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This package provides basic elements for defining Zope permissions and security checkers without ZCML. .. contents:: Setting up ``grokcore.security`` ================================ This package is essentially set up like the `grokcore.component`_ package, please refer to its documentation for details. The additional ZCML lines you will need are:: <include package="grokcore.security" file="meta.zcml" /> <include package="grokcore.security" /> Put this somewhere near the top of your root ZCML file but below the line where you include ``grokcore.component``'s configuration. Defining permissions ==================== In `grokcore.component`_, various components are defined (and automatically registered) by subclassing from certain baseclasses. The same applies to defining permissions with ``grokcore.security`` as well:: import grokcore.security class EditContent(grokcore.security.Permission): grokcore.security.name('mypkg.EditContent') This defines a permission with the ID ``mypkg.EditContent``. You must always specify this ID explicitly. In addition, you can also give the permission a human-readable title and description. This is useful when your application provides lists of permissions somewhere and you don't want to bother users with deciphering the dotted IDs:: import grokcore.security class EditContent(grokcore.security.Permission): grokcore.security.name('mypkg.EditContent') grokcore.security.title('Edit content') grokcore.security.description('Anyone who has this permission may ' 'modify content in the application.') Defining checkers for components ================================ ``grokcore.security`` provides some means for defining checkers for components: * ``grokcore.security.require(permission)`` which can be used either as a class-level directive to set a permission for a whole component, or as a decorator to set a permission for a function or method. * ``protect_getattr`` and ``protect_setattr``, available from ``grokcore.security.util``, which take a class, an attribute name and a permission as arguments and define Zope security checkers for getting or setting a particular attribute on instance of said class. With these, you can build grokkers for components that need security declarations. For instance, the `grokcore.view`_ package uses them to define a grokker that makes security declarations for views:: class ViewSecurityGrokker(martian.ClassGrokker): martian.component(grokcore.view.View) martian.directive(grokcore.security.require, name='permission') def execute(self, factory, config, permission, **kw): for method_name in zope.publisher.interfaces.browser.IBrowserPage: config.action( discriminator=('protectName', factory, method_name), callable=grokcore.security.util.protect_getattr, args=(factory, method_name, permission), ) return True With such a grokker, it is possible to protect views like so:: class Edit(grokcore.view.View): grokcore.security.require(EditContent) Note how we can simply pass a permission class to the ``require`` directive. Alternatively, you can pass the permission ID:: class Edit(grokcore.view.View): grokcore.security.require('mypkg.EditContent') If you wanted to be able to define permissions for individual class methods rather than the whole class, you would simply base your grokker on ``martian.MethodGrokker`` rather than ``ClassGrokker``. The actual mechanics of defining a checker are the same. Please note that ``grokcore.security`` does not yet provide directives that allow you to specify permissions for simple attribute access (read and write). API overview ============ ``Permission`` Base class for defining permissions. Use the ``name`` directive to define the mandatory permission ID. Optionally use the ``title`` and ``description`` directives to give the permission human-readable information. ``Public`` Special permission that can be referred to whenever a component should not be protected by a permission at all (public access). ``require(permission_class_or_id)`` declares that the use of a particular component (when used as a class-level directive) or a method (when used as a method decorator) requires a certain permission. The argument can either be a permission class (subclass of ``Permission``) or a permission ID. In addition, the ``grokcore.security`` package exposes the `grokcore.component`_ API. .. _grokcore.component: http://pypi.python.org/pypi/grokcore.component .. _grokcore.view: http://pypi.python.org/pypi/grokcore.view