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west: require v0.6.0 or higher

The main change is the elimination of the bootstrapper, a design flaw
/ misfeature.

Update the documentation to be compatible with the 0.6.x releases as
well. This has to be done atomically, as there were incompatible
changes.  Make use of the versionchanged and versionadded directives
to begin keeping track of how these APIs are evolving.

(Note that west 0.6.0 will remain compatible with the extension
commands in Zephyr v1.14 LTS as long as that is still alive. This
change is targeted towards Zephyr 2.0 users.)

This requires a bump in the shippable container and allows us to
simplify the west_commands test procedure.

Signed-off-by: Marti Bolivar <>
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mbolivar authored and carlescufi committed Jul 22, 2019
1 parent 247047b commit 2b3d9df1d72ab0cc02614d2240d311080a74d6b8
@@ -21,7 +21,7 @@ build:
image_name: zephyrprojectrtos/ci
image_tag: v0.7
image_tag: v0.8.0
pull: true
options: "-e HOME=/home/buildslave --privileged=true --tty --net=bridge --user buildslave"

@@ -12,7 +12,7 @@ if(${WEST} STREQUAL WEST-NOTFOUND)
# If west is found, make sure its version matches the minimum
# required one.
${WEST} --version
@@ -15,6 +15,11 @@ endif()

message(STATUS "Zephyr base: ${ZEPHYR_BASE}")
message(STATUS "West: ${WEST}")
message(STATUS "West: not found")

find_package(PythonInterp 3.4)
@@ -32,22 +32,10 @@
# for autodoc directives on
sys.path.insert(0, os.path.join(ZEPHYR_BASE, 'scripts', 'west_commands'))

west_found = False

desc = check_output(['west', 'list', '-f{abspath}', 'west'],
west_path = desc.decode(sys.getdefaultencoding()).strip()
# Add west, to be able to pull in its API docs.
sys.path.append(os.path.join(west_path, 'src'))
west_found = True
except FileNotFoundError as e:
# west not installed
except CalledProcessError as e:
# west not able to list itself
import west as west_found
except ImportError:
west_found = False

# -- General configuration ------------------------------------------------

@@ -60,10 +60,10 @@ Zephyr's multi-purpose :ref:`west <west>` tool lets you easily get the Zephyr
project repositories. (While it's easiest to develop with Zephyr using west,
we also have :ref:`documentation for doing without it <no-west>`.)

Bootstrap west
Install west

First, install the ``west`` binary and bootstrapper using ``pip3``:
First, install ``west`` using ``pip3``:

.. code-block:: console

@@ -466,7 +466,7 @@ individual runner implementations are in other submodules, such as

This section contains documentation the ``runners.core`` module used by the
This section documents the ``runners.core`` module used by the
flash and debug commands. This is the core abstraction used to implement
support for these features.

@@ -27,7 +27,7 @@ You can run ``west --help`` (or ``west -h`` for short) to get top-level help
for available west commands, and ``west <command> -h`` for detailed help on
each command.

The following pages document west's ``v0.5.x`` releases, and provide additional
The following pages document west's ``v0.6.x`` releases, and provide additional
context about the tool.

.. toctree::
@@ -206,6 +206,11 @@ described next.
- ``remote``: The name of the project's remote. If not given, the ``remote``
value in the ``defaults`` subsection is tried next. If both are missing, the
manifest is invalid.
- ``repo-path``: Optional. If given, this is concatenated on to the remote's
``url-base`` instead of the project's ``name`` to form its fetch URL.
- ``url``: Optional. If given, this is the project's complete fetch URL.
It cannot be combined with either ``remote`` or ``repo-path``. Note that this
overrides any default remote.
- ``revision``: Optional. The current project revision used by ``west update``.
If not given, the value from the ``defaults`` subsection will be used if
present. If both are missing, ``master`` is used. A project revision can be
@@ -1,6 +1,97 @@
West Release Notes


- No separate bootstrapper

In west v0.5.x, the program was split into two components, a bootstrapper and
a per-installation clone. See `Multiple Repository Management in the v1.14
documentation`_ for more details.

This is similar to how Google's Repo tool works, and lets west iterate quickly
at first. It caused confusion, however, and west is now stable enough to be
distributed entirely as one piece via PyPI.

From v0.6.x onwards, all of the core west commands and helper classes are
part of the west package distributed via PyPI. This eliminates complexity
and makes it possible to import west modules from anywhere in the system,
not just extension commands.
- The ``selfupdate`` command still exists for backwards compatibility, but
now simply exits after printing an error message.
- Manifest syntax changes

- A west manifest file's ``projects`` elements can now specify their fetch
URLs directly, like so:

.. code-block:: yaml
- name: example-project-name
Project elements with ``url`` attributes set in this way may not also have
``remote`` attributes.
- Project names must be unique: this restriction is needed to support future
work, but was not possible in west v0.5.x because distinct projects may
have URLs with the same final pathname component, like so:

.. code-block:: yaml
- name: remote-1
- name: remote-2
- name: project
remote: remote-1
path: remote-1-project
- name: project
remote: remote-2
path: remote-2-project
These manifests can now be written with projects that use ``url``
instead of ``remote``, like so:

.. code-block:: yaml
- name: remote-1-project
- name: remote-2-project
- The ``west list`` command now supports a ``{sha}`` format string key

- The default format string for ``west list`` was changed to ``"{name:12}
{path:28} {revision:40} {url}"``.

- The command ``west manifest --validate`` can now be run to load and validate
the current manifest file, among other error-handling fixes related to
manifest parsing.

- Incompatible API changes were made to west's APIs. Further changes are
expected until API stability is declared in west v1.0.

- The ``west.manifest.Project`` constructor's ``remote`` and ``defaults``
positional arguments are now kwargs. A new ``url`` kwarg was also added; if
given, the ``Project`` URL is set to that value, and the ``remote`` kwarg
is ignored.

- ``west.manifest.MANIFEST_SECTIONS`` was removed. There is only one section
now, namely ``manifest``. The *sections* kwargs in the
``west.manifest.Manifest`` factory methods and constructor were also

- The ``west.manifest.SpecialProject`` class was removed. Use
``west.manifest.ManifestProject`` instead.


@@ -21,5 +112,9 @@ Versions Before v0.5.x
Tags in the west repository before v0.5.x are prototypes which are of
historical interest only.

.. _Multiple Repository Management in the v1.14 documentation:

.. _west v0.5.x documentation:

@@ -26,16 +26,14 @@ Git repositories installed under a common parent directory, which we call a

A west installation is the result of running the ``west init`` command, which
is described in more detail below. This command can either create a new
installation, or convert a standalone "mono-repo" zephyr repository into a full
west installation. For upstream Zephyr, the installation looks like this:
is described in more detail below. For upstream Zephyr, the installation looks
like this:

.. code-block:: none

├── .west
│ ├── config
│ └── west
│ └── config
├── zephyr
│ ├── west.yml
│ └── [... other files ...]
@@ -48,9 +46,7 @@ west installation. For upstream Zephyr, the installation looks like this:
Above, :file:`zephyrproject` is the name of the west installation's root
directory. This name is just an example -- it could be anything, like ``z``,
``my-zephyr-installation``, etc. The file :file:`.west/config` is the
installation's :ref:`local configuration file <west-config>`. The directory
:file:`.west/west` is a clone of the west repository itself; more details on
why that is currently needed are given in the next section.
installation's :ref:`local configuration file <west-config>`.

Every west installation contains exactly one *manifest repository*, which is a
Git repository containing a file named :file:`west.yml`, which is the *west
@@ -152,62 +148,12 @@ The following three source code topologies supported by west:
West Structure

West is currently split in two:
West's code is distributed via PyPI in a `namespace package`_ named ``west``.
See :ref:`west-apis` for API documentation.

* Bootstrapper: Installed by ``pip3 install west``, which provides the ``west``
binary and the ``west init`` command.
* Per-installation clone: this is the west repository cloned into each
installation, which provides the built-in commands.

.. note::

This "bootstrapper" / "everything else" separation is similar to the model
used by Google's ``repo`` tool, but unfortunately in retrospect was not a
good strategy for west.

In future versions, the ``west`` binary and all built-in commands (including
``init``) will be installed by ``pip3 install west``. Besides eliminating
complexity, this will also make it possible to use :ref:`West's APIs
<west-apis-west>` from any Python file, not just extension

Updating west will still be possible manually, e.g. with ``pip3
install --upgrade west``. If necessary, it will also still be possible to
use different versions of west on the same computer through Python virtual


The bootstrapper module is distributed using `PyPI`_ and installed using
:file:`pip3`. A launcher named ``west`` is placed by :file:`pip3` in the user's
``PATH``. This the only entry point to west. It implements a single command:
``west init``. This command needs to be run first to use the rest of
functionality included in ``west``, by creating a west installation. The
command ``west init`` does the following:

* Clones west itself in a :file:`.west/west` folder in the installation.
* Clones the manifest repository in the folder specified by the manifest file's
``self.path`` section.
* Creates an initial local configuration file.

Once ``west init`` has been run, the bootstrapper will delegate the handling of
any west commands other than ``init`` to the cloned west repository. This means
that there is a single bootstrapper instance installed at any time (unless you
use virtual environments), which can then be used to initialize as many
installations as needed, each of which can have a different version of west.

.. _west-struct-installation:

Per-Installation Clone

A west installation, as described above, contains a clone of the west
repository in :file:`.west/west`. This is where the built-in command
implementations are currently provided. The rest of :ref:`West's APIs
<west-apis-west>` are also currently provided to extension commands by this
repository. So that west can update itself, the built-in ``west update`` and
``west selfupdate`` commands fetch and update the :file:`.west/west` repository.
This distribution also includes a launcher executable, also named ``west``. When
west is installed, the launcher is placed by :file:`pip3` somewhere in the
user's ``PATH``. This is the command-line entry point.

The ``manifest-rev`` branch
@@ -266,7 +212,8 @@ important to understand.

1. If you already have a local clone of the zephyr repository and want to
create a west installation around it, you can use the ``-l`` switch to
pass its path to west, as in: ``west init -l path/to/zephyr``.
pass its path to west, as in: ``west init -l path/to/zephyr``. This is
the only reason to use ``-l``.

2. Otherwise, omit ``-l`` to create a new installation from a remote manifest
repository. You can give the manifest URL using the ``-m`` switch, and its
@@ -291,9 +238,6 @@ important to understand.
the ``--rebase`` / ``-r`` and ``--keep-descendants`` / ``-k`` options for
ways to influence this.

By default, ``west update`` also updates the west repository in the
installation. To prevent this, use ``--exclude-west``.

.. _west-multi-repo-misc:

Miscellaneous Commands
@@ -324,10 +268,11 @@ discussed here.
forall -c 'git <command> --options'``. Note that ``west forall`` can be used
to run any command, though, not just Git commands.

- ``west selfupdate``: Updates the west repository in the installation.

.. _PyPI:

.. _Zephyr issue #6770:
.. _namespace package:

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