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Compressive Dynamic Mode Decomposition with Control (cDMDc)

cDMDc [1] is a novel framework for compressive system identification unifying two recent innovations that extend DMD to systems with actuation [2] and systems with heavily subsampled measurements [3]. Using cDMDc it is possible to identify a low-order model from limited input–output data and reconstruct the associated full-state dynamic modes with compressed sensing, adding interpretability to the state of the reduced-order model. Moreover, when full-state data is available, it is possible to dramatically accelerate downstream computations by first compressing the data.

The publication "Dynamic mode decomposition for compressive system identification" by Z. Bai, E, Kaiser, J. L. Proctor, J. N. Kutz and S. L. Brunton. is available on arXiv.


  1. Clone this repository to your desktop.
  2. Add path to cDMDc/utils folder to Matlab search path using addpath('<path to mds>/cDMDc/utils').


For the reconstruction of the modes, cDMDc uses the CoSaMP algorithm developed by Deanna Needell and Joel Tropp [4].

An implementation written by David Mary and Bob L. Sturm is added in the folder cDMDc/utils , which is released under the the Commons Creative Licence with Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike (by-nc-sa).

Getting Started

See Ex01_SFLS.m for demonstrating the approach on a stochastically forced linear system with known low-rank dynamics and an artificially inflated state dimension (Example 4.1 in [1]). Just execute this file in MatLab and it will generate the model, figures, and compute the reconstruction error.


The algorithms are in the cDMDc/utils directory:

func_DMD   —  Exact DMD, Algorithm 1 in [1].
func_DMDc  -  DMD with control, Algorithm 2 in [1].
func_cDMD  -  Compressive DMD, Algorithm 3 in [1].	
func_cDMDc -  Compressive DMD with control, Algorithm 4 in [1].
checkModes -  reorder the modes and return the index of the mode with zero eigenvalues.
normalize  -   normalize the DMD modes for calibration.
turn_sign  -   regulate the DMD modes for plots and error report.
cosamp 	   -   iterative signal recovery from incomplete and inaccurate samples" by Deanna Needell and Joel Tropp.

License (MIT license)

See the LICENSE file for details.


[1] Z. Bai, E. Kaiser, J. L. Proctor, J. N. Kutz, and S. L. Brunton. Dynamic mode decomposition for compressive system identification. arXiv Preprint,, 2017.
[2] J. L. Proctor, S. L. Brunton, and J. N. Kutz. Dynamic mode decomposition with control. SIAM J. Applied Dynamical Systems, 15(1):142–161, 2016.
[3] S. L. Brunton, J. L. Proctor, J. H. Tu, and J. N. Kutz. Compressed sensing and dynamic mode decomposition. Journal of Computational Dynamics, 2(2):165–191, 2015.
[4] D. Needell and J. A. Tropp. CoSaMP: iterative signal recovery from incomplete and inaccurate samples. Communications of the ACM, 53(12):93–100, 2010.


Compressive dynamic mode decomposition with control for compressive system identification





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