RHEL & CentOS

Brian Behlendorf edited this page Dec 13, 2016 · 12 revisions

kABI-tracking kmod or DKMS style packages are provided for RHEL / CentOS based distributions from the official zfsonlinux.org repository. These packages track the official ZFS on Linux tags and are updated as new versions are released. Packages are available for the following configurations:

EL Releases: 6.x, 7.x
Architectures: x86_64

To simplify installation a zfs-release package is provided which includes a zfs.repo configuration file and the ZFS on Linux public signing key. All official ZFS on Linux packages are signed using this key, and by default yum will verify a package's signature before allowing it be to installed. Users are strongly encouraged to verify the authenticity of the ZFS on Linux public key using the fingerprint listed here.

Location: /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-zfsonlinux
EL6 Package: http://download.zfsonlinux.org/epel/zfs-release.el6.noarch.rpm
EL7 Package: http://download.zfsonlinux.org/epel/zfs-release.el7.noarch.rpm
EL7.3 Package: http://download.zfsonlinux.org/epel/zfs-release.el7_3.noarch.rpm
Download from: pgp.mit.edu
Fingerprint: C93A FFFD 9F3F 7B03 C310 CEB6 A9D5 A1C0 F14A B620

$ sudo yum install http://download.zfsonlinux.org/epel/zfs-release.<dist>.noarch.rpm
$ gpg --quiet --with-fingerprint /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-zfsonlinux
pub  2048R/F14AB620 2013-03-21 ZFS on Linux <zfs@zfsonlinux.org>
    Key fingerprint = C93A FFFD 9F3F 7B03 C310  CEB6 A9D5 A1C0 F14A B620
    sub  2048R/99685629 2013-03-21

After installing the zfs-release package and verifying the public key users can opt to install ether the kABI-tracking kmod or DKMS style packages. For most users the kABI-tracking kmod packages are recommended in order to avoid needing to rebuild ZFS for every kernel update. DKMS packages are recommended for users running a non-distribution kernel or for users who wish to apply local customizations to ZFS on Linux.

kABI-tracking kmod

By default the zfs-release package is configured to install DKMS style packages so they will work with a wide range of kernels. In order to install the kABI-tracking kmods the default repository in the /etc/yum.repos.d/zfs.repo file must be switch from zfs to zfs-kmod. Keep in mind that the kABI-tracking kmods are only verified to work with the distribution provided kernel.

# /etc/yum.repos.d/zfs.repo
 [zfs]
 name=ZFS on Linux for EL 7 - dkms
 baseurl=http://download.zfsonlinux.org/epel/7/$basearch/
-enabled=1
+enabled=0
 metadata_expire=7d
 gpgcheck=1
 gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-zfsonlinux
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@
 [zfs-kmod]
 name=ZFS on Linux for EL 7 - kmod
 baseurl=http://download.zfsonlinux.org/epel/7/kmod/$basearch/
-enabled=0
+enabled=1
 metadata_expire=7d
 gpgcheck=1
 gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-zfsonlinux

The ZFS on Linux packages can now be installed using yum.

$ sudo yum install zfs

DKMS

To install DKMS style packages issue the following yum command. Note that it is important to make sure that the matching kernel-devel package is installed for the running kernel since DKMS requires it to build ZFS.

$ sudo yum install kernel-devel zfs

Important Notices

RHEL/CentOS 7.3 kmod package upgrade

When updating to RHEL/CentOS 7.3 the existing kmod packages will not work due to upstream kABI changes in the 3.10.0-514 kernel series. After upgrading to 7.3 users must uninstall ZFS and then reinstall it as described in the kABI-tracking kmod section. Compatible kmod packages will be installed from the CentoS 7.3 repository.

$ sudo yum remove zfs zfs-kmod spl spl-kmod libzfs2 libnvpair1 libuutil1 libzpool2 zfs-release
$ sudo yum install http://download.zfsonlinux.org/epel/zfs-release.el7_3.noarch.rpm
$ sudo yum install zfs 

Switching from DKMS to kABI-tracking kmod

When switching from DKMS to kABI-tracking kmods first uninstall the existing DKMS packages. This should remove the kernel modules for all installed kernels but in practice it's not always perfectly reliable. Therefore, it's recommended that you manually remove any remaining ZFS kernel modules as shown. At this point the kABI-tracking kmods can be installed as described in the section above.

$ sudo yum remove zfs zfs-kmod spl spl-kmod libzfs2 libnvpair1 libuutil1 libzpool2 zfs-release

$ sudo find /lib/modules/ \( -name "splat.ko" -or -name "zcommon.ko" \
-or -name "zpios.ko" -or -name "spl.ko" -or -name "zavl.ko" -or \
-name "zfs.ko" -or -name "znvpair.ko" -or -name "zunicode.ko" \) \
-exec /bin/rm {} \;

Systemd Update

When upgrading to the zfs-0.6.5.8 release it's recommended that users manually reset the zfs systemd presets. Failure to do so can result in the pool not automatically importing when the system is rebooted.

systemctl preset zfs-import-cache zfs-import-scan zfs-mount zfs-share zfs-zed zfs.target

Repository Renamed

The repository has been renamed http://download.zfsonlinux.org/ from http://archive.zfsonlinux.org/. An updated zfs-release package was added to the legacy repository to move users to the new repository. Users which modifed the /etc/yum.repos.d/zfs.repo must manually replace this file with the updated /etc/yum.repos.d/zfs.repo.rpmsave.

Testing Repositories

In addition to the primary zfs repository a zfs-testing repository is available. This repository, which is disabled by default, contains the latest version of ZFS on Linux which is under active development. These packages are made available in order to get feedback from users regarding the functionality and stability of upcoming releases. These packages should not be used on production systems. Packages from the testing repository can be installed as follows.

$ sudo yum --enablerepo=zfs-testing install kernel-devel zfs