A role provides a means of grouping similar features of similar nodes, providing a mechanism for easily composing sets of functionality. At web scale, you almost never have just one of something, so you use roles to express the parts of the configuration that are shared by a group of nodes.
- Roles consist of the same parts as a node: Attributes and a Run List.
- Nodes can have multiple roles applied, and they will be expanded in place, providing for a complete recipe list for that node.
- When the Chef client runs, it merges its own attributes and run list with those of any roles it has been assigned.
The roles run list and attributes can be managed with Ruby files in the
directory of the Chef repository. There should be one file per role and the
filename must be equal to the role name (
Role attributes can be specified with the
The run list can be specified with the
run_list method. A simple node file
might look similar to the following:
run_list(%w( recipe[base] ))
Roles can be managed with one of the provided
rake tasks or the
command line client:
- Upload single role
- Upload all roles
- Listing all roles
knife role list
- Deleting a role
knife role delete foo
Roles should not be edited or created with the knife command line client.
The purpose of the Chef repository is to be the single authoritative
source of information for the infrastructure. Always edit the role files and