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End-to-End Wireframe Parsing
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README.md

L-CNN — End-to-End Wireframe Parsing

This repository contains the official PyTorch implementation of the paper: Yichao Zhou, Haozhi Qi, Yi Ma. "End-to-End Wireframe Parsing." arXiv:1905.03246 [cs.CV].

Introduction

L-CNN is a conceptually simple yet effective neural network for detecting the wireframe from a given image. It outperforms the previous state-of-the-art wireframe and line detectors by a large margin. We hope that this repository serves as an easily reproducible baseline for future researches in this area.

Main Results

Qualitative Measures

LSD AFM Wireframe L-CNN Ground Truth

Quantitative Measures

The following table reports the performance metrics of several wireframe and line detectors on the Wireframe dataset.

Wireframe (sAP10) Wireframe (APH) Wireframe (FH) Wireframe (mAPJ)
LSD / 52.0 61.0 /
AFM 24.4 69.5 77.2 23.3
Wireframe 5.1 67.8 72.6 40.9
L-CNN 62.9 83.0 81.6 59.3

Precision-Recall Curves

Code Structure

Below is a quick overview of the function of each file.

########################### Data ###########################
figs/
data/                           # default folder for placing the data
    wireframe/                  # folder for Wireframe dataset (Huang et al.)
logs/                           # default folder for storing the output during training
########################### Code ###########################
config/                         # neural network hyper-parameters and configurations
    wireframe.yaml              # default parameter for Wireframe dataset
dataset/                        # all scripts related to data generation
    wireframe.py                # script for pre-processing the Wireframe dataset to npz
misc/                           # misc scripts that are not important
    draw-wireframe.py           # script for generating figure grids
    lsd.py                      # script for generating npz files for LSD
    plot-sAP.py                 # script for plotting sAP10 for all algorithms
lcnn/                           # lcnn module so you can "import lcnn" in other scripts
    models/                     # neural network structure
        hourglass_pose.py       # backbone network (stacked hourglass)
        line_vectorizer.py      # sampler and line verification network
        multitask_learner.py    # network for multi-task learning
    datasets.py                 # reading the training data
    metrics.py                  # functions for evaluation metrics
    trainer.py                  # trainer
    config.py                   # global variables for configuration
    utils.py                    # misc functions
eval-sAP.py                     # script for sAP evaluation
eval-APH.py                     # script for APH evaluation
eval-mAPJ.py                    # script for mAPJ evaluation
train.py                        # script for training the neural network
post.py                         # script for post-processing
process.py                      # script for processing a dataset from a checkpoint

Reproducing Results

Installation

For the ease of reproducibility, you are suggested to install miniconda (or anaconda if you prefer) before following executing the following commands.

git clone https://github.com/zhou13/lcnn
cd lcnn
conda create -y -n lcnn
source activate lcnn
# Replace cudatoolkit=10.0 with your CUDA version: https://pytorch.org/
conda install -y pytorch cudatoolkit=10.0 -c pytorch
conda install -y tensorboardx -c conda-forge
conda install -y pyyaml docopt matplotlib scikit-image opencv
mkdir data logs post

Downloading the Processed Dataset

Make sure curl is installed on your system and execute

cd data
../misc/gdrive-download.sh 1T4_6Nb5r4yAXre3lf-zpmp3RbmyP1t9q wireframe.tar.xz
tar xf wireframe.tar.xz
rm wireframe.tar.xz
cd ..

If gdrive-download.sh does not work for you, you can download the pre-processed dataset wireframe.tar.xz manually from Google Drive and proceed accordingly.

Processing the Dataset

Optionally, you can pre-process (e.g., generate heat maps, do data augmentation) the dataset from scratch rather than downloading the processed one. Skip this section if you just want to use the pre-processed dataset wireframe.tar.xz.

cd data
../misc/gdrive-download.sh 1BRkqyi5CKPQF6IYzj_dQxZFQl0OwbzOf wireframe_raw.tar.xz
tar xf wireframe_raw.tar.xz
rm wireframe_raw.tar.xz
cd ..
dataset/wireframe.py data/wireframe_raw data/wireframe

Training

To train the neural network on GPU 0 (specified by -d 0) with the default parameters, execute

python ./train.py -d 0 --identifier baseline  config/wireframe.yaml

Pre-trained Models

You can download our reference pre-trained models from Google Drive. This model was trained with config/wireframe.yaml for 312k iterations.

Post Processing

To post process the outputs from neural network (only necessary if you are going to evaluate APH), execute

python ./post.py --plot --thresholds="0.010,0.015" logs/RUN/npz/ITERATION post/RUN-ITERATION

where --plot is an optional argument to control whether the program should also generate images for visualization in addition to the npz files that contain the line information, and --thresholds controls how aggressive the post processing is. Multiple values in --thresholds is convenient for hyper-parameter search. You should replace RUN and ITERATION to the desired value of your training instance.

Evaluation

To evaluate the sAP (recommended) of all your checkpoints under logs/, execute

python eval-sAP.py logs/*/npz/*

To evaluate the mAPJ, execute

python eval-mAPJ.py logs/*/npz/*

To evaluate APH, you first need to post process your result (see the previous section). In addition, MATLAB is required for APH evaluation and matlab should be under your $PATH. The parallel computing toolbox is highly suggested due to the usage of parfor. After post processing, execute

python eval-APH.py post/RUN-ITERATION/0_010 post/RUN-ITERATION/0_010-APH

to get the plot, where 0_010 is the threshold used in the post processing, and post/RUN-ITERATION-APH is the temporary directory storing intermediate files. Due to the usage of pixel-wise matching, the evaluation of APH may take up to an hour depending on your CPUs.

See the source code of eval-sAP.py, eval-mAPJ.py, eval-APH.py, and misc/*.py for more details on evaluation.

Citing End-to-End Wireframe Parsing

If you find L-CNN useful in your research, please consider citing:

@article{zhou2019end,
  title={End-to-End Wireframe Parsing},
  author={Zhou, Yichao and Qi, Haozhi and Ma, Yi},
  journal={arXiv preprint arXiv:1905.03246},
  year={2019}
}
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