heftig
Copy link

@heftig heftig commented Sep 12, 2015

The ZEN project makes no binary releases. Liquorix is a binary release for Debian.

@Martinsos
Copy link
Author

@Martinsos Martinsos commented Sep 12, 2015

Ok thank you!
I am curious, why is it that there is no direct information on benefits that Zen offers, wouldn't it make it more accessible and trust-worthy, is there some politics against it? This way it feels like it is partially abandoned / something is wrong. I see that other people are also asking about it: https://www.reddit.com/r/archlinux/comments/3isw8l/why_should_i_not_use_linuxck_over_linux_stock/cujl81s.
I guess that instruction to check out liquorix.net would also be useful, if it would be in some visible place like README or wiki.

@damentz
Copy link
Member

@damentz damentz commented Sep 24, 2015

Hi Martin,

I can tell you a bit of history of how Zen has changed.

In the past, Zen Sources (Zen Kernel's original name) used to be a lot more stand-alone, had its own website, and about 5 developers. We had our own issues page and a full website with a FAQ and a wiki type page. These were the prime times since we all collaborated and even had time to spend following the RC kernels. However, as time went by, many of the original developers lost interest and moved on. This is where our story begins.

The first problem we encountered during the loss of interest was the domain name. I don't remember exactly what occurred but @RyanHope owned the domain to zen-sources.org and decided not keep it updated and pointing to our server IP. I'm a bit fuzzy here on the order of whether we lost our web server first or the domain, but he did not cooperate so we lost that domain. Fortunately, @waninkoko registered zen-kernel.org, so we had something at least for people to find us with.

Then our web server died. It was hosted for free by two guys in Germany that had an interest in the kernel and I believe were friends with some of the original founders. When the server died, we lost pretty much everything except the actual git repository. Git is distributed so that wasn't a problem, but all our other knowledge, our blog posts and wiki were lost.

This is when we (being pretty much me, @heftig , and @waninkoko ) transitioned full time to github and at least tried to set up a github page and point our zen-kernel.org domain to it. Then github changed the way they did pages and we just lost interest in "selling" Zen Kernel, or at least having a separate wiki type page to keep track of the features and changes on the Zen Kernel sources.

But we're still maintaining Zen the way Zen used to be (minus the bleeding edge patches and backports that caused instability). The major features Zen is known for is in Zen Tune - tweaks that measurably change performance and improve the "feeling" of the desktop (keyword from Con when describing what it's like using BFS). There's some other cool stuff like early access to kdbus that @heftig is working on in the 4.X/kdbus branch and we're continuing to keep the major features up to date.

In the meantime, Liquorix has been solid since it started 7 years go. Although Zen had its ups and downs, loss of its server and domain name, I've kept Liquorix up as the distributable binary form of Zen with some other unique configuration options (you can read on the front page of http://liquorix.net). All feedback I receive on the forums directly translates to changes in Zen, especially if it's regarding a patch or feature that can only be enabled / added by code change. You can say it's more similar to the relationship between Ubuntu and Debian; Ubuntu sells itself and makes it easy to get going, an easy to install distribution with very sane defaults that mostly pulls from Debian - Debian on the other hand has a more traditional installer and a more plain default configuration that one would argue is less functional but more pure, better for building a system with a specific purpose where Ubuntu's default configuration would get in the way or is undesirable.

However, it wouldn't be fair to say I do a lot of / most of the work on Zen. @heftig , especially if you check commits, does most of the work rebasing to new kernel versions and maintaining the latest stable version. Besides that, he's been maintaining an early branch of kdbus. If kdbus is something you want to use now, you can do that since all the hard work cherry picking and merging changes has already been done for you. The same goes for our other branches, like BFQ, AUFS, BFS, Zen Tune, and the "misc" branch, which contains a variety of fixes that never entered mainline but improve usability on desktops and laptops.

So there you go, let me know if this answers your question or if there's something else you would like to know.

@Martinsos
Copy link
Author

@Martinsos Martinsos commented Sep 25, 2015

Hi Steven, wow thank you for your answer, this is certainly much more that I was hoping for! Thank you for your effort on linux zen regardless of all the obstacles, it is certainly an inspiring story :).
What I was hoping for is to get a list from you guys of benefits that Zen kernel offers compared to base kernel. For linux-ck for example, they say that it has BFQ and BFS, but for zen it was hard to find what it brings (except BFS). I noticed that there are other people on the net trying to get more info on why would they use zen kernel, and there is almost no info to find since the wiki and web pages are gone. Maybe a really short summary of benefits would already do a lot. Since you put so much effort in zen kernel, why not tell people what cool stuff will they get with it?

@CENTSOARER
Copy link

@CENTSOARER CENTSOARER commented Sep 30, 2015

Just wanted to thank, as @Martinsos did, for the datails provided by @damentz and all the work @heftig does specially in Arch Linux. I have used that liquorix kernel before and I was thinking this zen kernel might be related to that old Zenwalk Linux distro which I used to use some years ago. Now I am going to install linux-zen right away.

@Techwolf
Copy link

@Techwolf Techwolf commented Nov 8, 2015

@damentz, you should add that long answer to the wiki here. Would be nice to have a backstory to quell any bad rumors out there. :-)

@RyanHope
Copy link

@RyanHope RyanHope commented Nov 8, 2015

Once upon a time there were a bunch of linux ricers...

On Sat, Nov 7, 2015 at 9:23 PM, Techwolf notifications@github.com wrote:

@damentz https://github.com/damentz, you should add that long answer to
the wiki here. Would be nice to have a backstory to quell any bad rumors
out there. :-)


Reply to this email directly or view it on GitHub
#30 (comment)
.

Ryan Hope, M.S.
CogWorks Lab
Cognitive Science Department
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

@n1trux
Copy link

@n1trux n1trux commented Dec 10, 2015

I could host a website again if you like.

@bogdanr
Copy link

@bogdanr bogdanr commented Apr 1, 2016

I've used to patch my own kernel for years but since I've found yours it's been way less work for me.
Thank you very much!

@Ivoz
Copy link

@Ivoz Ivoz commented Jan 8, 2017

Could be very helpful to set up a simple github-pages site, to describe the project?

Creating a zen-kernel.github.io repo with any simple html/jekyll site on the master branch could make some simple information available to the public, such as much of what is (somewhat hidden away) on this thread.

@PotHix
Copy link

@PotHix PotHix commented Jan 21, 2017

I think it's a good idea to add it here, since @damentz mentioned the old http://zen-sources.org. I was reading via web archive the latest version I could find: https://web.archive.org/web/20090422194823/http://zen-sources.org/

BTW, we definitely should create a github pages for this project. @damentz I can help with that, just tell me in case you want some help.

damentz pushed a commit that referenced this issue Jul 1, 2017
[ Upstream commit 15a77c6 ]

With >=32 CPUs the userfaultfd selftest triggered a graceful but
unexpected SIGBUS because VM_FAULT_RETRY was returned by
handle_userfault() despite the UFFDIO_COPY wasn't completed.

This seems caused by rwsem waking the thread blocked in
handle_userfault() and we can't run up_read() before the wait_event
sequence is complete.

Keeping the wait_even sequence identical to the first one, would require
running userfaultfd_must_wait() again to know if the loop should be
repeated, and it would also require retaking the rwsem and revalidating
the whole vma status.

It seems simpler to wait the targeted wakeup so that if false wakeups
materialize we still wait for our specific wakeup event, unless of
course there are signals or the uffd was released.

Debug code collecting the stack trace of the wakeup showed this:

  $ ./userfaultfd 100 99999
  nr_pages: 25600, nr_pages_per_cpu: 800
  bounces: 99998, mode: racing ver poll, userfaults: 32 35 90 232 30 138 69 82 34 30 139 40 40 31 20 19 43 13 15 28 27 38 21 43 56 22 1 17 31 8 4 2
  bounces: 99997, mode: rnd ver poll, Bus error (core dumped)

    save_stack_trace+0x2b/0x50
    try_to_wake_up+0x2a6/0x580
    wake_up_q+0x32/0x70
    rwsem_wake+0xe0/0x120
    call_rwsem_wake+0x1b/0x30
    up_write+0x3b/0x40
    vm_mmap_pgoff+0x9c/0xc0
    SyS_mmap_pgoff+0x1a9/0x240
    SyS_mmap+0x22/0x30
    entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x1f/0xbd
    0xffffffffffffffff
    FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY missing 70
  CPU: 24 PID: 1054 Comm: userfaultfd Tainted: G        W       4.8.0+ #30
  Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS rel-1.9.3-0-ge2fc41e-prebuilt.qemu-project.org 04/01/2014
  Call Trace:
    dump_stack+0xb8/0x112
    handle_userfault+0x572/0x650
    handle_mm_fault+0x12cb/0x1520
    __do_page_fault+0x175/0x500
    trace_do_page_fault+0x61/0x270
    do_async_page_fault+0x19/0x90
    async_page_fault+0x25/0x30

This always happens when the main userfault selftest thread is running
clone() while glibc runs either mprotect or mmap (both taking mmap_sem
down_write()) to allocate the thread stack of the background threads,
while locking/userfault threads already run at full throttle and are
susceptible to false wakeups that may cause handle_userfault() to return
before than expected (which results in graceful SIGBUS at the next
attempt).

This was reproduced only with >=32 CPUs because the loop to start the
thread where clone() is too quick with fewer CPUs, while with 32 CPUs
there's already significant activity on ~32 locking and userfault
threads when the last background threads are started with clone().

This >=32 CPUs SMP race condition is likely reproducible only with the
selftest because of the much heavier userfault load it generates if
compared to real apps.

We'll have to allow "one more" VM_FAULT_RETRY for the WP support and a
patch floating around that provides it also hidden this problem but in
reality only is successfully at hiding the problem.

False wakeups could still happen again the second time
handle_userfault() is invoked, even if it's a so rare race condition
that getting false wakeups twice in a row is impossible to reproduce.
This full fix is needed for correctness, the only alternative would be
to allow VM_FAULT_RETRY to be returned infinitely.  With this fix the WP
support can stick to a strict "one more" VM_FAULT_RETRY logic (no need
of returning it infinite times to avoid the SIGBUS).

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170111005535.13832-2-aarcange@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Reported-by: Shubham Kumar Sharma <shubham.kumar.sharma@oracle.com>
Tested-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Acked-by: Hillf Danton <hillf.zj@alibaba-inc.com>
Cc: Michael Rapoport <RAPOPORT@il.ibm.com>
Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <alexander.levin@verizon.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
heftig pushed a commit that referenced this issue Jul 28, 2017
commit d1aa245 upstream.

generic/361 reports below warning, this is because: once, there is
someone entering into critical region of sbi.cp_lock, if write_end_io.
f2fs_stop_checkpoint is invoked from an triggered IRQ, we will encounter
deadlock.

So this patch changes to use spin_{,un}lock_irq{save,restore} to create
critical region without IRQ enabled to avoid potential deadlock.

 irq event stamp: 83391573
 loop: Write error at byte offset 438729728, length 1024.
 hardirqs last  enabled at (83391573): [<c1809752>] restore_all+0xf/0x65
 hardirqs last disabled at (83391572): [<c1809eac>] reschedule_interrupt+0x30/0x3c
 loop: Write error at byte offset 438860288, length 1536.
 softirqs last  enabled at (83389244): [<c180cc4e>] __do_softirq+0x1ae/0x476
 softirqs last disabled at (83389237): [<c101ca7c>] do_softirq_own_stack+0x2c/0x40
 loop: Write error at byte offset 438990848, length 2048.
 ================================
 WARNING: inconsistent lock state
 4.12.0-rc2+ #30 Tainted: G           O
 --------------------------------
 inconsistent {HARDIRQ-ON-W} -> {IN-HARDIRQ-W} usage.
 xfs_io/7959 [HC1[1]:SC0[0]:HE0:SE1] takes:
  (&(&sbi->cp_lock)->rlock){?.+...}, at: [<f96f96cc>] f2fs_stop_checkpoint+0x1c/0x50 [f2fs]
 {HARDIRQ-ON-W} state was registered at:
   __lock_acquire+0x527/0x7b0
   lock_acquire+0xae/0x220
   _raw_spin_lock+0x42/0x50
   do_checkpoint+0x165/0x9e0 [f2fs]
   write_checkpoint+0x33f/0x740 [f2fs]
   __f2fs_sync_fs+0x92/0x1f0 [f2fs]
   f2fs_sync_fs+0x12/0x20 [f2fs]
   sync_filesystem+0x67/0x80
   generic_shutdown_super+0x27/0x100
   kill_block_super+0x22/0x50
   kill_f2fs_super+0x3a/0x40 [f2fs]
   deactivate_locked_super+0x3d/0x70
   deactivate_super+0x40/0x60
   cleanup_mnt+0x39/0x70
   __cleanup_mnt+0x10/0x20
   task_work_run+0x69/0x80
   exit_to_usermode_loop+0x57/0x85
   do_fast_syscall_32+0x18c/0x1b0
   entry_SYSENTER_32+0x4c/0x7b
 irq event stamp: 1957420
 hardirqs last  enabled at (1957419): [<c1808f37>] _raw_spin_unlock_irq+0x27/0x50
 hardirqs last disabled at (1957420): [<c1809f9c>] call_function_single_interrupt+0x30/0x3c
 softirqs last  enabled at (1953784): [<c180cc4e>] __do_softirq+0x1ae/0x476
 softirqs last disabled at (1953773): [<c101ca7c>] do_softirq_own_stack+0x2c/0x40

 other info that might help us debug this:
  Possible unsafe locking scenario:

        CPU0
        ----
   lock(&(&sbi->cp_lock)->rlock);
   <Interrupt>
     lock(&(&sbi->cp_lock)->rlock);

  *** DEADLOCK ***

 2 locks held by xfs_io/7959:
  #0:  (sb_writers#13){.+.+.+}, at: [<c11fd7ca>] vfs_write+0x16a/0x190
  #1:  (&sb->s_type->i_mutex_key#16){+.+.+.}, at: [<f96e33f5>] f2fs_file_write_iter+0x25/0x140 [f2fs]

 stack backtrace:
 CPU: 2 PID: 7959 Comm: xfs_io Tainted: G           O    4.12.0-rc2+ #30
 Hardware name: innotek GmbH VirtualBox/VirtualBox, BIOS VirtualBox 12/01/2006
 Call Trace:
  dump_stack+0x5f/0x92
  print_usage_bug+0x1d3/0x1dd
  ? check_usage_backwards+0xe0/0xe0
  mark_lock+0x23d/0x280
  __lock_acquire+0x699/0x7b0
  ? __this_cpu_preempt_check+0xf/0x20
  ? trace_hardirqs_off_caller+0x91/0xe0
  lock_acquire+0xae/0x220
  ? f2fs_stop_checkpoint+0x1c/0x50 [f2fs]
  _raw_spin_lock+0x42/0x50
  ? f2fs_stop_checkpoint+0x1c/0x50 [f2fs]
  f2fs_stop_checkpoint+0x1c/0x50 [f2fs]
  f2fs_write_end_io+0x147/0x150 [f2fs]
  bio_endio+0x7a/0x1e0
  blk_update_request+0xad/0x410
  blk_mq_end_request+0x16/0x60
  lo_complete_rq+0x3c/0x70
  __blk_mq_complete_request_remote+0x11/0x20
  flush_smp_call_function_queue+0x6d/0x120
  ? debug_smp_processor_id+0x12/0x20
  generic_smp_call_function_single_interrupt+0x12/0x30
  smp_call_function_single_interrupt+0x25/0x40
  call_function_single_interrupt+0x37/0x3c
 EIP: _raw_spin_unlock_irq+0x2d/0x50
 EFLAGS: 00000296 CPU: 2
 EAX: 00000001 EBX: d2ccc51c ECX: 00000001 EDX: c1aacebd
 ESI: 00000000 EDI: 00000000 EBP: c96c9d1c ESP: c96c9d18
  DS: 007b ES: 007b FS: 00d8 GS: 0033 SS: 0068
  ? inherit_task_group.isra.98.part.99+0x6b/0xb0
  __add_to_page_cache_locked+0x1d4/0x290
  add_to_page_cache_lru+0x38/0xb0
  pagecache_get_page+0x8e/0x200
  f2fs_write_begin+0x96/0xf00 [f2fs]
  ? trace_hardirqs_on_caller+0xdd/0x1c0
  ? current_time+0x17/0x50
  ? trace_hardirqs_on+0xb/0x10
  generic_perform_write+0xa9/0x170
  __generic_file_write_iter+0x1a2/0x1f0
  ? f2fs_preallocate_blocks+0x137/0x160 [f2fs]
  f2fs_file_write_iter+0x6e/0x140 [f2fs]
  ? __lock_acquire+0x429/0x7b0
  __vfs_write+0xc1/0x140
  vfs_write+0x9b/0x190
  SyS_pwrite64+0x63/0xa0
  do_fast_syscall_32+0xa1/0x1b0
  entry_SYSENTER_32+0x4c/0x7b
 EIP: 0xb7786c61
 EFLAGS: 00000293 CPU: 2
 EAX: ffffffda EBX: 00000003 ECX: 08416000 EDX: 00001000
 ESI: 18b24000 EDI: 00000000 EBP: 00000003 ESP: bf9b36b0
  DS: 007b ES: 007b FS: 0000 GS: 0033 SS: 007b

Fixes: aaec2b1 ("f2fs: introduce cp_lock to protect updating of ckpt_flags")
Signed-off-by: Chao Yu <yuchao0@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Jaegeuk Kim <jaegeuk@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
heftig pushed a commit that referenced this issue May 19, 2018
[ Upstream commit a8d7aa1 ]

syzbot reported a crash in tasklet_action_common() caused by dccp.

dccp needs to make sure socket wont disappear before tasklet handler
has completed.

This patch takes a reference on the socket when arming the tasklet,
and moves the sock_put() from dccp_write_xmit_timer() to dccp_write_xmitlet()

kernel BUG at kernel/softirq.c:514!
invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP KASAN
Dumping ftrace buffer:
   (ftrace buffer empty)
Modules linked in:
CPU: 1 PID: 17 Comm: ksoftirqd/1 Not tainted 4.17.0-rc3+ #30
Hardware name: Google Google Compute Engine/Google Compute Engine, BIOS Google 01/01/2011
RIP: 0010:tasklet_action_common.isra.19+0x6db/0x700 kernel/softirq.c:515
RSP: 0018:ffff8801d9b3faf8 EFLAGS: 00010246
dccp_close: ABORT with 65423 bytes unread
RAX: 1ffff1003b367f6b RBX: ffff8801daf1f3f0 RCX: 0000000000000000
RDX: ffff8801cf895498 RSI: 0000000000000004 RDI: 0000000000000000
RBP: ffff8801d9b3fc40 R08: ffffed0039f12a95 R09: ffffed0039f12a94
dccp_close: ABORT with 65423 bytes unread
R10: ffffed0039f12a94 R11: ffff8801cf8954a3 R12: 0000000000000000
R13: ffff8801d9b3fc18 R14: dffffc0000000000 R15: ffff8801cf895490
FS:  0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff8801daf00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
CR2: 0000001b2bc28000 CR3: 00000001a08a9000 CR4: 00000000001406e0
DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
Call Trace:
 tasklet_action+0x1d/0x20 kernel/softirq.c:533
 __do_softirq+0x2e0/0xaf5 kernel/softirq.c:285
dccp_close: ABORT with 65423 bytes unread
 run_ksoftirqd+0x86/0x100 kernel/softirq.c:646
 smpboot_thread_fn+0x417/0x870 kernel/smpboot.c:164
 kthread+0x345/0x410 kernel/kthread.c:238
 ret_from_fork+0x3a/0x50 arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:412
Code: 48 8b 85 e8 fe ff ff 48 8b 95 f0 fe ff ff e9 94 fb ff ff 48 89 95 f0 fe ff ff e8 81 53 6e 00 48 8b 95 f0 fe ff ff e9 62 fb ff ff <0f> 0b 48 89 cf 48 89 8d e8 fe ff ff e8 64 53 6e 00 48 8b 8d e8
RIP: tasklet_action_common.isra.19+0x6db/0x700 kernel/softirq.c:515 RSP: ffff8801d9b3faf8

Fixes: dc841e3 ("dccp: Extend CCID packet dequeueing interface")
Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com>
Reported-by: syzbot <syzkaller@googlegroups.com>
Cc: Gerrit Renker <gerrit@erg.abdn.ac.uk>
Cc: dccp@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
heftig pushed a commit that referenced this issue May 19, 2018
[ Upstream commit af50e4b ]

syzbot caught an infinite recursion in nsh_gso_segment().

Problem here is that we need to make sure the NSH header is of
reasonable length.

BUG: MAX_LOCK_DEPTH too low!
turning off the locking correctness validator.
depth: 48  max: 48!
48 locks held by syz-executor0/10189:
 #0:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock_bh){....}, at: __dev_queue_xmit+0x30f/0x34c0 net/core/dev.c:3517
 #1:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #1:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #2:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #2:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #3:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #3:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #4:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #4:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #5:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #5:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #6:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #6:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #7:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #7:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #8:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #8:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #9:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #9:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #10:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #10:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #11:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #11:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #12:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #12:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #13:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #13:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #14:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #14:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #15:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #15:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #16:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #16:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #17:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #17:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #18:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #18:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #19:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #19:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #20:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #20:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #21:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #21:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #22:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #22:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #23:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #23:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #24:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #24:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #25:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #25:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #26:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #26:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #27:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #27:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #28:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #28:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #29:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #29:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #30:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #30:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #31:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #31:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
dccp_close: ABORT with 65423 bytes unread
 #32:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #32:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #33:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #33:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #34:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #34:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #35:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #35:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #36:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #36:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #37:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #37:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #38:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #38:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #39:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #39:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #40:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #40:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #41:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #41:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #42:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #42:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #43:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #43:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #44:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #44:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #45:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #45:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #46:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #46:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
 #47:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: __skb_pull include/linux/skbuff.h:2080 [inline]
 #47:         (ptrval) (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: skb_mac_gso_segment+0x221/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2787
INFO: lockdep is turned off.
CPU: 1 PID: 10189 Comm: syz-executor0 Not tainted 4.17.0-rc2+ #26
Hardware name: Google Google Compute Engine/Google Compute Engine, BIOS Google 01/01/2011
Call Trace:
 __dump_stack lib/dump_stack.c:77 [inline]
 dump_stack+0x1b9/0x294 lib/dump_stack.c:113
 __lock_acquire+0x1788/0x5140 kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3449
 lock_acquire+0x1dc/0x520 kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3920
 rcu_lock_acquire include/linux/rcupdate.h:246 [inline]
 rcu_read_lock include/linux/rcupdate.h:632 [inline]
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x25b/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2789
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 nsh_gso_segment+0x405/0xb60 net/nsh/nsh.c:107
 skb_mac_gso_segment+0x3ad/0x720 net/core/dev.c:2792
 __skb_gso_segment+0x3bb/0x870 net/core/dev.c:2865
 skb_gso_segment include/linux/netdevice.h:4025 [inline]
 validate_xmit_skb+0x54d/0xd90 net/core/dev.c:3118
 validate_xmit_skb_list+0xbf/0x120 net/core/dev.c:3168
 sch_direct_xmit+0x354/0x11e0 net/sched/sch_generic.c:312
 qdisc_restart net/sched/sch_generic.c:399 [inline]
 __qdisc_run+0x741/0x1af0 net/sched/sch_generic.c:410
 __dev_xmit_skb net/core/dev.c:3243 [inline]
 __dev_queue_xmit+0x28ea/0x34c0 net/core/dev.c:3551
 dev_queue_xmit+0x17/0x20 net/core/dev.c:3616
 packet_snd net/packet/af_packet.c:2951 [inline]
 packet_sendmsg+0x40f8/0x6070 net/packet/af_packet.c:2976
 sock_sendmsg_nosec net/socket.c:629 [inline]
 sock_sendmsg+0xd5/0x120 net/socket.c:639
 __sys_sendto+0x3d7/0x670 net/socket.c:1789
 __do_sys_sendto net/socket.c:1801 [inline]
 __se_sys_sendto net/socket.c:1797 [inline]
 __x64_sys_sendto+0xe1/0x1a0 net/socket.c:1797
 do_syscall_64+0x1b1/0x800 arch/x86/entry/common.c:287
 entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe

Fixes: c411ed8 ("nsh: add GSO support")
Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com>
Cc: Jiri Benc <jbenc@redhat.com>
Reported-by: syzbot <syzkaller@googlegroups.com>
Acked-by: Jiri Benc <jbenc@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
heftig pushed a commit that referenced this issue May 25, 2018
[ Upstream commit 79eb382 ]

I don't why we need take a single write lock and disable interrupts
while setting up debugfs. This is what what happens when we try anyway:

|ccp 0000:03:00.2: enabling device (0000 -> 0002)
|BUG: sleeping function called from invalid context at kernel/locking/rwsem.c:69
|in_atomic(): 1, irqs_disabled(): 1, pid: 3, name: kworker/0:0
|irq event stamp: 17150
|hardirqs last  enabled at (17149): [<0000000097a18c49>] restore_regs_and_return_to_kernel+0x0/0x23
|hardirqs last disabled at (17150): [<000000000773b3a9>] _raw_write_lock_irqsave+0x1b/0x50
|softirqs last  enabled at (17148): [<0000000064d56155>] __do_softirq+0x3b8/0x4c1
|softirqs last disabled at (17125): [<0000000092633c18>] irq_exit+0xb1/0xc0
|CPU: 0 PID: 3 Comm: kworker/0:0 Not tainted 4.16.0-rc2+ #30
|Workqueue: events work_for_cpu_fn
|Call Trace:
| dump_stack+0x7d/0xb6
| ___might_sleep+0x1eb/0x250
| down_write+0x17/0x60
| start_creating+0x4c/0xe0
| debugfs_create_dir+0x9/0x100
| ccp5_debugfs_setup+0x191/0x1b0
| ccp5_init+0x8a7/0x8c0
| ccp_dev_init+0xb8/0xe0
| sp_init+0x6c/0x90
| sp_pci_probe+0x26e/0x590
| local_pci_probe+0x3f/0x90
| work_for_cpu_fn+0x11/0x20
| process_one_work+0x1ff/0x650
| worker_thread+0x1d4/0x3a0
| kthread+0xfe/0x130
| ret_from_fork+0x27/0x50

If any locking is required, a simple mutex will do it.

Cc: Gary R Hook <gary.hook@amd.com>
Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Gary R Hook <gary.hook@amd.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <alexander.levin@microsoft.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
@onodera-punpun
Copy link

@onodera-punpun onodera-punpun commented May 26, 2018

Does the liquorix patch (https://liquorix.net/sources/4.16.10-1.patch.gz) patch the exact same things as zen? Is the only difference a binary release and .config? Or is there more to it?

@concatime
Copy link

@concatime concatime commented Jun 8, 2018

Would it be interesting to enable firmware loading from /usr/local/lib/firmware?

heftig pushed a commit that referenced this issue Jul 25, 2018
commit 36eb8ff upstream.

Crash dump shows following instructions

crash> bt
PID: 0      TASK: ffffffffbe412480  CPU: 0   COMMAND: "swapper/0"
 #0 [ffff891ee0003868] machine_kexec at ffffffffbd063ef1
 #1 [ffff891ee00038c8] __crash_kexec at ffffffffbd12b6f2
 #2 [ffff891ee0003998] crash_kexec at ffffffffbd12c84c
 #3 [ffff891ee00039b8] oops_end at ffffffffbd030f0a
 #4 [ffff891ee00039e0] no_context at ffffffffbd074643
 #5 [ffff891ee0003a40] __bad_area_nosemaphore at ffffffffbd07496e
 #6 [ffff891ee0003a90] bad_area_nosemaphore at ffffffffbd074a64
 #7 [ffff891ee0003aa0] __do_page_fault at ffffffffbd074b0a
 #8 [ffff891ee0003b18] do_page_fault at ffffffffbd074fc8
 #9 [ffff891ee0003b50] page_fault at ffffffffbda01925
    [exception RIP: qlt_schedule_sess_for_deletion+15]
    RIP: ffffffffc02e526f  RSP: ffff891ee0003c08  RFLAGS: 00010046
    RAX: 0000000000000000  RBX: 0000000000000000  RCX: ffffffffc0307847
    RDX: 00000000000020e6  RSI: ffff891edbc377c8  RDI: 0000000000000000
    RBP: ffff891ee0003c18   R8: ffffffffc02f0b20   R9: 0000000000000250
    R10: 0000000000000258  R11: 000000000000b780  R12: ffff891ed9b43000
    R13: 00000000000000f0  R14: 0000000000000006  R15: ffff891edbc377c8
    ORIG_RAX: ffffffffffffffff  CS: 0010  SS: 0018
 #10 [ffff891ee0003c20] qla2x00_fcport_event_handler at ffffffffc02853d3 [qla2xxx]
 #11 [ffff891ee0003cf0] __dta_qla24xx_async_gnl_sp_done_333 at ffffffffc0285a1d [qla2xxx]
 #12 [ffff891ee0003de8] qla24xx_process_response_queue at ffffffffc02a2eb5 [qla2xxx]
 #13 [ffff891ee0003e88] qla24xx_msix_rsp_q at ffffffffc02a5403 [qla2xxx]
 #14 [ffff891ee0003ec0] __handle_irq_event_percpu at ffffffffbd0f4c59
 #15 [ffff891ee0003f10] handle_irq_event_percpu at ffffffffbd0f4e02
 #16 [ffff891ee0003f40] handle_irq_event at ffffffffbd0f4e90
 #17 [ffff891ee0003f68] handle_edge_irq at ffffffffbd0f8984
 #18 [ffff891ee0003f88] handle_irq at ffffffffbd0305d5
 #19 [ffff891ee0003fb8] do_IRQ at ffffffffbda02a18
 --- <IRQ stack> ---
 #20 [ffffffffbe403d30] ret_from_intr at ffffffffbda0094e
    [exception RIP: unknown or invalid address]
    RIP: 000000000000001f  RSP: 0000000000000000  RFLAGS: fff3b8c2091ebb3f
    RAX: ffffbba5a0000200  RBX: 0000be8cdfa8f9fa  RCX: 0000000000000018
    RDX: 0000000000000101  RSI: 000000000000015d  RDI: 0000000000000193
    RBP: 0000000000000083   R8: ffffffffbe403e38   R9: 0000000000000002
    R10: 0000000000000000  R11: ffffffffbe56b820  R12: ffff891ee001cf00
    R13: ffffffffbd11c0a4  R14: ffffffffbe403d60  R15: 0000000000000001
    ORIG_RAX: ffff891ee0022ac0  CS: 0000  SS: ffffffffffffffb9
 bt: WARNING: possibly bogus exception frame
 #21 [ffffffffbe403dd8] cpuidle_enter_state at ffffffffbd67c6fd
 #22 [ffffffffbe403e40] cpuidle_enter at ffffffffbd67c907
 #23 [ffffffffbe403e50] call_cpuidle at ffffffffbd0d98f3
 #24 [ffffffffbe403e60] do_idle at ffffffffbd0d9b42
 #25 [ffffffffbe403e98] cpu_startup_entry at ffffffffbd0d9da3
 #26 [ffffffffbe403ec0] rest_init at ffffffffbd81d4aa
 #27 [ffffffffbe403ed0] start_kernel at ffffffffbe67d2ca
 #28 [ffffffffbe403f28] x86_64_start_reservations at ffffffffbe67c675
 #29 [ffffffffbe403f38] x86_64_start_kernel at ffffffffbe67c6eb
 #30 [ffffffffbe403f50] secondary_startup_64 at ffffffffbd0000d5

Fixes: 040036b ("scsi: qla2xxx: Delay loop id allocation at login")
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> # v4.17+
Signed-off-by: Chuck Anderson <chuck.anderson@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Himanshu Madhani <himanshu.madhani@cavium.com>
Signed-off-by: Martin K. Petersen <martin.petersen@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
@damentz damentz mentioned this issue Aug 16, 2018
damentz added a commit that referenced this issue Aug 18, 2018
[ Upstream commit 6d37fa4 ]

In l2tp code, if it is a L2TP_UDP_ENCAP tunnel, tunnel->sk points to a
UDP socket. User could call sendmsg() on both this tunnel and the UDP
socket itself concurrently. As l2tp_xmit_skb() holds socket lock and call
__sk_dst_check() to refresh sk->sk_dst_cache, while udpv6_sendmsg() is
lockless and call sk_dst_check() to refresh sk->sk_dst_cache, there
could be a race and cause the dst cache to be freed multiple times.
So we fix l2tp side code to always call sk_dst_check() to garantee
xchg() is called when refreshing sk->sk_dst_cache to avoid race
conditions.

Syzkaller reported stack trace:
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in atomic_read include/asm-generic/atomic-instrumented.h:21 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in atomic_fetch_add_unless include/linux/atomic.h:575 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in atomic_add_unless include/linux/atomic.h:597 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in dst_hold_safe include/net/dst.h:308 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in ip6_hold_safe+0xe6/0x670 net/ipv6/route.c:1029
Read of size 4 at addr ffff8801aea9a880 by task syz-executor129/4829

CPU: 0 PID: 4829 Comm: syz-executor129 Not tainted 4.18.0-rc7-next-20180802+ #30
Hardware name: Google Google Compute Engine/Google Compute Engine, BIOS Google 01/01/2011
Call Trace:
 __dump_stack lib/dump_stack.c:77 [inline]
 dump_stack+0x1c9/0x2b4 lib/dump_stack.c:113
 print_address_description+0x6c/0x20b mm/kasan/report.c:256
 kasan_report_error mm/kasan/report.c:354 [inline]
 kasan_report.cold.7+0x242/0x30d mm/kasan/report.c:412
 check_memory_region_inline mm/kasan/kasan.c:260 [inline]
 check_memory_region+0x13e/0x1b0 mm/kasan/kasan.c:267
 kasan_check_read+0x11/0x20 mm/kasan/kasan.c:272
 atomic_read include/asm-generic/atomic-instrumented.h:21 [inline]
 atomic_fetch_add_unless include/linux/atomic.h:575 [inline]
 atomic_add_unless include/linux/atomic.h:597 [inline]
 dst_hold_safe include/net/dst.h:308 [inline]
 ip6_hold_safe+0xe6/0x670 net/ipv6/route.c:1029
 rt6_get_pcpu_route net/ipv6/route.c:1249 [inline]
 ip6_pol_route+0x354/0xd20 net/ipv6/route.c:1922
 ip6_pol_route_output+0x54/0x70 net/ipv6/route.c:2098
 fib6_rule_lookup+0x283/0x890 net/ipv6/fib6_rules.c:122
 ip6_route_output_flags+0x2c5/0x350 net/ipv6/route.c:2126
 ip6_dst_lookup_tail+0x1278/0x1da0 net/ipv6/ip6_output.c:978
 ip6_dst_lookup_flow+0xc8/0x270 net/ipv6/ip6_output.c:1079
 ip6_sk_dst_lookup_flow+0x5ed/0xc50 net/ipv6/ip6_output.c:1117
 udpv6_sendmsg+0x2163/0x36b0 net/ipv6/udp.c:1354
 inet_sendmsg+0x1a1/0x690 net/ipv4/af_inet.c:798
 sock_sendmsg_nosec net/socket.c:622 [inline]
 sock_sendmsg+0xd5/0x120 net/socket.c:632
 ___sys_sendmsg+0x51d/0x930 net/socket.c:2115
 __sys_sendmmsg+0x240/0x6f0 net/socket.c:2210
 __do_sys_sendmmsg net/socket.c:2239 [inline]
 __se_sys_sendmmsg net/socket.c:2236 [inline]
 __x64_sys_sendmmsg+0x9d/0x100 net/socket.c:2236
 do_syscall_64+0x1b9/0x820 arch/x86/entry/common.c:290
 entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe
RIP: 0033:0x446a29
Code: e8 ac b8 02 00 48 83 c4 18 c3 0f 1f 80 00 00 00 00 48 89 f8 48 89 f7 48 89 d6 48 89 ca 4d 89 c2 4d 89 c8 4c 8b 4c 24 08 0f 05 <48> 3d 01 f0 ff ff 0f 83 eb 08 fc ff c3 66 2e 0f 1f 84 00 00 00 00
RSP: 002b:00007f4de5532db8 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX: 0000000000000133
RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 00000000006dcc38 RCX: 0000000000446a29
RDX: 00000000000000b8 RSI: 0000000020001b00 RDI: 0000000000000003
RBP: 00000000006dcc30 R08: 00007f4de5533700 R09: 0000000000000000
R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 00000000006dcc3c
R13: 00007ffe2b830fdf R14: 00007f4de55339c0 R15: 0000000000000001

Fixes: 71b1391 ("l2tp: ensure sk->dst is still valid")
Reported-by: syzbot+05f840f3b04f211bad55@syzkaller.appspotmail.com
Signed-off-by: Wei Wang <weiwan@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Cc: Guillaume Nault <g.nault@alphalink.fr>
Cc: David Ahern <dsahern@gmail.com>
Cc: Cong Wang <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
damentz added a commit that referenced this issue Aug 21, 2018
[ Upstream commit 6d37fa4 ]

In l2tp code, if it is a L2TP_UDP_ENCAP tunnel, tunnel->sk points to a
UDP socket. User could call sendmsg() on both this tunnel and the UDP
socket itself concurrently. As l2tp_xmit_skb() holds socket lock and call
__sk_dst_check() to refresh sk->sk_dst_cache, while udpv6_sendmsg() is
lockless and call sk_dst_check() to refresh sk->sk_dst_cache, there
could be a race and cause the dst cache to be freed multiple times.
So we fix l2tp side code to always call sk_dst_check() to garantee
xchg() is called when refreshing sk->sk_dst_cache to avoid race
conditions.

Syzkaller reported stack trace:
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in atomic_read include/asm-generic/atomic-instrumented.h:21 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in atomic_fetch_add_unless include/linux/atomic.h:575 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in atomic_add_unless include/linux/atomic.h:597 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in dst_hold_safe include/net/dst.h:308 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in ip6_hold_safe+0xe6/0x670 net/ipv6/route.c:1029
Read of size 4 at addr ffff8801aea9a880 by task syz-executor129/4829

CPU: 0 PID: 4829 Comm: syz-executor129 Not tainted 4.18.0-rc7-next-20180802+ #30
Hardware name: Google Google Compute Engine/Google Compute Engine, BIOS Google 01/01/2011
Call Trace:
 __dump_stack lib/dump_stack.c:77 [inline]
 dump_stack+0x1c9/0x2b4 lib/dump_stack.c:113
 print_address_description+0x6c/0x20b mm/kasan/report.c:256
 kasan_report_error mm/kasan/report.c:354 [inline]
 kasan_report.cold.7+0x242/0x30d mm/kasan/report.c:412
 check_memory_region_inline mm/kasan/kasan.c:260 [inline]
 check_memory_region+0x13e/0x1b0 mm/kasan/kasan.c:267
 kasan_check_read+0x11/0x20 mm/kasan/kasan.c:272
 atomic_read include/asm-generic/atomic-instrumented.h:21 [inline]
 atomic_fetch_add_unless include/linux/atomic.h:575 [inline]
 atomic_add_unless include/linux/atomic.h:597 [inline]
 dst_hold_safe include/net/dst.h:308 [inline]
 ip6_hold_safe+0xe6/0x670 net/ipv6/route.c:1029
 rt6_get_pcpu_route net/ipv6/route.c:1249 [inline]
 ip6_pol_route+0x354/0xd20 net/ipv6/route.c:1922
 ip6_pol_route_output+0x54/0x70 net/ipv6/route.c:2098
 fib6_rule_lookup+0x283/0x890 net/ipv6/fib6_rules.c:122
 ip6_route_output_flags+0x2c5/0x350 net/ipv6/route.c:2126
 ip6_dst_lookup_tail+0x1278/0x1da0 net/ipv6/ip6_output.c:978
 ip6_dst_lookup_flow+0xc8/0x270 net/ipv6/ip6_output.c:1079
 ip6_sk_dst_lookup_flow+0x5ed/0xc50 net/ipv6/ip6_output.c:1117
 udpv6_sendmsg+0x2163/0x36b0 net/ipv6/udp.c:1354
 inet_sendmsg+0x1a1/0x690 net/ipv4/af_inet.c:798
 sock_sendmsg_nosec net/socket.c:622 [inline]
 sock_sendmsg+0xd5/0x120 net/socket.c:632
 ___sys_sendmsg+0x51d/0x930 net/socket.c:2115
 __sys_sendmmsg+0x240/0x6f0 net/socket.c:2210
 __do_sys_sendmmsg net/socket.c:2239 [inline]
 __se_sys_sendmmsg net/socket.c:2236 [inline]
 __x64_sys_sendmmsg+0x9d/0x100 net/socket.c:2236
 do_syscall_64+0x1b9/0x820 arch/x86/entry/common.c:290
 entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe
RIP: 0033:0x446a29
Code: e8 ac b8 02 00 48 83 c4 18 c3 0f 1f 80 00 00 00 00 48 89 f8 48 89 f7 48 89 d6 48 89 ca 4d 89 c2 4d 89 c8 4c 8b 4c 24 08 0f 05 <48> 3d 01 f0 ff ff 0f 83 eb 08 fc ff c3 66 2e 0f 1f 84 00 00 00 00
RSP: 002b:00007f4de5532db8 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX: 0000000000000133
RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 00000000006dcc38 RCX: 0000000000446a29
RDX: 00000000000000b8 RSI: 0000000020001b00 RDI: 0000000000000003
RBP: 00000000006dcc30 R08: 00007f4de5533700 R09: 0000000000000000
R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 00000000006dcc3c
R13: 00007ffe2b830fdf R14: 00007f4de55339c0 R15: 0000000000000001

Fixes: 71b1391 ("l2tp: ensure sk->dst is still valid")
Reported-by: syzbot+05f840f3b04f211bad55@syzkaller.appspotmail.com
Signed-off-by: Wei Wang <weiwan@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Cc: Guillaume Nault <g.nault@alphalink.fr>
Cc: David Ahern <dsahern@gmail.com>
Cc: Cong Wang <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
heftig pushed a commit that referenced this issue Aug 22, 2018
[ Upstream commit 6d37fa4 ]

In l2tp code, if it is a L2TP_UDP_ENCAP tunnel, tunnel->sk points to a
UDP socket. User could call sendmsg() on both this tunnel and the UDP
socket itself concurrently. As l2tp_xmit_skb() holds socket lock and call
__sk_dst_check() to refresh sk->sk_dst_cache, while udpv6_sendmsg() is
lockless and call sk_dst_check() to refresh sk->sk_dst_cache, there
could be a race and cause the dst cache to be freed multiple times.
So we fix l2tp side code to always call sk_dst_check() to garantee
xchg() is called when refreshing sk->sk_dst_cache to avoid race
conditions.

Syzkaller reported stack trace:
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in atomic_read include/asm-generic/atomic-instrumented.h:21 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in atomic_fetch_add_unless include/linux/atomic.h:575 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in atomic_add_unless include/linux/atomic.h:597 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in dst_hold_safe include/net/dst.h:308 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in ip6_hold_safe+0xe6/0x670 net/ipv6/route.c:1029
Read of size 4 at addr ffff8801aea9a880 by task syz-executor129/4829

CPU: 0 PID: 4829 Comm: syz-executor129 Not tainted 4.18.0-rc7-next-20180802+ #30
Hardware name: Google Google Compute Engine/Google Compute Engine, BIOS Google 01/01/2011
Call Trace:
 __dump_stack lib/dump_stack.c:77 [inline]
 dump_stack+0x1c9/0x2b4 lib/dump_stack.c:113
 print_address_description+0x6c/0x20b mm/kasan/report.c:256
 kasan_report_error mm/kasan/report.c:354 [inline]
 kasan_report.cold.7+0x242/0x30d mm/kasan/report.c:412
 check_memory_region_inline mm/kasan/kasan.c:260 [inline]
 check_memory_region+0x13e/0x1b0 mm/kasan/kasan.c:267
 kasan_check_read+0x11/0x20 mm/kasan/kasan.c:272
 atomic_read include/asm-generic/atomic-instrumented.h:21 [inline]
 atomic_fetch_add_unless include/linux/atomic.h:575 [inline]
 atomic_add_unless include/linux/atomic.h:597 [inline]
 dst_hold_safe include/net/dst.h:308 [inline]
 ip6_hold_safe+0xe6/0x670 net/ipv6/route.c:1029
 rt6_get_pcpu_route net/ipv6/route.c:1249 [inline]
 ip6_pol_route+0x354/0xd20 net/ipv6/route.c:1922
 ip6_pol_route_output+0x54/0x70 net/ipv6/route.c:2098
 fib6_rule_lookup+0x283/0x890 net/ipv6/fib6_rules.c:122
 ip6_route_output_flags+0x2c5/0x350 net/ipv6/route.c:2126
 ip6_dst_lookup_tail+0x1278/0x1da0 net/ipv6/ip6_output.c:978
 ip6_dst_lookup_flow+0xc8/0x270 net/ipv6/ip6_output.c:1079
 ip6_sk_dst_lookup_flow+0x5ed/0xc50 net/ipv6/ip6_output.c:1117
 udpv6_sendmsg+0x2163/0x36b0 net/ipv6/udp.c:1354
 inet_sendmsg+0x1a1/0x690 net/ipv4/af_inet.c:798
 sock_sendmsg_nosec net/socket.c:622 [inline]
 sock_sendmsg+0xd5/0x120 net/socket.c:632
 ___sys_sendmsg+0x51d/0x930 net/socket.c:2115
 __sys_sendmmsg+0x240/0x6f0 net/socket.c:2210
 __do_sys_sendmmsg net/socket.c:2239 [inline]
 __se_sys_sendmmsg net/socket.c:2236 [inline]
 __x64_sys_sendmmsg+0x9d/0x100 net/socket.c:2236
 do_syscall_64+0x1b9/0x820 arch/x86/entry/common.c:290
 entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe
RIP: 0033:0x446a29
Code: e8 ac b8 02 00 48 83 c4 18 c3 0f 1f 80 00 00 00 00 48 89 f8 48 89 f7 48 89 d6 48 89 ca 4d 89 c2 4d 89 c8 4c 8b 4c 24 08 0f 05 <48> 3d 01 f0 ff ff 0f 83 eb 08 fc ff c3 66 2e 0f 1f 84 00 00 00 00
RSP: 002b:00007f4de5532db8 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX: 0000000000000133
RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 00000000006dcc38 RCX: 0000000000446a29
RDX: 00000000000000b8 RSI: 0000000020001b00 RDI: 0000000000000003
RBP: 00000000006dcc30 R08: 00007f4de5533700 R09: 0000000000000000
R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 00000000006dcc3c
R13: 00007ffe2b830fdf R14: 00007f4de55339c0 R15: 0000000000000001

Fixes: 71b1391 ("l2tp: ensure sk->dst is still valid")
Reported-by: syzbot+05f840f3b04f211bad55@syzkaller.appspotmail.com
Signed-off-by: Wei Wang <weiwan@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Cc: Guillaume Nault <g.nault@alphalink.fr>
Cc: David Ahern <dsahern@gmail.com>
Cc: Cong Wang <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
damentz pushed a commit that referenced this issue Aug 25, 2018
[ Upstream commit 6d37fa4 ]

In l2tp code, if it is a L2TP_UDP_ENCAP tunnel, tunnel->sk points to a
UDP socket. User could call sendmsg() on both this tunnel and the UDP
socket itself concurrently. As l2tp_xmit_skb() holds socket lock and call
__sk_dst_check() to refresh sk->sk_dst_cache, while udpv6_sendmsg() is
lockless and call sk_dst_check() to refresh sk->sk_dst_cache, there
could be a race and cause the dst cache to be freed multiple times.
So we fix l2tp side code to always call sk_dst_check() to garantee
xchg() is called when refreshing sk->sk_dst_cache to avoid race
conditions.

Syzkaller reported stack trace:
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in atomic_read include/asm-generic/atomic-instrumented.h:21 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in atomic_fetch_add_unless include/linux/atomic.h:575 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in atomic_add_unless include/linux/atomic.h:597 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in dst_hold_safe include/net/dst.h:308 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in ip6_hold_safe+0xe6/0x670 net/ipv6/route.c:1029
Read of size 4 at addr ffff8801aea9a880 by task syz-executor129/4829

CPU: 0 PID: 4829 Comm: syz-executor129 Not tainted 4.18.0-rc7-next-20180802+ #30
Hardware name: Google Google Compute Engine/Google Compute Engine, BIOS Google 01/01/2011
Call Trace:
 __dump_stack lib/dump_stack.c:77 [inline]
 dump_stack+0x1c9/0x2b4 lib/dump_stack.c:113
 print_address_description+0x6c/0x20b mm/kasan/report.c:256
 kasan_report_error mm/kasan/report.c:354 [inline]
 kasan_report.cold.7+0x242/0x30d mm/kasan/report.c:412
 check_memory_region_inline mm/kasan/kasan.c:260 [inline]
 check_memory_region+0x13e/0x1b0 mm/kasan/kasan.c:267
 kasan_check_read+0x11/0x20 mm/kasan/kasan.c:272
 atomic_read include/asm-generic/atomic-instrumented.h:21 [inline]
 atomic_fetch_add_unless include/linux/atomic.h:575 [inline]
 atomic_add_unless include/linux/atomic.h:597 [inline]
 dst_hold_safe include/net/dst.h:308 [inline]
 ip6_hold_safe+0xe6/0x670 net/ipv6/route.c:1029
 rt6_get_pcpu_route net/ipv6/route.c:1249 [inline]
 ip6_pol_route+0x354/0xd20 net/ipv6/route.c:1922
 ip6_pol_route_output+0x54/0x70 net/ipv6/route.c:2098
 fib6_rule_lookup+0x283/0x890 net/ipv6/fib6_rules.c:122
 ip6_route_output_flags+0x2c5/0x350 net/ipv6/route.c:2126
 ip6_dst_lookup_tail+0x1278/0x1da0 net/ipv6/ip6_output.c:978
 ip6_dst_lookup_flow+0xc8/0x270 net/ipv6/ip6_output.c:1079
 ip6_sk_dst_lookup_flow+0x5ed/0xc50 net/ipv6/ip6_output.c:1117
 udpv6_sendmsg+0x2163/0x36b0 net/ipv6/udp.c:1354
 inet_sendmsg+0x1a1/0x690 net/ipv4/af_inet.c:798
 sock_sendmsg_nosec net/socket.c:622 [inline]
 sock_sendmsg+0xd5/0x120 net/socket.c:632
 ___sys_sendmsg+0x51d/0x930 net/socket.c:2115
 __sys_sendmmsg+0x240/0x6f0 net/socket.c:2210
 __do_sys_sendmmsg net/socket.c:2239 [inline]
 __se_sys_sendmmsg net/socket.c:2236 [inline]
 __x64_sys_sendmmsg+0x9d/0x100 net/socket.c:2236
 do_syscall_64+0x1b9/0x820 arch/x86/entry/common.c:290
 entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe
RIP: 0033:0x446a29
Code: e8 ac b8 02 00 48 83 c4 18 c3 0f 1f 80 00 00 00 00 48 89 f8 48 89 f7 48 89 d6 48 89 ca 4d 89 c2 4d 89 c8 4c 8b 4c 24 08 0f 05 <48> 3d 01 f0 ff ff 0f 83 eb 08 fc ff c3 66 2e 0f 1f 84 00 00 00 00
RSP: 002b:00007f4de5532db8 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX: 0000000000000133
RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 00000000006dcc38 RCX: 0000000000446a29
RDX: 00000000000000b8 RSI: 0000000020001b00 RDI: 0000000000000003
RBP: 00000000006dcc30 R08: 00007f4de5533700 R09: 0000000000000000
R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 00000000006dcc3c
R13: 00007ffe2b830fdf R14: 00007f4de55339c0 R15: 0000000000000001

Fixes: 71b1391 ("l2tp: ensure sk->dst is still valid")
Reported-by: syzbot+05f840f3b04f211bad55@syzkaller.appspotmail.com
Signed-off-by: Wei Wang <weiwan@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>
Cc: Guillaume Nault <g.nault@alphalink.fr>
Cc: David Ahern <dsahern@gmail.com>
Cc: Cong Wang <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
damentz pushed a commit that referenced this issue Aug 25, 2018
[ Upstream commit dc0f0a0 ]

When kcs_bmc_handle_event calls kcs_force_abort function to handle the
not open (no user running) KCS channel transaction, the returned status
value -ENODEV causes the low level IRQ handler indicating that the irq
was not for him by returning IRQ_NONE. After some time, this IRQ will
be treated to be spurious one, and the exception dump happens.

   irq 30: nobody cared (try booting with the "irqpoll" option)
   CPU: 0 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 4.10.15-npcm750 #1
   Hardware name: NPCMX50 Chip family
   [<c010b264>] (unwind_backtrace) from [<c0106930>] (show_stack+0x20/0x24)
   [<c0106930>] (show_stack) from [<c03dad38>] (dump_stack+0x8c/0xa0)
   [<c03dad38>] (dump_stack) from [<c0168810>] (__report_bad_irq+0x3c/0xdc)
   [<c0168810>] (__report_bad_irq) from [<c0168c34>] (note_interrupt+0x29c/0x2ec)
   [<c0168c34>] (note_interrupt) from [<c0165c80>] (handle_irq_event_percpu+0x5c/0x68)
   [<c0165c80>] (handle_irq_event_percpu) from [<c0165cd4>] (handle_irq_event+0x48/0x6c)
   [<c0165cd4>] (handle_irq_event) from [<c0169664>] (handle_fasteoi_irq+0xc8/0x198)
   [<c0169664>] (handle_fasteoi_irq) from [<c016529c>] (__handle_domain_irq+0x90/0xe8)
   [<c016529c>] (__handle_domain_irq) from [<c01014bc>] (gic_handle_irq+0x58/0x9c)
   [<c01014bc>] (gic_handle_irq) from [<c010752c>] (__irq_svc+0x6c/0x90)
   Exception stack(0xc0a01de8 to 0xc0a01e30)
   1de0:                   00002080 c0a6fbc0 00000000 00000000 00000000 c096d294
   1e00: 00000000 00000001 dc406400 f03ff100 00000082 c0a01e94 c0a6fbc0 c0a01e38
   1e20: 00200102 c01015bc 60000113 ffffffff
   [<c010752c>] (__irq_svc) from [<c01015bc>] (__do_softirq+0xbc/0x358)
   [<c01015bc>] (__do_softirq) from [<c011c798>] (irq_exit+0xb8/0xec)
   [<c011c798>] (irq_exit) from [<c01652a0>] (__handle_domain_irq+0x94/0xe8)
   [<c01652a0>] (__handle_domain_irq) from [<c01014bc>] (gic_handle_irq+0x58/0x9c)
   [<c01014bc>] (gic_handle_irq) from [<c010752c>] (__irq_svc+0x6c/0x90)
   Exception stack(0xc0a01ef8 to 0xc0a01f40)
   1ee0:                                                       00000000 000003ae
   1f00: dcc0f338 c0111060 c0a00000 c0a0cc44 c0a0cbe4 c0a1c22b c07bc218 00000001
   1f20: dcffca40 c0a01f54 c0a01f58 c0a01f48 c0103524 c0103528 60000013 ffffffff
   [<c010752c>] (__irq_svc) from [<c0103528>] (arch_cpu_idle+0x48/0x4c)
   [<c0103528>] (arch_cpu_idle) from [<c0681390>] (default_idle_call+0x30/0x3c)
   [<c0681390>] (default_idle_call) from [<c0156f24>] (do_idle+0xc8/0x134)
   [<c0156f24>] (do_idle) from [<c015722c>] (cpu_startup_entry+0x28/0x2c)
   [<c015722c>] (cpu_startup_entry) from [<c067ad74>] (rest_init+0x84/0x88)
   [<c067ad74>] (rest_init) from [<c0900d44>] (start_kernel+0x388/0x394)
   [<c0900d44>] (start_kernel) from [<0000807c>] (0x807c)
   handlers:
   [<c041c5dc>] npcm7xx_kcs_irq
   Disabling IRQ #30

It needs to change the returned status from -ENODEV to 0. The -ENODEV
was originally used to tell the low level IRQ handler that no user was
running, but not consider the IRQ handling desgin.

And multiple KCS channels share one IRQ handler, it needs to check the
IBF flag before doing force abort. If the IBF is set, after handling,
return 0 to low level IRQ handler to indicate that the IRQ is handled.

Signed-off-by: Haiyue Wang <haiyue.wang@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Corey Minyard <cminyard@mvista.com>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <alexander.levin@microsoft.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
damentz pushed a commit that referenced this issue Jan 9, 2019
…delalloc_nocow

commit 27a7ff5 upstream.

The test case btrfs/001 with inode_cache mount option will encounter the
following warning:

  WARNING: CPU: 1 PID: 23700 at fs/btrfs/inode.c:956 cow_file_range.isra.19+0x32b/0x430 [btrfs]
  CPU: 1 PID: 23700 Comm: btrfs Kdump: loaded Tainted: G        W  O      4.20.0-rc4-custom+ #30
  Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (Q35 + ICH9, 2009), BIOS 0.0.0 02/06/2015
  RIP: 0010:cow_file_range.isra.19+0x32b/0x430 [btrfs]
  Call Trace:
   ? free_extent_buffer+0x46/0x90 [btrfs]
   run_delalloc_nocow+0x455/0x900 [btrfs]
   btrfs_run_delalloc_range+0x1a7/0x360 [btrfs]
   writepage_delalloc+0xf9/0x150 [btrfs]
   __extent_writepage+0x125/0x3e0 [btrfs]
   extent_write_cache_pages+0x1b6/0x3e0 [btrfs]
   ? __wake_up_common_lock+0x63/0xc0
   extent_writepages+0x50/0x80 [btrfs]
   do_writepages+0x41/0xd0
   ? __filemap_fdatawrite_range+0x9e/0xf0
   __filemap_fdatawrite_range+0xbe/0xf0
   btrfs_fdatawrite_range+0x1b/0x50 [btrfs]
   __btrfs_write_out_cache+0x42c/0x480 [btrfs]
   btrfs_write_out_ino_cache+0x84/0xd0 [btrfs]
   btrfs_save_ino_cache+0x551/0x660 [btrfs]
   commit_fs_roots+0xc5/0x190 [btrfs]
   btrfs_commit_transaction+0x2bf/0x8d0 [btrfs]
   btrfs_mksubvol+0x48d/0x4d0 [btrfs]
   btrfs_ioctl_snap_create_transid+0x170/0x180 [btrfs]
   btrfs_ioctl_snap_create_v2+0x124/0x180 [btrfs]
   btrfs_ioctl+0x123f/0x3030 [btrfs]

The file extent generation of the free space inode is equal to the last
snapshot of the file root, so the inode will be passed to cow_file_rage.
But the inode was created and its extents were preallocated in
btrfs_save_ino_cache, there are no cow copies on disk.

The preallocated extent is not yet in the extent tree, and
btrfs_cross_ref_exist will ignore the -ENOENT returned by
check_committed_ref, so we can directly write the inode to the disk.

Fixes: 78d4295 ("btrfs: lift some btrfs_cross_ref_exist checks in nocow path")
CC: stable@vger.kernel.org # 4.18+
Reviewed-by: Filipe Manana <fdmanana@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: Lu Fengqi <lufq.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: David Sterba <dsterba@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
heftig pushed a commit that referenced this issue Jan 9, 2019
…delalloc_nocow

commit 27a7ff5 upstream.

The test case btrfs/001 with inode_cache mount option will encounter the
following warning:

  WARNING: CPU: 1 PID: 23700 at fs/btrfs/inode.c:956 cow_file_range.isra.19+0x32b/0x430 [btrfs]
  CPU: 1 PID: 23700 Comm: btrfs Kdump: loaded Tainted: G        W  O      4.20.0-rc4-custom+ #30
  Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (Q35 + ICH9, 2009), BIOS 0.0.0 02/06/2015
  RIP: 0010:cow_file_range.isra.19+0x32b/0x430 [btrfs]
  Call Trace:
   ? free_extent_buffer+0x46/0x90 [btrfs]
   run_delalloc_nocow+0x455/0x900 [btrfs]
   btrfs_run_delalloc_range+0x1a7/0x360 [btrfs]
   writepage_delalloc+0xf9/0x150 [btrfs]
   __extent_writepage+0x125/0x3e0 [btrfs]
   extent_write_cache_pages+0x1b6/0x3e0 [btrfs]
   ? __wake_up_common_lock+0x63/0xc0
   extent_writepages+0x50/0x80 [btrfs]
   do_writepages+0x41/0xd0
   ? __filemap_fdatawrite_range+0x9e/0xf0
   __filemap_fdatawrite_range+0xbe/0xf0
   btrfs_fdatawrite_range+0x1b/0x50 [btrfs]
   __btrfs_write_out_cache+0x42c/0x480 [btrfs]
   btrfs_write_out_ino_cache+0x84/0xd0 [btrfs]
   btrfs_save_ino_cache+0x551/0x660 [btrfs]
   commit_fs_roots+0xc5/0x190 [btrfs]
   btrfs_commit_transaction+0x2bf/0x8d0 [btrfs]
   btrfs_mksubvol+0x48d/0x4d0 [btrfs]
   btrfs_ioctl_snap_create_transid+0x170/0x180 [btrfs]
   btrfs_ioctl_snap_create_v2+0x124/0x180 [btrfs]
   btrfs_ioctl+0x123f/0x3030 [btrfs]

The file extent generation of the free space inode is equal to the last
snapshot of the file root, so the inode will be passed to cow_file_rage.
But the inode was created and its extents were preallocated in
btrfs_save_ino_cache, there are no cow copies on disk.

The preallocated extent is not yet in the extent tree, and
btrfs_cross_ref_exist will ignore the -ENOENT returned by
check_committed_ref, so we can directly write the inode to the disk.

Fixes: 78d4295 ("btrfs: lift some btrfs_cross_ref_exist checks in nocow path")
CC: stable@vger.kernel.org # 4.18+
Reviewed-by: Filipe Manana <fdmanana@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: Lu Fengqi <lufq.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: David Sterba <dsterba@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
@smurfhunter
Copy link

@smurfhunter smurfhunter commented Jan 25, 2019

Is there a reason this issue is still open? Couldn't this information be integrated into a wiki or other place to find it instead of the github issues page?

@damentz
Copy link
Member

@damentz damentz commented Jan 29, 2019

@smurfhunter it's still open because we acknowledge that we need a wiki of sorts. There's been some changes in how we're releasing patches and what the master branch means now, so we're definitely overdue for a wiki that explains the best way to use the repo, and what out-of-tree features and backports we're actively maintaining.

heftig pushed a commit that referenced this issue Mar 27, 2019
commit 2b77158 upstream.

This reverts commit b189e75.

Unable to handle kernel paging request at virtual address c8358000
pgd = efa405c3
[c8358000] *pgd=00000000
Internal error: Oops: 805 [#1] PREEMPT ARM
CPU: 0 PID: 711 Comm: kworker/0:2 Not tainted 4.20.0+ #30
Hardware name: Freescale i.MX27 (Device Tree Support)
Workqueue: events mxcmci_datawork
PC is at mxcmci_datawork+0xbc/0x2ac
LR is at mxcmci_datawork+0xac/0x2ac
pc : [<c04e33c8>]    lr : [<c04e33b8>]    psr: 60000013
sp : c6c93f08  ip : 24004180  fp : 00000008
r10: c8358000  r9 : c78b3e24  r8 : c6c92000
r7 : 00000000  r6 : c7bb8680  r5 : c7bb86d4  r4 : c78b3de0
r3 : 00002502  r2 : c090b2e0  r1 : 00000880  r0 : 00000000
Flags: nZCv  IRQs on  FIQs on  Mode SVC_32  ISA ARM  Segment user
Control: 0005317f  Table: a68a8000  DAC: 00000055
Process kworker/0:2 (pid: 711, stack limit = 0x389543bc)
Stack: (0xc6c93f08 to 0xc6c94000)
3f00:                   c7bb86d4 00000000 00000000 c6cbfde0 c7bb86d4 c7ee4200
3f20: 00000000 c0907ea8 00000000 c7bb86d8 c0907ea8 c012077c c6cbfde0 c7bb86d4
3f40: c6cbfde0 c6c92000 c6cbfdf4 c09280ba c0907ea8 c090b2e0 c0907ebc c0120c18
3f60: c6cbfde0 00000000 00000000 c6cbb580 c7ba7c40 c7837edc c6cbb598 00000000
3f80: c6cbfde0 c01208f8 00000000 c01254fc c7ba7c40 c0125400 00000000 00000000
3fa0: 00000000 00000000 00000000 c01010d0 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000
3fc0: 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000
3fe0: 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000013 00000000 00000000 00000000
[<c04e33c8>] (mxcmci_datawork) from [<c012077c>] (process_one_work+0x1f0/0x338)
[<c012077c>] (process_one_work) from [<c0120c18>] (worker_thread+0x320/0x474)
[<c0120c18>] (worker_thread) from [<c01254fc>] (kthread+0xfc/0x118)
[<c01254fc>] (kthread) from [<c01010d0>] (ret_from_fork+0x14/0x24)
Exception stack(0xc6c93fb0 to 0xc6c93ff8)
3fa0:                                     00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000
3fc0: 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000
3fe0: 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000013 00000000
Code: e3500000 1a000059 e5153050 e5933038 (e48a3004)
---[ end trace 54ca629b75f0e737 ]---
note: kworker/0:2[711] exited with preempt_count 1

Signed-off-by: Alexander Shiyan <shc_work@mail.ru>
Fixes: b189e75 ("mmc: mxcmmc: handle highmem pages")
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
damentz pushed a commit that referenced this issue Mar 28, 2019
commit 2b77158 upstream.

This reverts commit b189e75.

Unable to handle kernel paging request at virtual address c8358000
pgd = efa405c3
[c8358000] *pgd=00000000
Internal error: Oops: 805 [#1] PREEMPT ARM
CPU: 0 PID: 711 Comm: kworker/0:2 Not tainted 4.20.0+ #30
Hardware name: Freescale i.MX27 (Device Tree Support)
Workqueue: events mxcmci_datawork
PC is at mxcmci_datawork+0xbc/0x2ac
LR is at mxcmci_datawork+0xac/0x2ac
pc : [<c04e33c8>]    lr : [<c04e33b8>]    psr: 60000013
sp : c6c93f08  ip : 24004180  fp : 00000008
r10: c8358000  r9 : c78b3e24  r8 : c6c92000
r7 : 00000000  r6 : c7bb8680  r5 : c7bb86d4  r4 : c78b3de0
r3 : 00002502  r2 : c090b2e0  r1 : 00000880  r0 : 00000000
Flags: nZCv  IRQs on  FIQs on  Mode SVC_32  ISA ARM  Segment user
Control: 0005317f  Table: a68a8000  DAC: 00000055
Process kworker/0:2 (pid: 711, stack limit = 0x389543bc)
Stack: (0xc6c93f08 to 0xc6c94000)
3f00:                   c7bb86d4 00000000 00000000 c6cbfde0 c7bb86d4 c7ee4200
3f20: 00000000 c0907ea8 00000000 c7bb86d8 c0907ea8 c012077c c6cbfde0 c7bb86d4
3f40: c6cbfde0 c6c92000 c6cbfdf4 c09280ba c0907ea8 c090b2e0 c0907ebc c0120c18
3f60: c6cbfde0 00000000 00000000 c6cbb580 c7ba7c40 c7837edc c6cbb598 00000000
3f80: c6cbfde0 c01208f8 00000000 c01254fc c7ba7c40 c0125400 00000000 00000000
3fa0: 00000000 00000000 00000000 c01010d0 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000
3fc0: 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000
3fe0: 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000013 00000000 00000000 00000000
[<c04e33c8>] (mxcmci_datawork) from [<c012077c>] (process_one_work+0x1f0/0x338)
[<c012077c>] (process_one_work) from [<c0120c18>] (worker_thread+0x320/0x474)
[<c0120c18>] (worker_thread) from [<c01254fc>] (kthread+0xfc/0x118)
[<c01254fc>] (kthread) from [<c01010d0>] (ret_from_fork+0x14/0x24)
Exception stack(0xc6c93fb0 to 0xc6c93ff8)
3fa0:                                     00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000
3fc0: 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000
3fe0: 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000013 00000000
Code: e3500000 1a000059 e5153050 e5933038 (e48a3004)
---[ end trace 54ca629b75f0e737 ]---
note: kworker/0:2[711] exited with preempt_count 1

Signed-off-by: Alexander Shiyan <shc_work@mail.ru>
Fixes: b189e75 ("mmc: mxcmmc: handle highmem pages")
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
heftig pushed a commit that referenced this issue May 31, 2019
…nable()

[ Upstream commit 898bc40 ]

Fix au0828_analog_stream_enable() to check if device is in the right
state first. When unbind happens while bind is in progress, usbdev
pointer could be invalid in au0828_analog_stream_enable() and a call
to usb_ifnum_to_if() will result in the null pointer dereference.

This problem is found with the new media_dev_allocator.sh test.

kernel: [  590.359623] BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at 00000000000004e8
kernel: [  590.359627] #PF error: [normal kernel read fault]
kernel: [  590.359629] PGD 0 P4D 0
kernel: [  590.359632] Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP PTI
kernel: [  590.359634] CPU: 3 PID: 1458 Comm: v4l_id Not tainted 5.1.0-rc2+ #30
kernel: [  590.359636] Hardware name: Dell Inc. OptiPlex 7 90/0HY9JP, BIOS A18 09/24/2013
kernel: [  590.359641] RIP: 0010:usb_ifnum_to_if+0x6/0x60
kernel: [  590.359643] Code: 5d 41 5e 41 5f 5d c3 48 83 c4
 10 b8 fa ff ff ff 5b 41 5c 41 5d 41 5e 41 5f 5d c3 b8 fa ff ff ff c3 0f 1f 00 6
6 66 66 66 90 55 <48> 8b 97 e8 04 00 00 48 89 e5 48 85 d2 74 41 0f b6 4a 04 84 c
9 74
kernel: [  590.359645] RSP: 0018:ffffad3cc3c1fc00 EFLAGS: 00010246
kernel: [  590.359646] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: ffff8ded b1f3c000 RCX: 1f377e4500000000
kernel: [  590.359648] RDX: ffff8dedfa3a6b50 RSI: 00000000 00000000 RDI: 0000000000000000
kernel: [  590.359649] RBP: ffffad3cc3c1fc28 R08: 00000000 8574acc2 R09: ffff8dedfa3a6b50
kernel: [  590.359650] R10: 0000000000000001 R11: 00000000 00000000 R12: 0000000000000000
kernel: [  590.359652] R13: ffff8dedb1f3f0f0 R14: ffffffff adcf7ec0 R15: 0000000000000000
kernel: [  590.359654] FS:  00007f7917198540(0000) GS:ffff 8dee258c0000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
kernel: [  590.359655] CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 00 00000080050033
kernel: [  590.359657] CR2: 00000000000004e8 CR3: 00000001 a388e002 CR4: 00000000000606e0
kernel: [  590.359658] Call Trace:
kernel: [  590.359664]  ? au0828_analog_stream_enable+0x2c/0x180
kernel: [  590.359666]  au0828_v4l2_open+0xa4/0x110
kernel: [  590.359670]  v4l2_open+0x8b/0x120
kernel: [  590.359674]  chrdev_open+0xa6/0x1c0
kernel: [  590.359676]  ? cdev_put.part.3+0x20/0x20
kernel: [  590.359678]  do_dentry_open+0x1f6/0x360
kernel: [  590.359681]  vfs_open+0x2f/0x40
kernel: [  590.359684]  path_openat+0x299/0xc20
kernel: [  590.359688]  do_filp_open+0x9b/0x110
kernel: [  590.359695]  ? _raw_spin_unlock+0x27/0x40
kernel: [  590.359697]  ? __alloc_fd+0xb2/0x160
kernel: [  590.359700]  do_sys_open+0x1ba/0x260
kernel: [  590.359702]  ? do_sys_open+0x1ba/0x260
kernel: [  590.359712]  __x64_sys_openat+0x20/0x30
kernel: [  590.359715]  do_syscall_64+0x5a/0x120
kernel: [  590.359718]  entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9

Signed-off-by: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Hans Verkuil <hverkuil-cisco@xs4all.nl>
Signed-off-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+samsung@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
damentz pushed a commit that referenced this issue May 31, 2019
…nable()

[ Upstream commit 898bc40 ]

Fix au0828_analog_stream_enable() to check if device is in the right
state first. When unbind happens while bind is in progress, usbdev
pointer could be invalid in au0828_analog_stream_enable() and a call
to usb_ifnum_to_if() will result in the null pointer dereference.

This problem is found with the new media_dev_allocator.sh test.

kernel: [  590.359623] BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at 00000000000004e8
kernel: [  590.359627] #PF error: [normal kernel read fault]
kernel: [  590.359629] PGD 0 P4D 0
kernel: [  590.359632] Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP PTI
kernel: [  590.359634] CPU: 3 PID: 1458 Comm: v4l_id Not tainted 5.1.0-rc2+ #30
kernel: [  590.359636] Hardware name: Dell Inc. OptiPlex 7 90/0HY9JP, BIOS A18 09/24/2013
kernel: [  590.359641] RIP: 0010:usb_ifnum_to_if+0x6/0x60
kernel: [  590.359643] Code: 5d 41 5e 41 5f 5d c3 48 83 c4
 10 b8 fa ff ff ff 5b 41 5c 41 5d 41 5e 41 5f 5d c3 b8 fa ff ff ff c3 0f 1f 00 6
6 66 66 66 90 55 <48> 8b 97 e8 04 00 00 48 89 e5 48 85 d2 74 41 0f b6 4a 04 84 c
9 74
kernel: [  590.359645] RSP: 0018:ffffad3cc3c1fc00 EFLAGS: 00010246
kernel: [  590.359646] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: ffff8ded b1f3c000 RCX: 1f377e4500000000
kernel: [  590.359648] RDX: ffff8dedfa3a6b50 RSI: 00000000 00000000 RDI: 0000000000000000
kernel: [  590.359649] RBP: ffffad3cc3c1fc28 R08: 00000000 8574acc2 R09: ffff8dedfa3a6b50
kernel: [  590.359650] R10: 0000000000000001 R11: 00000000 00000000 R12: 0000000000000000
kernel: [  590.359652] R13: ffff8dedb1f3f0f0 R14: ffffffff adcf7ec0 R15: 0000000000000000
kernel: [  590.359654] FS:  00007f7917198540(0000) GS:ffff 8dee258c0000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
kernel: [  590.359655] CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 00 00000080050033
kernel: [  590.359657] CR2: 00000000000004e8 CR3: 00000001 a388e002 CR4: 00000000000606e0
kernel: [  590.359658] Call Trace:
kernel: [  590.359664]  ? au0828_analog_stream_enable+0x2c/0x180
kernel: [  590.359666]  au0828_v4l2_open+0xa4/0x110
kernel: [  590.359670]  v4l2_open+0x8b/0x120
kernel: [  590.359674]  chrdev_open+0xa6/0x1c0
kernel: [  590.359676]  ? cdev_put.part.3+0x20/0x20
kernel: [  590.359678]  do_dentry_open+0x1f6/0x360
kernel: [  590.359681]  vfs_open+0x2f/0x40
kernel: [  590.359684]  path_openat+0x299/0xc20
kernel: [  590.359688]  do_filp_open+0x9b/0x110
kernel: [  590.359695]  ? _raw_spin_unlock+0x27/0x40
kernel: [  590.359697]  ? __alloc_fd+0xb2/0x160
kernel: [  590.359700]  do_sys_open+0x1ba/0x260
kernel: [  590.359702]  ? do_sys_open+0x1ba/0x260
kernel: [  590.359712]  __x64_sys_openat+0x20/0x30
kernel: [  590.359715]  do_syscall_64+0x5a/0x120
kernel: [  590.359718]  entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9

Signed-off-by: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Hans Verkuil <hverkuil-cisco@xs4all.nl>
Signed-off-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+samsung@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
damentz pushed a commit that referenced this issue May 31, 2019
…nable()

[ Upstream commit 898bc40 ]

Fix au0828_analog_stream_enable() to check if device is in the right
state first. When unbind happens while bind is in progress, usbdev
pointer could be invalid in au0828_analog_stream_enable() and a call
to usb_ifnum_to_if() will result in the null pointer dereference.

This problem is found with the new media_dev_allocator.sh test.

kernel: [  590.359623] BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at 00000000000004e8
kernel: [  590.359627] #PF error: [normal kernel read fault]
kernel: [  590.359629] PGD 0 P4D 0
kernel: [  590.359632] Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP PTI
kernel: [  590.359634] CPU: 3 PID: 1458 Comm: v4l_id Not tainted 5.1.0-rc2+ #30
kernel: [  590.359636] Hardware name: Dell Inc. OptiPlex 7 90/0HY9JP, BIOS A18 09/24/2013
kernel: [  590.359641] RIP: 0010:usb_ifnum_to_if+0x6/0x60
kernel: [  590.359643] Code: 5d 41 5e 41 5f 5d c3 48 83 c4
 10 b8 fa ff ff ff 5b 41 5c 41 5d 41 5e 41 5f 5d c3 b8 fa ff ff ff c3 0f 1f 00 6
6 66 66 66 90 55 <48> 8b 97 e8 04 00 00 48 89 e5 48 85 d2 74 41 0f b6 4a 04 84 c
9 74
kernel: [  590.359645] RSP: 0018:ffffad3cc3c1fc00 EFLAGS: 00010246
kernel: [  590.359646] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: ffff8ded b1f3c000 RCX: 1f377e4500000000
kernel: [  590.359648] RDX: ffff8dedfa3a6b50 RSI: 00000000 00000000 RDI: 0000000000000000
kernel: [  590.359649] RBP: ffffad3cc3c1fc28 R08: 00000000 8574acc2 R09: ffff8dedfa3a6b50
kernel: [  590.359650] R10: 0000000000000001 R11: 00000000 00000000 R12: 0000000000000000
kernel: [  590.359652] R13: ffff8dedb1f3f0f0 R14: ffffffff adcf7ec0 R15: 0000000000000000
kernel: [  590.359654] FS:  00007f7917198540(0000) GS:ffff 8dee258c0000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
kernel: [  590.359655] CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 00 00000080050033
kernel: [  590.359657] CR2: 00000000000004e8 CR3: 00000001 a388e002 CR4: 00000000000606e0
kernel: [  590.359658] Call Trace:
kernel: [  590.359664]  ? au0828_analog_stream_enable+0x2c/0x180
kernel: [  590.359666]  au0828_v4l2_open+0xa4/0x110
kernel: [  590.359670]  v4l2_open+0x8b/0x120
kernel: [  590.359674]  chrdev_open+0xa6/0x1c0
kernel: [  590.359676]  ? cdev_put.part.3+0x20/0x20
kernel: [  590.359678]  do_dentry_open+0x1f6/0x360
kernel: [  590.359681]  vfs_open+0x2f/0x40
kernel: [  590.359684]  path_openat+0x299/0xc20
kernel: [  590.359688]  do_filp_open+0x9b/0x110
kernel: [  590.359695]  ? _raw_spin_unlock+0x27/0x40
kernel: [  590.359697]  ? __alloc_fd+0xb2/0x160
kernel: [  590.359700]  do_sys_open+0x1ba/0x260
kernel: [  590.359702]  ? do_sys_open+0x1ba/0x260
kernel: [  590.359712]  __x64_sys_openat+0x20/0x30
kernel: [  590.359715]  do_syscall_64+0x5a/0x120
kernel: [  590.359718]  entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9

Signed-off-by: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Hans Verkuil <hverkuil-cisco@xs4all.nl>
Signed-off-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+samsung@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
heftig pushed a commit that referenced this issue Jun 22, 2019
[ Upstream commit 719c7d5 ]

BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in ip_vs_in.part.29+0xe8/0xd20 [ip_vs]
Read of size 4 at addr ffff8881e9b26e2c by task sshd/5603

CPU: 0 PID: 5603 Comm: sshd Not tainted 4.19.39+ #30
Hardware name: Red Hat KVM, BIOS 0.5.1 01/01/2011
Call Trace:
 dump_stack+0x71/0xab
 print_address_description+0x6a/0x270
 kasan_report+0x179/0x2c0
 ip_vs_in.part.29+0xe8/0xd20 [ip_vs]
 ip_vs_in+0xd8/0x170 [ip_vs]
 nf_hook_slow+0x5f/0xe0
 __ip_local_out+0x1d5/0x250
 ip_local_out+0x19/0x60
 __tcp_transmit_skb+0xba1/0x14f0
 tcp_write_xmit+0x41f/0x1ed0
 ? _copy_from_iter_full+0xca/0x340
 __tcp_push_pending_frames+0x52/0x140
 tcp_sendmsg_locked+0x787/0x1600
 ? tcp_sendpage+0x60/0x60
 ? inet_sk_set_state+0xb0/0xb0
 tcp_sendmsg+0x27/0x40
 sock_sendmsg+0x6d/0x80
 sock_write_iter+0x121/0x1c0
 ? sock_sendmsg+0x80/0x80
 __vfs_write+0x23e/0x370
 vfs_write+0xe7/0x230
 ksys_write+0xa1/0x120
 ? __ia32_sys_read+0x50/0x50
 ? __audit_syscall_exit+0x3ce/0x450
 do_syscall_64+0x73/0x200
 entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
RIP: 0033:0x7ff6f6147c60
Code: 73 01 c3 48 8b 0d 28 12 2d 00 f7 d8 64 89 01 48 83 c8 ff c3 66 0f 1f 44 00 00 83 3d 5d 73 2d 00 00 75 10 b8 01 00 00 00 0f 05 <48> 3d 01 f0 ff ff 73 31 c3 48 83
RSP: 002b:00007ffd772ead18 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX: 0000000000000001
RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000000000000034 RCX: 00007ff6f6147c60
RDX: 0000000000000034 RSI: 000055df30a31270 RDI: 0000000000000003
RBP: 000055df30a31270 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000000
R10: 00007ffd772ead70 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 00007ffd772ead74
R13: 00007ffd772eae20 R14: 00007ffd772eae24 R15: 000055df2f12ddc0

Allocated by task 6052:
 kasan_kmalloc+0xa0/0xd0
 __kmalloc+0x10a/0x220
 ops_init+0x97/0x190
 register_pernet_operations+0x1ac/0x360
 register_pernet_subsys+0x24/0x40
 0xffffffffc0ea016d
 do_one_initcall+0x8b/0x253
 do_init_module+0xe3/0x335
 load_module+0x2fc0/0x3890
 __do_sys_finit_module+0x192/0x1c0
 do_syscall_64+0x73/0x200
 entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9

Freed by task 6067:
 __kasan_slab_free+0x130/0x180
 kfree+0x90/0x1a0
 ops_free_list.part.7+0xa6/0xc0
 unregister_pernet_operations+0x18b/0x1f0
 unregister_pernet_subsys+0x1d/0x30
 ip_vs_cleanup+0x1d/0xd2f [ip_vs]
 __x64_sys_delete_module+0x20c/0x300
 do_syscall_64+0x73/0x200
 entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9

The buggy address belongs to the object at ffff8881e9b26600 which belongs to the cache kmalloc-4096 of size 4096
The buggy address is located 2092 bytes inside of 4096-byte region [ffff8881e9b26600, ffff8881e9b27600)
The buggy address belongs to the page:
page:ffffea0007a6c800 count:1 mapcount:0 mapping:ffff888107c0e600 index:0x0 compound_mapcount: 0
flags: 0x17ffffc0008100(slab|head)
raw: 0017ffffc0008100 dead000000000100 dead000000000200 ffff888107c0e600
raw: 0000000000000000 0000000080070007 00000001ffffffff 0000000000000000
page dumped because: kasan: bad access detected

while unregistering ipvs module, ops_free_list calls
__ip_vs_cleanup, then nf_unregister_net_hooks be called to
do remove nf hook entries. It need a RCU period to finish,
however net->ipvs is set to NULL immediately, which will
trigger NULL pointer dereference when a packet is hooked
and handled by ip_vs_in where net->ipvs is dereferenced.

Another scene is ops_free_list call ops_free to free the
net_generic directly while __ip_vs_cleanup finished, then
calling ip_vs_in will triggers use-after-free.

This patch moves nf_unregister_net_hooks from __ip_vs_cleanup()
to __ip_vs_dev_cleanup(),  where rcu_barrier() is called by
unregister_pernet_device -> unregister_pernet_operations,
that will do the needed grace period.

Reported-by: Hulk Robot <hulkci@huawei.com>
Fixes: efe4160 ("ipvs: convert to use pernet nf_hook api")
Suggested-by: Julian Anastasov <ja@ssi.bg>
Signed-off-by: YueHaibing <yuehaibing@huawei.com>
Acked-by: Julian Anastasov <ja@ssi.bg>
Signed-off-by: Simon Horman <horms@verge.net.au>
Signed-off-by: Pablo Neira Ayuso <pablo@netfilter.org>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
damentz pushed a commit that referenced this issue Jun 23, 2019
[ Upstream commit 719c7d5 ]

BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in ip_vs_in.part.29+0xe8/0xd20 [ip_vs]
Read of size 4 at addr ffff8881e9b26e2c by task sshd/5603

CPU: 0 PID: 5603 Comm: sshd Not tainted 4.19.39+ #30
Hardware name: Red Hat KVM, BIOS 0.5.1 01/01/2011
Call Trace:
 dump_stack+0x71/0xab
 print_address_description+0x6a/0x270
 kasan_report+0x179/0x2c0
 ip_vs_in.part.29+0xe8/0xd20 [ip_vs]
 ip_vs_in+0xd8/0x170 [ip_vs]
 nf_hook_slow+0x5f/0xe0
 __ip_local_out+0x1d5/0x250
 ip_local_out+0x19/0x60
 __tcp_transmit_skb+0xba1/0x14f0
 tcp_write_xmit+0x41f/0x1ed0
 ? _copy_from_iter_full+0xca/0x340
 __tcp_push_pending_frames+0x52/0x140
 tcp_sendmsg_locked+0x787/0x1600
 ? tcp_sendpage+0x60/0x60
 ? inet_sk_set_state+0xb0/0xb0
 tcp_sendmsg+0x27/0x40
 sock_sendmsg+0x6d/0x80
 sock_write_iter+0x121/0x1c0
 ? sock_sendmsg+0x80/0x80
 __vfs_write+0x23e/0x370
 vfs_write+0xe7/0x230
 ksys_write+0xa1/0x120
 ? __ia32_sys_read+0x50/0x50
 ? __audit_syscall_exit+0x3ce/0x450
 do_syscall_64+0x73/0x200
 entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
RIP: 0033:0x7ff6f6147c60
Code: 73 01 c3 48 8b 0d 28 12 2d 00 f7 d8 64 89 01 48 83 c8 ff c3 66 0f 1f 44 00 00 83 3d 5d 73 2d 00 00 75 10 b8 01 00 00 00 0f 05 <48> 3d 01 f0 ff ff 73 31 c3 48 83
RSP: 002b:00007ffd772ead18 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX: 0000000000000001
RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000000000000034 RCX: 00007ff6f6147c60
RDX: 0000000000000034 RSI: 000055df30a31270 RDI: 0000000000000003
RBP: 000055df30a31270 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000000
R10: 00007ffd772ead70 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 00007ffd772ead74
R13: 00007ffd772eae20 R14: 00007ffd772eae24 R15: 000055df2f12ddc0

Allocated by task 6052:
 kasan_kmalloc+0xa0/0xd0
 __kmalloc+0x10a/0x220
 ops_init+0x97/0x190
 register_pernet_operations+0x1ac/0x360
 register_pernet_subsys+0x24/0x40
 0xffffffffc0ea016d
 do_one_initcall+0x8b/0x253
 do_init_module+0xe3/0x335
 load_module+0x2fc0/0x3890
 __do_sys_finit_module+0x192/0x1c0
 do_syscall_64+0x73/0x200
 entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9

Freed by task 6067:
 __kasan_slab_free+0x130/0x180
 kfree+0x90/0x1a0
 ops_free_list.part.7+0xa6/0xc0
 unregister_pernet_operations+0x18b/0x1f0
 unregister_pernet_subsys+0x1d/0x30
 ip_vs_cleanup+0x1d/0xd2f [ip_vs]
 __x64_sys_delete_module+0x20c/0x300
 do_syscall_64+0x73/0x200
 entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9

The buggy address belongs to the object at ffff8881e9b26600 which belongs to the cache kmalloc-4096 of size 4096
The buggy address is located 2092 bytes inside of 4096-byte region [ffff8881e9b26600, ffff8881e9b27600)
The buggy address belongs to the page:
page:ffffea0007a6c800 count:1 mapcount:0 mapping:ffff888107c0e600 index:0x0 compound_mapcount: 0
flags: 0x17ffffc0008100(slab|head)
raw: 0017ffffc0008100 dead000000000100 dead000000000200 ffff888107c0e600
raw: 0000000000000000 0000000080070007 00000001ffffffff 0000000000000000
page dumped because: kasan: bad access detected

while unregistering ipvs module, ops_free_list calls
__ip_vs_cleanup, then nf_unregister_net_hooks be called to
do remove nf hook entries. It need a RCU period to finish,
however net->ipvs is set to NULL immediately, which will
trigger NULL pointer dereference when a packet is hooked
and handled by ip_vs_in where net->ipvs is dereferenced.

Another scene is ops_free_list call ops_free to free the
net_generic directly while __ip_vs_cleanup finished, then
calling ip_vs_in will triggers use-after-free.

This patch moves nf_unregister_net_hooks from __ip_vs_cleanup()
to __ip_vs_dev_cleanup(),  where rcu_barrier() is called by
unregister_pernet_device -> unregister_pernet_operations,
that will do the needed grace period.

Reported-by: Hulk Robot <hulkci@huawei.com>
Fixes: efe4160 ("ipvs: convert to use pernet nf_hook api")
Suggested-by: Julian Anastasov <ja@ssi.bg>
Signed-off-by: YueHaibing <yuehaibing@huawei.com>
Acked-by: Julian Anastasov <ja@ssi.bg>
Signed-off-by: Simon Horman <horms@verge.net.au>
Signed-off-by: Pablo Neira Ayuso <pablo@netfilter.org>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
@markboston34
Copy link

@markboston34 markboston34 commented Jul 28, 2019

Why would someone chose this over the regular Linux kernel? What the trade offs? Why is this better?

heftig pushed a commit that referenced this issue Oct 29, 2019
[ Upstream commit 33902b4 ]

In nsim_fib_init(), if register_fib_notifier failed, nsim_fib_net_ops
should be unregistered before return.

In nsim_fib_exit(), unregister_fib_notifier should be called before
nsim_fib_net_ops be unregistered, otherwise may cause use-after-free:

BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in nsim_fib_event_nb+0x342/0x570 [netdevsim]
Read of size 8 at addr ffff8881daaf4388 by task kworker/0:3/3499

CPU: 0 PID: 3499 Comm: kworker/0:3 Not tainted 5.3.0-rc7+ #30
Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.10.2-1ubuntu1 04/01/2014
Workqueue: ipv6_addrconf addrconf_dad_work [ipv6]
Call Trace:
 __dump_stack lib/dump_stack.c:77 [inline]
 dump_stack+0xa9/0x10e lib/dump_stack.c:113
 print_address_description+0x65/0x380 mm/kasan/report.c:351
 __kasan_report+0x149/0x18d mm/kasan/report.c:482
 kasan_report+0xe/0x20 mm/kasan/common.c:618
 nsim_fib_event_nb+0x342/0x570 [netdevsim]
 notifier_call_chain+0x52/0xf0 kernel/notifier.c:95
 __atomic_notifier_call_chain+0x78/0x140 kernel/notifier.c:185
 call_fib_notifiers+0x30/0x60 net/core/fib_notifier.c:30
 call_fib6_entry_notifiers+0xc1/0x100 [ipv6]
 fib6_add+0x92e/0x1b10 [ipv6]
 __ip6_ins_rt+0x40/0x60 [ipv6]
 ip6_ins_rt+0x84/0xb0 [ipv6]
 __ipv6_ifa_notify+0x4b6/0x550 [ipv6]
 ipv6_ifa_notify+0xa5/0x180 [ipv6]
 addrconf_dad_completed+0xca/0x640 [ipv6]
 addrconf_dad_work+0x296/0x960 [ipv6]
 process_one_work+0x5c0/0xc00 kernel/workqueue.c:2269
 worker_thread+0x5c/0x670 kernel/workqueue.c:2415
 kthread+0x1d7/0x200 kernel/kthread.c:255
 ret_from_fork+0x3a/0x50 arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:352

Allocated by task 3388:
 save_stack+0x19/0x80 mm/kasan/common.c:69
 set_track mm/kasan/common.c:77 [inline]
 __kasan_kmalloc.constprop.3+0xa0/0xd0 mm/kasan/common.c:493
 kmalloc include/linux/slab.h:557 [inline]
 kzalloc include/linux/slab.h:748 [inline]
 ops_init+0xa9/0x220 net/core/net_namespace.c:127
 __register_pernet_operations net/core/net_namespace.c:1135 [inline]
 register_pernet_operations+0x1d4/0x420 net/core/net_namespace.c:1212
 register_pernet_subsys+0x24/0x40 net/core/net_namespace.c:1253
 nsim_fib_init+0x12/0x70 [netdevsim]
 veth_get_link_ksettings+0x2b/0x50 [veth]
 do_one_initcall+0xd4/0x454 init/main.c:939
 do_init_module+0xe0/0x330 kernel/module.c:3490
 load_module+0x3c2f/0x4620 kernel/module.c:3841
 __do_sys_finit_module+0x163/0x190 kernel/module.c:3931
 do_syscall_64+0x72/0x2e0 arch/x86/entry/common.c:296
 entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe

Freed by task 3534:
 save_stack+0x19/0x80 mm/kasan/common.c:69
 set_track mm/kasan/common.c:77 [inline]
 __kasan_slab_free+0x130/0x180 mm/kasan/common.c:455
 slab_free_hook mm/slub.c:1423 [inline]
 slab_free_freelist_hook mm/slub.c:1474 [inline]
 slab_free mm/slub.c:3016 [inline]
 kfree+0xe9/0x2d0 mm/slub.c:3957
 ops_free net/core/net_namespace.c:151 [inline]
 ops_free_list.part.7+0x156/0x220 net/core/net_namespace.c:184
 ops_free_list net/core/net_namespace.c:182 [inline]
 __unregister_pernet_operations net/core/net_namespace.c:1165 [inline]
 unregister_pernet_operations+0x221/0x2a0 net/core/net_namespace.c:1224
 unregister_pernet_subsys+0x1d/0x30 net/core/net_namespace.c:1271
 nsim_fib_exit+0x11/0x20 [netdevsim]
 nsim_module_exit+0x16/0x21 [netdevsim]
 __do_sys_delete_module kernel/module.c:1015 [inline]
 __se_sys_delete_module kernel/module.c:958 [inline]
 __x64_sys_delete_module+0x244/0x330 kernel/module.c:958
 do_syscall_64+0x72/0x2e0 arch/x86/entry/common.c:296
 entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe

Reported-by: Hulk Robot <hulkci@huawei.com>
Fixes: 59c84b9 ("netdevsim: Restore per-network namespace accounting for fib entries")
Signed-off-by: YueHaibing <yuehaibing@huawei.com>
Acked-by: Jakub Kicinski <jakub.kicinski@netronome.com>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
@arjun-menon
Copy link

@arjun-menon arjun-menon commented Dec 11, 2019

Yea, this project definitely needs at least one small paragraph summarizing what it's about. I'm still not quite sure why I should pick this over Liquorix; not sure if this project grabs changes from Liquorix, or is now completely independent/forked. (This kernel is in the official Arch extra repo, which is how I found it.) I looked around, and there's absolutely no documentation whatsoever on what this kernel is for/about, other than a single sentence on Arch wiki's Kernel page, where it strangely links to Liquorix for more info on this kernel. Also, I'd be happy to help with documenting this project better.

@dm17
Copy link

@dm17 dm17 commented Dec 12, 2019

How difficult would it be to maintain a hardened-zen-kernel by applying the patches from linux-hardened to zen?

heftig pushed a commit that referenced this issue Jan 9, 2020
[ Upstream commit 5d1116d ]

Christoph Hellwig complained about the following soft lockup warning
when running scrub after generic/175 when preemption is disabled and
slub debugging is enabled:

watchdog: BUG: soft lockup - CPU#3 stuck for 22s! [xfs_scrub:161]
Modules linked in:
irq event stamp: 41692326
hardirqs last  enabled at (41692325): [<ffffffff8232c3b7>] _raw_0
hardirqs last disabled at (41692326): [<ffffffff81001c5a>] trace0
softirqs last  enabled at (41684994): [<ffffffff8260031f>] __do_e
softirqs last disabled at (41684987): [<ffffffff81127d8c>] irq_e0
CPU: 3 PID: 16189 Comm: xfs_scrub Not tainted 5.4.0-rc3+ #30
Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.124
RIP: 0010:_raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x39/0x40
Code: 89 f3 be 01 00 00 00 e8 d5 3a e5 fe 48 89 ef e8 ed 87 e5 f2
RSP: 0018:ffffc9000233f970 EFLAGS: 00000286 ORIG_RAX: ffffffffff3
RAX: ffff88813b398040 RBX: 0000000000000286 RCX: 0000000000000006
RDX: 0000000000000006 RSI: ffff88813b3988c0 RDI: ffff88813b398040
RBP: ffff888137958640 R08: 0000000000000001 R09: 0000000000000000
R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: ffffea00042b0c00
R13: 0000000000000001 R14: ffff88810ac32308 R15: ffff8881376fc040
FS:  00007f6113dea700(0000) GS:ffff88813bb80000(0000) knlGS:00000
CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
CR2: 00007f6113de8ff8 CR3: 000000012f290000 CR4: 00000000000006e0
Call Trace:
 free_debug_processing+0x1dd/0x240
 __slab_free+0x231/0x410
 kmem_cache_free+0x30e/0x360
 xchk_ag_btcur_free+0x76/0xb0
 xchk_ag_free+0x10/0x80
 xchk_bmap_iextent_xref.isra.14+0xd9/0x120
 xchk_bmap_iextent+0x187/0x210
 xchk_bmap+0x2e0/0x3b0
 xfs_scrub_metadata+0x2e7/0x500
 xfs_ioc_scrub_metadata+0x4a/0xa0
 xfs_file_ioctl+0x58a/0xcd0
 do_vfs_ioctl+0xa0/0x6f0
 ksys_ioctl+0x5b/0x90
 __x64_sys_ioctl+0x11/0x20
 do_syscall_64+0x4b/0x1a0
 entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe

If preemption is disabled, all metadata buffers needed to perform the
scrub are already in memory, and there are a lot of records to check,
it's possible that the scrub thread will run for an extended period of
time without sleeping for IO or any other reason.  Then the watchdog
timer or the RCU stall timeout can trigger, producing the backtrace
above.

To fix this problem, call cond_resched() from the scrub thread so that
we back out to the scheduler whenever necessary.

Reported-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
damentz pushed a commit that referenced this issue Jan 9, 2020
[ Upstream commit 5d1116d ]

Christoph Hellwig complained about the following soft lockup warning
when running scrub after generic/175 when preemption is disabled and
slub debugging is enabled:

watchdog: BUG: soft lockup - CPU#3 stuck for 22s! [xfs_scrub:161]
Modules linked in:
irq event stamp: 41692326
hardirqs last  enabled at (41692325): [<ffffffff8232c3b7>] _raw_0
hardirqs last disabled at (41692326): [<ffffffff81001c5a>] trace0
softirqs last  enabled at (41684994): [<ffffffff8260031f>] __do_e
softirqs last disabled at (41684987): [<ffffffff81127d8c>] irq_e0
CPU: 3 PID: 16189 Comm: xfs_scrub Not tainted 5.4.0-rc3+ #30
Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.124
RIP: 0010:_raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x39/0x40
Code: 89 f3 be 01 00 00 00 e8 d5 3a e5 fe 48 89 ef e8 ed 87 e5 f2
RSP: 0018:ffffc9000233f970 EFLAGS: 00000286 ORIG_RAX: ffffffffff3
RAX: ffff88813b398040 RBX: 0000000000000286 RCX: 0000000000000006
RDX: 0000000000000006 RSI: ffff88813b3988c0 RDI: ffff88813b398040
RBP: ffff888137958640 R08: 0000000000000001 R09: 0000000000000000
R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: ffffea00042b0c00
R13: 0000000000000001 R14: ffff88810ac32308 R15: ffff8881376fc040
FS:  00007f6113dea700(0000) GS:ffff88813bb80000(0000) knlGS:00000
CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
CR2: 00007f6113de8ff8 CR3: 000000012f290000 CR4: 00000000000006e0
Call Trace:
 free_debug_processing+0x1dd/0x240
 __slab_free+0x231/0x410
 kmem_cache_free+0x30e/0x360
 xchk_ag_btcur_free+0x76/0xb0
 xchk_ag_free+0x10/0x80
 xchk_bmap_iextent_xref.isra.14+0xd9/0x120
 xchk_bmap_iextent+0x187/0x210
 xchk_bmap+0x2e0/0x3b0
 xfs_scrub_metadata+0x2e7/0x500
 xfs_ioc_scrub_metadata+0x4a/0xa0
 xfs_file_ioctl+0x58a/0xcd0
 do_vfs_ioctl+0xa0/0x6f0
 ksys_ioctl+0x5b/0x90
 __x64_sys_ioctl+0x11/0x20
 do_syscall_64+0x4b/0x1a0
 entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe

If preemption is disabled, all metadata buffers needed to perform the
scrub are already in memory, and there are a lot of records to check,
it's possible that the scrub thread will run for an extended period of
time without sleeping for IO or any other reason.  Then the watchdog
timer or the RCU stall timeout can trigger, producing the backtrace
above.

To fix this problem, call cond_resched() from the scrub thread so that
we back out to the scheduler whenever necessary.

Reported-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
@unmellow
Copy link

@unmellow unmellow commented Jan 22, 2020

@arjun-menon as was said in this issue earlyer liquorix is just linux-zen compiled for unbuntu / debian
there are some other differences but that's the main thing

@igo95862
Copy link

@igo95862 igo95862 commented Feb 25, 2020

Is there still interest in this? I can make a write up based on commit difference between this and mainline kernel. If I understand correctly zen patches are additional commits on top of mainline kernel.

@dm17
Copy link

@dm17 dm17 commented Feb 25, 2020

Is there still interest in this? I can make a write up based on commit difference between this and mainline kernel. If I understand correctly zen patches are additional commits on top of mainline kernel.

For sure! It takes a huge amount of research as a user & even enthusiast to figure out which kernel we want to use and why... Not to mention the new Clear Linux kernel changes that seem to be confusing most people.

@igo95862
Copy link

@igo95862 igo95862 commented Feb 27, 2020

@Baughn
Copy link

@Baughn Baughn commented Jun 19, 2020

Somewhat in the vein of the rest of this bug:

I'm trying to package this for NixOS. That's mostly a server distribution, but some people do use it for desktops -- me, for instance. Configuration flags like 'use the Zen kernel' always come with help text, however.

What should I put in there? The README is a start, but ideally there'd be a guide to who exactly should enable this. "Don't use Zen on a server" is one thing, but what about dual-core desktops? 24-core desktops? Are there known circumstances in which it's worse than vanilla, other than anything requiring maximum throughput?

@damentz
Copy link
Member

@damentz damentz commented Jun 20, 2020

@Baughn how about the blurb below:

Zen Kernel is a customized Linux kernel with tuning and out-of-tree patches that prioritize system responsiveness over raw throughput. The enhancements in particular are notable on systems where responsiveness under adverse conditions is important, but might only be a liability on systems that require high uptime and are sparingly used interactively. With this in mind, running Zen Kernel is not recommended on servers, but is an excellent choice for desktop/laptop/workstation class systems.

Liquorix is also in the same boat, but its tuning is a bit more opinionated than Zen Kernel (MuQSS as the process scheduler, BFQ as the exclusive IO scheduler), thus is not a good choice for servers due to many server class applications likely to perform slower (databases come to mind), at the expensive of aggressive responsiveness.

@davidak
Copy link

@davidak davidak commented Jun 20, 2020

I'm trying to package this for NixOS.

great. here are people that are interested in it. NixOS/nixpkgs#74834

Configuration flags like 'use the Zen kernel' always come with help text. What should I put in there?

"Linux kernel optimized for desktop, multimedia and gaming." should be fine

more details should be provided by the project, since they might change over time

heftig pushed a commit that referenced this issue Jul 1, 2020
commit b7e3deb upstream.

When working with very large nodes, poisoning the struct pages (for which
there will be very many) can take a very long time.  If the system is
using voluntary preemptions, the software watchdog will not be able to
detect forward progress.  This patch addresses this issue by offering to
give up time like __remove_pages() does.  This behavior was introduced in
v5.6 with: commit d33695b ("mm/memory_hotplug: poison memmap in
remove_pfn_range_from_zone()")

Alternately, init_page_poison could do this cond_resched(), but it seems
to me that the caller of init_page_poison() is what actually knows whether
or not it should relax its own priority.

Based on Dan's notes, I think this is perfectly safe: commit f931ab4
("mm: fix devm_memremap_pages crash, use mem_hotplug_{begin, done}")

Aside from fixing the lockup, it is also a friendlier thing to do on lower
core systems that might wipe out large chunks of hotplug memory (probably
not a very common case).

Fixes this kind of splat:

  watchdog: BUG: soft lockup - CPU#46 stuck for 22s! [daxctl:9922]
  irq event stamp: 138450
  hardirqs last  enabled at (138449): [<ffffffffa1001f26>] trace_hardirqs_on_thunk+0x1a/0x1c
  hardirqs last disabled at (138450): [<ffffffffa1001f42>] trace_hardirqs_off_thunk+0x1a/0x1c
  softirqs last  enabled at (138448): [<ffffffffa1e00347>] __do_softirq+0x347/0x456
  softirqs last disabled at (138443): [<ffffffffa10c416d>] irq_exit+0x7d/0xb0
  CPU: 46 PID: 9922 Comm: daxctl Not tainted 5.7.0-BEN-14238-g373c6049b336 #30
  Hardware name: Intel Corporation PURLEY/PURLEY, BIOS PLYXCRB1.86B.0578.D07.1902280810 02/28/2019
  RIP: 0010:memset_erms+0x9/0x10
  Code: c1 e9 03 40 0f b6 f6 48 b8 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 48 0f af c6 f3 48 ab 89 d1 f3 aa 4c 89 c8 c3 90 49 89 f9 40 88 f0 48 89 d1 <f3> aa 4c 89 c8 c3 90 49 89 fa 40 0f b6 ce 48 b8 01 01 01 01 01 01
  Call Trace:
   remove_pfn_range_from_zone+0x3a/0x380
   memunmap_pages+0x17f/0x280
   release_nodes+0x22a/0x260
   __device_release_driver+0x172/0x220
   device_driver_detach+0x3e/0xa0
   unbind_store+0x113/0x130
   kernfs_fop_write+0xdc/0x1c0
   vfs_write+0xde/0x1d0
   ksys_write+0x58/0xd0
   do_syscall_64+0x5a/0x120
   entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xb3
  Built 2 zonelists, mobility grouping on.  Total pages: 49050381
  Policy zone: Normal
  Built 3 zonelists, mobility grouping on.  Total pages: 49312525
  Policy zone: Normal

David said: "It really only is an issue for devmem.  Ordinary
hotplugged system memory is not affected (onlined/offlined in memory
block granularity)."

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200619231213.1160351-1-ben.widawsky@intel.com
Fixes: commit d33695b ("mm/memory_hotplug: poison memmap in remove_pfn_range_from_zone()")
Signed-off-by: Ben Widawsky <ben.widawsky@intel.com>
Reported-by: "Scargall, Steve" <steve.scargall@intel.com>
Reported-by: Ben Widawsky <ben.widawsky@intel.com>
Acked-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Sign up for free to join this conversation on GitHub. Already have an account? Sign in to comment
Projects
None yet
Linked pull requests

Successfully merging a pull request may close this issue.

None yet
You can’t perform that action at this time.