This README describes the structure of the ZenPack template that gets automatically created by Zenoss when you add a ZenPack through the web interface.
Files and Directories
At the top-level a ZenPack must have a setup.py. Almost always a
MANIFEST.in file should exist, and in cases where external dependencies
must be built for inclusion in the ZenPack, a
GNUmakefile. Examples of
these files with inline comments are included in this template.
Also included in the ZenPackTemplate is a
configure.zcml. As more of
Zenoss' extensibility moves to using ZCA (Zope Component Architecture) this
file becomes crucial to hooking into various aspects of Zenoss.
The following sections describe the purpose and use for each of the default subdirectories. Note that if the described functionality is not of use in your ZenPack it is safe to remove any of the default directories.
docs/ directory is optional. Ordinarily a single
README.rst in the
top directory of your ZenPack can be used to contain all documentation.
However, if your ZenPack has more complex documentation needs such as multiple
files or Sphinx extensions you can create a
docs/ directory containing at
index.rst file. It is still recommended to have a
in the top-level directory for summary documentation.
The src/ top-level directory in ZenPacks is the conventional place to add third-party dependencies to your ZenPack. It should only be used as a staging area to do any build work necessary for the dependency.
GNUmakefile.example) for examples of how to have
your third-party dependencies automatically compiled and installed at the right
time and into the right location.
The following sections describe the directories contained within the namespaced ZenPacks/NAMESPACE/PACKNAME/ subdirectories. Note that this name is not literal. Your directory might be called something like ZenPacks/community/MyZenPack.
Any general tools delivered by your ZenPack that would be used by the Zenoss administrator at the command line should go into this directory by convention. When the ZenPack is installed all files in this directory will be made executable.
The browser subdirectory should contain all code and configuration that's
specific to the Zenoss web interface. The provided
automatically load the example
browser/configure.zcml and register the
browser/resources/ subdirectory to serve static web content.
All files in the daemons/ subdirectory get special handling. Upon installing the ZenPack, the following actions will occur.
- The file will be made executable (
- A symlink to the file will be created in
- An configuration file will be generated at
Assuming that you don't have a
$ZENHOME/etc/DAEMONS_TXT_ONLY file this
daemon will also become part of the normal zenoss start and stop processes.
You can find an example daemon control script in
most purposes this file can be renamed to the name of the daemon you want to
create and modified to change the DAEMON_NAME. No other modifications are
typically needed. Note that this example control script does expect to launch
the real daemon code which should be located at
Any new datasource types you want to add must be added as classes into the
datasources/ subdirectory. When Zenoss is building the list of available
datasources it will scan the
datasources/ subdirectory for all installed
An example datasource at
lib/ directory should be the installation target for any third-party
libraries that are built by the
GNUmakefile. It can also be used as the
conventional location to drop Python-only libraries that don't require
any compilation or special installation.
Any scripts executed by COMMAND datasources in your ZenPack go in this directory by convention. When the ZenPack is installed all files in this directory will be made executable.
ZenPacks can include migrate scripts that allow you to run custom code to
handle any tasks that are needed to upgrade your ZenPack from one version to
.py files in this
migrate/ subdirectory will be evaluated
when the ZenPack is installed.
You can find an example migrate script at
Any modeler plugins distributed with your ZenPack must be located under the
plugins/ subdirectory. The directory structure and filenames under
plugins/ map directly to the plugins' name in the user interface. For
example, if you wanted to create a modeler plugin called
"community.snmp.ExampleMap" you would create the following directory structure.
It is recommended that the first portion of the namespace be a short lowercase form of your name, or organization's name. Alternatively you can choose to use "community" if you plan to publish the ZenPack and are open to outside contributions. Zenoss, Inc. will always use "zenoss." The second portion of the namespace can be the protocol that is used to collect the data. If you are not using a common protocol it is acceptable to skip the second portion of the namespace and have something like "community.MongoDB" instead:
plugins/ __init__.py community/ __init__.py snmp/ __init__.py ExampleMap.py
Note that the
__init__.py files must exist and should be empty files.
Otherwise your modeler plugins won't be imported and usable within Zenoss.
.xml files in this
objects/ directory will be loaded into the
object database when the ZenPack installs. All of the objects defined in the
XML files will be automatically associated with the ZenPack.
When you export the ZenPack from the user interface all objects associated with
the ZenPack will be exported into a file called
For this reason it is recommended to let Zenoss manage the objects.xml file and
to never manually create or modify any
.xml files in this directory unless
you know what you're doing.
When a ZenPack is removed, any objects associated with the ZenPack will be
recursively removed from Zenoss. For example, if you associated the
device class with your ZenPack and removed the ZenPack, the
class, and all devices within it would also be deleted.
When a ZenPack is upgraded, or re-installed on top of itself, all objects in the XML files are overlaid on the existing object database. This results in a merge of the existing objects and what are defined in the XML files with the XML file properties and relationships winning any conflicts.
Custom reports will be loaded from this directory when the ZenPack is
installed. Subdirectories (with the exception of
plugins/) will be mapped
directly to the report folders in the web interface. So if you add a
file into a subdirectory named Performance Reports you will find your report
in the Performance Reports folder in the web interface after installing the
plugins/ subdirectory should include any Python plugins your custom
reports call. So if your
.rpt file contains a line such as the following:
objects python:here.ReportServer.plugin('myplugin', tableState);
There should be a corresponding myplugin.py file in the
You can find an example report at
Example Reports/Example Report.rpt.example that uses a plugin which can be
ZenHub services will be loaded from the
services/ directory. These services
run inside the zenhub daemon and are responsible from all interaction with
You can find an example service at
All unit tests for your ZenPack should live in this directory. You can find an
example test suite at