Queue up and run a herd of Procs
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README.md

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NAME

Proc::Q - Queue up and run a herd of Procs

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS

use Proc::Q;

# Run 26 procs; each receiving stuff on STDIN and putting stuff out to STDOUT,
# as well as sleeping for increasingly long periods of time. The timeout
# of 3 seconds will kill all the procs that sleep longer than that.

my @stuff = 'a'..'z';
my $proc-chan = proc-q
             @stuff.map({«perl6 -e "print '$_' ~ \$*IN.slurp; sleep {$++/5}"»}),
  tags    => @stuff.map('Letter ' ~ *),
  in      => @stuff.map(*.uc),
  timeout => 3;

react whenever $proc-chan {
    say "Got a result for {.tag}: STDOUT: {.out}"
        ~ (". Killed due to timeout" if .killed)
}

# OUTPUT:
# Got a result for Letter a: STDOUT: aA
# Got a result for Letter b: STDOUT: bB
# Got a result for Letter c: STDOUT: cC
# Got a result for Letter d: STDOUT: dD
# Got a result for Letter e: STDOUT: eE
# Got a result for Letter f: STDOUT: fF
# Got a result for Letter g: STDOUT: gG
# Got a result for Letter h: STDOUT: hH
# Got a result for Letter i: STDOUT: iI
# Got a result for Letter j: STDOUT: jJ
# Got a result for Letter k: STDOUT: kK
# Got a result for Letter l: STDOUT: lL
# Got a result for Letter m: STDOUT: mM
# Got a result for Letter n: STDOUT: nN
# Got a result for Letter o: STDOUT: oO. Killed due to timeout
# Got a result for Letter p: STDOUT: pP. Killed due to timeout
# Got a result for Letter s: STDOUT: sS. Killed due to timeout
# Got a result for Letter t: STDOUT: tT. Killed due to timeout
# Got a result for Letter v: STDOUT: vV. Killed due to timeout
# Got a result for Letter w: STDOUT: wW. Killed due to timeout
# Got a result for Letter q: STDOUT: qQ. Killed due to timeout
# Got a result for Letter r: STDOUT: rR. Killed due to timeout
# Got a result for Letter u: STDOUT: uU. Killed due to timeout
# Got a result for Letter x: STDOUT: xX. Killed due to timeout
# Got a result for Letter y: STDOUT: yY. Killed due to timeout
# Got a result for Letter z: STDOUT: zZ. Killed due to timeout

DESCRIPTION

Requires Rakudo 2017.06 or newer.

Got a bunch of Procs you want to queue up and run, preferably with some timeout for Procs that get stuck? Well, good news!

EXPORTED SUBROUTINES AND TYPES

proc-q

Defined as:

    sub proc-q (
        +@commands where .so && .all ~~ List & .so,

                :@tags where .elems == @commands = @commands,
                :@in   where {
                    .elems == @commands|0
                    and all .map: {$_ ~~ Cool:D|Blob:D|Nil or $_ === Any}
                } = (Nil xx @commands).List,
        Numeric :$timeout where .DEFINITE.not || $_ > 0,
        UInt:D  :$batch   where .so = 8,
                :$out     where Bool:D|'bin' = True,
                :$err     where Bool:D|'bin' = True,
        Bool:D  :$merge   where .not | .so & (
                  $out & $err & (
                      ($err eq 'bin' & $out eq 'bin')
                    | ($err ne 'bin' & $out ne 'bin'))) = False,

        --> Channel:D
    )

See SYNOPSIS for sample use.

Returns a Channel of Proc::Q::Res objects. Batches the @commands in batches of $batch and runs those via in parallel, optionally feeding STDIN with corresponding data from @in, as well as capturing STDOUT/STDERR, and killing the process after $timeout, if specified.

Arguments are as follows:

+@commands

A list of lists, where each of inner lists is a list of arguments to Proc::Async.new. You do not need to specify the :w argument, and if you do, its value will be ignored.

Must have at least one list of commands inside @commands

:@tags

To make it possible to match the input with the output, you can 'tag' each of the commands in @commands by specifying the value via @tags argument at the same index as the command is at. The given tag will be available via .tag method of the Proc::Q::Res object responsible. Any object can be used as a tag. If :@tags is provided, it must have the same number of elements as +@commands argument. If it's not provided, it defaults to @commands.

:@in

Optionally, you can send stuff to STDIN of your procs, by giving a Blob or Str in :@in arg at the same index as the the index of the command for that proc in @commands. If specified, the number of elements in @in must be the same as number of elements in @commands. Specify undefined value to avoid sending STDIN to a particular proc.

TIP: is your queue hanging for some reason? Ensure the procs you're running arent's sitting and waiting for STDIN. Try passing an empty strings in :@in.

:$batch

Takes a positive Int. Defaults to 8. Specifies how many @commands to run at the same time.

:$timeout

By default is not specified. Takes a positive Numeric specifying the number of seconds after which a proc should be killed, if it did not complete yet. Timer starts ticking once the proc is .ready. The process is killed with SIGTERM signal and if after 1 second it's still alive, it gets another kill with SIGSEGV.

:$out

Defaults to True. If set to True or string 'bin', the routine will capture STDOUT from the procs, and make it available in .out method of Proc::Q::Res object. If set to string 'bin', the output will be captured in binary and .out method will contain a Blob instead of Str

:$err

Same as :$out except as applied to procs' STDERR.

:$merge

Defaults to False. If set to True, both :$err and :$out must be set to True or both set to string 'bin'. If set to True, the .merged method will contain the merged output of STDOUT and STDERR (so it'll be a Str or, if the :$out/:$err are set to 'bin', a Blob).

Note that there's no order guarantee. Output from a proc sent to STDERR after output to STDOUT, might end up before STDOUT's data in .merged object.

Proc::Q::Res

Each of the item sent to the Channel from proc-q routine will be a Proc::Q::Res object (technically, it might also be an Exception object if something explodes while trying to launch and wait for a proc, but it's of the "should never happen" variety; the Exception will be the reason why stuff exploded).

While the @commands to be executed will be batched in :$batch items, the order within batches is not guaranteed. Use :@tags to match the Proc::Q::Res to the input commands.

The Proc::Q::Res type contains information about the proc that was ran and provides these methods:

.tag

The same object that was given as a tag via :@tags argument (by default, the command from @commands that was executed). The purpose of the .tag is to match this Proc::Q::Res object to the proc you ran.

.out

Contains a Stringy with STDOUT of the proc if :$out argument to proc-q is set to a true value.

.err

Contains a Stringy with STDERR of the proc if :$err argument to proc-q is set to a true value.

.merged

Contains a Stringy with merged STDOUT and STDERR of the proc if :$merge argument to proc-q is set to a true value. Note that even when :$merge is in use, the .out and .err methods will contain the separated streams.

.exitcode

Contains the exit code of the executed proc.

.killed

A Bool:D that is True if this proc was killed due to the :$timeout. More precisely, this is an indication that the timeout expired and the kill code started to run. It is possible for a proc to successfully complete in this small window opportunity between the attribute being set and the signal from .kill being received by the process


REPOSITORY

Fork this module on GitHub: https://github.com/zoffixznet/perl6-Proc-Q

BUGS

To report bugs or request features, please use https://github.com/zoffixznet/perl6-Proc-Q/issues

AUTHOR

Zoffix Znet (http://perl6.party/)

LICENSE

You can use and distribute this module under the terms of the The Artistic License 2.0. See the LICENSE file included in this distribution for complete details.

The META6.json file of this distribution may be distributed and modified without restrictions or attribution.