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Docker-Bitcoin

Build Status License

Included in this repo are docker images for the main Bitcoin Cash full nodes. This includes Bitcoin Cash Node and Bitcoin Unlimited. A huge thanks to Adrian Macneil, and his now unmaintained original repository, which provided the base for this repo.

This Docker image provides bitcoind, bitcoin-cli and bitcoin-tx which can be used to run and interact with a bitcoin server.

To see the available versions/tags, please visit the appropriate pages on Docker Hub:

Usage

To run the latest version of Bitcoin Cash Node:

$ docker run zquestz/bitcoin-cash-node

To run the latest version of Bitcoin Unlimited:

$ docker run zquestz/bitcoin-unlimited

To run a container in the background, pass the -d option to docker run, and give your container a name for easy reference later:

$ docker run -d --rm --name bitcoind zquestz/bitcoin-cash-node

Once you have the bitcoind service running in the background, you can show running containers:

$ docker ps

Or view the logs of a service:

$ docker logs -f bitcoind

To stop and restart a running container:

$ docker stop bitcoind
$ docker start bitcoind

Configuring Bitcoin

The best method to configure the server is to pass arguments to the bitcoind command. For example, to run bitcoin-unlimited on the testnet:

$ docker run --name bitcoind-testnet zquestz/bitcoin-unlimited bitcoind -testnet

Alternatively, you can edit the bitcoin.conf file which is generated in your data directory (see below).

Data Volumes

By default, Docker will create ephemeral containers. That is, the blockchain data will not be persisted, and you will need to sync the blockchain from scratch each time you launch a container.

To keep your blockchain data between container restarts or upgrades, simply add the -v option to create a data volume:

$ docker run -d --rm --name bitcoind -v bitcoin-data:/data zquestz/bitcoin-cash-node
$ docker ps
$ docker inspect bitcoin-data

Alternatively, you can map the data volume to a location on your host:

$ docker run -d --rm --name bitcoind -v "$PWD/data:/data" zquestz/bitcoin-cash-node
$ ls -alh ./data

Using bitcoin-cli

By default, Docker runs all containers on a private bridge network. This means that you are unable to access the RPC port (8332) necessary to run bitcoin-cli commands.

There are several methods to run bitcoin-cli against a running bitcoind container. The easiest is to simply let your bitcoin-cli container share networking with your bitcoind container:

$ docker run -d --rm --name bitcoind -v bitcoin-data:/data zquestz/bitcoin-cash-node
$ docker run --rm --network container:bitcoind zquestz/bitcoin-cash-node bitcoin-cli getinfo

If you plan on exposing the RPC port to multiple containers (for example, if you are developing an application which communicates with the RPC port directly), you probably want to consider creating a user-defined network. You can then use this network for both your bitcoind and bitcoin-cli containers, passing -rpcconnect to specify the hostname of your bitcoind container:

$ docker network create bitcoin
$ docker run -d --rm --name bitcoind -v bitcoin-data:/data --network bitcoin zquestz/bitcoin-cash-node
$ docker run --rm --network bitcoin zquestz/bitcoin-cash-node bitcoin-cli -rpcconnect=bitcoind getinfo

Kubernetes Configs

The following directions will walk you through creating a BCH full node within GKE (Google Container Engine).

By default Bitcoin Cash Node is used, however this can be swapped for any other node quite easily.

If you wish to run another version of bitcoind, just change the image reference in bitcoin-deployment.yml. If you don't trust the pre-built images, build your own. =)

Steps:

  1. Add a new blank disk on GCE called bitcoin-data that is 200GB. You can always expand it later.
  2. Save the following code snippets and place them in a new directory kube.
  3. Change the rpcuser and rpcpass values in bitcoin-secrets.yml. They are base64 encoded. To base64 a string, just run echo -n SOMESTRING | base64.
  4. Run kubectl create -f /path/to/kube
  5. Profit!

bitcoin-deployment.yml

apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  namespace: default
  labels:
    service: bitcoin
  name: bitcoin
spec:
  strategy:
    type: Recreate
  replicas: 1
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        service: bitcoin
    spec:
      containers:
      - env:
        - name: BITCOIN_RPC_USER
          valueFrom:
            secretKeyRef:
              name: bitcoin
              key: rpcuser
        - name: BITCOIN_RPC_PASSWORD
          valueFrom:
            secretKeyRef:
              name: bitcoin
              key: rpcpass
        image: zquestz/bitcoin-cash-node
        name: bitcoin
        volumeMounts:
          - mountPath: /data
            name: bitcoin-data
        resources:
          requests:
            memory: "2Gi"
      restartPolicy: Always
      volumes:
        - name: bitcoin-data
          gcePersistentDisk:
            pdName: bitcoin-data
            fsType: ext4

bitcoin-secrets.yml

apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
metadata:
  name: bitcoin
type: Opaque
data:
  rpcuser: YWRtaW4=
  rpcpass: aXRvbGR5b3V0b2NoYW5nZXRoaXM=

bitcoin-srv.yml

apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: bitcoin
  namespace: default
spec:
  ports:
    - port: 8333
      targetPort: 8333
  selector:
    service: bitcoin
  type: LoadBalancer
  externalTrafficPolicy: Local

Complete Example

For a complete example of running a bitcoin node using Docker Compose, see the Docker Compose example.

License

Configuration files and code in this repository are distributed under the MIT license.

Contributing

All files are generated from templates in the root of this repository. Please do not edit any of the generated Dockerfiles directly.

  • To add a new version, update versions.yml, then run make update.
  • To make a change to the Dockerfile which affects all current and historical versions, edit Dockerfile.erb then run make update.

If you would like to build and test containers for all versions (similar to what happens in CI), run make. If you would like to build and test all containers for a specific node, run BRANCH=node make.

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Bitcoin Cash full node images for Docker.

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